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Human mesenchymal stem cells-conditioned medium improves diabetic wound healing mainly through modulating fibroblast behaviors.

Fibroblast plays a key role in wound healing, and the advantages of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) secretome in wound healing have previously been reported. In the present study, we investigated the impact of human bone marrow MSC-conditioned media (CM) on skin wound healing in diabetic rats and found that some improvements occurred mainly through fibroblast functions. Then, we scrutinized the impact of MSC-CM treatment on fibroblast cellular behavior by culturing human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) in a high-glucose (HG) medium, as an in vitro diabetic model. In vivo findings revealed significant improvements in some healing kinetics of diabetic wound which received MSC-CM. Particularly, MSC-CM-treated diabetic wounds reached considerably higher percentages of wound closure. Also, the granulation tissue of these wound had less pronounced inflammatory response, better tissue remodeling, and more vascularization compared with non-treated diabetic ones. Gene expression analyses indicated that MSC-CM treatment leads to upregulation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) genes. In addition, a significantly higher cell viability/proliferation, migration, and bFGF gene expression were observed when MSC-CM was used to treat HDFs in HG culture media. Based on these findings, it is suggested that MSC-CM could promote wound repair and skin regeneration, in some major processes, via improvement of cellular behaviors of fibroblasts in the diabetic microenvironment. The beneficial advantages of mesenchymal stem cells-conditioned media on fibroblast cellular behaviors and wound healing may lead to establish a novel approach as an alternative therapeutic procedure to cure chronic wounds in diabetic conditions.

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Rat Mesenchymal Stem Cell Stemez hN2 Human Neuron D Mouse Anti-Human Fibrobla Macrophage Colony Stimula Mouse Anti-Human Fibrobla Macrophage Colony Stimula Mitochondria GFP Tag Huma Mouse Anti-Human CD94 (Na GFP Expressing Human Glom Human Fibroblast Growth F RFP Expressing Human Neon Mesenchymal Stem Cell Ost

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Long-term treatment with arsenite activates HER1 and HER2 through upregulating EGF, TGFα, and HSP90 in a human uroepithelial cell line.


1335 related Products with: Long-term treatment with arsenite activates HER1 and HER2 through upregulating EGF, TGFα, and HSP90 in a human uroepithelial cell line.

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MiR-33a Controls hMSCS Osteoblast Commitment Modulating the Yap/Taz Expression Through EGFR Signaling Regulation.

Mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) display a pleiotropic function in bone regeneration. The signaling involved in osteoblast commitment is still not completely understood, and that determines the failure of current therapies being used. In our recent studies, we identified two miRNAs as regulators of hMSCs osteoblast differentiation driving hypoxia signaling and cytoskeletal reorganization. Other signalings involved in this process are epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalings through the regulation of Yes-associated protein (YAP)/PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) expression. In the current study, we investigated the role of miR-33a family as a (i) modulator of YAP/TAZ expression and (ii) a regulator of EGFR signaling during osteoblast commitments. Starting from the observation on hMSCs and primary osteoblast cell lines (Nh-Ost) in which EMT genes and miR-33a displayed a specific expression, we performed a gain and loss of function study with miR-33a-5p and 3p on hMSCs cells and Nh-Ost. After 24 h of transfections, we evaluated the modulation of EMT and osteoblast genes expression by qRT-PCR, Western blot, and Osteoimage assays. Through bioinformatic analysis, we identified YAP as the putative target of miR-33a-3p. Its role was investigated by gain and loss of function studies with miR-33a-3p on hMSCs; qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses were also carried out. Finally, the possible role of EGFR signaling in YAP/TAZ modulation by miR-33a-3p expression was evaluated. Human MSCs were treated with EGF-2 and EGFR inhibitor for different time points, and qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses were performed. The above-mentioned methods revealed a balance between miR-33a-5p and miR-33a-3p expression during hMSCs osteoblast differentiation. The human MSCs phenotype was maintained by miR-33a-5p, while the maintenance of the osteoblast phenotype in the Nh-Ost cell model was permitted by miR-33a-3p expression, which regulated YAP/TAZ through the modulation of EGFR signaling. The inhibition of EGFR blocked the effects of miR-33a-3p on YAP/TAZ modulation, favoring the maintenance of hMSCs in a committed phenotype. A new possible personalized therapeutic approach to bone regeneration was discussed, which might be mediated by customizing delivery of miR-33a in simultaneously targeting EGFR and YAP signaling with combined use of drugs.

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DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr PathwayReady™ EGFR Sign pSV40beta Mammalian lacZn Rabbit anti EGFR (pTyr109 Human EGFR Phosphorylatio Tazobactam sodium salt CA ProPrep™ Genomic XL-10 Rabbit anti EGFR (Ab-693) pCAMBIA1200 Vector (No Re Human Phospho-EGFR (Y1086 Expression Media Products Human Mouse Rat Phospho-E

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Loss of PTPN23 Promotes Proliferation and Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition in Human Intestinal Cancer Cells.

Protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 23 (PTPN23) has recently been associated with several human epithelial cancers via regulation of growth factor signaling. Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is a leading cause for cancer-related death worldwide and is associated with aberrant epidermal (EGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor signaling. Here, we investigated whether PTPN23 might play a role in CRC.

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De Novo Carborane-Containing Macrocyclic Peptides Targeting Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor.

l-Carboranylalanine (Cba) is a unique artificial amino acid containing a cluster of 10 boron atoms. Since the three-dimensional aromaticity and charge distributions of the carborane side chain are quite different from any side chains of proteinogenic amino acids, there is no report whether Cba can be a substrate for the translation machinery. Here, we report studies on the ribosomal incorporation of Cba into peptide via initiation and elongation using the flexizyme-assisted translation system. Our results indicate that only the initiation step could tolerate Cba incorporation, but the elongation steps could not, very likely due to its steric bulkiness of the side chain. Based on this knowledge, we have designed a library of macrocyclic peptides initiated by α--(2-choloroacetyl)-l-carboranylalanine (ClAc-Cba) and selected molecules capable of binding to human epidermal growth factor receptor (hEGFR). Two peptides that were forwarded to deeper studies exhibited affinities with values at 16 and 20 nM against hEGFR. Computational modeling of one of the peptides suggested that the carborane side chain might be directly involved in the interaction with the hydrophobic β-sheet core in the EGF binding site of hEGFR, which is consistent with the mutational data where replacing Cba residue with Phe completely eliminated the binding activity. Cell lines that stably express hEGFR could be stained by incubation with the C-terminal fluorescein-labeled peptides, whereas hEGFR-negative cells could not be stained. This study provides a general strategy for the de novo discovery of carborane-containing macrocyclic peptides targeting various tumor biomarker proteins, potentially applicable to boron neutron capture therapy.

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Diversity pattern of Plasmodium knowlesi merozoite surface protein 4 (MSP4) in natural population of Malaysia.

Human infections due to the monkey malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi are increasingly being reported from Malaysia. The parasite causes high parasitaemia, severe and fatal malaria in humans thus there is a need for urgent measures for its control. The MSP4 is a potential vaccine candidate, which is well studied in Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax; however, no study has been conducted in the orthologous gene of P. knowlesi. In this study, we investigated the level of polymorphisms, haplotypes, natural selection and population structure of full-length pkmsp4 in 32 clinical samples from Malaysian Borneo along with 4 lab-adapted strains. We found low levels of polymorphism across the gene with exon I showing higher diversity than the exon II. The C- terminal epidermal growth factor (EGF) domains and GPI-anchored region within exon II were mostly conserved with only 2 non-synonymous substitutions. Although 21 amino acid haplotypes were found, the frequency of mutation at the majority of the polymorphic positions was low. We found evidence of negative selection at the exon II of the gene indicating existence of functional constraints. Phylogenetic haplotype network analysis identified shared haplotypes and indicated geographical clustering of samples originating from Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. High population differentiation values were observed within parasite populations originating from Malaysian Borneo (Kapit, Sarikei and Betong) and laboratory-adapted strains obtained from Peninsular Malaysia and Philippines indicating distinct population structure. This is the first study to genetically characterize the full-length msp4 gene from clinical isolates of P. knowlesi from Malaysia and thus would be very useful for future rational vaccine studies. Further studies with higher number of samples and functional characterization of the protein will be necessary.

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Recombinant human milk fat globule-EGF factor VIII (rhMFG-E8) as a therapy for sepsis after acute exposure to alcohol.

Alcohol intake predisposes to infections and sepsis. Alcohol and sepsis inhibit the expression of milk fat globule epidermal growth factor-factor VIII (MFG-E8), a glycoprotein essential for optimal efferocytosis, resulting in the release of proinflammatory molecules and increased sepsis severity. We previously reported that recombinant mouse (rm) MFG-E8 attenuates sepsis-induced organ injury in rats with acute alcohol intoxication. In order to develop a therapy that can be safely used in humans, we have produced recombinant human (rh) MFG-E8 and evaluated its efficacy to ameliorate sepsis after acute exposure to alcohol.

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Host signaling and EGR1 transcriptional control of human cytomegalovirus replication and latency.

Sustained phosphotinositide3-kinase (PI3K) signaling is critical to the maintenance of alpha and beta herpesvirus latency. We have previously shown that the beta-herpesvirus, human cytomegalovirus (CMV), regulates epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), upstream of PI3K, to control states of latency and reactivation. How signaling downstream of EGFR is regulated and how this impacts CMV infection and latency is not fully understood. We demonstrate that CMV downregulates EGFR early in the productive infection, which blunts the activation of EGFR and its downstream pathways in response to stimuli. However, CMV infection sustains basal levels of EGFR and downstream pathway activity in the context of latency in CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). Inhibition of MEK/ERK, STAT or PI3K/AKT pathways downstream of EGFR increases viral reactivation from latently infected CD34+ HPCs, defining a role for these pathways in latency. We hypothesized that CMV modulation of EGFR signaling might impact viral transcription important to latency. Indeed, EGF-stimulation increased expression of the UL138 latency gene, but not immediate early or early viral genes, suggesting that EGFR signaling promotes latent gene expression. The early growth response-1 (EGR1) transcription factor is induced downstream of EGFR signaling through the MEK/ERK pathway and is important for the maintenance of hematopoietic stemness. We demonstrate that EGR1 binds the viral genome upstream of UL138 and is sufficient to promote UL138 expression. Further, disruption of EGR1 binding upstream of UL138 prevents the establishment of latency in CD34+ HPCs. Our results indicate a model whereby UL138 modulation of EGFR signaling feeds back to promote UL138 gene expression and suppression of replication for latency. By this mechanism, the virus has hardwired itself into host cell biology to sense and respond to changes in homeostatic host cell signaling.

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