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#26631122   2015/12/03 Save this To Up

Activation, Isolation, and Analysis of the Death-Inducing Signaling Complex.

This protocol describes activation, isolation, and analysis of the CD95 (APO-1/Fas) death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) using affinity purification. Activation is achieved using a biotin-labeled anti-CD95 antibody and the native DISC complex is captured using streptavidin beads. This approach minimizes both the number of steps involved and any potential nonspecific interactions or cross-reactivity of antibodies commonly seen in immunoprecipitations using unlabeled antibodies and protein A/G beads. Composition of the isolated complex is analyzed via western blot to identify known DISC components, and dimerization-induced autocatalytic processing of procaspase-8 at the DISC can be confirmed by detection of caspase-8 cleavage products. The potential for DISC-associated caspase-8 to activate the caspase cascade can be determined by measuring caspase-8-dependent cleavage of the fluorigenic substrate Ac-IETD.AFC, or by performing a bioassay using exogenous protein substrates.

2663 related Products with: Activation, Isolation, and Analysis of the Death-Inducing Signaling Complex.

Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Rabbit Anti-Cell death in

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#15102767   2004/04/22 Save this To Up

Caspase-8 activation precedes alterations of mitochondrial membrane potential during monocyte apoptosis induced by phagocytosis and killing of Staphylococcus aureus.

Human peripheral blood monocytes become apoptotic following phagocytosis and killing of Staphylococcus aureus. Although this type of monocyte apoptosis is known to be initiated by Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) interactions, the downstream signaling pathway has not been determined. In this work the involvement of mitochondria and the kinetics of caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation after phagocytosis of S. aureus were studied. Caspase-8 activity was measured in cell lysates by using the fluorogenic substrate Ac-IETD-AFC. Active caspase-3 levels and mitochondrial membrane potential (Deltapsi(m)) were measured in whole cells by flow cytometry using monoclonal antibodies reacting with activated caspase-3 and chloromethyl-X-rosamine, respectively. The results show that caspase-8 was activated shortly after phagocytosis of bacteria. Caspase-8 activation was followed by progressive disruption of Deltapsi(m), which is associated with the production of reactive oxygen intermediates. The irreversible caspase-8 inhibitor zIETD-FMK prevented the disruption of Deltapsi(m) and the release of cytochrome c from S. aureus-exposed monocytes. Caspase-3 activation occurred following disruption of Deltapsi(m). These results strongly suggest that apoptosis of monocytes that have phagocytosed and killed S. aureus is driven by the Fas-FasL-initiated pathway, which is typical for type II cells.

1950 related Products with: Caspase-8 activation precedes alterations of mitochondrial membrane potential during monocyte apoptosis induced by phagocytosis and killing of Staphylococcus aureus.

Cell Meter™ JC 10 Mitoc Cell Meter™ JC 10 Mitoc Cell Meter™ Mitochondri Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Active Human Caspase 8100 Active Human Caspase 825 Active Mouse Caspase 8100 Active Mouse Caspase 825 VDAC1 - Rabbit polyclonal Cell Meter™ Caspase 3 7 Cell Meter™ Caspase 3 7 Cell Meter™ Caspase 3 7

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#14761796   2004/02/05 Save this To Up

Activation of caspase-like activity and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase degradation during sporulation in Aspergillus nidulans.

Mycelium vacuolization, protein degradation, and as the final stage autolysis, often accompanies developmental changes in fungi and similarities between autolysis and apoptosis have previously been suggested. Caspases are the key executors of apoptosis and in this study caspase-like activities were detected in protein extracts from Aspergillus nidulans during sporulation. This was shown by hydrolysis of the fluorescent DEVD- and IETD-AFC peptide substrates specific for caspase 3- and 8-like activities, respectively. These activities were repressed by the caspase 3 and 8 specific irreversible peptide inhibitors DEVD-fmk and IETD-fmk, but were not affected by the unspecific inhibitor E-64. Isoelectric focusing of protein extracts followed by activity staining revealed the presence of two bands with caspase-like activity. One of the proteins degraded both caspase 3 and caspase 8 specific substrates whereas the other only degraded the caspase 8 substrate. Searches in an A. nidulans genome database revealed two genes encoding metacaspase proteins with predicted sizes of 45 kDa that could be responsible for the measured caspase-like activities. The searches also found a single gene encoding a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein with a predicted size of 81 kDa. PARP is one of the known target proteins inactivated by caspase degradation in animal cells. Western blotting of fungal extracts using a bovine PARP antibody confirmed the presence of a fungal PARP-like protein of about 81 kDa. By Western blotting it was shown that this PARP-like protein band was present only at early time points until the start of conidia formation and the accompanying increase in caspase-like activity. Thereafter, a degradation product of about 60 kDa appeared indicating that the degradation of the fungal PARP-like protein was specific. The PARP antibody also recognized an 85 kDa protein band that was not degraded, and which conceivably represents a modified form of the 81 kDa PARP. Fungal extracts high in caspase-like activity could degrade both the fungal 81 kDa PARP and bovine PARP. In the presence of the caspase 3 inhibitor DEVD-fmk this degradation was delayed. Thus, as in animal apoptotic cells, caspase activities are involved in fungal mycelium self-activated proteolysis.

2222 related Products with: Activation of caspase-like activity and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase degradation during sporulation in Aspergillus nidulans.

Poly(ADP) Ribose (PAR) Po Mouse Anti-Human poly(ADP Pfu DNA Polymerase (Not a Pfu DNA Polymerase (Not a T7 RNA Polymerase Include Hotstart DNA Polymerase I Hotstart DNA Polymerase I Hotstart DNA Polymerase I Gag Polymerase (Retro Vir Caspase-3 Inhibitor Z-DEV Caspase-3 Inhibitor Z-DEV Caspase 3 Inhibitor Z DEV

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#10706374   2000/04/13 Save this To Up

Changes of caspase activities involved in apoptosis of a macrophage-like cell line J774.1/JA-4 treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cycloheximide.

The addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) together with cycloheximide (CHX) induced apoptosis in a subline of a J774.1 macrophage-like cell line, JA-4, as judged by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) nick end labeling (TUNEL)-staining and poly(adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-cleavage. Caspase activities were examined in these macrophages in vitro using fluorogenic substrates such as acetyl-DEVD-aminomethyl coumarine (Ac-DEVD-AMC, caspase-3-like), acetyl-YVAD-aminomethyl coumarine (Ac-YVAD-AMC, caspase-1-like), acetyl-VEID-aminomethyl coumarine (Ac-VEID-AMC, caspase-6-like), and carbobenzoxy-IETD-aminofluoro coumarine (Z-IETD-AFC; caspase-8-like). Kinetic studies revealed these caspase activities with different Km and Vmax values in extracts of apoptotic macrophages. In the course of apoptosis, caspase-3-like activity increased first at 75 min, simultaneously with the appearance of TUNEL staining and prior to PARP cleavage, and then caspase-6 and 8-like activities increased at 90 and 105 min, respectively. However, caspase-1-like activity did not change throughout the experiment. Furthermore, removal of LPS and CHX by extensive washing of the cells for 60 min completely abolished the apoptosis and the subsequent release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) during additional incubation until 4 h after LPS addition. However, washing of the cells after 75 min or later resulted in the progress of apoptosis and LDH release, which was coordinated with the elevation of caspase-3-like activity at 60 min and that of caspase-6 or 8-like activity at 90 min, but not with that of caspase-1-like activity. These results suggest that caspase-3-like activity represents the most apical caspase among these caspases in terms of the intiation of apoptosis in macrophages treated with LPS and CHX. In the present study, we also provide evidence on the relatively low specificities of a series of caspase inhibitors other than acetyl-DEVD-aldehyde (Ac-DEVD-CHO) which specifically inhibited the caspase-3-like activity.

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Cell Meter™ Caspase 3 7 Cell Meter™ Caspase 3 7 Cell Meter™ Caspase 3 7 Cell Meter™ Caspase 8 A Cell Meter™ Caspase 9 A Cell Meter™ Caspase 9 A Cell Meter™ Caspase 9 A Cell Meter™ Caspase 8 A Cell Meter™ Caspase 9 A Cell Meter™ Annexin V B Cell Meter™ Annexin V B Cell Meter™ Annexin V B

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