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Differential distribution of pepsinogen II between the zones of the human prostate and the seminal vesicle.

Pepsinogen II (PG II) is a gastric proenzyme which has previously been found in both human seminal fluid and the prostate gland. However, no regional distribution of PG II has been noted within the prostate nor has it been found in the seminal vesicle. Bouins-fixed sections of central zone, peripheral zone and seminal vesicle, taken from 10 prostates removed at radical prostatectomy or cystectomy, were exposed to antibody against PG II and stained using the A-B-C immunoperoxidase technique. Formalin-fixed tissue from autopsy prostates of four men in the third decade, and six cases with BPH nodules, were also examined for PG II activity. In nine of 10 seminal vesicles, and seven of 10 central zone samples, more than 50 per cent of the cells stained positive for PG II. By contrast, in nine of 10 peripheral zone samples staining was present in five per cent or less of the epithelial cells. Similarly, PG II activity in the four autopsy prostates occurred almost entirely within the central zone and ended abruptly at the boundary between the peripheral and central zones. BPH nodules contained no PG II activity. These findings provide the first evidence that the central and peripheral zones may serve different biological functions. Embryologically it is currently thought that the prostate is of endodermal origin and the seminal vesicle of mesodermal origin. The presence of large amounts of PG II in both the seminal vesicle and central zone lends support to the hypothesis of a common mesodermal origin for these two structures.

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Effects of various doses of testosterone propionate on intratesticular and plasma testosterone levels and maintenance of spermatogenesis in adult hypophysectomized rats.

Adult hypophysectomized rats were maintained on different regimens of testosterone propionate (TP) treatment for 27 days (0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 1 mg/day) and autopsied 16 hours after the last injection. Blood samples were taken, sex organs were weighed and one testis from each animal was fixed in Bouins fluid for histologic analysis. The other testis and blood were used for testosterone (T) determinations. Both testicular and plasma T were below detectable levels in hypophysectomized control rats. The plasma T level showed a dose response relationship with increasing dose of TP but such was not the case for intratesticular T concentrations. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of testis sections showed that spermatogenesis was incomplete in rats receiving 0.2 mg TP/day characterized by the absence of step 15 to 19 spermatids, degeneration of some pachytene spermatocytes and a significantly lower yield of B type spermatogonia. Analysis of testis sections from animals treated with 0.4 to 1 mg TP/day showed complete maintenance and maturation of pachytene spermatocytes, meiosis and spermiogenesis. However, even with the highest dose of TP (1 mg/day) the total yield of B type spermatogonia was only about 58% of the intact controls. It is concluded that at least 0.4 mg/day of exogenous TP is essential for qualitative maintenance of spermatogenesis in hypophysectomized rats with an intratesticular T concentration of 17 to 18 ng/gm testis.

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On the mechanism of HBFP stain and an analysis of heterogeneous nuclei in rat hepatocytes.

Haematoxylin-Basic fuchsin-Picric acid (HBFP) technique characterises two varieties of nuclear population in the rat hepatocytes. HBFP technique is capricious and the differentiation step should be controlled stringently; ethanolic picric acid, therefore, is recommended as a differentiation fluid. On the basis of controls treated with (1) ribonuclease (RNase), (2) deoxyribonuclease (DNase), (3) Bouins fluid or (4) protease, this study has determined that DNA-associated protein(s) and some DNA may be responsible for the HBFP produced nuclear fuchsinorrhagia. The heterogeneous nuclei of the rat hepatocytes were statistically analyzed in periportal, centrilobular and intermediate areas. Fuchsinorrhagic nuclei were preponderant in the periportal areas.

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