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#28259002   2017/03/04 Save this To Up

Enhanced humoral and CD8+ T cell immunity in mice vaccinated by DNA vaccine against human respiratory syncytial virus through targeting the encoded F protein to dendritic cells.

Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most important cause of serious lower respiratory tract infection in infants, the elderly, and the immunocompromised population. There is no licensed vaccine against RSV until now. It has been reported that targeting antigen to DEC205, a phagocytosis receptor on dendritic cells (DCs), could induce enhanced CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses in mice. To develop RSV DNA vaccine and target the encoded antigen protein to DCs, the ectodomain of fusion glycoprotein (sF, amino acids: 23-524) of RSV was fused with anti-DEC205 single-chain Fv fragment (scDEC) and designated scDECF. Following successful expression from the recombinant plasmid of pVAX1/scDECF, the recombinant protein of scDECF was found capable of specifically binding to DEC205 receptor on CHOmDEC205 cells, and facilitating uptake of RSV F by DC2.4 cells in vitro. Furthermore, the higher levels of RSV-specific IgG antibody responses and neutralization antibody titers, as well as RSV F-specific CD8+ T cell responses were induced in mice immunized intramuscularly by pVAX1/scDECF than by the control plasmid of pVAX1/scISOF encoding sF protein fused with isotype matched control single-chain Fv fragment (scISO). Compared with pVAX1/scISOF, both the ratio of IgG2a/IgG1, >1, and the enhanced IFN-γ cytokine were induced in mice following pVAX1/scDECF immunization, which exhibited a Th1 dominant response in pVAX1/scDECF vaccinated mice. Notably, the elevated efficiency of RSV F protein bound by DCs in vivo could also be observed in mice inoculated by pVAX1/scDECF. Collectively, these results demonstrate the enhanced IgG and CD8(+) T cell immune responses have been induced successfully by DNA vaccine against RSV by targeting F antigen to DCs via the DEC205 receptor, and this DC-targeting vaccine strategy merits further investigation.

2289 related Products with: Enhanced humoral and CD8+ T cell immunity in mice vaccinated by DNA vaccine against human respiratory syncytial virus through targeting the encoded F protein to dendritic cells.

Anti C Reactive Protein A Human Tonsil Microvascula Human Dnak (HSP70) His ta FIV Core Ag, recombinant Macrophage Colony Stimula Macrophage Colony Stimula Recombinant Human OPG TNF Recombinant Human OPG TNF Recombinant Human THPO [f Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri thymic dendritic cell-der

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#23825311   2013/07/22 Save this To Up

Common tolerance mechanisms, but distinct cross-reactivities associated with gp41 and lipids, limit production of HIV-1 broad neutralizing antibodies 2F5 and 4E10.

Developing an HIV-1 vaccine has been hampered by the inability of immunogens to induce broadly neutralizing Abs (BnAbs) that protect against infection. Previously, we used knockin (KI) mice expressing a prototypical gp41-specific BnAb, 2F5, to demonstrate that immunological tolerance triggered by self-reactivity of the 2F5 H chain impedes BnAb induction. In this study, we generate KI models expressing H chains from two other HIV-1 Abs, 4E10 (another self-/polyreactive, anti-gp41 BnAb) and 48d (an anti-CD4 inducible, nonpolyreactive Ab), and find a similar developmental blockade consistent with central B cell deletion in 4E10, but not in 48d VH KI mice. Furthermore, in KI strains expressing the complete 2F5 and 4E10 Abs as BCRs, we find that residual splenic B cells arrest at distinct developmental stages, yet exhibit uniformly low BCR densities, elevated basal activation, and profoundly muted responses to BCR ligation and, when captured as hybridoma mAb lines, maintain their dual (gp41/lipid) affinities and capacities to neutralize HIV-1, establishing a key role for anergy in suppressing residual 2F5- or 4E10-expressing B cells. Importantly, serum IgGs from naive 2F5 and 4E10 KI strains selectively eliminate gp41 and lipid binding, respectively, suggesting B cells expressing 2F5 or 4E10 as BCRs exhibit specificity for a distinct spectrum of host Ags, including selective interactions by 2F5 BCR(+) B cells (i.e., and not 4E10 BCR(+) B cells) with those mimicked by its gp41 neutralization epitope.

1826 related Products with: Common tolerance mechanisms, but distinct cross-reactivities associated with gp41 and lipids, limit production of HIV-1 broad neutralizing antibodies 2F5 and 4E10.

Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp41 An Rabbit Anti-HIV-1 gp41 An Mouse Anti-HIV-1 gp41 Ant 3-O-Acetyl-17-O-tert-buty Rabbit Anti-Rat Androgen Mouse Anti-HIV-1 gp41 Ant Recombinant HIV-1 Envelop HIV 1 env gp41 recombinan MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An MONOBODIES (Monoclonal An Anti-HIV-1 gp41 Clone 10E Anti HIV 1 gp41 Clone 10E

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#20046574   2010/01/04 Save this To Up

Two doses of humanized anti-CD25 antibody in renal transplantation: a preliminary comparative study.

HuCD25mAb is a humanized anti-CD25 antibody which has the same amino acid sequence as daclizumab (Zenapax, Roche). HuCD25mAb is expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells while daclizumab is expressed in the NSO myeloma cell line. A comparative study was performed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics between huCD25mAb and daclizumab in a two-dose regimen incorporating triple immunosuppressant treatment regimens (MMF, CsA and steroids). Fifteen patients were enrolled and randomized to receive intravenous infusion of either huCD25mAb (n = 10) or daclizumab (n = 5) at a dosage of 1 mg.kg(-1) on operation day 0 and post-operation day 14. Serum concentrations of huCD25mAb and daclizumab were measured by a validated competitive ELISA. Subgroups of CD3(+), CD25(+), CD4(+) and CD8(+) lymphocytes were monitored periodically by flow cytometry. The concentration-time curves of huCD25mAb and daclizumab were found to fit well to a one-compartment model. A significant decline of proportion (%) of CD3-CD25(+) and CD3(+)CD25(+) lymphocytes was observed 30 min after first infusion on day 0 (3.40 +/- 1.83 to 0.03 +/- 0.07, 3.35 +/- 2.02 to 0.37 +/- 0.49), and these levels remained low for at least 70 days (0.03 +/- 0.05, 0.31 +/- 0.47). All pharmacokinetic parameters of huCD25mAb seemed similar to those of daclizumab. The two-dose huCD25mAb regimen was as effective as daclizumab in rapidly achieving high therapeutic concentration in the treated patients, and a significant decrease of CD3(-)CD25(+) and CD3(+)CD25(+) lymphocytes was demonstrated. This suggests that two-dose regimen is feasible in maintaining host immunosuppression and may provide an effective and economical strategy for reducing incidence of acute graft rejection.

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Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti 3 DG imidazolone Mon Anti beta3 AR Human, Poly Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po

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#19728313   2009/10/07 Save this To Up

Concurrent infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus suppresses anti-Plasmodium yoelii protection partially by induction of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg in mice.

Malaria and intestinal nematode infection are widespread and co-infection frequently occurs. We investigated whether co-infected intestinal nematodes modulate immunity against co-existing malaria parasites. Infection of C57BL/6 mice with Plasmodium yoelii 17XNL (Py) was transient and self-limiting, but preceding infection with Heligmosomoides polygyrus (Hp), a mouse intestinal nematode, exacerbated malaria resulting in higher parasite burdens and poor survival of the mice. Co-infection with Hp led to reduced Py-responsive proliferation and IFN-gamma production of spleen cells, and higher activation of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg. In vivo depletion of Treg recovered anti-Py immunity and rescued co-infected mice from exacerbated malaria. However, we did not observe any obvious ex vivo activation of Treg by either Hp products or living worms. Our results suggest that intestinal nematodes moderate host immune responses during acute malaria infection by aggressive activation of Treg. Elucidation of the mechanisms of Treg activation in situ is a target for future analyses.

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Mouse Anti-Plasmodium fal Anti C Reactive Protein A Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl anti CD4 monoclonal antib Goat Anti- TRPM8, (intern Goat Anti- TFAP2D, (inter

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#19181384   2009/03/06 Save this To Up

Enforced covalent trimerisation of soluble feline CD134 (OX40)-ligand generates a functional antagonist of feline immunodeficiency virus.

The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) targets activated CD4-positive helper T cells preferentially, inducing an AIDS-like immunodeficiency in its natural host species, the domestic cat. The primary receptor for FIV is CD134, a member of the tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) and all primary viral strains tested to date use CD134 for infection. To investigate the effect of the natural ligand for CD134 on FIV infection, feline CD134L was cloned and expressed in soluble forms. However, in contrast to murine or human CD134L, soluble feline CD134L (sCD134L) did not bind to CD134. Receptor-binding activity was restored by enforced covalent trimerisation following the introduction of a synthetic trimerisation domain from tenascin (TNC). Feline and human TNC-CD134Ls retained the species-specificity of the membrane-bound forms of the ligand while murine TNC-CD134L displayed promiscuous binding to feline, human or murine CD134. Feline and murine TNC-CD134Ls were antagonists of FIV infection; however, potency was both strain-specific and substrate-dependent, indicating that the modulatory effects of endogenous sCD134L, or exogenous CD134Lbased therapeutics, may vary depending on the viral strain.

2336 related Products with: Enforced covalent trimerisation of soluble feline CD134 (OX40)-ligand generates a functional antagonist of feline immunodeficiency virus.

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#18341610   2008/04/15 Save this To Up

Depletion of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells inhibits local tumour growth in a mouse model of B cell lymphoma.

Regulatory T cells (T(regs)) may inhibit immunity against cancer. Induction and expansion of T(regs) in the immunosuppressive microenvironment created by a growing tumour appear to be one of the mechanisms by which it can evade host defence. We studied the impact of CD25+ T(regs) in a B cell lymphoma model in which Rag2-/- mice received adoptive transfer of wild-type spleen cells with or without CD25+ cells, and concurrently subcutaneous inoculation of the B cell lymphoma cell line A20. We also examined the effect of engaging the glucocorticoid-induced tumour necrosis factor receptor (GITR) - an approach reported previously to abrogate the suppressive effects of T(regs). Mice that received spleen cells depleted of CD25+ T(regs) showed significantly slower tumour growth and increased survival compared with mice that received unsorted spleen cells. The T(reg)-depleted group also had significantly more CD8+ T cells infiltrating the tumours and higher levels of serum immunoglobulin G subclasses. The anti-GITR treatment had no significant effect on tumour growth, survival or immunoglobulin production. In the CD25-depleted group four of 10 mice developed clinical signs of autoimmunity, in contrast to none in the non-depleted group. Forkhead box P3+ T cells were found in tumour-draining lymph nodes in mice in the CD25-depleted group, suggesting an in vivo induction or expansion of rare transferred donor T(regs). Thus, our study showed that removal of CD25+ T(regs) enhanced anti-tumour immunity against local growth of a B cell lymphoma and that induction or expansion of T(regs) could be one mechanism by which the growing tumour evades immune surveillance.

2928 related Products with: Depletion of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells inhibits local tumour growth in a mouse model of B cell lymphoma.

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#17692551   2007/08/27 Save this To Up

The relative importance of CD4+ and CD8+T cells in immunity to pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis.

Protective immunity in paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is believed to be mediated by cellular immunity, but the role of T cell subsets has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to characterize the function of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in the immunity developed by susceptible, intermediate and resistant mice after P. brasiliensis infection. In susceptible mice, depletion of CD4+ T cells did not alter disease severity and anergy of cellular immunity but diminished antibody production. Anti-CD8 treatment led to increased fungal loads, but restored DTH reactivity. In resistant mice, both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells control fungal burdens and cytokines although only the former regulate DTH reactions and antibody production. In the intermediate strain, deficiency of whole T and CD8+ T cells but not of CD4+ T or B cells led to increased mortality rates. Thus, in pulmonary PCM: (a) irrespective of the host susceptibility pattern, fungal loads are mainly controlled by CD8+ T cells, whereas antibody production and DTH reactions are regulated by CD4+ T cells; (c) CD4+ T cells play a protective role in the resistant and intermediate mouse strains, whereas in susceptible mice they are deleted or anergic; (d) genetic resistance to PCM is associated with concomitant CD4+ and CD8+ T cell immunity secreting type 1 and type 2 cytokines.

1953 related Products with: The relative importance of CD4+ and CD8+T cells in immunity to pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis.

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#17470546   2007/06/20 Save this To Up

Marginal zone B-cell depletion impairs murine host defense against Borrelia burgdorferi infection.

Marginal zone B (MZB) cells are a B-cell subset that produces T-cell-independent antibodies to blood-borne antigens. In this study, we examined the effects of MZB cell depletion on the immune response to the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, an extracellular pathogen for which T-cell-independent antibody is an important host defense. MZB cell depletion of C3H/HeJ mice using monoclonal antibody to LFA-1 and alpha(4)beta(1) integrins reduced B. burgdorferi-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) titers, enhanced pathogen burden, and led to more severe arthritis assessed within the first 2 weeks of infection. In addition, MZB cell-depleted mice had reduced levels of B. burgdorferi-specific IgG, which correlated with diminished splenic CD4+ T-cell-activation, proliferation, and cytokine production. Passive transfer of immune mouse serum from infected control mice into infected MZB cell-depleted mice reduced pathogen burden but did not alter the expression of T-cell activation markers on splenic CD4+ T cells. These findings demonstrate that MZB cells not only are a source of pathogen-specific IgM important for limiting spirochete burden and pathology but also play a prominent role in the priming of splenic T-cell responses to a blood-borne pathogen.

2947 related Products with: Marginal zone B-cell depletion impairs murine host defense against Borrelia burgdorferi infection.

MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD NATIVE BORRELIA BURGDORFE IgG,Borrelia burgdorferi RABBIT ANTI BORRELIA BURG RABBIT ANTI BORRELIA BURG RABBIT ANTI BORRELIA BURG Borrelia burgdorferi gari Borrelia burgdorferi sens Borrelia burgdorferi sens MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD

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#11841697   2002/02/13 Save this To Up

NK1.1+ cells and T-cell activation in euthymic and thymectomized C57Bl/6 mice during acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection.

Natural killer (NK) cells may provide the basis for resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi infection, because the depletion of NK1.1 cells causes high levels of parasitemia in young C57Bl/6 mice infected with T. cruzi. Indeed, NK1.1 cells have been implicated in the early production of large amounts of interferon (IFN)-gamma, an important cytokine in host resistance. The NK1.1 marker is also expressed on special subpopulations of T cells. Most NK1.1+ T cells are of thymic origin, and their constant generation may be prevented by thymectomy. This procedure, by itself, decreased parasitemia and increased resistance in young mice. However, the depletion of NK1.1+ cells by the chronic administration of a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) (PK-136) did not increase the parasitemia or mortality in thymectomized C57Bl/6 mice infected with T. cruzi (Tulahuen strain). To study the cross-talk between NK1.1+ cells and conventional T cells in this model, we examined the expression of activation/memory markers (CD45RB) on splenic CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from young euthymic or thymectomized mice with or without depletion of NK1.1+ cells and also in aged mice during acute infection. Resistance to infection correlated with the amount of CD4+ T cells that are already activated at the moment of infection, as judged by the number of splenic CD4+ T cells expressing CD45RB(-). In addition, the specific antibody response to T. cruzi antigens was precocious and an accumulation of immunoglobulin (Ig)M with little isotype switch occurred in euthymic mice depleted of NK1.1+ cells. The data presented here suggest that NK1.1+ cells have important regulatory functions in euthymic, but not in thymectomized mice infected with T. cruzi. These regulatory functions include a helper activity in the generation of effector or activated/memory T cells.

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Anti C Reactive Protein A anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl Macrophage Colony Stimula Macrophage Colony Stimula Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 GLP 1 ELISA Kit, Rat Gluc GLP 2 ELISA Kit, Rat Prog Glucagon ELISA KIT, Rat G Leptin ELISA Kit, Rat Lep CometAssay Electrophoresi

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#10975872   2000/10/10 Save this To Up

Host CD40 ligand deficiency induces long-term allograft survival and donor-specific tolerance in mouse cardiac transplantation but does not prevent graft arteriosclerosis.

Although interruption of CD40-CD40L interactions via their respective mAbs yields prolonged allograft survival, the relative importance of CD40 or CD40L on donor or host cells remains unknown. Moreover, it is uncertain whether any allospecific tolerance occurring with CD40-CD40L blockade will also prevent allograft arteriopathy, the major long-term limitation to transplantation. Therefore, we performed cardiac transplantations using CD40L-deficient (CD40L-/-) mice to investigate the mechanisms underlying prolonged allograft survival. Without immunosuppression, wild-type (WT) hosts rejected allo-mismatched WT or CD40L-/- heart allografts within 2 wk. Conversely, allografts in CD40L-/- hosts beat vigorously for 12 wk. Anti-CD40 treatment did not induce graft failure in CD40L-/- recipients. Although graft-infiltrating cells were reduced approximately 50% in CD40L-/- hosts, the relative percentages of macrophages and T cell subsets were comparable to WT. IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-10 were diminished commensurate with the reduced cellular infiltrate; IL-4 was not detected. CD40L-/- recipients did not develop IgG alloantibodies and showed diminished B7 and CD28 expression on subsets of graft-infiltrating cells. CD40L-/- transplant recipients developed allospecific tolerance to the donor haplotype; second set donor skin grafts engrafted well, whereas third-party skin grafts were vigorously rejected. By MLR, splenocytes from CD40L-/- allograft recipients also demonstrated allo-specific hyporesponsiveness. Nevertheless, allografts in CD40L-/- hosts developed significant graft arteriosclerosis by 8-12 wk posttransplant. Therefore, we propose that early alloresponses, without CD40-CD40L costimulation, induce allospecific tolerance but may trigger allo-independent mechanisms that ultimately result in graft vasculopathy.

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