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#16260050   2005/12/20 Save this To Up

Study on the constructions and activities of three novel hGHRH analogs with N-terminal prolyl modulation+.

Growth hormone releasing hormone is one of the hormones secreted by the hypothalamus. Because of its potential applications in agriculture and medicine, its short half-life and its expensive chemical synthesis, an analog with high GHRH activity and prolonged half-life has been looked for. The fusion partner gene with 127 amino acid residues of the C-terminus from L-asparaginase was recombined respectively with asp-pro-pro-hGHRH(1-44), asp-pro-hGHRH(1-44) or asp-1pro-GHRH(2-44) genes synthesized by PCR method to form three kinds of fusion proteins with unique acid labile linker Asp-Pro. The Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44), Pro-hGHRH(1-44), and 1Pro-GHRH(2-44) peptides were purified to homogeneity by means of cell disruption, washing of inclusion body, ethanol fraction precipitation, acid hydrolysis, SP-Sephadex C-25 and Sephadex G-10 column chromatography. The peptide molecular mass of 5235, 5139 or 4975 Da was determined by ESI mass spectroscopy and purity was determined by SDS-PAGE. In the study of in vitro activity, the antiserum kit against human GH and peptide doses of 0.1, 1.0 and 10 microg/ml were used. These peptides obviously increased GH releases both from human pituitary and from rat pituitary. The activity comparisons showed that there was significant difference between Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44)-Gly-Gly-Cys and Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44) at 1.0 microg/ml, or between 1Pro-hGHRH(2-44) and Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44) or Pro-hGHRH(1-44) at 10 microg/ml. The structure-activity relationships showed that at the original C-terminus, for rat pituitary the activity of the GHRH analog with 1Tyr-->Pro was more than that of Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44) or Pro-hGHRH(1-44). The results showed that the analogs had good GH-releasing activity and species specificity.

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#15003264   2004/03/08 Save this To Up

Production and enhanced biological activity of a novel GHRH analog, hGHRH with an N-terminal Pro-Pro extension.

Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH) is one of the most important hormones in life. Because of its potential clinical importance, its short half-life, and its expensive chemical synthesis, an analog of hGHRH with a prolonged half-life and better activity has been studied for clinical application, especially for the treatment of muscle wasting, type II diabetes, or sleep disorders. The Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44) peptide has better activity. The fusion partner gene with 127 amino acid residues of the C-terminus from l-asparaginase was recombined with asp-pro-pro-hGHRH(1-44) gene synthesized by PCR method to form a fusion protein with the unique acid labile linker Asp-Pro. The recombinant protein was expressed to high levels in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44) peptide was purified to homogeneity by means of cell disruption, washing, ethanol precipitation, acid hydrolysis, and SP-Sephadex C-25, and Sephadex G-25 column chromatography. The fold of the purification was about 88 times and the yield was 1.1% of the total protein weight of the inclusion body. The peptide molecular mass of 5235.25 Da was determined by ESI mass spectroscopy. Its purity was determined by SDS-PAGE. In the study of the activity, we measured GH release of rat pituitary by using the antiserum kit against human GH. The peptide doses of 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, 7.72, and 20.9 microg/ml used, respectively, released the GH values of 0.1+/-0.1, 12.5+/-7.3, 16.6+/-5.8, 49.8+/-7.6, and 79.5+/-5.7 ng/ml whereas their blank controls, respectively, were 0.5+/-0.8, 4.1+/-2.6, 3.1+/-3.1, 4.7+/-1.8, and 1.2+/-0.3 ng/ml. The activity results of all dose groups except 0.01 microg/ml Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44) group and hGHRH(1-40) group showed that there were significant differences between GH released by the peptide and that by its blank control. With the increase of dosage, the differences were more significant. hGHRH(1-40) showed no measured GH release when the dose was up to 2 microg/ml. The activity results show that the Pro-Pro-hGHRH(1-44) peptide is a potential GH releasing analog.

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