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#27469140   2016/09/01 Save this To Up

Isoflurane Preconditioning Induces Neuroprotection by Up-Regulation of TREK1 in a Rat Model of Spinal Cord Ischemic Injury.

This study aimed to explore the neuroprotection and mechanism of isoflurane on rats with spinal cord ischemic injury. Total 40 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the four groups (n=10). Group A was sham-operation group; group B was ischemia group; group C was isoflurane preconditioning group; group D was isoflurane preconditioning followed by ischemia treatment group. Then the expressions of TWIK-related K⁺ channel 1 (TREK1) in the four groups were detected by immunofluorescent assay, real time-polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR) and western blot. The primary neurons of rats were isolated and cultured under normal and hypoxic conditions. Besides, the neurons under two conditions were transfected with green fluorescent protein (GFP)-TREK1 and lentivirual to overexpress and silence TREK1. Additionally, the neurons were treated with isoflurane or not. Then caspase-3 activity and cell cycle of neurons under normal and hypoxic conditions were detected. Furthermore, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate (NADH) was detected using NAD+/NADH quantification colorimetric kit. Results showed that the mRNA and protein expressions of TREK1 increased significantly in group C and D. In neurons, when TREK1 silenced, isoflurane treatment improved the caspase-3 activity. In hypoxic condition, the caspase-3 activity and sub-G1 cell percentage significantly increased, however, when TREK1 overexpressed the caspase-3 activity and sub-G1 cell percentage decreased significantly. Furthermore, both isoflurane treatment and overexpression of TREK1 significantly decreased NADH. In conclusion, isoflurane-induced neuroprotection in spinal cord ischemic injury may be associated with the up-regulation of TREK1.

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DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr Goat Anti-Rat MARCH10, (i Goat Anti-Mouse, Rat DLL1 Goat Anti-Human, Mouse, R Goat Anti-Human, Mouse, R Goat Anti-Rat Connexin 43 Goat Anti-Human, Rat CHRN Rat Anti-Mouse Interleuki Rat Anti-Mouse Interleuki Rat Anti-Mouse Interleuki Rat Anti-Mouse Interleuki Rat Anti-Mouse Interleuki

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#20804590   2010/08/31 Save this To Up

Comparative study of the binding characteristics to and inhibitory potencies towards PARP and in vivo antidiabetogenic potencies of taurine, 3-aminobenzamide and nicotinamide.

Poly(ADP-ribose) is a NAD+-requiring, DNA-repairing, enzyme playing a central role in pancreatic beta-cell death and in the development of endothelial dysfunction in humans and experimental animals. PARP activation is also relevant to the development of complications of diabetes. Hence, agents capable of inhibiting PARP may be useful in preventing the development of diabetes and in slowing down complications of diabetes.

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Rabbit Anti-Rat Androgen Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 AZD-3514 Mechanisms: Andr 17β-Acetoxy-2α-bromo-5 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-[2 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-ac 5α-N-Acetyl-2'H-androst- 5α-N-Acetyl-2'H-androst-

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#19460292   2009/05/25 Save this To Up

Intra-mitochondrial poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation: potential role for alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase.

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an intracellular enzyme involved in DNA repair and in building poly-ADP-ribose polymers on nuclear proteins using NAD(+). While the majority of PARP resides in the nucleus, several studies indicated that PARP may also be located in the cytosol or in the mitochondrial matrix. In this study we found several poly-ADP-ribosylated proteins in isolated rat liver mitochondria following hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) or nitric oxide donor treatment. Protein poly-ADP-ribosylation was more intense in isolated mitochondria than in whole tissue homogenates and it was not associated with increased nuclear PARP activity. We identified five poly-ADP-ribose (PAR) positive mitochondrial bands by protein mass fingerprinting. All of the identified enzymes exhibited decreased activity or decreased levels following oxidative or nitrosative stress. One of the identified proteins is dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLDH), a component of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDH) complex, which uses NAD(+) as a substrate. This raised the possibility that KGDH may have a PARP-like enzymatic activity. The intrinsic PARP activity of KGDH and DLDH was confirmed using a colorimetric PARP assay kit and by the incubation of the recombinant enzymes with H(2)O(2). The KGDH enzyme may, therefore, have a novel function as a PARP-like enzyme, which may play a role in regulating intramitochondrial NAD(+) and poly(ADP-ribose) homeostasis, with possible roles in physiology and pathophysiology.

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NADH dehydrogenase (ubiqu Cell Meter™ JC 10 Mitoc Cell Meter™ JC 10 Mitoc Cell Meter™ Mitochondri Pyruvate Dehydrogenase E1 succinate-CoA ligase, ADP Glucose Assay With the La Poly(ADP) Ribose (PAR) Po Mouse Anti-Human poly(ADP Alpha Ketoglutarate Assay 2,3 dinor 6 keto Prostag alpha Tubulin TUBA1A TUB

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#16955758   2006/09/06 Save this To Up

Discrete analysis of bile acid in serum and bile with 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and diaphorase immobilized onto alkylamine glass beads.

3alpha-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3alpha-HSD) from Pseudomonas testosteronei and diaphorase (lipoyl dehydrogenase) from Clostridium spp were immobilized individually onto alkylamine glass beads through glutaraldehyde coupling. A cost-effective enzymic colorimetric method for determination of bile acid in the serum and bile was developed employing mixture of the immobilized enzymes. The method was based upon measurement of NADH generated from NAD+ during oxidation of bile acid by immobilized 3alpha-HSD with a color reagent consisting of nitrobluetetrazolium (NBT) chloride salt and immobilized diaphorase in 0.065 M sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0). The minimum detection limit of the method was 4.8 pmol/L in the serum and 19.5 micromol/L in bile. The per cent recovery of added bile acid in the serum and bile was 89.1 and 95.0, respectively. Within and between batch coefficients of variation (CV) for bile acid determination were <1.0% and <0.2% in the serum and <0.2% and <0.6% in bile, respectively. A good correlation for bile acid in the serum (r1= 0.95) and in bile (r2 = 0.93) was obtained by a standard chemical method (a commonly used method in India) and the present method. The mixture of immobilized 3alpha-HSD and diaphorase lost 30% of its initial activity after 4 months of regular use. The cost of bile acid determination for 100 the serum and bile samples by the present method was found to be lower than by a commercially available method (Sigma kit 450-A).

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Sterile filtered mouse s Human Interleukin-32 alph AZD-3514 Mechanisms: Andr 17β-Acetoxy-2α-bromo-5 3-O-Acetyl 5,14-Androstad 3-O-Acetyl-17-O-tert-buty 3β-O-Acetyl-androsta-5,1 5α-Androstan-3β-ol � ∆1-Androstene-3α,17β- ∆1-Androstene-3α,17β- ∆1-Androstene-3β,17β- Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,1

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#12628304   2003/03/11 Save this To Up

Development of a high-throughput screening-amenable assay for human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors.

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) plays a pivotal role in the repair of DNA strand breaks. However, excessive activation of PARP causes a rapid depletion of intracellular energy, leading to cell death. Inhibitors of PARP have been shown to reduce infarct size in animal models of myocardial ischemia. PARP inhibitors may have potential therapeutic benefit in the treatment of myocardial ischemia, stroke, head trauma, and neurodegenerative disease, and as an adjunct therapy with chemotherapeutic agents/radiation in cancer therapy.

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Mouse Anti-Human poly(ADP EnzyChrom™ Kinase Assay succinate-CoA ligase, ADP Poly(ADP) Ribose (PAR) Po MarkerGene™ Multiple Dr Peptoid Ligand Assay Deve Bone Morphogenetic Protei Growth Differentiation Fa Mouse anti-human type I c Rat anti-human type I col Rat anti-human type I col Human monkey anti-chick t

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#3868935   1986/04/29 Save this To Up

[Various protocols for determining estrogens by the enzymatic method using estradiol dehydrogenase. Respective procedures and advantages].

Up to now, more than 40.000 determinations of urinary estrogens (E1 + E2) have been carried out in routine clinical analysis by the enzymatic method using estradiol dehydrogenase. This method makes use of the transhydrogenating activity of the placental enzyme: this enzyme transfers hydrogen from NADP to NAD with recycling of the specific substrate (E1 + E2). For several years the necessary reagents have been commercially available in the form of a kit. Nonetheless, various improvements have been made to the measurement of reduced NAD, which accumulates in the reaction medium and is directly proportional to the concentration of the two estrogens. Three protocols are available at present: Spectrophotometric measurement at 340 nm (initial technique); Colorimetric measurement at 492 nm. The pink colour measured arises from the reduction of a tetrazolium salt (INT) by reduced NAD in a coupled system using diaphorase; Measurement by bioluminescence of the light energy liberated on the reduction of flavin derivatives by NADH. The reaction is mediated by various enzymes isolated from marine bacteria (FMN oxidoreductase and luciferase) in the presence of an aliphatic aldehyde (decanal). The procedure for each of these protocols is described as well as the means for controlling the linearity of the reaction. The choice of protocol is determined by the biological fluid available, the speed of response desired and the cost of the analysis.

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QuantiChrom™ LDH Cytoto QuantiChrom™ Formaldehy Cellufine Formyl , 50 ml Cellufine Formyl Media Cellufine Formyl , 500 ml Cellufine Formyl Media Cellufine Formyl Media Formalin Solution (20%) Formalin Solution (20%) Formalin Solution (20%) Formalin (10% Neutral Bu Formalin (10% Neutral Bu

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#6894889   1981/10/29 Save this To Up

Fluorometric and colorimetric enzymic determination of triglycerides (triacylglycerols) in serum.

We describe two fully enzymic methods, fluorometric and colorimetric, for determination of triglycerides (triacylglycerols) in serum. Samples are incubated with microbial lipase for 10 min, and the glycerol released from the triglycerides is oxidized by NAD+ in the presence of glycerol dehydrogenase. In the fluorometric method, the resulting NADH is in turn oxidized by resazurin as catalyzed by diaphorase to form resorufin, a highly fluorescent compound. In the colorimetric method, the NADH is oxidized by coupling with a tetrazolium salt/diaphorase system to form formazan, a highly colored compound. Calibration curves, constructed by plotting change in fluorescence or absorbance vs concentration of triglycerides, were linear up to 6 and 5 g of triglycerides per liter of serum for the fluorometric and colorimetric methods, respectively. The assays require only 5 and 15 microL of serum for fluorometry and colorimetry, respectively. The CV was 0.59% for the fluorometric method, 0.91% for the colorimetric procedure. The time for analysis for either method is less than 15 min. The results correlate well with those obtained by the Dow Diagnostic Kit method, a colorimetric method in which glycerol kinase and glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase form NADH from ATP and NAD+ in the presence of glycerol and glycerol 1-phosphate.

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EnzyChrom™ Catalase Ass Sterile filtered goat se Sterile filtered goat se Sterile filtered mouse s Sterile filtered rat ser Triglyceride Assay Kit Li QuantiChrom™ LDH Cytoto Bovine Androstenedione,AS Human interleukin 2(IL-2) Bovine prolactin-induced QuantiChrom™ Nitric Oxi QuantiChrom™ Acetylchol

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