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#3868935   1986/04/29 Save this To Up

[Various protocols for determining estrogens by the enzymatic method using estradiol dehydrogenase. Respective procedures and advantages].

Up to now, more than 40.000 determinations of urinary estrogens (E1 + E2) have been carried out in routine clinical analysis by the enzymatic method using estradiol dehydrogenase. This method makes use of the transhydrogenating activity of the placental enzyme: this enzyme transfers hydrogen from NADP to NAD with recycling of the specific substrate (E1 + E2). For several years the necessary reagents have been commercially available in the form of a kit. Nonetheless, various improvements have been made to the measurement of reduced NAD, which accumulates in the reaction medium and is directly proportional to the concentration of the two estrogens. Three protocols are available at present: Spectrophotometric measurement at 340 nm (initial technique); Colorimetric measurement at 492 nm. The pink colour measured arises from the reduction of a tetrazolium salt (INT) by reduced NAD in a coupled system using diaphorase; Measurement by bioluminescence of the light energy liberated on the reduction of flavin derivatives by NADH. The reaction is mediated by various enzymes isolated from marine bacteria (FMN oxidoreductase and luciferase) in the presence of an aliphatic aldehyde (decanal). The procedure for each of these protocols is described as well as the means for controlling the linearity of the reaction. The choice of protocol is determined by the biological fluid available, the speed of response desired and the cost of the analysis.

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