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Reflection and observation: cell-based screening failing to detect HBV in HUMSCs derived from HBV-infected mothers underscores the importance of more stringent donor eligibility to reduce risk of transmission of infectious diseases for stem cell-based medical products.

In cell-based therapy, the transmission of communicable diseases imposes a substantial threat to recipients. In this study, we investigated whether cell-based screening could detect hepatitis B virus (HBV) in human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) isolated from HBV-infected donors to understand the susceptibility of HUMSCs to HBV infection.

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Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Nycodenz, non ionic, non FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Oral squamous cell cancer Human Phospho-EGFR (Activ Human Mouse Rat Phospho-E Human Phospho-EGFR (Y1068 Human Mouse Rat Phospho-E

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Fluorescence ELISA based on glucose oxidase-mediated fluorescence quenching of quantum dots for highly sensitive detection of Hepatitis B.

Herein, we present a novel sandwich fluorescence enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for highly sensitive detection of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) based on glucose oxidase (GOx)-induced fluorescence quenching of mercaptopropionic acid-modified CdTe quantum dots (MPA-QDs). In this system, hydrogen peroxide (HO) sensitive MPA-QDs was used as a signal output, and glucose oxidase (GOx) was used as label which can generate HO via catalytic oxidation of glucose. The proposed method showed dynamic linear detection of HBsAg both in the range of 47pgmL ~ 380pgmL and 0.75ngmL ~ 12.12ngmL. The detection limit of the proposed fluorescence ELISA was 1.16pgmL, which was approximately 430-fold lower than that of horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-based conventional ELISA. The average recoveries for HBsAg-spiked serum samples ranged from 98.0% to 126.8% with the relative standard derivation below 10%, thus indicating acceptable precision and high reproducibility of the proposed fluorescence ELISA for HBsAg detection. Additionally, the developed method showed no false positive results analyzing 35 real HBsAg-negative serum samples, and exhibited excellent agreement (R=0.9907) with a commercial time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TRFIA) kit for detecting 31 HBsAg-positive serum samples. In summary, the proposed method based on fluorescence quenching of HO sensitive QDs is considerably to be an excellent biodetection platform with ultrahigh sensitivity, good accuracy and excellent reliability.

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miR-29a promotes hepatitis B virus replication and expression by targeting SMARCE1 in hepatoma carcinoma.

To investigate the functional role and underlying molecular mechanism of miR-29a in hepatitis B virus (HBV) expression and replication.

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Prevalence of antibody to hepatitis B core antigen among hepatitis B surface antigen-negative blood donors in Ilorin, Nigeria: A cross-sectional study.

Post-transfusion hepatitis occurs even with stringent donor selection criteria and screening for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) in HBsAg-negative blood donors.

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Protocatechuic acid inhibits hepatitis B virus replication by activating ERK1/2 pathway and down-regulating HNF4α and HNF1α in vitro.

Protocatechuic acid (PCA) is a phenolic compound found in many antiviral Chinese herbal medicines. HNF4α and HNF1α, the members of hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) family, play an important regulatory role in the gene transcription of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Previous studies found that PCA inhibited HBV antigen secretion and HBV DNA replication in HepG2.2.15 cells, but its anti-HBV mechanism has not been fully understood. We aim to illustrate the anti-HBV mechanism of PCA.

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Analytical performance of three diagnostic reagents for HBsAg on an automatic ELISA analyzer.

We conducted performance tests of three HBsAg ELISA diagnostic reagents using an Addcare 600 (Yantai Addcare Bio-tech Limited Company) and studied the consistency between the qualitative results and chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) results.

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Investigation of a Novel Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Escape Mutant Affecting Immunogenicity.

Mutation in the hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) may affect the efficiency of diagnostic immunoassays or success of vaccinations using HBsAg. Thus, antigenicity and immunogenicity analyses of the mutated HBsAg are necessary to develop novel diagnostic tools and efficient vaccinations. Here, the in vitro antigenicity of three wild-type HBsAg open reading frames (ORFs) (adr4, W1S [subtype adr] and W3S [subtype adr]) isolated from clinically infected patients and nineteen synthesized single/double/multiple amino acid-substituted mutants were tested with commercial ELISA kits. Immunofluorescence staining of transfected cells and Western blot analysis confirmed that these ORFs were expressed at comparable levels in HEK-293 cells. W1S and adr4 were clearly detected, whereas W3S could not be detected. Using the same commercial immunoassay kit, we found that the single mutants, K120P and D123T, were marginally reactive, whereas W3S-aW1S and the double mutant, K120P/D123T, exhibited antigenicity roughly equivalent to the wild-type wako1S. On the other hand, the single mutants of W1S, P120K and T123D, significantly impaired the reactivity, while W1S-aW3S and the double mutant of W1S, P120K/T123D, resulted in a complete loss of antigenicity. In addition, ELISA revealed reduced HBs antigenicity of two mutants, W1S N146G and W1S Q129R/G145R. These commercial ELISA-based antigenic reactivities of HBsAg were also strongly correlated with the predicted Ai alterations of affected amino acids due to the specific mutation. In conclusion, this study showed for the first time that lysine (K120) and aspartate (D123) simultaneously affected HBsAg antigenicity, leading to diagnostic failure. These findings will improve diagnostic assays and vaccine development.

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Hepatitis B Virus Infections and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic at Deder Hospital, Eastern Ethiopia.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. Reports have shown that 68,600 people die of HBV infection and more than 300,000 deaths due to liver cancer secondary to hepatitis B every year globally. Women who are infected with HBV can vertically transmit the infection to their infants. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and associated factors among pregnant women.

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Anxiety and serum catecholamines as predictors of survival and recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Increasing evidence suggests that psychological factors are involved in tumor progression. This study investigated the influence of anxiety and serum catecholamines (CAs) on the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

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Low prevalence of hepatitis B vaccine escape mutants among individuals born after the initiation of a nationwide vaccination program in Iran.

A nationwide hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination program for neonates was launched in Iran in 1993. Despite the success of this program, concern about its long-term success still remains, because breakthrough infections due to emergence of surface mutants have been reported in immunized children. We aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of HBV and vaccine escape mutants among individuals born after the initiation of the nationwide vaccination program in Iran. This study included 1115 participants younger than 23 years old, with 223 in each age cohort. The presence of HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc was evaluated using an ELISA kit. HBV-DNA levels were measured in anti-HBc and/or HBsAg-positive subjects. PCR products were sequenced and mutations were identified. The overall HBsAg prevalence was 0.27 %. Anti-HBs and anti-HBc positive rates were 48 % and 0.18 %, respectively. Two individuals were positive for anti-HBc, one of whom was also positive for HBsAg, and the other was positive for anti-HBc only. HBV DNA was detected in three out of four anti-HBc-and /or HBsAg-positive subjects. An I195M mutation within the S gene was detected in two of the three HBV-DNA-positive cases. A very low prevalence of HBsAg and isolated anti-HBc were found in this study. The I195M mutation found in the surface gene could have been induced by immune pressure. Although the number of ''vaccine escape'' mutants found in this cohort was low, ongoing surveillance of breakthrough infections and escape mutants is still needed.

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