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           Search results for: Caspase 9 Substrate LEHD AFC   

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#16796750   2006/08/10 Save this To Up

TUCAN/CARDINAL/CARD8 and apoptosis resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cells.

Activation of caspase-9 in response to treatment with cytotoxic drugs is inhibited in NSCLC cells, which may contribute to the clinical resistance to chemotherapy shown in this type of tumor. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of caspase-9 inhibition, with a focus on a possible role of TUCAN as caspase-9 inhibitor and a determinant of chemosensitivity in NSCLC cells.

1945 related Products with: TUCAN/CARDINAL/CARD8 and apoptosis resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cells.

Lung non small cell cance Non-small cell lung cance Human Small Intestine Mic Small cell lung carcinoma Non small cell lung carci Non small cell lung carci Lung small cell carcinoma High density non small ce Middle advanced stage lun Multiple lung carcinoma ( anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m

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#16630893   2006/04/24 Save this To Up

Caspase-9 holoenzyme is a specific and optimal procaspase-3 processing machine.

Caspase-9 activation is critical for intrinsic cell death. The activity of caspase-9 is increased dramatically upon association with the apoptosome, and the apoptosome bound caspase-9 is the caspase-9 holoenzyme (C9Holo). In this study, we use quantitative enzymatic assays to fully characterize C9Holo and a leucine-zipper-linked dimeric caspase-9 (LZ-C9). We surprisingly show that LZ-C9 is more active than C9Holo for the optimal caspase-9 peptide substrate LEHD-AFC but is much less active than C9Holo for the physiological substrate procaspase-3. The measured Km values of C9Holo and LZ-C9 for LEHD-AFC are similar, demonstrating that dimerization is sufficient for catalytic activation of caspase-9. The lower activity of C9Holo against LEHD-AFC may be attributed to incomplete C9Holo assembly. However, the measured Km of C9Holo for procaspase-3 is much lower than that of LZ-C9. Therefore, in addition to dimerization, the apoptosome activates caspase-9 by enhancing its affinity for procaspase-3, which is important for procaspase-3 activation at the physiological concentration.

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#15456542   2004/09/30 Save this To Up

Je-chun-jun induced apoptosis of human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells.

To study the mechanism of je-chun-jun (JCJ)-inducing the apoptosis of the human cervical carcinoma, HeLa cells.

1825 related Products with: Je-chun-jun induced apoptosis of human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells.

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#12754298   2003/05/19 Save this To Up

ARMER, apoptotic regulator in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum, a novel inhibitor of apoptosis.

We have identified a novel protein, apoptotic regulator in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum (ARMER), which protects HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells from apoptosis induced by various stimuli. We demonstrate that ARMER is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) integral membrane protein with four predicted transmembrane domains and a COOH-terminal KKXX ER retrieval motif. We used an inducible expression system (pIND) to study the effects of regulated ARMER overexpression. Cells in which ARMER was overexpressed exhibited protection from multiple apoptotic inducers including serum starvation, doxorubicin, UV irradiation, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and the ER stressors brefeldin A, tunicamycin, and thapsigargin. Analysis of the caspase proteolytic cascade reveals that ARMER inhibits proteolysis of the caspase-9-specific fluorogenic substrate LEHD-AFC as well as endogenous substrates downstream of caspase-9; however, it does not inhibit cytochrome c release or cleavage of caspase-9 itself. Apoptotic stimuli cause endogenous levels of ARMER protein and RNA to decrease, leading to cell death; however, sustaining ARMER protein levels through exogenous expression inhibits apoptosis. These data suggest that ARMER is a novel ER integral membrane protein which protects cells by inhibiting caspase-9 activity and reveal a possible role for ARMER in cell survival.

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#12543167   2003/01/24 Save this To Up

Inhibition of caspase-9 activity and Apaf-1 expression in cisplatin-resistant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells.

We have previously reported that cisplatin induces caspase-9 (Casp9) activation in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells in vitro (HNSCCs). Our purpose here was to examine whether HNSCCs selected for resistance to cisplatin fail to exhibit Casp9 activation in response to cisplatin. The cisplatin-resistant HNSCCs (HSC-2CR) were selected from cisplatin-sensitive HNSCCs (HSC-2) for growth in the presence of cisplatin. Following cisplatin treatment, protelyzed Casp9 subunits were detected in HSC-2, but not detected in HSC-2CR. Using a direct enzymatic assay measuring cleavage of the synthetic peptide substrate (LEHD-AFC), Casp9 activity in cisplatin-treated HSC-2CR was less than that in cisplatin-treated HSC-2. Apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1) has been shown to participate as an adaptor molecule in Casp9 activation. In the presence of cytochrome c (Cyt c) released from mitochondria, Apaf-1 binds to Casp9 and causes its activation. HSC-2 expressed 2-fold higher levels of Apaf-1 compared with HSC-2CR. On the other hand, following cisplatin treatment, the same degree of increase in cytoplasmic Cyt c was detected in both HSC-2 and HSC-2CR. These results suggest that in a certain type of HNSCCs, the inhibition of Casp9 activity and Apaf-1 expression may represent a mechanism of acquired cisplatin resistance.

1502 related Products with: Inhibition of caspase-9 activity and Apaf-1 expression in cisplatin-resistant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells.

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#11905052   2002/03/21 Save this To Up

[Inhibition of caspase-9 activity in cisplatin-resistant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma].

We have previously reported that cisplatin induces caspase-9 activation in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells (HNSCCs) in vitro, and the use of a specific inhibitor of caspase-9 blocks cisplatin-induced apoptosis in HNSCCs. Our purpose here was to determine whether HNSCCs selected for resistance to cisplatin fail to exhibit caspase-9 activation in response to cisplatin. Cisplatin-resistant HNSCCs (CRHNSCCs) were selected for growth in the presence of cisplatin. Following cisplatin treatment, no protelyzed caspase-9 subunits were detected in the CRHNSCCs, whereas proteolytic degradation of procaspase-9 was observed in parental cisplatin-sensitive HNSCCs (CSHNSCCs). Using a direct enzymatic assay measuring cleavage of the synthetic peptide substrate (LEHD-AFC), caspase-9 activity in cisplatin-treated CRHNSCCs was less than that in cisplatin-treated CSHNSCCs. Because caspase-9 activation requires the release of mitochondorial cytochrome c (Cyt c) into the cytoplasm, we determined the level of cytoplasmic Cyt c in response to cisplatin treatment. Interestingly, following cisplatin treatment, the same extent of increase in cytoplasmic Cyt c was evident and the expression of Bcl-2 family proteins (Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL) remained unchanged in both CRHNSCCs and CSHNSCCs. These results suggest that in certain HNSCC cell types, inhibition of caspase-9 activity represents another mechanism of acquired cisplatin resistance. This inhibition mechanism may be independent of the release of Cyt c into the cytoplasm.

1165 related Products with: [Inhibition of caspase-9 activity in cisplatin-resistant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma].

Head and neck squamous ce Multiple head and neck sq Esophagus squamous cell c Esophageal squamous cell Lung squamous cell carcin Cervix squamous cell carc Human Squamous Cell Carci Human squamous cell carci Esophagus squamous cell c Esophagus squamous cell c Esophageal squamous cell Head and neck squamous ca

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#11078888   2000/12/05 Save this To Up

Mechanism of nitric oxide-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

We have attempted to elucidate the precise mechanism of nitric oxide (NO)-induced apoptotic neuronal cell death. Enzymatic cleavages of DEVD-AFC, VDVAD-AFC, and LEHD-AFC (specific substrates for caspase-3-like protease (caspase-3 and -7), caspase-2, and caspase-9, respectively) were observed by treatment with NO. Western blot analysis showed that pro-forms of caspase-2, -3, -6, and -7 are decreased during apoptosis. Interestingly, Ac-DEVD-CHO, a caspase-3-like protease inhibitor, blocked not only the decreases in caspase-2 and -7, but also the formation of p17 from p20 in caspase-3 induced by NO, suggesting that caspase-3 exists upstream of caspase-2 and -7. Bongkrekic acid, a potent inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition, specifically blocked both the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and subsequent DNA fragmentation in response to NO. Thus, NO results in neuronal apoptosis through the sequential loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, caspase activation, and degradation of inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase (CAD) (CAD activation).

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