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           Search results for: Human Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Type 1 TNF-Receptor-1   

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#28698006   2017/07/12 Save this To Up

Identification of TRADD as a potential biomarker in human uterine leiomyoma through iTRAQ based proteomic profiling.

Recurrent and refractory leiomyoma of uterus is one of the most common diseases in women of reproductive age. Despite its benign nature, uterine leiomyoma has presented an extremely deleterious impact on public health. The etiology of uterine leiomyoma remains unclear and clinical management remains suboptimal, leaving radical hysterectomy the only effective approach. Delineating the molecular mechanism underlying the leiomyoma initiation and progression remains an unmet clinical need. To screen proteins that were differentially expressed in uterine leiomyoma versus normal myometrium, we examined proteomic profile by isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) labeling coupled with liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). 72 proteins have been identified as differentially expressed in uterine leiomyoma, including the downregulation of TRADD (tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1-associated DEATH domain protein), which dominates the dysfunctional extrinsic apoptosis pathway and deregulated inflammatory responses. The reduction of TRADD was further validated by Western blot and immunohistochemistry in independent sample cohorts. Our data thus suggest potential biological significance of TRADD mediated inflammatory response in the development of uterine leiomyoma.

1807 related Products with: Identification of TRADD as a potential biomarker in human uterine leiomyoma through iTRAQ based proteomic profiling.

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#28688764   2017/07/09 Save this To Up

RELT family members activate p38 and induce apoptosis by a mechanism distinct from TNFR1.

Receptor Expressed in Lymphoid Tissues (RELT) is a human Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor (TNFR) family member that has two identified homologous binding partners, RELL1 and RELL2. This study sought to further understand the pattern of RELT expression, the functional role of RELT family members, and the mechanism of RELT-induced apoptosis. RELT protein expression was detected in the spleen, lymph node, brain, breast and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs). A smaller than expected size of RELT was observed in PBLs, suggesting a proteolytically cleaved form of RELT. RELL1 and RELL2 overexpression activated the p38 MAPK pathway more substantially than RELT in HEK-293 cells, and this activation of p38 by RELT family members was blocked by dominant-negative mutant forms of OSR1 or TRAF2, implicating these molecules in RELT family member signaling. RELT was previously shown to induce apoptosis in human epithelial cells despite lacking the characteristic death domain (DD) found in other TNFRs. Seven deletion mutants of RELT that lacked differing portions of the intracellular domain were created to assess whether RELT possesses a novel DD. None of the deletion mutants induced apoptosis as efficiently as full-length RELT, a result that is consistent with a novel DD being located at the carboxyl-terminus. Interestingly, induction of apoptotic morphology by RELT overexpression was not prevented when signaling by FADD or Caspase-8 was blocked, indicating RELT induces apoptosis by a pathway distinct from other death-inducing TNFRs such as TNFR1. Collectively, this study provides more insights into RELT expression, RELT family member function, and the mechanism of RELT-induced death.

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#28676715   2017/07/05 Save this To Up

Allantopyrone A interferes with multiple components of the TNF receptor 1 complex and blocks RIP1 modifications in the TNF-α-induced signaling pathway.

Allantopyrone A is a fungal metabolite that uniquely possesses two α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moieties. We recently reported that allantopyrone A inhibited the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in human lung carcinoma A549 cells. In the present study, the mechanism by which allantopyrone A inhibits the TNF-α-induced signaling pathway was investigated in more detail. Allantopyrone A blocked extensive modifications to receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) in the TNF receptor 1 (TNF-R1) complex. Allantopyrone A augmented the high-MW bands of TNF-R1, TNF receptor-associated factor 2, RIP1, the NF-κB subunit RelA and inhibitor of NF-κB kinase β in A549 cells, suggesting that it binds to and promotes the crosslinking of these proteins. The extracellular cysteine-rich domains of TNF-R1 were crosslinked by allantopyrone A more preferentially than its intracellular portion. The present results demonstrate that allantopyrone A interferes with multiple components of the TNF-R1 complex and blocks RIP1 modifications in the TNF-α-induced NF-κB signaling pathway.

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#28659487   2017/06/29 Save this To Up

Mumps Virus SH Protein Inhibits NF-κB Activation by Interacting with Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 1, Interleukin-1 Receptor 1, and Toll-Like Receptor 3 Complexes.

The mumps virus (MuV) small hydrophobic protein (SH) is a type I membrane protein expressed in infected cells. SH has been reported to interfere with innate immunity by inhibiting tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)-mediated apoptosis and NF-κB activation. To elucidate the underlying mechanism, we generated recombinant MuVs (rMuVs) expressing the SH protein with an N-terminal FLAG epitope or lacking SH expression due to the insertion of three stop codons into the SH gene. Using these viruses, we were able to show that SH reduces the phosphorylation of IKKβ, IκBα, and p65 as well as the translocation of p65 into the nucleus of infected A549 cells. Reporter gene assays revealed that SH interferes not only with TNF-α-mediated NF-κB activation but also with IL-1β- and poly(I·C)-mediated NF-κB activation, and that this inhibition occurs upstream of the NF-κB pathway components TRAF2, TRAF6, and TAK1. Since SH coimmunoprecipitated with tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), RIP1, and IRAK1, we hypothesize that SH exerts its inhibitory function by interacting with TNFR1, interleukin-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1R1), and TLR3 complexes in the plasma membrane of infected cells.IMPORTANCE The MuV SH has been shown to impede TNF-α-mediated NF-κB activation and is therefore thought to contribute to viral immune evasion. However, the mechanisms by which SH mediates NF-κB inhibition remained largely unknown. In this study, we show that SH interacts with TNFR1, IL-1R1, and TLR3 complexes in infected cells. We thereby not only shed light on the mechanisms of SH-mediated NF-κB inhibition but also reveal that SH interferes with NF-κB activation induced by interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and double-stranded RNA.

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#28552580   2017/05/29 Save this To Up

Engineered Proteins Program Mammalian Cells to Target Inflammatory Disease Sites.

Disease sites in atherosclerosis and cancer feature cell masses (e.g., plaques/tumors), a low pH extracellular microenvironment, and various pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα). The ability to engineer a cell to seek TNFα sources allows for targeted therapeutic delivery. To accomplish this, here we introduced a system of proteins: an engineered TNFα chimeric receptor (named TNFR1chi), a previously engineered Ca(2+)-activated RhoA (named CaRQ), vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G (VSVG), and thymidine kinase. Upon binding TNFα, TNFR1chi generates a Ca(2+) signal that in turn activates CaRQ-mediated non-apoptotic blebs that allow migration toward the TNFα source. Next, the addition of VSVG, upon low pH induction, causes membrane fusion of the engineered and TNFα source cells. Finally, after ganciclovir treatment cells undergo death via the thymidine kinase suicide mechanism. Hence, we assembled a system of proteins that forms the basis of engineering a cell to target inflammatory disease sites characterized by TNFα secretion and a low-pH microenvironment.

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#28542390   2017/05/25 Save this To Up

Analysis of early mesothelial cell responses to Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from patients with peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis.

The major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the development of peritonitis, an infection within the abdominal cavity, primarily caused by bacteria. PD peritonitis is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and health care costs. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most frequently isolated cause of PD-associated peritonitis. Mesothelial cells are integral to the host response to peritonitis, and subsequent clinical outcomes, yet the effects of infection on mesothelial cells are not well characterised. We systematically investigated the early mesothelial cell response to clinical and reference isolates of S. epidermidis using primary mesothelial cells and the mesothelial cell line Met-5A. Using an unbiased whole genome microarray, followed by a targeted panel of genes known to be involved in the human antibacterial response, we identified 38 differentially regulated genes (adj. p-value < 0.05) representing 35 canonical pathways after 1 hour exposure to S. epidermidis. The top 3 canonical pathways were TNFR2 signaling, IL-17A signaling, and TNFR1 signaling (adj. p-values of 0.0012, 0.0012 and 0.0019, respectively). Subsequent qPCR validation confirmed significant differences in gene expression in a number of genes not previously described in mesothelial cell responses to infection, with heterogeneity observed between clinical isolates of S. epidermidis, and between Met-5A and primary mesothelial cells. Heterogeneity between different S. epidermidis isolates suggests that specific virulence factors may play critical roles in influencing outcomes from peritonitis. This study provides new insights into early mesothelial cell responses to infection with S. epidermidis, and confirms the importance of validating findings in primary mesothelial cells.

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#28489742   2017/05/10 Save this To Up

Circulating TNF receptors predict cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main public health problem in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, there is no established biomarker for predicting CVD morbidity and mortality in CKD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of circulating tumor necrosis factor receptors (cTNFRs) in predicting CVD risk in CKD patients.We prospectively recruited 984 patients with CKD from 11 centers between 2006 and 2012. The levels of cTNFR1 and cTNFR2 were determined by performing an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. During the mean follow-up period of 4 years, 36 patients experienced a CVD event. The median serum concentrations of cTNFR1 and cTNFR2 were 2703.4 (225.6-13,057.7) and 5661.0 (634.9-30,599.6) pg/mL, respectively, and the cTNFR1 level was closely correlated with the cTNFR2 level (r = 0.86, P < .0001). The urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPCR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were significantly correlated with the cTNFR2 level (r = 0.21 for UPCR, r = -0.67 for eGFR; P < .001 for all). Similar correlations were observed for serum cTNFR1 (r = 0.21 for UPCR, r = -0.75 for eGFR; P < .001 for all). In the Cox proportional hazard analyses, cTNFR1 (hazard ratio [HR] 2.506, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.186-5.295, P = .016) and cTNFR2 (HR 4.156, 95% CI 1.913-9.030, P < .001) predicted CVD risk even after adjustment for clinical covariates, such as UPCR, eGFR, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. cTNFR1 and 2 are associated with CVD and other risk factors in CKD, independently of eGFR and UPCR. Furthermore, cTNFRs could be relevant predictors of CVD in CKD patients.

1033 related Products with: Circulating TNF receptors predict cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease.

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#28419100   2017/04/18 Save this To Up

Validation of two multiplex platforms to quantify circulating markers of inflammation and endothelial injury in severe infection.

Biomarkers can prognosticate outcome and enable risk-stratification. In severe infection, focusing on multiple markers reflecting pathophysiological mechanisms of organ injury could enhance management and pathway-directed therapeutics. Limited data exist on the performance of multiplex biomarker platforms. Our goal was to compare endothelial and immune activation biomarkers in severe pediatric infections using two multiplex platforms. Frozen plasma from 410 children presenting to the Jinja Regional Hospital in Uganda with suspected infection was used to measure biomarkers of endothelial (Angiopoietin-2, sFlt-1, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1) and immune (IL-6, IP-10, sTNFR-1, CHI3L1) activation. Two multiplex platforms (Luminex®, EllaTM) based on monoclonal antibody sandwich immunoassays using biotin-streptavidin conjugate chemistry were selected with reagents from R&D Systems. The two platforms differed in ease and time of completion, number of samples per assay, and dynamic concentration range. Intra-assay variability assessed using a coefficient of variation (CV%) was 2.2-3.4 for Luminex® and 1.2-2.9 for EllaTM. Correlations for biomarker concentrations within dynamic range of both platforms were best for IL-6 (ρ = 0.96, p<0.0001), IP-10 (ρ = 0.94, p<0.0001) and sFlt-1 (ρ = 0.94, p<0.0001). Agreement between concentrations obtained by both methods assessed by the Bland-Altman test varied, with best agreement for CHI3L1. Our data suggest that biomarkers of endothelial and immune activation can be readily measured with multiplex platforms. Luminex® and EllaTM produced reliable results with excellent CV% values. The EllaTM platform was more automated and completed in 75 minutes, potentially compatible with near-patient use. Trends in concentrations obtained by these methods were highly correlated, although absolute values varied, suggesting caution is required when comparing data from different multiplex platforms.

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#28376157   2017/04/04 Save this To Up

Sequential Validation of Blood-Based Protein Biomarker Candidates for Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer.

CA19-9, which is currently in clinical use as a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) biomarker, has limited performance in detecting early-stage disease. We and others have identified protein biomarker candidates that have the potential to complement CA19-9. We have carried out sequential validations starting with 17 protein biomarker candidates to determine which markers and marker combination would improve detection of early-stage disease compared with CA19-9 alone.

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#28375838   2017/04/04 Save this To Up

Circulating intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) in tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS).

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