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#28129696   2017/01/28 Save this To Up

Carboxymethylcellulose with phenolic hydroxyl microcapsules enclosinggene-modified BMSCs for controlled BMP-2 release in vitro.

The present study aimed to develop microparticles of phenolic hydroxyl derivative of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC-Ph) via Co-flow microfluidics technology and encapsulated gene-modified rat bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) for the detection of the growth factor release was controlled by Tet-on system. Meanwhile, we investigated the effect of the CMC-Ph microcapsules and Lentiviral transduction on osteogenesis of BMP2-BMSCs.

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#26419907   2015/10/20 Save this To Up

Versatile and Amplified Biosensing through Enzymatic Cascade Reaction by Coupling Alkaline Phosphatase in Situ Generation of Photoresponsive Nanozyme.

The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) biocatalysis followed by the in situ enzymatic generation of a visible light responsive nanozyme is coupled to elucidate a novel amplification strategy by enzymatic cascade reaction for versatile biosensing. The enzymatic hydrolysis of o-phosphonoxyphenol (OPP) to catechol (CA) by ALP is allowed to coordinate on the surface of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) due to the specificity and high affinity of enediol ligands to Ti(IV). Upon the stimuli by CA generated from ALP, the inert TiO2 NPs is activated, which demonstrates highly efficient oxidase mimicking activity for catalyzing the oxidation of the typical substrate of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) under visible light (λ ≥ 400 nm) irradiation utilizing dissolved oxygen as an electron acceptor. On the basis of the cascade reaction of ALP and the nanozyme of CA coordinated TiO2 (TiO2-CA) NPs, we design exquisitely colorimetric biosensors for probing ALP activity and its inhibitor of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-DA). Quantitative probing of ALP activity in a wide linear range from 0.01 to 150 U/L with the detection limit of 0.002 U/L is realized, which endows the methodology with sufficiently high sensitivity for potentially practical applications in real samples of human serum (ALP level of 40-190 U/L for adults). In addition, a novel immunoassay protocol by taking mouse IgG as an example is validated using the ALP/nanozyme cascade amplification reaction as the signal transducer. A low detection limit of 2.0 pg/mL is attained for mouse IgG, which is 4500-fold lower than that of the standard enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) kit. Although only mouse IgG is used as a proof-of-concept in our experiment, we believe that this approach is generalizable to be readily extended to other ELISA systems. This methodology opens a new horizon for amplified and versatile biosensing including probing ALP activity and following ALP-based ELISA immunoassays.

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#24509941   2014/02/10 Save this To Up

Enhanced colorimetric immunoassay accompanying with enzyme cascade amplification strategy for ultrasensitive detection of low-abundance protein.

Methods based on enzyme labels have been developed for colorimetric immunoassays, but most involve poor sensitivity and are unsuitable for routine use. Herein, we design an enhanced colorimetric immunoassay for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) coupling with an enzyme-cascade-amplification strategy (ECAS-CIA). In the presence of target PSA, the labeled alkaline phosphatase on secondary antibody catalyzes the formation of palladium nanostructures, which catalyze 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine-H2O2 system to produce the colored products, thus resulting in the signal cascade amplification. Results indicated that the ECAS-CIA presents good responses toward PSA, and allows detection of PSA at a concentration as low as 0.05 ng mL(-1). Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation are below 9.5% and 10.7%, respectively. Additionally, the methodology is validated for analysis of clinical serum specimens with consistent results obtained by PSA ELISA kit. Importantly, the ECAS-CIA opens a new horizon for protein diagnostics and biosecurity.

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#24131426   2014/06/23 Save this To Up

Development of an immuno-based colorimetric assay for white spot syndrome virus.

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is a major cause of infectious disease in cultured shrimp. A fast and reliable method for detecting and monitoring the amount of WSSV during farming would be extremely useful. This work describes a sandwich immunoassay that uses anti-GST-VP26, a WSSV-binding protein (WBP), and modified streptavidin magnesphere paramagnetic particles (SMPPs) to develop the technique. The WBP was immobilized on SMPPs and later bound to different copies of WSSV. The binding was detected using anti-GST-VP26 conjugated to alkaline phosphatase. This enzymatic reaction successfully changed the test solution to a concentration-dependent yellow color that was measured at 405 nm. The sensitivity of this method was between 1.6 × 10(4) and 1.6 × 10(7) copies µL(-1) of WSSV. In this study, the color for detection and semiquantitative analysis is easily observed and measured and can lead to the development of a test kit for screening WSSV during shrimp farming.

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#21417414   2011/04/29 Save this To Up

Enhanced colorimetric detection on porous microarrays using in situ substrate production.

A new technique is reported for the enhanced colorimetric detection of multiplexed hybridization onto porous membrane-based microarrays. This approach combines the use of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as a label together with a chromogen substrate and a local production of the hydrogen peroxide required for substrate oxidation. This in situ production of coreagent is obtained using glucose oxidase (GOx) directly immobilized within the microarray porous membrane mesh. The oxidation of glucose by the immobilized GOx produces hydrogen peroxide which itself enables the oxidation of TMB (3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine) by HRP and yields a blue precipitate on positive spots. Thanks to a coreagent overconcentration within the membrane, this design drastically surpasses the performances of the standard TMB/H(2)O(2) kit used for peroxidase label detection. The obtained target limit of detection is then 50 times lower (20 pM) than the one obtained with the standard kit approach, and the dynamic range expands at least one decade. Furthermore, the developed method was shown to compete well with the widely used alkaline phosphatase-BCIP (5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl phosphate)/NBT (nitro blue tetrazolium chloride) readout while minimizing background signal. The method was finally successfully applied to the multiplex detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in complex PCR samples. The background lowering was impacted here positively on the SNPs' detection by increasing the complementary/noncomplementary signal ratio.

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#21130420   2011/04/12 Save this To Up

Oestrogen regulates proliferation, osteoblastic differentiation, collagen synthesis and periostin gene expression in human periodontal ligament cells through oestrogen receptor beta.

The present study was designed to examine how oestrogen regulates proliferation, osteoblastic differentiation, collagen synthesis and periostin gene expression in primary human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells.

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#21090120   2010/11/22 Save this To Up

[Membrane transfer-based colorimetric DNA detection using enzyme modified gold nanoparticles].

We report here a novel membrane transfer-based DNA detection method, in which alkaline phosphatase labeled gold nanoparticle (AuNP) probes were used as a means to amplify the detection signal. In this method, the capture probe P1, complimentary to the 3' end of target DNA, was immobilized on the chip. The multi-component AuNP probes were prepared by co-coating AuNPs with the detecting probe P2, complimentary to the 5' end of target DNA, and two biotin-labeled signal probes (T10 and T40) with different lengths. In the presence of target DNA, DNA hybridization led to the attachment of AuNPs on the chip surface where specific DNA sequences were located in a "sandwich" format. Alkaline phosphatase was then introduced to the surface via biotine-streptavidin interaction. By using BCIP/NBT alkaline phosphatase color development kit, a colorimetric DNA detection was achieved through membrane transfer. The signal on the membrane was then detected by the naked eye or an ordinary optical scanner. The method provided a detection of limit of 1 pmol/L for synthesized target DNA and 0.23 pmol/L for PCR products of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 16S rDNA when the ratio of probes used was 9:1:1 (T10:T40:P2). The method described here has many desirable advantages including high sensitivity, simple operation, and no need of sophisticated equipment. The method can be potentially used for reliable biosensings.

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#18261710   2008/04/25 Save this To Up

Effect of estrogen receptor beta on the osteoblastic differentiation function of human periodontal ligament cells.

To investigate the effect of estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) on osteoblastic differentiation function of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells by measuring the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the production of osteocalcin (OCN) in vitro.

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#2480197   1990/01/25 Save this To Up

Chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay of alpha-fetoprotein based on an adamantyl dioxetane phenyl phosphate substrate.

We have evaluated a new chemiluminescent substrate for the alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1) label used in a Hybritech Tandem-E immunoassay of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). The new substrate, adamantyl 1,2-dioxetane phenyl phosphate (AMPPD), emits light at 477 nm when acted upon by the enzyme. Detection limits for AFP with this method were 33 ng/L (mean of 20 replicates of the zero standard + 2 SD) and 470 ng/L (twice background). Between-batch CVs ranged from 4.31% to 9.60% for AFP in the range 29.1-132.0 micrograms/L. Comparison of results for 49 specimens assayed with use of the chemiluminescent kit and a colorimetric version of the AFP assay gave statistical values as follows: slope = 0.88, intercept = 4.19, and r = 0.94.

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