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An Improved Method for Preparation of Uniform and Functional Mitochondria from Fresh Liver.

As the major energy source for mammalian cells, mitochondria have been the subject of numerous studies. However, the isolation and purification of healthy mitochondria, especially from fresh tissue, remains challenging. The most popular methods and kits involve various centrifugation steps which require substantial time and equipment but do not consistently provide pure preparations of functional mitochondria. The aim of this study was to determine whether methods could be devised to improve the purity and yield of functional mitochondria from fresh tissue. Fresh mouse liver was homogenized, and cells lysed. Particle size analysis, quantitation of mitochondrial DNA, mitochondrial oxygen consumption, and purity of mitochondria (by electron microscopy) were measured in samples after various purification steps and significant differences determined. A two-step procedure consisting of centrifugation followed by filtration through 1.2μ and 0.8μ filters resulted in uniform mitochondrial preparations with diameters between 520-540 nm, and approximately 5-times more pure samples. The mitochondria thus obtained had oxygen consumption and sensitivities to mitochondrial inhibitors that were indistinguishable from those purified by centrifugation alone. Electron microscopy confirmed the presence of more uniform and 4-5 times greater concentrations of mitochondria compared to centrifugation alone. A two-step procedure consisting of sequential centrifugation followed by filtration is a rapid method for the production of highly purified, uniform and functional mitochondria.

1140 related Products with: An Improved Method for Preparation of Uniform and Functional Mitochondria from Fresh Liver.

MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Mouse Anti-Human Liver Ag Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 succinate-CoA ligase, GDP Pyruvate Kinase(liver RBC formin-like 1 antibody So alkaline phosphatase (liv

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A sensitive gold-nanorods-based nanobiosensor for specific detection of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli.

Campylobacteriosis is a zoonotic infectious disease that can be mostly undiagnosed or unreported due to fastidious Campylobacter species. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, sensitive, and quick assay for the detection of Campylobacter spp. and taking advantage of the great sensitivity of gold nanorods (GNRs) to trace changes in the local environment and interparticle distance.

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Campylobacter jejuni anti Mouse Anti-Campylobacter MarkerGeneTM Fluorescent Goat Anti-Campylobacter j MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Bone Morphogenetic Protei Growth Differentiation Fa BACTERIOLOGY CAMPYLOBACTE CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI clin MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD Beta Amyloid (1 42) High NATIVE HUMAN PROLACTIN, P

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Purification of high-quality RNA from a small number of fluorescence activated cell sorted zebrafish cells for RNA sequencing purposes.

Transgenic zebrafish lines with the expression of a fluorescent reporter under the control of a cell-type specific promoter, enable transcriptome analysis of FACS sorted cell populations. RNA quality and yield are key determinant factors for accurate expression profiling. Limited cell number and FACS induced cellular stress make RNA isolation of sorted zebrafish cells a delicate process. We aimed to optimize a workflow to extract sufficient amounts of high-quality RNA from a limited number of FACS sorted cells from Tg(fli1a:GFP) zebrafish embryos, which can be used for accurate gene expression analysis.

2353 related Products with: Purification of high-quality RNA from a small number of fluorescence activated cell sorted zebrafish cells for RNA sequencing purposes.

anti CD38 Hematopoietic p anti Transferrin receptor High density non small ce Multiple lung carcinoma ( MarkerGene™ Cellular Se Fontana-Masson Stain Kit Fontana-Masson Stain Kit Anti C Reactive Protein A anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl Epidermal Growth Factor (

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Polyethylene glycol improves current methods for circulating extracellular vesicle-derived DNA isolation.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small membrane-bound vesicles which play an important role in cell-to-cell communication. Their molecular cargo analysis is presented as a new source for biomarker detection, and it might provide an alternative to traditional solid biopsies. However, the most effective approach for EV isolation is not yet well established.

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Evaluation of adenovirus amplified detection of immunochromatographic test using tears including conjunctival exudate in patients with adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis.

We evaluated a novel silver amplification immunochromatography test for rapid detection of adenovirus (AdV) antigen equipped with an automated reader system using tears including conjunctival exudate in patients with adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis.

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Multiple organ tumor tiss Syringe pump can be contr Embryonal tumor test tiss Multiple organ cancer tes Multiple organ cancer tes Multiple organ cancer tes Multiple organ cancer tes Multiple organ cancer tes Embryonal tumor test tiss Endocrine organ cancer te Multiple organ cancer tes Multiple organ cancer tes

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Comparison of multiplexed-tandem real-time PCR panel with reference real-time PCR molecular diagnostic assays for detection of Giardia intestinalis and Tritrichomonas foetus in cats.

Giardia intestinalis and Tritrichomonas foetus are frequent enteric protozoan parasites of the gastrointestinal track of domestic cats. Because of different treatment options for the parasites, confirmation of presence of one or both pathogens is necessary. The PCR based assays are suitable for differential diagnosis. We evaluated the performance of Small Animal Diarrhoea panel, a multiplexed-tandem real-time PCR (MT-PCR) assay, that detects DNA of both G. intestinalis and T. foetus. The sensitivity and specificity were compared to reference real-time PCR assays using 105 faecal samples, 39.05% (n = 41) positive for G. intestinalis and 30.48% (n = 32) were positive for T. foetus. The faecal samples positive for T. foetus had a high proportion of late amplifiers, determined by an arbitrary threshold of C-values > 35. On the other hand, only one G. intestinalis positive sample was considered a late amplifier. For G. intestinalis DNA, the MT-PCR assay had 95.1% sensitivity and 92.1% specificity. For T. foetus DNA, the MT-PCR assay had 41.9% sensitivity and 100.0% specificity. To evaluate the interlaboratory reproducibility of the MT-PCR assay, results were compared in two different laboratories and found to be in a very good agreement (Kappa = 0.9). Further analysis of the DNA using conventional PCR determined presence of G. intestinalis Assemblage F and T. foetus genotype 'feline'. In conclusion, the MT-PCR Small Animal Diarrhoea panel had a good and poor performance against reference assays for G. intestinalis and T. foetus, respectively. The assay is suitable for detection and differential diagnosis of G. intestinalis and moderate to high burdens of T. foetus in small animal clinical practice.

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Magnetofection and isolation of DNA using polyethyleneimine functionalized magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles.

This study was carried out to develop a simple and efficient method to isolate DNA directly from biological samples using iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) functionalized with polyethyleneimine (PEI). IONPs were synthesized via co-precipitation method followed with direct attachment of branched PEI. Nanoparticles were characterized using STEM, FT-IR spectroscopy and XRD analysis. The binding capacity of synthesized PEI-IONPs for plasmid and genomic DNA was assessed using purified DNA samples. In order to elute bound DNA, elution conditions were optimized, changing pH, salt concentration and temperature. Synthesized PEI-IONPs were subjected to isolation of DNA from bacterial cell culture and from human blood. PCR and magnetofection of the enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) were carried out to verify the downstream applications of isolated DNA. The results indicated that the synthesized nanoparticles were of 5-10 nm. The binding capacity of PEI-IONPs for plasmid DNA and genomic DNA were 5.4 and 8.4 µg mg, respectively, which were even higher than the commercially available kits such as Mag-bind, MagJET and Magmax. The optimized condition for plasmid DNA elution was 0.1 M Tris HCl (pH 10.0), 1.5 M NaCl and 5% formamide, maintained at the temperature of 60°C. The optimized condition for genomic DNA elution was 0.1 M Tris HCl (pH 10.0), 1.5 M NaCl and 10% formamide, maintained at 60°C. PCR and magnetofection processes were successful. This study revealed that the magnetic separation of DNA using PEI-IONPs is a simple and efficient method for direct isolation of DNA from biological samples which can be then used in various downstream applications.

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Short communication: Characterization of enterotoxin-producing Staphylococcus aureus isolated from mastitic cows.

Staphylococcus aureus is not only a common cause of bovine mastitis, but also an agent of food poisoning in humans. In an attempt to determine whether staphylococci causing bovine mastitis could also cause food poisoning, 60 isolates of presumed S. aureus were isolated in the period between March and August 2017 from 3,384 routine, composite, quarter milk samples of individual cows raised on 12 dairy farms in central Italy. Seventeen out of 60 isolates were confirmed as S. aureus after coagulase, thermonuclease, and biochemical tests. These isolates were analyzed by PCR for the presence of the nuc, sea, seb, sec, sed, and see genes. The positive isolates were nuc, 100% (17); sea, 35.29% (6); seb, 5.88% (1); sec, 5.88% (1); sed, 29.41% (5); and see, 47.06% (8). The isolates were also tested with 2 enzyme immunoassay diagnostic kits, one for the screening detection of the production of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEA, SEB, SEC, SED, SEE) and one for the detection of specific enterotoxin produced by each isolate. Seven out of 17 (41.18%) were enterotoxin producers: 7 produced SEA (41.18%), 1 SEB (5.88%), 1 SEC (5.88%), 5 SED (29.41%), and 6 SEE (35.29%). To further characterize the isolates, they were analyzed by the Kirby Bauer test for susceptibility to 13 antimicrobials (ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, kanamycin, tetracycline, gentamicin, methicillin, nalidixic acid, erythromycin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, streptomycin, vancomycin, neomycin, and enrofloxacin), and we detected resistance to ampicillin (52.94%), nalidixic acid (70.59%), erythromycin (5.88%), and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (17.65%). The isolates were sensitive to the main classes of antimicrobials used for the treatment of bovine subclinical mastitis. The presence of enterotoxin-producing isolates of S. aureus in bovine milk means that a temperature abuse or a breakdown in the thermal treatment of the milk could present a food safety risk, particularly if all enterotoxigenic isolates could potentially produce SEA in milk.

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Direct comparison of QIAamp DSP Virus Kit and QIAamp Circulating Nucleic Acid Kit regarding cell-free fetal DNA isolation from maternal peripheral blood.

Blood of pregnant women contains cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA), which is widely used in non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. The modern laboratory equipment market provides huge variety of commercial kits for isolation of circulating nucleic acids, but unfortunately none of them are standardized for isolation of cffDNA, which is a crucial step for success of subsequent analysis.

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DNA kits, Column-free Iso ProPrep™ Genomic XL-10 (FREE SAMPLE) GELRED NUCL ENZYMATIC ASSAY KITS (CH CellQuanti Blue™ Cell V CellQuanti-Blue™ Cell V CellQuanti Blue™ Cell V CellQuanti-MTT™ Cell Vi CellQuanti MTT™ Cell Vi CellQuanti-MTT™ Cell Vi CellQuanti MTT™ Cell Vi Mammalian Cell Extraction

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A robust, cost-effective method for DNA, RNA and protein co-extraction from soil, other complex microbiomes and pure cultures.

The soil microbiome is inherently complex with high biological diversity, and spatial heterogeneity typically occurring on the submillimetre scale. To study the microbial ecology of soils, and other microbiomes, biomolecules, that is, nucleic acids and proteins, must be efficiently and reliably co-recovered from the same biological samples. Commercial kits are currently available for the co-extraction of DNA, RNA and proteins but none has been developed for soil samples. We present a new protocol drawing on existing phenol-chloroform-based methods for nucleic acids co-extraction but incorporating targeted precipitation of proteins from the phenol phase. The protocol is cost-effective and robust, and easily implemented using reagents commonly available in laboratories. The method is estimated to be eight times cheaper than using disparate commercial kits for the isolation of DNA and/or RNA, and proteins, from soil. The method is effective, providing good quality biomolecules from a diverse range of soil types, with clay contents varying from 9.5% to 35.1%, which we successfully used for downstream, high-throughput gene sequencing and metaproteomics. Additionally, we demonstrate that the protocol can also be easily implemented for biomolecule co-extraction from other complex microbiome samples, including cattle slurry and microbial communities recovered from anaerobic bioreactors, as well as from Gram-positive and Gram-negative pure cultures.

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Rabbit Anti-Rat Androgen Recombinant Human Androge Bone Morphogenetic Protei Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 NATIVE HUMAN PROLACTIN, P AZD-3514 Mechanisms: Andr 17β-Acetoxy-2α-bromo-5 (5α,16β)-N-Acetyl-16-[2

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