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#28728202   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

[Pyogenic liver abscess: Changes of Organisms and Consequences for Diagnosis and Therapy].

Liver abscess is a rare but potentially fatal disease with mortality rates of 2 - 12 %. The spectrum of causative microorganisms varies across the world and is changing due to increasing worldwide travel activity. As a result, previously less frequent pathogens must increasingly be considered in the differential diagnosis. The most common pathogens of liver abscess are so-called abscess streptococci, anaerobes and Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Certain clones among the Gram-negatives, typically among Klebsiella spp., harbour specific virulence factors and are therefore referred to as hypervirulent clones which spread worldwide. In any case, the causative agent should be identified before anti-infective treatment is initiated. Several pathogens such as Candida spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus are uncommon and only detected in a specific context. Various therapeutic regimens are available for anti-infective therapy. Usually an empirical therapy is started, combining mostly β-lactam antibiotics or quinolones with anaerobically active substances.

1720 related Products with: [Pyogenic liver abscess: Changes of Organisms and Consequences for Diagnosis and Therapy].

Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 AZD-3514 Mechanisms: Andr 17β-Acetoxy-2α-bromo-5 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-[2 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-ac 5α-N-Acetyl-2'H-androst- 5α-N-Acetyl-2'H-androst- 3-O-Acetyl 5,14-Androstad

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#28728201   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

[Fever and Headache after a Vacation in Thailand].

History 50 year-old man with fever and headache starting one week after returning from his vacation in Thailand. His general practitioner prescribed amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, without further analyses to pinpoint the infection. Examinations The examination of cerebro-spinal fluid was crucial for the final diagnosis. Lumbar puncture demonstrated a predominantly mononuclear pleocytosis of 80 cells/µl (< 5) with an elevated protein of 782 mg/l (< 450); glucose and lactate were within normal limits. Treatment and course Initially we tried to treat a broad range of organisms potentially causing meningitis or encephalitis. Typical bacteria and viruses endemic to Switzerland were not found, thus anti-infective treatment was stopped. Also the search for malaria, HIV, Chikungunya and Dengue infections yielded negative results. After 10 days we received a positive serologic test for Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). Conclusions The Japanese encephalitis virus is transmitted by mosquitoes and is epidemiologically one of the most important transmissible neurologic diseases in Asia. Although only a minority of infected patients are gravely ill, their sequelae and death toll are considerable. Since 2009 a well-tolerated vaccine is available.

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#28728197   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

[Is Age a Comorbidity?]

Aging is normal process, only somehow questioned by the "anti-aging wave". Normal and pathological aging are therefore separate developments. Older adults often suffer from the frailty syndrome, partly due to diminished resilience. Aging per se is not a comorbidity.

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B-Phycoerythrin antibody 2-Amino Benzimidazole Su 2-Amino Benzimidazole Su EZH2 KMT6 antibody Isoty Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti CRC3 CD3 (bispecific) Cl 2,3 dinor 6 keto Prostag ROR1 Clone '1B4 antibody RBPMS HERMES Clone '1C12 Glucokinase, islet isofor Glucokinase, islet isofor

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#28728159   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

Oxamate Enhances the Anti-Inflammatory and Insulin-Sensitizing Effects of Metformin in Diabetic Mice.

Metformin (MET) is the first-line drug for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, MET increases blood lactate levels in patients with T2DM. Lactate possesses proinflammatory properties and causes insulin resistance (IR). Oxamate (OXA), a lactate dehydrogenase inhibitor, can decrease tissue lactate production and blood lactate levels. This study was conducted to examine the effects of the combination of OXA and MET on inflammation, and IR in diabetic db/db mice. Supplementation of OXA to MET led to lowered tissue lactate production and serum lactate levels compared to MET alone, accompanied with further decreased tissue and blood levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, along with better insulin sensitivity, beta-cell mass, and glycemic control in diabetic db/db mice. These results show that OXA enhances the anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing effects of MET through the inhibition of tissue lactate production in db/db mice.

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#28728150   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

Fisher Discrimination of Metabolic Changes in Rats Treated with Aspirin and Ibuprofen.

Aspirin and ibuprofen are the most frequently prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the world. However, both are associated with a variety of toxicities. We applied serum metabonomics and Fisher discrimination for the early diagnosis of its toxic reaction in order to help diagnose these toxicities.

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Nycodenz, non ionic, non Syringe pump can be contr Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti Sterile filtered goat se Sterile filtered goat se Sterile filtered mouse s Sterile filtered rat ser ING1B antisense ING1B sense Interferon γ p19 INK4D

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#28728144   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

Retinal Penetration of Intravitreally Injected Tissue Plasminogen Activator: A Rat Model Study.

To determine whether intravitreal unconjugated tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) (alteplase) can penetrate the intact neural retina and reach the subretinal space in an experimental model.

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Mouse anti-Tissue type Pl Human tissue plasminogen Human tissue plasminogen Rat monoclonal anti mouse Mouse Anti-Human Tissue P Rabbit Anti-Human Tissue Rabbit Anti-Mouse Tissue Rat(Wistar strain) normal FDA standard normal rat m FDA standard normal rat m FDA standard normal rat m Normal rat multiple organ

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#28728108   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

New tacrine dimers with antioxidant linkers as dual drugs: Anti-Alzheimer's and antiproliferative agents.

We have designed a series of tacrine-based homo- and heterodimers that incorporate an antioxidant tether (selenoureido, chalcogenide) as new dual compounds: for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and as antiproliferative agents. Symmetrical homodimers bearing a dichalcogenide or selenide-based tether, the best compounds in the series, were found to be strong and highly selective electric eel AChE inhibitors, with inhibition constants within the low nanomolar range. This high inhibitory activity was confirmed on recombinant human AChE for the most interesting derivatives. The three most promising homodimers also showed a good inhibitory activity towards amyloid-β self aggregation. The symmetric disulfide derivative bis[5-(1',2',3',4'-tetrahydroacridin-9'-ylamino)pentyl]disulfide (19) showed the best multipotent profile and was not neurotoxic on immortalized mouse cortical neurons even at 50 μM concentration. These results represent an improvement in activity and selectivity compared to parent tacrine, the first marketed drug against Alzheimer's disease. Title compounds also exhibited excellent in vitro antiproliferative activities against a panel of 6 human tumor cell lines, with GI50 values within the submicromolar range for the most potent derivatives (0.12-0.95 μM); such values represent a spectacular increase compared to currently-used chemotherapeutic agents, such as 5-FU (up to 306-fold) and cisplatin (up to 162-fold). Cell cycle experiments indicated the accumulation of cells in the G1 phase of the cycle, a different mechanism than the reported for cisplatin. The breast cancer cell lines turned out to be the most sensitive one of the panel tested.

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#28728107   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

Developing potential agents against atherosclerosis: Design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel dual inhibitors of oxidative stress and Squalene Synthase activity.

For the treatment of multifactorial and complex diseases, it has become increasingly apparent that compounds acting at multiple targets often deliver superior efficacy compared to compounds with high specificity for only a single target. Based on previous studies demonstrating the important antioxidant and anti-hyperlipidemic effect of morpholine and 1,4-benzo(x/thi)azine derivatives (A-E), we hereby present the design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel dual-acting molecules as a therapeutic approach for atherosclerosis. Analogues 1-10 were rationally designed through structural modifications of their parent compounds (A-E) in order for structure-activity relationship studies to be carried out. Most compounds showed a significant inhibition against Squalene Synthase activity exhibiting at the same time a very potent multimodal antioxidant (against lipid peroxidation and as free-radical scavengers) effect, thus bringing to light the 2-aryl-1,4-benzo(x/thia)zin-2-ol scaffold as an outstanding pharmacophore for the design of potent antioxidants. Finally, the replacement of the octahydro-1,4-benzoxazine moiety of lead compound D with its respective 1,4-benzothiazine (compound 4), although conserved (anti-hypercholesterolemic) or even improved (anti-hyperlipidemic) activity, did not preserve the anti-diabetic effect of D.

2029 related Products with: Developing potential agents against atherosclerosis: Design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel dual inhibitors of oxidative stress and Squalene Synthase activity.

OXI TEK (Oxidative Stress Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 8 Isoprostane oxidative s AZD-3514 Mechanisms: Andr 17β-Acetoxy-2α-bromo-5 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-[2 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-ac 5α-N-Acetyl-2'H-androst-

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#28728079   2017/07/20 Save this To Up

Probucol ameliorates renal injury in diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting the expression of the redox enzyme p66Shc.

Probucol is an anti-hyperlipidemic agent and a potent antioxidant drug that can delay progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and reverses renal oxidative stress in diabetic animal models; however, the mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. p66Shc is a newly recognized mediator of mitochondrial ROS production in renal cells under high-glucose (HG) ambience. We previously showed that p66Shc can serve as a biomarker for renal oxidative injury in DN patients and that p66Shc up-regulation is correlated with renal damage in vivo and in vitro. Here, we determined whether probucol ameliorates renal injury in DN by inhibiting p66Shc expression.

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