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The Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Biomarkers of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress Among Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

The current systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to summarize the effect of vitamin D supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Cochrane library, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science database were searched to identify related randomized-controlled articles (RCTs) published up to November 2017. Two researchers assessed study eligibility, extracted data, and evaluated risk of bias of included RCTs, independently. To check heterogeneity Q-test and Istatistics were used. Data were pooled by using the random-effect model and standardized mean difference (SMD) was considered as summary effect size. Seven RCTs were included into our meta-analysis. The findings showed that vitamin D supplementation in women with PCOS significantly decreased high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (SMD -1.03; 95% CI, -1.58, -0.49; p <0.001) and malondialdehyde (MDA) (SMD -1.64, 95% CI -2.26 to -1.02, p <0.001), and significantly increased total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels (SMD 0.86, 95% CI 0.08 to 1.64, p=0.03). Vitamin D supplementation had no significant effect on nitric oxide (NO) (SMD 0.11, 95% CI -0.44 to 0.66, p=0.69) and total glutathione (GSH) levels (SMD 0.54, 95% CI -0.20 to 1.28, p=0.15). Overall, the current meta-analysis demonstrated that vitamin D supplementation to women with PCOS resulted in an improvement in hs-CRP, MDA and TAC, but did not affect NO and GSH levels.

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Site-specific immobilization of endoglycosidases for streamlined chemoenzymatic glycan remodeling of antibodies.

Chemoenzymatic glycan remodeling of antibodies using an endoglycosidase and its mutant is emerging as an attractive approach for producing homogeneous antibody glycoforms. We report in this paper a site-specific covalent immobilization of the endoglycosidases (Endo-S2 and its glycosynthase mutant D184M) using a recombinant microbial transglutaminase (MTG) and evaluation of the immobilized enzymes in deglycosylation and glycosylation of a therapeutic antibody. The site-specific covalent immobilization was achieved by introduction of a Q-tag at the C-terminus of the recombinant enzymes followed by conjugation of the enzymes to a primary amine-containing solid support through MTG-catalyzed transglutamination. Using rituximab as a model system, we found that the Endo-S2 wild-type and D184M glycosynthase mutant immobilized by this approach were efficient in the two step antibody glycan remodeling to generate homogeneous antibody glycoforms. Notably using the covalently immobilized enzymes can efficiently avoid the need of intermediate purification and eliminate the residual contamination of wild type enzyme for product hydrolysis, thus streamlining the chemoenzymatic Fc glycan remodeling of antibodies.

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Efficacy of different strategies to treat root dentin eroded by liquid or gaseous hydrochloric acid associated with brushing abrasion.

This study aims to evaluate how casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) associated with Nd:YAG or Diode laser affects dentin exposed to hydrochloric acid (HCl) with or without tooth brushing.

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A comprehensive study on the photocatalytic activity of coupled copper oxide-cadmium sulfide nanoparticles.

Coupled CdS-CuO nanoparticles (NPs) subjected in the photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue (MB) aqueous solution. The calcination temperature and the crystallite phase of CuO had a significant role on the photocatalytic activity of the coupled system and CuO-CdS catalyst (containing CuO calcined at 200°C for 2h) showed the best photocatalytic activity. The coupled system showed increased activity with respect to the monocomponent semiconductors. The prepared catalysts characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyzer, x-ray mapping, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. The best degradation extent of MB was obtained at: C: 1mgL, pH5, 80min irradiation time and 0.8gLof the CuO-CdS catalyst. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) confirmed about 83% of MB molecules can be mineralized at the optimum conditions.

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Comprehensive characteristics of the anticoagulant activity of dabigatran in relation to its plasma concentration.

Issues with laboratory measurement of dabigatran include: 1. Do coagulation assays reflect dabigatran plasma concentrations? 2. Do samples from patients treated with dabigatran have the same coagulability as dabigatran-spiked samples from healthy volunteers? 3. What is the long-term stability of dabigatran after storage at -80 °C? This study aims to evaluate these questions.

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Impact of pre-procedural dual antiplatelet therapy on periprocedural myocardial infarction in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions with adjunctive tirofiban.

Recent trials have failed to demonstrate any clinical benefit from pre-treatment with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions, (PCI), even in the setting of acute coronary syndrome. However, suboptimal platelet inhibition during (PCI) has been shown to enhance the risk of acute ischemic complications, such as stent thrombosis and periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI), thus raising the attention on the potential advantages of adjunctive glycoprotein IIbIIIa inhibitors to obviate to the delayed onset of action of oral antiplatelet drugs. The aim of the present study was then to evaluate the impact of platelet reactivity and pre-procedural DAPT on PMI in patients undergoing PCI with adjunctive tirofiban.

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A case report of anterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral corner reconstruction using tendon graft preserved in situ.

Combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterolateral corner (PLC) reconstruction are a rare clinical entity in orthopedic literature, whose management requires different types of tendon grafts. Missed PLC injury leads to the failure of ACL repair due to the joint instability.

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Non-acidic 1,3,4-trisubstituted-pyrazole derivatives as lonazolac analogs with promising COX-2 selectivity, anti-inflammatory activity and gastric safety profile.

Twelve new compounds of 1,3,4-trisubstituted-pyrazole derivatives possessing two cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) pharmacophoric moieties (SOMe or/and SONH) 11a-c, 12a-c, 13a-c and 14a-c were designed and synthesized to be evaluated for their COX inhibition, anti-inflammatory activity, ulcerogenic liability. All compounds were more selective for COX-2 isozyme and showed good in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. The bisaminosulphonyl derivatives (14a-c) were the most COX-2 selective compounds (S.I. = 9.87, 9.50 and 9.22 respectively) and showed good anti-inflammatory potency (ED = 15.06, 42.51 and 50.43 μmol/kg respectively) in comparison with celecoxib (COX-2 S.I. = 8.61, ED = 82.2 μmol/kg). Also, compounds 14a-c were less ulcerogenic (ulcer indexes = 2.72-3.72) than ibuprofen (ulcer index = 20.25) and comparable to celecoxib (ulcer index = 2.93). In addition, to explain the preferential (COX-2) inhibitory and selectivity, the designed compounds were subjected to molecular docking studies. It was found that compound 14c with the highest COX-2 activity and selectivity exhibited a binding pattern and interactions similar to that of celecoxib with formation of more hydrogen-bond features.

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House hold unit for the treatment of fluoride, iron, arsenic and microorganism contaminated drinking water.

A first of its kind hybrid electrocoagulation-filtration prototype unit was fabricated for the removal of fluoride, iron, arsenic and microorganisms contaminated drinking water. The unit comprised of 3 chambers, chamber A consisting of an inlet for the water to be treated and an outlet for the treated water along with one block of aluminum electrodes. Chamber B consisted of ceramic membrane filtration assembly at the bottom over a metallic support which filters the flocs so produced in chamber A and chamber C consisting of space to collect the treated water. Operating parameters were maintained as current density of 625 A mand an electrode distance of 0.005 m. Contaminated drinking water containing mixture of fluoride (10 mg L), iron (25 mg L), arsenic (200 μg L) and microorganisms (35 CFU ml) was used for the experiment. A removal of 98.74%, 95.65%, 93.2% and 100% were obtained for iron, arsenic, fluoride and microorganisms, respectively. The apparatus and method made it possible to efficiently treat contaminated drinking water to produce drinkable water as per WHO specification. By-products obtained from the electrocoagulation bath were analyzed using SEM, EDX and XRD and explained.

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An integrated process for xylooligosaccharide and bioethanol production from corncob.

An integrated process for xylooligosaccharides (XOs) and bioethanol production from corncob was investigated. XOs were produced by a consecutive process of KOH treatment and hydrolysis by an in-house thermostable endo-xylanase from Streptomyces thermovulgaris. XO yields of 0.15 g/g(22.13 g/L) and 0.52 g/gof cellulose-rich corncob (CRC) were obtained. After 96 h of enzymatic hydrolysis, CRC hydrolysate contained 62.16, 51.21, 10.03 and 0.92 g/L of total sugar, glucose, xylose and arabinose, respectively. Bioethanol production by separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) using CRC hydrolysate, and by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) using CRC was studied at 40 °C for thermotolerant Candida glabrata. SHF showed an ethanol yield of 0.28 g/g(21.92 g/L) and ethanol productivity of 0.304 g/L/h with 93% theoretical yield. Surprisingly, by SSF, those parameters were 0.27 g/g(31.32 g/L), 0.33 g/L/h and 89%, respectively. This integrated process might be a new cost-effective approach for corncob valorization.

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