Only in Titles

           Search results for: Analysis Tool for AAH-CYT-G5 Antibody Array    

paperclip

#29443078   // Save this To Up

Chemo-enzymatic Synthesis of N-glycans for Array Development and HIV Antibody Profiling.

We present a highly efficient way for the rapid preparation of a wide range of N-linked oligosaccharides (estimated to exceed 20,000 structures) that are commonly found on human glycoproteins. To achieve the desired structural diversity, the strategy began with the chemo-enzymatic synthesis of three kinds of oligosaccharyl fluoride modules, followed by their stepwise α-selective glycosylations at the 3-O and 6-O positions of the mannose residue of the common core trisaccharide having a crucial β-mannoside linkage. We further attached the N-glycans to the surface of an aluminum oxide-coated glass (ACG) slide to create a covalent mixed array for the analysis of hetero-ligand interaction with an HIV antibody. In particular, the binding behavior of a newly isolated HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibody (bNAb), PG9, to the mixture of closely spaced Man5GlcNAc2 (Man5) and 2,6-di-sialylated bi-antennary complex type N-glycan (SCT) on an ACG array, opens a new avenue to guide the effective immunogen design for HIV vaccine development. In addition, our ACG array embodies a powerful tool to study other HIV antibodies for hetero-ligand binding behavior.

2531 related Products with: Chemo-enzymatic Synthesis of N-glycans for Array Development and HIV Antibody Profiling.

MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Blocking Buffer Antibody Detection Buffer A&B Anti Detection Buffer C&D Anti Streptavidin [+HRP] Antib Lysis Buffer Antibody Arr 8 Well Tray Antibody Arra 4-Well Tray Antibody Arra HIV1 gp41 antibody, Monoc HIV1 integrase antibody, HIV2 p26 antibody, Monocl HIV1 Nef antibody, Monocl

Related Pathways

paperclip

#29382566   // Save this To Up

Overexpression of the 14-3-3γ protein in uterine leiomyoma cells results in growth retardation and increased apoptosis.

Protein 14-3-3γ was significantly reduced in human uterine leiomyoma compared to the adjacent normal myometrium tissue. To investigate the possible link between the reduced 14-3-3γ expression and uterine leiomyoma growth, we have overexpressed 14-3-3γ protein in uterine leiomyomal cells and its effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. Over-expression of 14-3-3γ was achieved by transducing into two types of uterine leiomyoma cells (primary culture cells and immortal stem cells) with a 14-3-3γ expressing adenovirus vector. Differentially expressed proteins were screened by the proteomics tool (TMT-LCTMS), followed by PANTHER database analysis to single out specifically modified signaling pathway proteins, which were confirmed by Phospho-MAPK Antibody Array and Western blots analysis. The results showed that increase in 14-3-3γ expression in both two types of human uterine leiomyoma cells inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. Proteomic screening has found 42 proteins, among 5846, that were significantly affected. PANTHER database and GeneMANIA analysis of the differentially expressed proteins have found that proteins involved in apoptosis signaling and cytoskeletal/adhesion were among the ones affected the most. Further analysis of the key signaling pathways have found that over-expression of 14-3-3γ resulted in reductions in the phosphorylations of multiple signaling molecules, including AKT, pan, ERK1/2, GSK-3 α/β, MEK1/2, Foxo1 and Vimentin. In conclusion, the loss of 14-3-3γ may have causal effects on the growth of uterine leiomyoma, which may function through modifying multiple signaling pathways, including AKT-Foxo and/or MEK1/2-ERK1/2.

2917 related Products with: Overexpression of the 14-3-3γ protein in uterine leiomyoma cells results in growth retardation and increased apoptosis.

Apoptosis Phospho-Specifi IGF1, Insulin-like growth Octyl â D 1 thioglucopyr Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse HIV 1 intergase antigen. anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl

Related Pathways

paperclip

#29351623   // Save this To Up

Development of sugar chain-binding single chain variable fragment antibody to adult T-cell leukemia cells using glyco-nanotechnology and phage display method.

Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an intractable blood cancer caused by the infection of human T-cell leukemia virus type-1, and effective medical treatment is required. It is known that the structure and expression levels of cell surface sugar chains vary depending on cell states such as inflammation and cancer. Thus, it is expected that the antibody specific for ATL cell surface sugar chain would be an effective diagnostic tool and a strong candidate for the development of an anti-ATL drug. Here, we developed a stable sugar chain binding single chain variable fragment antibody (scFv) that can bind to ATL cells using a fiber type Sugar Chip and phage display method. The fiber type Sugar Chips were prepared using O-glycans released from ATL cell lines. The scFv-displaying phages derived from human B cells (diversity: 1.04 × 108) were then screened using the fiber type Sugar Chips, and an O-glycan binding scFv was obtained. The flow cytometry analysis revealed that the scFv predominantly bound to ATL cell lines. The sugar chain binding properties of the scFv was evaluated by array-type Sugar Chip immobilized with a library of synthetic glycosaminoglycan disaccharide structures. Highly sulfated disaccharide structures were found to have high affinity to scFv.

1635 related Products with: Development of sugar chain-binding single chain variable fragment antibody to adult T-cell leukemia cells using glyco-nanotechnology and phage display method.

anti IgM Heavy chain expr Myosin heavy chain (devel Human Dnak (HSP70) His ta Anti C Reactive Protein A Myosin Light Chain 2 (Pho S100 alpha - Rabbit polyc Myosin Light Chain 2 (Ab glial cells missing homol Rabbit Anti-Cytochrome b2 Human Tonsil Microvascula Dog Receptor-binding canc Mouse Anti-E. coli Labile

Related Pathways

paperclip

#29306434   // Save this To Up

Focused Glycomic Profiling With an Integrated Microfluidic Lectin Barcode System.

Protein glycosylation is one of the key processes that play essential roles in biological functions and dysfunctions. However, progress in glycomics has considerably lagged behind genomics and proteomics, due in part to the enormous challenges associated with the analysis of glycans. Here we present a new integrated and automated microfluidic lectin barcode platform to substantially improve the performance of lectin array for focused glycomic profiling. The chip design and flow control were optimized to promote the lectin-glycan binding kinetics and the speed of lectin microarrays. Moreover, we established an on-chip lectin assay which employs a very simple blocking method to effectively suppress the undesired background due to lectin binding of antibodies. Using this technology, we demonstrated focused differential profiling of tissue-specific glycosylation changes of a biomarker, the CA125 protein purified from ovarian cancer cell lines, and different tissues from ovarian cancer patients in a fast, reproducible, and high-throughput fashion. Highly sensitive CA125 detection was also demonstrated with a detection limit much lower than the clinical cutoff value for cancer diagnosis. This microfluidic platform holds the potential to integrate with sample preparation functions to construct a fully integrated "sample-to-answer" microsystem for focused differential glycomic analysis. Thus, our technology should present a powerful tool in support of rapid advance in glycobiology and glycobiomarker development.

2280 related Products with: Focused Glycomic Profiling With an Integrated Microfluidic Lectin Barcode System.

SensiTek HRP Anti-Mouse SensiTek HRP Anti-Mouse SensiTek Alk-Phos Anti-M SensiTek HRP Anti-Rabbit SensiTek HRP Anti-Rabbit SensiTek Alk-Phos Anti-R SensiTek HRP Anti-Polyva SensiTek HRP Anti-Polyva SensiTek Alk-Phos Anti-P UltraTek Alk-Phos Anti-M SensiTek HRP Anti-Mouse SensiTek Alk-Phos Anti-M

Related Pathways

paperclip

#29284593   // Save this To Up

Antigen Analysis of Pre-Eclamptic Plasma Antibodies Using Escherichia Coli Proteome Chips.

Pre-eclampsia is one of the main causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Many biomarkers for diagnosing pre-eclampsia have been found but most have low accuracy. Therefore, a potential marker that can detect pre-eclampsia with high accuracy is required. Infection has been reported as a cause of pre-eclampsia. In recent years, protein microarray chips have been recognized as a strong and robust tool for profiling antibodies for infection diagnoses. The purpose of the present study was to profile antibodies in the human plasma of healthy and pre-eclamptic pregnancies to identify suitable biomarkers. In this study, an Escherichia coli chip was probed with samples from 29 individuals (16 pre-eclamptic women and 13 healthy pregnant women) to profile plasma antibodies. Bioinformatics tools were used to analyze the results, discover conserved motifs, compare against the entire human proteome, and perform protein functional analysis. An antibody classifier was identified using k-top scoring pairs and additional samples for a blinded test were collected. The findings indicated that compared with the healthy women, the pre-eclamptic women exhibited 108 and 130 differentially immunogenic proteins against human immunoglobulins G and M, respectively. In addition, pre-eclamptic women developed more immunoglobulin G but less immunoglobulin M against bacterial surface proteins compared with healthy women. The k-top scoring pairs identified five pairs of immunogenic proteins as classifiers with a high accuracy of 90% in the blind test. [AG] [ISV] GV [AE] L [LF] and [IV] [IV] RI [AG] [AD] E were the consensus motifs observed in immunogenic proteins in the immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M of pre-eclamptic women, respectively, whereas GA [AG] [AL] L [LF] and [SRY] [IQML] [ILV] [ILV] [ACG] GI [GH] [AEF] [AK] [ATY] [RG] N [IV] were observed in the immunoglobulins G and immunoglobulin M of healthy women, respectively.

1150 related Products with: Antigen Analysis of Pre-Eclamptic Plasma Antibodies Using Escherichia Coli Proteome Chips.

Goat Anti-Escherichia col Mouse Anti-Escherichia co Goat Anti-E. coli (O & K Goat Anti-E. coli (O & K Goat Anti-E. coli (O & K Goat Anti-E. coli (O & K Rabbit Anti-E. coli (O & Rabbit Anti-E. coli (O & Rabbit Anti-E. coli (O & Rabbit Anti-E. coli (O & HBV surface recombinant a West Nile Virus Pre M rec

Related Pathways

paperclip

#29048873   // Save this To Up

Insights into Interactions of Mycobacteria with the Host Innate Immune System from a Novel Array of Synthetic Mycobacterial Glycans.

An array of homogeneous glycans representing all the major carbohydrate structures present in the cell wall of the human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other mycobacteria has been probed with a panel of glycan-binding receptors expressed on cells of the mammalian innate immune system. The results provide an overview of interactions between mycobacterial glycans and receptors that mediate uptake and survival in macrophages, dendritic cells, and sinusoidal endothelial cells. A subset of the wide variety of glycan structures present on mycobacterial surfaces interact with cells of the innate immune system through the receptors tested. Endocytic receptors, including the mannose receptor, DC-SIGN, langerin, and DC-SIGNR (L-SIGN), interact predominantly with mannose-containing caps found on the mycobacterial polysaccharide lipoarabinomannan. Some of these receptors also interact with phosphatidyl-myo-inositol mannosides and mannose-containing phenolic glycolipids. Many glycans are ligands for overlapping sets of receptors, suggesting multiple, redundant routes by which mycobacteria can enter cells. Receptors with signaling capability interact with two distinct sets of mycobacterial glycans: targets for dectin-2 overlap with ligands for the mannose-binding endocytic receptors, while mincle binds exclusively to trehalose-containing structures such as trehalose dimycolate. None of the receptors surveyed bind furanose residues, which often form part of the epitopes recognized by antibodies to mycobacteria. Thus, the innate and adaptive immune systems can target different sets of mycobacterial glycans. This array, the first of its kind, represents an important new tool for probing, at a molecular level, biological roles of a broad range of mycobacterial glycans, a task that has not previously been possible.

2843 related Products with: Insights into Interactions of Mycobacteria with the Host Innate Immune System from a Novel Array of Synthetic Mycobacterial Glycans.

Digestive system tissue a Digestive system disease Endocrine system benign, FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Digestive system carcinom Normal mouse multiple org

Related Pathways

paperclip

#28938071   // Save this To Up

Automatic Identification and Quantification of Extra-Well Fluorescence in Microarray Images.

In recent studies involving NAPPA microarrays, extra-well fluorescence is used as a key measure for identifying disease biomarkers because there is evidence to support that it is better correlated with strong antibody responses than statistical analysis involving intraspot intensity. Because this feature is not well quantified by traditional image analysis software, identification and quantification of extra-well fluorescence is performed manually, which is both time-consuming and highly susceptible to variation between raters. A system that could automate this task efficiently and effectively would greatly improve the process of data acquisition in microarray studies, thereby accelerating the discovery of disease biomarkers. In this study, we experimented with different machine learning methods, as well as novel heuristics, for identifying spots exhibiting extra-well fluorescence (rings) in microarray images and assigning each ring a grade of 1-5 based on its intensity and morphology. The sensitivity of our final system for identifying rings was found to be 72% at 99% specificity and 98% at 92% specificity. Our system performs this task significantly faster than a human, while maintaining high performance, and therefore represents a valuable tool for microarray image analysis.

2912 related Products with: Automatic Identification and Quantification of Extra-Well Fluorescence in Microarray Images.

Amplite™ Fluorimetric H Amplite™ Intracellular Amplite™ Fluorimetric P Amplite™ Fluorimetric A Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri GLP 2 ELISA Kit, Rat Prog T-2 Toxin Mycotoxins ELIS Zearalenone Mycotoxins EL Tissue microarray of brea Breast intraductal carcin FDA Standard Frozen Tissu

Related Pathways

paperclip

#28902877   // Save this To Up

Purification and characterization of a highly specific polyclonal antibody against human extracellular signal-regulated kinase 8 and its detection in lung cancer.

Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 8 (ERK8), proposed as a novel potential therapeutic target for cancer, has been implicated in cell transformation, apoptosis, the protection of genomic integrity, and autophagy. To facilitate ERK8 research, a highly specific anti-ERK8 antibody is needed. In this article, we use the Immune Epitope Database and Analysis Resource online tool to predict B-cell epitopes of human ERK8 protein, and choose a 28 aa-peptide sequence to generate the GST-ERK8(28aa) fusion protein as the antigen for developing polyclonal antibody against ERK8. The specificity and sensitivity of anti-ERK8 antibody were robustly validated by immunoblotting, immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical analyses; and we found that both the endogenous and ectopically-expressed human ERK8 proteins can be recognized by our anti-ERK8 antibody. This suggested that our characterized anti-ERK8 antibody will be a valuable tool for the elucidation of the distribution of ERK8 at cellular and histological levels. Finally, our tissue array analysis also demonstrated that the ERK8 protein was localized in both the nucleus and cytoplasm of human lung cancers.

1288 related Products with: Purification and characterization of a highly specific polyclonal antibody against human extracellular signal-regulated kinase 8 and its detection in lung cancer.

Cytokine (Human) Antibody Cytokine (Human) Antibody Signal transduction antib Angiogenesis (Human) Anti Angiogenesis (Human) Anti Apoptosis (Human) Antibod Cytokine (Human) Antibody Cytokine (Human) Antibody Cytokine (Human) Antibody Cytokine (Human) Antibody Cytokine (Human) Antibody Cytokine (Human) Antibody

Related Pathways

paperclip

#28883821   // Save this To Up

Hidden Lineage Complexity of Glycan-Dependent HIV-1 Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies Uncovered by Digital Panning and Native-Like gp140 Trimer.

Germline precursors and intermediates of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) are essential to the understanding of humoral response to HIV-1 infection and B-cell lineage vaccine design. Using a native-like gp140 trimer probe, we examined antibody libraries constructed from donor-17, the source of glycan-dependent PGT121-class bNAbs recognizing the N332 supersite on the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. To facilitate this analysis, a digital panning method was devised that combines biopanning of phage-displayed antibody libraries, 900 bp long-read next-generation sequencing, and heavy/light (H/L)-paired antibodyomics. In addition to single-chain variable fragments resembling the wild-type bNAbs, digital panning identified variants of PGT124 (a member of the PGT121 class) with a unique insertion in the heavy chain complementarity-determining region 1, as well as intermediates of PGT124 exhibiting notable affinity for the native-like trimer and broad HIV-1 neutralization. In a competition assay, these bNAb intermediates could effectively compete with mouse sera induced by a scaffolded BG505 gp140.681 trimer for the N332 supersite. Our study thus reveals previously unrecognized lineage complexity of the PGT121-class bNAbs and provides an array of library-derived bNAb intermediates for evaluation of immunogens containing the N332 supersite. Digital panning may prove to be a valuable tool in future studies of bNAb diversity and lineage development.

1725 related Products with: Hidden Lineage Complexity of Glycan-Dependent HIV-1 Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies Uncovered by Digital Panning and Native-Like gp140 Trimer.

MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An Mouse Anti-HIV-1 gp120 (P Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp120 A Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp120 A Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp41 An Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp41 An

Related Pathways

paperclip

#28745644   // Save this To Up

Profiling Anti-Neu5Gc IgG in Human Sera with a Sialoglycan Microarray Assay.

Cells are covered with a cloak of carbohydrate chains (glycans) that is commonly altered in cancer and that includes variations in sialic acid (Sia) expression. These are acidic sugars that have a 9-carbon backbone and that cap vertebrate glycans on cell surfaces. Two of the major Sia forms in mammals are N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and its hydroxylated form, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc). Humans cannot produce endogenous Neu5Gc due to the inactivation of the gene encoding cytidine 5'monophosphate-Neu5Ac (CMP-Neu5Ac) hydroxylase (CMAH). Foreign Neu5Gc is acquired by human cells through the dietary consumption of red meat and dairy and subsequently appears on diverse glycans on the cell surface, accumulating mostly on carcinomas. Consequently, humans have circulating anti-Neu5Gc antibodies that play diverse roles in cancer and other chronic inflammation-mediated diseases and that are becoming potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Here, we describe a high-throughput sialoglycan microarray assay to assess such anti-Neu5Gc antibodies in the human sera. Neu5Gc-containing glycans and their matched pairs of controls (Neu5Ac-containing glycans), each with a core primary amine, are covalently linked to epoxy-coated glass slides. We exemplify the printing of 56 slides in a 16-well format using a specific nano-printer capable of generating up to 896 arrays per print. Each slide can be used to screen 16 different human sera samples for the evaluation of anti-Neu5Gc antibody specificity, intensity, and diversity. The protocol describes the complexity of this robust tool and provides a basic guideline for those aiming to investigate the response to Neu5Gc dietary carbohydrate antigen in diverse clinical samples in an array format.

1917 related Products with: Profiling Anti-Neu5Gc IgG in Human Sera with a Sialoglycan Microarray Assay.

anti HBsAg pre surface Ig anti HBsAg surface antige Mouse anti-human type I c Rat anti-human type I col Rat anti-human type I col Human monkey anti-chick t Human monkey anti-chick t Human monkey anti-bovine Human monkey anti-bovine Human monkey anti-porcine Human monkey anti-porcine Human monkey anti-human t

Related Pathways

  •  
  • No related Items