Search results for: Benzyl 2-Acetamido-2-deoxy-4-O-β-D-galactofuranosyl-α-D-glucopyranoside C21H31NO11 CAS: 174866-45-6
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Losing the Arms Race: Greater Wax Moths Sense but Ignore Bee Alarm Pheromones.The greater wax moth, L., is one of main pests of honeybees. The larvae burrow into the wax, damaging the bee comb and degenerating bee products, but also causes severe effects like driving the whole colony to abscond. In the present study, we used electroantennograms, a Y maze, and an oviposition site choice bioassay to test whether the greater wax moth can eavesdrop on bee alarm pheromones (isopentyl acetate, benzyl acetate, octyl acetate, and 2-heptanone), to target the bee colony, or if the bee alarm pheromones would affect their preference of an oviposition site. The results revealed that the greater wax moth showed a strong electroantennogram response to these four compounds of bee alarm pheromones even in a low concentration (100 ng/μL), while they showed the highest response to octyl acetate compared to the other three main bee alarm components (isopentyl acetate, benzyl acetate, and 2-heptanone). However, the greater wax moth behavioral results showed no significant preference or avoidance to these four bee alarm pheromones. These results indicate that bees are currently losing the arms race since the greater wax moth can sense bee alarm pheromones, however, these alarm pheromones are ignored by the greater wax moth.
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Disentangling the size-dependent geometric and electronic effects of palladium nanocatalysts beyond selectivity.The prominent size effect of metal nanoparticles shapes decisively nanocatalysis, but entanglement of the corresponding geometric and electronic effects prevents exploiting their distinct functionalities. In this work, we demonstrate that in palladium (Pd)-catalyzed aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol, the geometric and electronic effects interplay and compete so intensively that both activity and selectivity showed in volcano trends on the Pd particle size unprecedentedly. By developing a strategy of site-selective blocking via atomic layer deposition along with first principles calculations, we disentangle these two effects and unveil that the geometric effect dominates the right side of the volcano with larger-size Pd particles, whereas the electronic effect directs the left of the volcano with smaller-size Pd particles substantially. Selective blocking of the low-coordination sites prevents formation of the undesired by-product beyond the volcano relationship, achieving a remarkable benzaldehyde selectivity and activity at the same time for 4-nm Pd. Disentangling the geometric and electronic effects of metal nanoparticles opens a new dimension for rational design of catalysts.
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A new butenolide derivative from the deep-sea fungus Aspergillus terreus SCSIO FZQ028.A new butenolide derivative (±)-asperteretal F (1) and related congener (2) recently reported containing an unusual 2-benzyl-3-phenyl substituted lactone core, together with five known compounds (3-7) were isolated and characterized from the fungus Aspergillus terreus. SCSIO FZQ028 derived from a deep-sea sediment of South China Sea. Their chemical structures were established on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic data, and HR-ESI-MS analysis. Additionally, all the compounds were evaluated for the antioxidative activities against DPPH, cytotoxic activities against two tumor cell lines (SF-268 and HepG-2), and antimicrobial activities. Compounds 2-4, and 7 showed significant activities against DPPH with IC ranging from 5.89 to 10.07 μg/mL. Compounds 2 and 4 showed moderate antimicrobial activities against all four tested bacteria.
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A tool box to ascertain the nature of doping and photoresponse in single-walled carbon nanotubes.The effect of doping on the electronic properties in bulk single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) samples is studied for the first time using a new in situ Raman spectroelectrochemical method, and further verified by DFT calculations and photoresponse. We use p-/n-doped SWCNTs prepared by diazonium reactions as a versatile chemical strategy to control the SWCNT behavior. The measured and calculated data testify an acceptor effect of 4-aminobenzenesulfonic acid (p-doping), and a donor effect (n-doping) in the case of benzyl alcohol. In addition, pristine and covalently functionalized SWCNTs were used for the preparation of photoactive film electrodes. The photocathodic current in the photoelectrochemical cell is consistently modulated by the doping group. These results validate the in situ Raman spectroelectrochemistry as a unique tool box for predicting the electronic properties of functionalized SWCNTs in the form of thin films and their operational functionality in thin film devices for future optoelectronic applications.
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Ni-Catalyzed C-P Coupling of Aryl, Benzyl, or Allyl Ammonium Salts with P(O)H Compounds.A methodology that allows for the construction of C-P bonds via the nickel-catalyzed cross-coupling of organoammonium salts with appropriate phosphorus nucleophiles has been developed. Aryl-, pyridyl-, benzyl-, and allyl-ammonium triflates can be employed as the electrophiles. The employed phosphorus-based nucleophiles included diaryl/dibutyl phosphine oxide, dialkyl phosphonates, and ethyl phenylphosphinate. Functional groups OMe, CN, CF, F, Cl, C(O)NMe, and C(O) tBu were tolerated.
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Initial hazard assessment of benzyl salicylate: In vitro genotoxicity test and combined repeated-dose and reproductive/developmental toxicity screening test in rats.Benzyl salicylate is used as a fragrance ingredient and an ultraviolet light absorber, but its toxicity is unknown. Therefore, toxicity tests and hazard classification were conducted for screening assessment under the Japanese Chemical Substances Control Law. Benzyl salicylate was found to be non-genotoxic in vitro based on the chromosomal aberration test using Chinese hamster lung cells. However, the combined repeated-dose and reproductive/developmental screening toxicity test, in which male and female rats were administered benzyl salicylate by gavage at 0, 30, 100, or 300 mg/kg/day for 42 and 41-46 days, respectively, from 14 days before mating until postnatal Day 4, showed that repeated doses had major effects on the thymus, liver, epididymis, and femur at 100 and/or 300 mg/kg/day. Furthermore, although benzyl salicylate had no effect on the estrus cycle, fertility, corpus lutea, or implantation rate, embryonic resorption, offspring mortality, and neural tube defects were observed at 300 mg/kg/day, and the offspring had lower body weights at 30 and 100 mg/kg/day, suggesting teratogenicity similar to other salicylates. Based on the developmental toxicity, this chemical was classified as hazard class 2, with a lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL) of 30 mg/kg/day and a D-value of 0.003 mg/kg/day.
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RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, benzyl methyl ether, CAS Registry Number 538-86-3.
1807 related Products with: RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, benzyl methyl ether, CAS Registry Number 538-86-3.(S) ( ) N Benzyl alpha me (R) (+) N Benzyl alpha me Dichloromethyl methyl eth Resorufin benzyl ether Resorufin methyl ether O-(5-Acetamido-4,7,8,9-te 9-Acetyl Apoquinidine Met 5-O-Acetyl-4-O-benzyloyl- N-Acetyl-2-O-benzyl-neura 3-Acetyl-N-benzyloxycarbo 3-Acetyl-N-benzyloxycarbo 1-Acetyl-2,3-dihydro-2-me
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Spontaneous Redox Approach to the Self-Assembly Synthesis of Au/CeO Plasmonic Photocatalysts with Rich Oxygen Vacancies for Selective Photocatalytic Conversion of Alcohols.We present the self-assembly synthesis of core-shell structure Au/CeO composites with different Au loadings through a spontaneous chemical redox approach at an ambient temperature utilizing HAuCl and Ce(NO) as reaction substrates in an alkaline environment. The results demonstrate that the as-synthesized Au/CeO composites exhibit spherical shape morphologies with porous structures, composed of Au nanoparticle (∼10 nm) cores and CeO nanoparticle shells with abundant oxygen vacancies. The introduction of Au nanoparticles in CeO not only effectively improves the visible light utilization efficiency but also provides rich surface catalytic active sites for highly efficient visible light photocatalysis. As visible light photocatalysts (λ > 400 nm), the as-synthesized Au/CeO composites with the Au loading amount ≥4.0 wt % exhibit high conversion and selectivity (∼100%) of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde under the given experimental conditions. Moreover, Au/CeO also shows a general applicability as a visible light photocatalyst for the selective oxidation of other alcohols to corresponding aldehydes or ketones. The photocatalytic mechanism studies indicate that the photoelectrons/holes produced from the photoexcited Au and the formed superoxide radicals in the oxygen vacancies of CeO synergistically contribute to the high performance of the selective photocatalytic oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes or ketones.
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RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, benzyl isoamyl ether, CAS Registry Number 122-73-6.
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Allergic contact dermatitis caused by benzyl salicylate in hair products.
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