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           Search results for: Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclonal Antibody   

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#27449965   2016/08/14 Save this To Up

Bio-functional surfaces for the immunocapture of AGO2-bound microRNAs.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, small (18-24nt), non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Among miRNAs, those bound to the AGO2 protein are the functionally active fraction which mediates the cell regulatory processes and regulate messages exchanged by cells. Several methods have been developed to purify this fraction of microRNAs, such as immunoprecipitation and immunoprecipitation-derived techniques. However, all these techniques are generally recognized as technically complicated and time consuming. Here, a new bio-functional surface for the specific capture of AGO2-bound microRNAs is proposed. Starting from a silicon oxide surface, a protein A layer was covalently bound via epoxy chemistry to orient specific anti-AGO2 antibodies on the surface. The anti-AGO2 antibodies captured the AGO2 protein present in cell lysate and in human plasma. The AGO2-bound microRNAs were then released by enzymatic digestion and detected via RT-qPCR. Control surfaces were also prepared and tested. Every step in the preparation of the bio-functional surfaces was fully characterized from the chemical, morphological and functional point of view. The resulting bio-functional surface is able to specifically capture the AGO2-bound miRNAs from biologically-relevant samples, such as cell lysate and human plasma. These samples contain different proportions of AGO2-bound microRNAs, as reliably detected with the immunocapture method here proposed. This work opens new perspectives for a simple and faster method to isolate not only AGO2-bound microRNAs, but also the multiprotein complex containing AGO2 and miRNAs.

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#22470417   2012/04/03 Save this To Up

Circulating hepatitis B surface antigen particles carry hepatocellular microRNAs.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) produces high quantities of subviral surface antigen particles (HBsAg) which circulate in the blood outnumbering virions of about 1\10(3-6) times. In individuals coinfected with the defective hepatitis Delta virus (HDV) the small HDV-RNA-genome and Delta antigen circulate as ribonucleoprotein complexes within HBsAg subviral particles. We addressed the question whether subviral HBsAg particles may carry in the same way cellular microRNAs (miRNAs) which are released into the bloodstream within different subcellular forms such as exosomes and microvescicles. Circulating HBsAg particles were isolated from sera of 11 HBsAg carriers by selective immunoprecipitation with monoclonal anti-HBs-IgG, total RNA was extracted and human miRNAs were screened by TaqMan real-time quantitative PCR Arrays. Thirty-nine human miRNAs were found to be significantly associated with the immunoprecipitated HBsAg, as determined by both comparative DDCT analysis and non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney, p<0.05) with respect to controls. Moreover immunoprecipitated HBsAg particles contained Ago2 protein that could be revealed in ELISA only after 0.5% NP40. HBsAg associated miRNAs were liver-specific (most frequent = miR-27a, miR-30b, miR-122, miR-126 and miR-145) as well as immune regulatory (most frequent = miR-106b and miR-223). Computationally predicted target genes of HBsAg-associated miRNAs highlighted molecular pathways dealing with host-pathogen. The finding that HBsAg particles carry selective pools of hepatocellular miRNAs opens new avenues of research to disentangle the complex interactions between host and HBV and provides a non invasive tool to study the physiopathology of liver epigenetics.

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#18430891   2008/05/21 Save this To Up

A multifunctional human Argonaute2-specific monoclonal antibody.

Small regulatory RNAs including small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), or Piwi interacting RNAs (piRNAs) guide regulation of gene expression in many different organisms. The Argonaute (Ago) protein family constitutes the cellular binding partners of such small RNAs and regulates gene expression on the levels of transcription, mRNA stability, or translation. Due to the lack of highly specific and potent monoclonal antibodies directed against the different Ago proteins, biochemical analyses such as Ago complex purification and characterization rely on overexpression of tagged Ago proteins. Here, we report the generation and functional characterization of a highly specific monoclonal anti-Ago2 antibody termed anti-Ago2(11A9). We show that anti-Ago2(11A9) is specific for human Ago2 and detects Ago2 in Western blots as well as in immunoprecipitation experiments. We further demonstrate that Ago2 can be efficiently eluted from our antibody by a competing peptide. Finally, we show that anti-Ago2(11A9) recognizes Ago2 in immunofluorescence experiments, and we find that Ago2 not only localizes to cytoplasmic processing bodies (P-bodies) and the diffuse cytoplasm but also to the nucleus. With the anti-Ago2(11A9) antibody we have generated a potent tool that is useful for many biochemical or cell biological applications.

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#17054975   2006/12/01 Save this To Up

Detection of the argonaute protein Ago2 and microRNAs in the RNA induced silencing complex (RISC) using a monoclonal antibody.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules responsible for post-transcriptional gene silencing by the degradation or translational inhibition of their target messenger RNAs (mRNAs). This process of gene silencing, known as RNA interference (RNAi), is mediated by highly conserved Argonaute (Ago) proteins which are the key components of the RNA induced silencing complex (RISC). In humans, Ago2 is responsible for the endonuclease cleavage of targeted mRNA and it interacts with the mRNA-binding protein GW182, which is a marker for cytoplasmic foci referred to as GW bodies (GWBs). We demonstrated that the anti-Ago2 monoclonal antibody 4F9 recognized GWBs in a cell cycle dependent manner and was capable of capturing miRNAs associated with Ago2. Since Ago2 protein is the effector protein of RNAi, anti-Ago2 monoclonal antibody may be useful in capturing functional miRNAs.

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