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#26461392   2015/10/14 Save this To Up

Biomarkers research in neuromuscular disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) (ORPHA166) is the most frequent hereditary neuropathy. CMT is a heterogeneous group of disorders which, despite some variability in their clinical features, share the same general phenotype, usually characterized by wasting and weakness of distal limb muscles, decreased to absent deep tendon reflexes, distal sensory loss, and frequent skeletal deformities. Despite the clinical and molecular description of this disease in the last 20 years, there is no effective drug or advanced therapy available. Here we have pretend the identification of metabolic and oxidative stress biomarkers in plasmas from patients with duplication at PMP22 gene, the most frequent mutation causing CMT, and clinically characterized as CMT1A. The samples were collected in the neuropathy units from "La Fe" Hospital of Valencia, "Bellvitge" Hospital of Barcelona, "La Paz" Hospital of Madrid, and "Virgen del Rocío" Hospital of Sevilla. The metabolic biomarkers research was performed using 2D-DIGE analysis (Typhoon TRIO, GE) and DeCyder software (GE). Protein identification was made by mass spectrometry by MALDI-TOF-TOF (ABSciex) and liquid Chromatography analysis (ABSciex). The oxidative stress biomarkers research consisted in carbonylated proteins analysis by reaction with DNPH and Dot-blot. Total antioxidant capacity and GSSG/GSH ratio were analyzed with Antioxidant Assay kit (Cayman) and Glutathione Fluorescent detection Kit (Arbor Assays), respectively. Finally now we are performing the MDA levels by HPLC-UV. We found 8, 13 and 36 proteins with differential expression in mild, moderate and severely affected patients, respectively compared with their own matched controls. Also we found differences on oxidative stress parameters between de different groups analyzed. Our results suggest differences in the oxidative stress profile between the studied phenotypes in CMT1A patients.

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#25261820   2014/12/02 Save this To Up

Copper-induced changes in intracellular thiols in two marine diatoms: Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Ceratoneis closterium.

Phytochelatins and glutathione (reduced (GSH) and oxidised (GSSG)) are important intracellular ligands involved in metal sequestration and detoxification in algae. Intracellular ratios of GSH:GSSG are sensitive indicators of metal stress in algae, and like phytochelatin production are influenced by metal speciation, concentration, exposure time and the biological species. This study investigated the effect of copper exposure on phytochelatin and glutathione content in two marine diatoms Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Ceratoneis closterium at various time intervals between 0.5 and 72h. Liberation of cellular glutathione and phytochelatins was optimised using freeze/thaw cycles and chemical extraction, respectively. Extracted phytochelatins were derivatised (by fluorescent tagging of thiol compounds), separated and quantified using HPLC with fluorescence detection. Glutathione ratios were determined using a commercially available kit, which uses the enzyme glutathione reductase to measure total and oxidised glutathione. Despite similarities in size and shape between the two diatoms, differences in internalised copper, phytochelatin production (both chain length and quantity) and reduced glutathione concentrations were observed. P. tricornutum maintained reduced glutathione at between 58 and 80% of total glutathione levels at all time points, which would indicate low cellular stress. In C. closterium reduced glutathione constituted <10% of total glutathione after 48h. P. tricornutum also produced more phytochelatins and phytochelatins of longer chain length than C. closterium despite the latter species internalising significantly more copper.

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#24149024   2014/01/17 Save this To Up

A bioactive probe for glutathione-dependent antioxidant capacity in breast cancer patients: implications in measuring biological effects of arsenic compounds.

Glutathione, a major cellular non-protein thiol (NPSH), serves a central role in repairing damage induced by cancer drugs, pollutants and radiation and in the detoxification of several cancer chemotherapeutic drugs and toxins. Current methods measure glutathione levels only, which require cellular extraction, rather than the glutathione recycling dependent antioxidant activity in intact cells. Here, we present a novel method using a bioactive probe of the oxidative pentose phosphate cycle, termed the OxPhos™ test, to quantify glutathione recycling dependent antioxidant activity in whole blood and intact human and rodent cells without the need for the isolation and cytoplasm extraction of cells.

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#17585863   2007/06/25 Save this To Up

The effect of N-acetylcysteine on ifosfamide-induced nephrotoxicity: in vitro studies in renal tubular cells.

Ifosfamide (IF) nephrotoxicity is a serious adverse effect in children undergoing chemotherapy. Previous studies have shown that, in addition to the renal production of chloroacetaldehyde, a toxic metabolite of IF, lower levels of glutathione (GSH) may predispose the kidney to damage. The antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is used extensively as an antidote for acetaminophen poisoning in children by replenishing GSH levels. As it has been safely and effectively used clinically, the objective of this study was to test whether the reversal of ifosfamide-induced nephrotoxicity can be achieved by administering NAC. Supplementation with NAC may reduce or prevent the degree of cellular cytotoxicity induced by IF. Porcine renal proximal tubular (LLCPK-1) cells were treated with NAC (0.4 mM or 2.5 mM) concurrently with 1 mM IF and 50 microM L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO). Cellular viability was assessed by alamarBlue assay at 96 h. Intracellular GSH and oxidized GSH (GSSG) levels were determined using a GSH/GSSG colorimetric detection kit. A significant 60% decrease in cellular viability occurred when cells were treated daily with BSO and IF for 96 h. This decrease was significantly reduced when cells were concurrently treated with NAC in a concentration-dependent manner. Intracellular and total GSH levels in cells receiving concurrent treatment of NAC were significantly higher than those without NAC treatment. NAC protects renal tubular cells from IF-induced cytotoxicity. It is likely that NAC is protecting the cells by partially acting as a precursor for GSH synthesis. This mode of therapy may allow for protecting children from life-threatening nephrotoxicity induced by IF.

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#17159804   2006/12/25 Save this To Up

Content of protein carbonyl groups in gerbil brain after reversible bilateral carotid occlusion: effect of 2,3-dihydromelatonin.

To investigate whether a new derivative of melatonin, (2,3-dihydromelatonin (DHM), prevented the oxidative stress induced by ischemia /reperfusion (I/R) in the gerbil brain. To specify the effect on endogenous antioxidant activity and protein modification in the brain cortex, we evaluated the contents of glutathione (total GSx=GSH+GSSG) and protein carbonyl groups (PCG).

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