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#27222007   2016/06/18 Save this To Up

Preparation and application of a novel monoclonal antibody specific for human B7-H3.

Human B7-H3 (CD276), as a new member of the B7 family has been demonstrated to mediate T cell proliferation and the production of interferon‑γ. Two isoforms of B7-H3 have been identified in humans, 2IgB7‑H3 and 4IgB7‑H3. Since the costimulatory functions of the two isoforms remains to be fully elucidated, there are disagreements regarding their expression patterns as well as the T cell responses. In the present study, a single mouse anti‑human monoclonal antibody (mAb), specific for 2IgB7‑H3 and 4IgB7‑H3 was established, termed 11F4. Using this antibody, the expression of B7‑H3 was observed extensively in tumor cell lines, with the exception of certain human hematopoietic cell lines. Subsequently, the fusion proteins of the two B7‑H3 isoforms were produced to analyze the biological function of 4IgB7‑H3 and 2IgB7‑H3 using a Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay, and the data revealed that the two isoforms exhibited a similar function in promoting T cell proliferation. In addition, the effect of B7‑H3 on the T cells was inhibited by the 11F4 mAb. Overall, the novel antibody produced was observed to exhibit an inhibitory effect offering a useful tool in further investigations of the function of B7-H3 isoforms.

1896 related Products with: Preparation and application of a novel monoclonal antibody specific for human B7-H3.

MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD15, Pr MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD19 RPE MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD15, Pr MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR MOUSE ANTI CANINE DISTEMP MOUSE ANTI APAAP COMPLEX, MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD succinate-CoA ligase, GDP PABP1-dependent poly A-sp Histamine H3 Receptor ant formin-like 1 antibody So Histamine H3 Receptor ant

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#24926549   2014/06/14 Save this To Up

B7-H1 expression in malignant pleural mesothelioma is associated with sarcomatoid histology and poor prognosis.

B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1; aka programmed cell death 1 ligand 1) is a negative costimulatory molecule that is associated with poor prognosis in many tumor types. Given the poor prognosis and the limited treatments available for mesothelioma, we decided to examine B7-H1 expression and its association with survival in patients with mesothelioma.

1570 related Products with: B7-H1 expression in malignant pleural mesothelioma is associated with sarcomatoid histology and poor prognosis.

Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon HIV1 integrase antibody, DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr Goat Anti-Human Laforin ( Rabbit Anti-Influenza A H Rabbit Anti-Influenza-A H Rabbit Anti-Influenza-A H

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#20569000   2010/06/23 Save this To Up

Two novel monoclonal antibodies against human CD133-2: distinct epitopes and agonist activity to enhance growth of CD133 expression cells in vitro.

Human AC133 antigen, also called CD133, is a unique transmembrane glycoprotein encoded by the PROM1 gene. It was initially suggested as a cell surface marker for hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells and has also been identified recently as a cancer stem cell marker in brain, colorectal, and prostate cancers. AC133 has two isoforms, one is AC133-1 and the other is AC133-2. Whether the two isoforms are functionally redundant or serve distinct functions remains unclear. In order to further explore the physiological and pathological functions of CD133-2, we generated two mouse antihuman CD133-2 monoclonal antibodies (clones 6B3 and 9G4). Then, we carefully characterized the biological functions of these monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and showed that 6B3 and 9G4 bound to two epitopes of CD133, which are different from that recognized by the commercially available anti-CD133 MAb (AC141). These two MAbs could be used in cell immunostaining, Western blot, and immunohistochemical staining. We have further shown that MAb 6B3 enhances the growth of human myelogenous leukemic cell line U937 and human colon adenocarcinoma cell line SW480, suggesting a functional role of CD133 in these cells. Taken together as a useful tool, these two antibodies might be of great value for further exploration of the expression and function of CD133.

2027 related Products with: Two novel monoclonal antibodies against human CD133-2: distinct epitopes and agonist activity to enhance growth of CD133 expression cells in vitro.

Human Growth Hormone anti Human Growth Hormone anti Human Growth Hormone anti Growth Factor (Human) Ant Goat Anti-Human Fibroblas Goat Anti-Human TOM1L1 SR Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rabbit Anti-Human Toll In

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#19785403   2010/12/14 Save this To Up

Antibody internalization after cell surface antigen binding is critical for immunotoxin development.

Immunotoxin potency is dependent on cell surface binding specificity as well as internalization efficiency. Current approaches for immunotoxin development are dependent on existing antibodies that were selected for high affinity and/or high production yield. However, these antibodies may demonstrate low internalization efficiency upon cell surface binding and thus are not necessarily the best candidates for immunotoxin design. Here, we have developed an assay with a novel protein, DTG3, to compare and evaluate the internalization efficiency of monoclonal antibodies in order to circumvent the possibility of low internalization. DTG3 is a fusion protein containing the N-terminus of diphtheria toxin (DT) and three copies of streptococci Protein G immunoglobulin binding domains. We show that antibody-DTG3 complexes formed in the test tube are able to bind their antigen on the target cell surface, resulting in cell internalization, DT-mediated protein synthesis inhibition, and host cell apoptosis. We tested this system with two well-studied antibodies, antihuman CD3ε, and anti-PSMA antibodies and were able to show efficiency of this assay. We further examined commercially available anti-CD123 antibodies for potential leukemia-targeting immunotoxin development. Finally, we applied this system in the early-stage screening of newly generated anti-CD123 hybridomas. Our data showed that this internalization assay system is sensitive, time efficient, and reproducible, and has provided a tool to compare monoclonal antibodies for the clinical development of effective immunotoxins for the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

2319 related Products with: Antibody internalization after cell surface antigen binding is critical for immunotoxin development.

MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR cell cycle progression 2 amyloid beta precursor pr CD44 antigen isoform 4 an serologically defined col zona pellucida binding pr RABBIT ANTI GSK3 BETA (pS Rabbit Anti-cellulase Pol Rabbit Anti-cellulase Pol Rabbit Anti-cellulase Pol Rabbit Anti-cellulase Pol

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#18593331   2008/07/02 Save this To Up

Establishment of antihuman IFN-alpha8-specific monoclonal antibodies and their application in the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

In the present study, we describe the generation of a series of anti-interferon-alpha8 (IFN-alpha8)-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), their characterization, and the establishment of a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) system for human IFN-alpha8. The sandwich ELISA system is highly sensitive to human natural IFN-alpha8 (nIFN-alpha8), with a minimum detection limit of 50 pg/mL, which did not cross-react with the other IFN preparations and several cytokines tested. Using this ELISA system, pharmacokinetic properties of an IFN-alpha preparation administered in mice were examined. We found that IFN-alpha8 has higher vascular permeability and stability than IFN-alpha2 in the circulation. These results suggest that this ELISA would be very useful for determination of IFN-alpha8 protein concentrations in various experimental samples and also of pharmacokinetic properties of IFN-alpha preparations in human.

2352 related Products with: Establishment of antihuman IFN-alpha8-specific monoclonal antibodies and their application in the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Multiple organ tumor tiss MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR HIV1 integrase antibody, Alkaline Phospatase (ALP) GLP 1 ELISA Kit, Rat Gluc Apoptosis antibody array Cell cycle antibody array Cytokine antibody array i Signal transduction antib AKT Phospho-Specific Arra AKT PKB Signaling Phospho AMPK Signaling Phospho-Sp

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#18576436   2008/06/30 Save this To Up

Identification of zinc-alpha-2-glycoprotein binding to clone AE7A5 antihuman EPO antibody by means of nano-HPLC and high-resolution high-mass accuracy ESI-MS/MS.

The detection of doping with recombinant erythropoietins (Epo) by isoelectric focusing (IEF) and Western double blotting strongly relies on the specificity of the detection antibody used. Currently a monoclonal mouse antibody (clone AE7A5) is used for that purpose. Despite its excellent sensitivity (amol range) the antibody shows some nonspecific binding behavior. However, the binding occurs outside the currently used pH range for evaluating erythropoietin IEF profiles. A shotgun proteomics approach is described consisting of preparative IEF on large-sized carrier ampholyte gels (pH 3-5), SDS-PAGE, Western single and double blotting, on-membrane elution of intact proteins, on-membrane and in-solution tryptic digestions, as well as nano-HPLC peptide separation and high-resolution high-mass accuracy ESI-MS/MS peptide sequencing. The nonspecifically interacting protein could be identified as zinc-alpha-2-glycoprotein (ZAG). Confirmation analyses were performed using recombinant ZAG (rhZAG) and a monoclonal anti-ZAG antibody. It could be demonstrated that the binding of the monoclonal antihuman EPO antibody (clone AE7A5) to ZAG occurs in a highly concentration-dependant manner and that only samples containing increased amounts of urinary ZAG lead to a detectable interaction of the AE7A5 antibody on Epo-IEF gels.

2565 related Products with: Identification of zinc-alpha-2-glycoprotein binding to clone AE7A5 antihuman EPO antibody by means of nano-HPLC and high-resolution high-mass accuracy ESI-MS/MS.

Rabbit Polyclonal Antibod Sheep Polyclonal Antibody Cytokeratin, High Molecu Cytokeratin, High Molecu Cytokeratin, High Molecu Cytokeratin, High Molecu Cytokeratin, High Molecu Cytokeratin, High Molecu alpha 1 Acid Glycoprotein TOK-1 alpha antibody Sour Mouse L-308 Array, Glass Mouse L-308 Array, Glass

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#15943563   2005/06/09 Save this To Up

Generation and characterization of a panel of monoclonal antibodies specific for human fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4).

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) is a member of the FGFR family of receptor tyrosine kinases, and plays important roles in a variety of biological functions such as cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, angiogenesis, tissue repair, and tumorigenesis. The human FGFRs share a high degree of sequence homology between themselves, as well as with their murine homologs. Consequently, it has been suggested that it may be difficult to prepare monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that are specific for the individual receptor types. In this communication, we report on the development and characterization of a panel of anti-human FGFR4 MAbs that were generated in mice using a rapid immunization protocol. Using a modified rapid immunization at multiple sites (RIMMS) protocol with the soluble extracellular domain of human FGFR4 (FGFR4-ECD), the immunized mice developed high levels of polyclonal IgG to the immunogen within 13 days of the first immunization. The lymph node cells isolated from the immunized animals were then fused with mouse myeloma cells for hybridoma generation. Use of an efficient hybridoma cloning protocol in combination with an ELISA screening procedure allowed for early identification of stable hybridomas secreting antihuman FGFR4 IgG. Several identified MAbs specifically reacted with the FGFR4 protein without binding to the other human isoforms (FGFR1, FGFR2, and FGFR3). As evaluated by BIAcore analysis, most anti-FGFR4 MAbs displayed high affinities (8.6 x 10(8) approximately 3.9 x 10(10) M) to FGFR4. Furthermore, these MAbs were able to bind to FGFR4 expressed on human breast tumor cell lines MDA-MB-361 and MDA-MB-453. Taken together, the results demonstrate that the RIMMS strategy is an effective approach for generating class-switched, high-affinity MAbs in mice to evolutionarily conserved proteins such as human FGFR4. These MAbs may be useful tools for further investigation of the biological functions and pathological roles of human FGFR4.

2934 related Products with: Generation and characterization of a panel of monoclonal antibodies specific for human fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4).

Growth Factor (Human) Ant IGF-1R Signaling Phospho- Goat Anti-Human Fibroblas Fibroblast Growth Factor Fibroblast Growth Factor Fibroblast Growth Factor Fibroblast Growth Factor Growth Differentiation Fa Human Growth Hormone anti Human Growth Hormone anti Human Growth Hormone anti Human Fibroblast Growth F

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#15663744   2005/01/24 Save this To Up

A novel blocking monoclonal antibody recognizing a distinct epitope of human CD40 molecule.

CD40, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, is an important costimulatory molecule during the immune response. Here, we report a blocking mouse antihuman CD40 monoclonal antibody, mAb 3G3, of which the specificity was verified by flow cytometry and Western blot. It was shown by competition test that 3G3 bound to a different site (epitope) of CD40 from the reported CD40 mAbs, including clone mAb89, 3B2, and 5C11. It was also found that mAb 3G3 could inhibit homotypic aggregation of Daudi cells induced by the agonistic anti-CD40 mAb 5C11. Furthermore, mAb 3G3 effectively inhibited the proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in mixed lymphocyte reaction assay. Finally, a sensitive and specific soluble CD40 (sCD40) ELISA kit was established by matching mAb 3G3 with 5C11, and it was found that the levels of sCD40 in sera from patients with immune disorders such as hyperthyroidism, chronic nephritis, and rheumatoid arthritis were obviously higher than those from normal individuals. Thus, this blocking anti-CD40 mAb provides a novel tool for the study of CD40.

2317 related Products with: A novel blocking monoclonal antibody recognizing a distinct epitope of human CD40 molecule.

Anti C Reactive Protein A Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti Human AGO3, Monoclon anti CD16 monoclonal anti anti CD20 monoclonal anti anti CD54 IgG2b k monoclo anti CD66e IgG1 monoclona

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#14531798   2003/10/08 Save this To Up

Internalization of antibodies by endothelial cells via fibronectin implicating a novel mechanism in lupus nephritis.

One of the crucial events in lupus nephritis is the glomerular deposition of immunoglobulins (Igs), of which pathogenic properties have been proposed mostly to be either type IIor type III allergic reactions. Some of IgG3-producing hybridoma clones established from an MRL/MpTn-gld/gld (MRL/gld) lupus mouse generate wire loop-like lesions in glomeruli resembling lupus nephritis when injected into SCID mice. These clones are useful for analyzing the mechanisms of glomerular deposition of antibodies in lupus nephritis at the monoclonal level.

1124 related Products with: Internalization of antibodies by endothelial cells via fibronectin implicating a novel mechanism in lupus nephritis.

Goat Anti-Human Endotheli BYL-719 Mechanisms: PI3K- Human Internal Mammary Ar GFP Expressing Human Inte Rat Anti-Mouse Dendritic Mouse Anti-Human Endothel Mouse Anti-Pig Endothelia Rat Anti-Human Endothelia Mouse Anti-Human Endothel anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl

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#11949843   2002/04/12 Save this To Up

Expression of p53 and bcl-2 proteins in acute leukemias: an immunocytochemical study.

We have analyzed by immunocytochemistry the p53 and Bcl-2 proteins expression in 49 patients with B-ALL, T-ALL and AML at the time of initial diagnosis. The diagnosis was based on morphologic and cytochemical criteria and on immunophenotyping. To demonstrate the p53 protein expression, p53 specific mouse antihuman immunoreagent clone DO-1 that recognizes both wild and mutated p53 protein was used. To detect Bcl-2 a monoclonal antibody that recognizes the 26-kD Bcl-2 protein was applied. For evaluation of both proteins a sensitive Immunotech detection kit based on peroxidase labeled streptavidin biotin reagent was utilized. The patients were divided according to the presence or absence of both, nuclear p53 and cytoplasmic Bcl-2 proteins. A relative low frequency of p53 protein expression in B- and T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia has been shown at diagnosis. In AML cases, the frequency of p53 expression was higher than that in ALL. Bcl-2 protein immunoreactivity has been found in the majority of acute leukemia patients. The marked heterogeneity in the percentage of p53 and Bcl-2 positive cells in individual patients was observed. Comparative analysis of the distinct acute leukemia subtypes according to the percentage of p53 and Bcl-2 positive cells showed no significant differences except for p53 protein positivity in relation between T-ALL and AML cases. The samples from healthy subjects used as a control exhibited very low proportion of positively stained cells and significantly differed from p53 as well as Bcl-2 positive cases. p53 and Bcl-2 positivity have not been significantly affected neither by age, sex nor WB C counts. Association between myeloid cells maturation and proportion of p53 and Bcl-2 positive cells was observed. Noteworthy was the inverse relation between the higher proportion of p53 positive cells and low Bcl-2 positivity in some cases of acute leukemia. Although our preliminary results need to be confirmed in a larger group of patients, immunocytochemical analysis of p53 and Bcl-2 proteins, indicators of cell alterations, may help to identify risk patients requiring intensive therapy.

1170 related Products with: Expression of p53 and bcl-2 proteins in acute leukemias: an immunocytochemical study.

Apoptosis Phospho-Specifi EGF Phospho-Specific Arra Proteins and Antibodies H ING1B antisense Rabbit Anti-Inf A Neurami Mouse Anti-Human Interleu Mouse Anti-Human Insulin Mouse Anti-Human p53 Anti Rabbit Anti-Human bcl-2 A Rabbit Anti-Human bcl-2 A Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Bcl-w A

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