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#28402555   2017/04/12 Save this To Up

Deregulation of the endometrial stromal cell secretome precedes embryo implantation failure.

Is implantation failure following ART associated with a perturbed decidual response in endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs)?

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Human Stromal Cell-Derive Human Stromal Cell-Derive Mouse Stromal Cell-Derive Mouse Stromal Cell-Derive Feline Stromal Cell-Deriv 129 Mouse Embryonic Stem Tissue array of ovarian g Cellufine Formyl , 50 ml Cellufine Formyl Media Cellufine Formyl , 500 ml Cellufine Amino , 50 ml Cellufine Amino Media

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#27796441   2016/10/31 Save this To Up

Semi-quantitative measurement of asymptomatic L. infantum infection and symptomatic visceral leishmaniasis in dogs using Dual-Path Platform® CVL.

Infection with Leishmania causes diseases with variable presentation. The most severe form is visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by either L. donovani or L. infantum. Despite efforts to eliminate VL, to date, molecular detection in resource-poor settings have lacked the accuracy and rapidity that would enable widespread field use and the need for accurate, sensitive assays to detect asymptomatic Leishmania infection has become apparent. The domestic dog serves as the primary reservoir host of L. infantum. Study of this reservoir population provides an opportunity to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostics for well-defined, symptomatic, canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) and asymptomatic L. infantum infection. Blood samples from an L. infantum-endemic population of US hunting dogs were evaluated with Dual-Path Platform (DPP®) CVL compared to those obtained via direct detection methods (culture- and Leishmania-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction, qPCR) and immunofluorescence anti-Leishmania antibody test (IFAT). Statistically significant correlations were found between DPP® CVL development time and clinical status, culture status, circulating DNA levels, and IFAT titer. DPP® CVL results correlated with both clinical severity of disease and serological evidence of asymptomatic L. infantum infection. By precisely documenting the minimum time required for the development of a clear positive result in DPP® CVL, this test could be used in a rapid, semi-quantitative manner for the evaluation of asymptomatic and symptomatic CVL. Our results also indicate that a similar test could be used to improve our understanding of human VL.

2915 related Products with: Semi-quantitative measurement of asymptomatic L. infantum infection and symptomatic visceral leishmaniasis in dogs using Dual-Path Platform® CVL.

Inflammation (Human) Quan Inflammation (Human) Quan Inflammation (Human) Quan Inflammation (Mouse) Quan Inflammation (Rat) Quanti Liver cancer tissue array Liver tissue cancer tissu Hepatocellular carcinoma Alamar Blue™, REDOX ind Alamar Blue™, REDOX ind C Peptide ELISA Kit, Rat Glucagon ELISA KIT, Rat G

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#27783156   2016/10/26 Save this To Up

Arginase activity, urea, and hydroxyproline concentration are reduced in keratoconus keratocytes.

Keratoconus (KC) is a disease characterized by thinning and deformation of the cornea, but its etiology remains unknown. Seventy percent of the corneal stroma consists of collagen, which is composed of three intertwined polypeptide chains with glycine-hydroxyproline-proline repeats along their sequence. Arginase is a cytoplasmatic enzyme and catalyzes the conversion of arginine to urea and ornithine, which serves as a precursor for the endogenous synthesis of proline and hydroxyproline. The purpose of this study was to analyze arginase activity, as well as collagen and urea formation in normal and KC-keratocytes and to determine the impact of urea on keratocyte viability and proliferation in vitro.

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Goat Anti-Human, Mouse AR Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Alkaline Phospatase (ALP) CCND3 & AREG Protein Prot ELISA kit CLGI,Collagenas EnzyChrom™ Kinase Assay Mouse Anti-Lipoprotein Li MarkerGeneTM in vivo lacZ MarkerGeneTM Live Dead As Resorufin Oleate, Fluorog EpiQuik Histone Methyltra

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#27717367   2016/10/08 Save this To Up

A multiplex urinary immunoassay for bladder cancer detection: analysis of a Japanese cohort.

Bladder cancer (BCa) is among the most commonly diagnosed malignancies worldwide, and due the high rate of post-operative disease recurrence, it is one of the most prevalent in many countries. The development of non-invasive molecular assays that can accurately detect and monitor BCa would be a major advance, benefiting both patients and healthcare systems. We have previously identified a urinary protein biomarker panel that is being developed for application in at-risk patient cohorts. Here, we investigated the potential utility of the multiplex assay in a Japanese cohort.

2205 related Products with: A multiplex urinary immunoassay for bladder cancer detection: analysis of a Japanese cohort.

Bladder cancer tissue arr Bladder cancer tissue arr Bladder cancer and normal Bladder cancer tissue arr Mid advanced stage bladde Bladder cancer high densi Bladder disease spectrum Bladder cancer tissue arr Bladder cancer tissue arr Bladder cancer tissue arr Bladder cancer tissue arr Bladder cancer tissue arr

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#26962088   2016/04/26 Save this To Up

Multicenter Evaluation of Clinical Diagnostic Methods for Detection and Isolation of Campylobacter spp. from Stool.

The use of culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs), such as stool antigen tests, as standalone tests for the detection of Campylobacter in stool is increasing. We conducted a prospective, multicenter study to evaluate the performance of stool antigen CIDTs compared to culture and PCR for Campylobacter detection. Between July and October 2010, we tested 2,767 stool specimens from patients with gastrointestinal illness with the following methods: four types of Campylobacter selective media, four commercial stool antigen assays, and a commercial PCR assay. Illnesses from which specimens were positive by one or more culture media or at least one CIDT and PCR were designated "cases." A total of 95 specimens (3.4%) met the case definition. The stool antigen CIDTs ranged from 79.6% to 87.6% in sensitivity, 95.9 to 99.5% in specificity, and 41.3 to 84.3% in positive predictive value. Culture alone detected 80/89 (89.9% sensitivity) Campylobacter jejuni/Campylobacter coli-positive cases. Of the 209 noncases that were positive by at least one CIDT, only one (0.48%) was positive by all four stool antigen tests, and 73% were positive by just one stool antigen test. The questionable relevance of unconfirmed positive stool antigen CIDT results was supported by the finding that noncases were less likely than cases to have gastrointestinal symptoms. Thus, while the tests were convenient to use, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of Campylobacter stool antigen tests were highly variable. Given the relatively low incidence of Campylobacter disease and the generally poor diagnostic test characteristics, this study calls into question the use of commercially available stool antigen CIDTs as standalone tests for direct detection of Campylobacter in stool.

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BACTERIOLOGY CAMPYLOBACTE CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI clin EnzyChrom™ Acetylcholin EnzyChrom™ Ascorbic Aci EnzyChrom™ Catalase Ass EnzyChrom™ Lactose Assa EnzyChrom™ Pyruvate Ass Formaldehyde Detection Ki MarkerGeneTM Fluorescent Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Cellufine Formyl , 50 ml Cellufine Formyl Media

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#26762788   2016/02/24 Save this To Up

Characterization of calcium oxalate crystal-induced changes in the secretome of U937 human monocytes.

In kidney stone disease, migratory monocytes have been found to mediate progressive renal inflammation through the secretion of numerous inflammatory mediators. However, whether calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM), which is the major crystalline compound of kidney stones, has any effects on proteins secreted from monocytes remained largely unknown. The present study aimed to characterize changes in the secretome of U937 human monocytes induced by COM crystals. The viability of cells in serum/protein-free medium was serially evaluated and the data revealed that an exposure time of 16 h was optimal for this study, whereas prolonged incubation for 24 h resulted in declined cell viability. Using this optimal time-point, the secreted proteins recovered from serum/protein-free culture supernatants of controlled and COM-treated cells were resolved in 2-DE and stained with Deep Purple fluorescent dye. Quantitative intensity analysis revealed statistically significant changes in levels of 18 secreted proteins (14 increased and 4 decreased) from COM-treated cells. These significantly altered secreted proteins were then identified by Q-TOF MS and/or MS/MS analyses. Among these, the increased levels of secreted heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), HSP70 and β-actin were confirmed by Western blot analysis. The increased level of extracellular HSP90 was confirmed on the COM-treated cell surface by the immunofluorescence study, whereas the increased secretion of IFN-α was validated by ELISA. Global protein network analysis, literature search and bioinformatics revealed that these significantly altered secreted proteins were involved mainly in immune response and cell survival. Therefore, changes in the secretome of monocytes induced by COM crystals may be related, at least in part, to progressive renal inflammation found in kidney stone disease.

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Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Human Epstein-Barr Virus TGF beta induced factor 2 Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon CELLKINES Natural Human I Human Interleukin-4 IL-4 Human Interleukin-6 IL-6 Human Interleukin-7 IL-7 Human Interleukin-2 IL-2 Human Macrophage Inflamma

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#26669519   2016/04/21 Save this To Up

An elevated amniotic fluid prostaglandin F2α concentration is associated with intra-amniotic inflammation/infection, and clinical and histologic chorioamnionitis, as well as impending preterm delivery in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes.

To determine whether an elevated amniotic fluid concentration of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) is associated with intra-amniotic inflammation/infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes.

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Bovine Androstenedione,AS Mouse Anti-Insulin-Like G ELISA 5α-Androstane-3α, Astrovirus antibody, Mono Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 Alkaline Phospatase (ALP) Directed In Vivo Angiogen Cultrex In Vitro Angiogen

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#26653334   2016/02/02 Save this To Up

FSH Regulates mRNA Translation in Mouse Oocytes and Promotes Developmental Competence.

A major challenge in assisted reproductive technology is to develop conditions for in vitro oocyte maturation yielding high-quality eggs. Efforts are underway to assess whether known hormonal and local factors play a role in oocyte developmental competence and to identify the molecular mechanism involved. Here we have tested the hypothesis that FSH improves oocyte developmental competence by regulating the translational program in the oocyte. Accumulation of oocyte proteins (targeting protein for the Xenopus kinesin xklp2 and IL-7) associated with improved oocyte quality is increased when cumulus-oocyte complexes are incubated with FSH. This increase is due to enhanced translation of the corresponding mRNAs, as indicated by microinjection of constructs in which the 3' untranslated region of the Tpx2 or Il7 transcripts is fused to the luciferase reporter. A transient activation of the phosphatidyl-inositol 3-phosphate/AKT cascade in the oocyte preceded the increase in translation. When the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is down-regulated in follicular cells, the FSH-induced rate of maternal mRNA translation and AKT activation were lost, demonstrating that the effects of FSH are indirect and require EGF receptor signaling in the somatic compartment. Using Pten(fl/fl):Zp3cre oocytes in which the AKT is constitutively activated, translation of reporters was increased and was no longer sensitive to FSH stimulation. More importantly, the oocytes lacking the phosphate and tensin homolog gene showed increased developmental competence, even when cultured in the absence of FSH or growth factors. Thus, we demonstrate that FSH intersects with the follicular EGF network to activate the phosphatidyl-inositol 3-phosphate/AKT cascade in the oocyte to control translation and developmental competence. These findings provide a molecular rationale for the use of FSH to improve egg quality.

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Mouse Anti-Human FSH (Int Sterile filtered mouse s Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon HIV1 integrase antibody, FSH antibody, Monoclonal FSH antibody, Monoclonal FSH antibody, Monoclonal FSH antibody, Monoclonal FSH alpha antibody, Monoc FSH beta antibody, Monocl FSH beta antibody, Monocl

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#26530797   2015/11/04 Save this To Up

Generation and Expansion of T Helper 17 Lymphocytes Ex Vivo.

CD4(+) T helper (Th) lymphocytes are essential elements of the complex cellular networks regulating the initiation, development, and termination of adaptive immune responses. Different independent and specialized subsets of Th cells can be distinguished based on their dedicated transcription factor and cytokine expression profiles. Th17 lymphocytes have been described about a decade ago as CD4(+) Th cells producing high quantity of IL-17A as a signature cytokine. Since their initial discovery, Th17 have drawn intense scrutiny for their dominant role in the pathogenesis of multiple autoimmune, infectious diseases and allergy. The influence of Th17 lymphocytes in cancer remains however ambiguous. The plethoric functions of Th17 may rely on the remarkable plasticity of these cells, endowed with the ability to trans-differentiate into other Th subpopulations depending on the environmental cytokine context. The possibility to generate Th17 ex vivo has facilitated the elucidation of the signals and transcription factors required for their differentiation and functions and has allowed for the evaluation of their functions following adoptive transfer in vivo. Several protocols have been developed to produce Th17 in vitro. The intent of this chapter is to provide examples of procedures for generating and expanding Th17 ex vivo.

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3-O-Acetyl-17-O-tert-buty Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,1 (3β)-Androsta-5,16-diene Androst-4-ene-3,6,17-trio Androsta-3,5,16-trien-17- (5α)-Androstane-3,11,17- AccuPrep Genomic DNA Extr Androstane-3a, 17b-diol 5 Androstane 3a, 17b diol 5 Androstane-3a,17b-diol Gl Androstane 3a,17b diol Gl Anti VGLUT 1 Rat, polyclo

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#26243191   2015/08/05 Save this To Up

Semaphorin 3D autocrine signaling mediates the metastatic role of annexin A2 in pancreatic cancer.

Most patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) present with metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis or will recur with metastases after surgical treatment. Semaphorin-plexin signaling mediates the migration of neuronal axons during development and of blood vessels during angiogenesis. The expression of the gene encoding semaphorin 3D (Sema3D) is increased in PDA tumors, and the presence of antibodies against the pleiotropic protein annexin A2 (AnxA2) in the sera of some patients after surgical resection of PDA is associated with longer recurrence-free survival. By knocking out AnxA2 in a transgenic mouse model of PDA (KPC) that recapitulates the progression of human PDA from premalignancy to metastatic disease, we found that AnxA2 promoted metastases in vivo. The expression of AnxA2 promoted the secretion of Sema3D from PDA cells, which coimmunoprecipitated with the co-receptor plexin D1 (PlxnD1) on PDA cells. Mouse PDA cells in which SEMA3D was knocked down or ANXA2-null PDA cells exhibited decreased invasive and metastatic potential in culture and in mice. However, restoring Sema3D in AnxA2-null cells did not entirely rescue metastatic behavior in culture and in vivo, suggesting that AnxA2 mediates additional prometastatic mechanisms. Patients with primary PDA tumors that have abundant Sema3D have widely metastatic disease and decreased survival compared to patients with tumors that have relatively low Sema3D abundance. Thus, AnxA2 and Sema3D may be new therapeutic targets and prognostic markers of metastatic PDA.

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