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BDNF Val66Met genetic variation and its plasma level in patients with morbid obesity: A case-control study.

Obesity is a major public health concern worldwide. Genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors contribute to the multifactorial etiology of obesity. Evidence suggests an association between human Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Val66Met single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and obesity. Reduced plasma BDNF levels have also been reported in patients with eating disorders and obesity. We aimed to evaluate the BDNF Val66Met (rs6265) SNP and also plasma BDNF levels in morbidly obese patients compared with healthy normal controls in southern Iran. One hundred morbidly obese patients and one hundred eight healthy normal controls were enrolled. Blood-derived DNA samples were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method and confirmed by DNA sequencing. Plasma BDNF levels were evaluated using a commercially available sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for human BDNF. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software, version 18.0. Genotype distribution was not significantly different between obese patients and controls. However, plasma BDNF levels were significantly lower in obese patients compared with controls. Interestingly, a significant association was found between BDNF Val66Met SNP and plasma BDNF levels. No relationship was observed between BDNF Val66Met SNP and all assessed demographic and clinical characteristics of obese patients. It seems that plasma BDNF levels were associated with both obesity and BDNF Val66Met SNP. However, this association was not found between BDNF Val66Met SNP and obesity. Further studies with larger sample sizes are needed for more detailed assessment of this genetic variation as a potential biomarker for obesity.

1379 related Products with: BDNF Val66Met genetic variation and its plasma level in patients with morbid obesity: A case-control study.

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Human β-defensin-3 participates in intra-amniotic host defense in women with labor at term, spontaneous preterm labor and intact membranes, and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes.

Human β-defensin-3 (HBD-3) has a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, and activity and, therefore, plays a central role in host defense mechanisms against infection. Herein, we determined whether HBD-3 was a physiological constituent of amniotic fluid during midtrimester and at term and whether the concentration of this defensin was increased in amniotic fluid of women with spontaneous preterm labor and intact membranes and those with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (pPROM) with intra-amniotic inflammation or intra-amniotic infection.

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Effects of Different Calcium Silicate Cements on the Inflammatory Response and Odontogenic Differentiation of Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells.

This study aimed to analyze the effects of different calcium silicate cements (CSCs) on the inflammatory response and odontogenic differentiation of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human dental pulp stem cells. Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce inflammation. These LPS-induced dental pulp stem cells (LDPSCs) were cultured with ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, Retro MTA, and Dycal. Cell viability was evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 cytokine levels were assessed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin, and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) were analyzed through real-time polymerase chain reaction. ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, and Retro MTA did not significantly decrease the cell viability of LDPSCs for up to 48 h ( < 0.05). Retro MTA significantly decreased the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 by LDPSCs. ProRoot MTA and Biodentine significantly reduced TGF-β expression by LDPSCs ( < 0.05). Regarding odontogenic differentiation, all CSCs had no effect on ALP expression but increased the production of RUNX2 at 12 h.

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Reproductive toxicity of perchlorate in rats.

Perchlorate, as an oxidizer, has many applications such as explosives and pyrotechnics, especially in rocket propellants and missile motors. Because it was found in water including wells and drinking water in the US, its effect on human health was being noted. However, the reproductive toxic effect on perchlorate is still unclear. In present study, the effects of repeated exposure to perchlorate on reproductive toxicity were evaluated in Wistar rats. The rats were treated orally with perchlorate at doses of 0.05, 1.00 or 10.00 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) daily for 8 weeks. The levels of T and T hormones in the rat serum were detected by radioimmunoassay kit. The indexes of reproduction, percentage of organ in body weight (%) and frequency of abnormal sperm cells were also analyzed in this study. DNA damage in testicular cells was evaluated by Comet assay. The levels of MDA, GSH and SOD were examined in testicle tissues of rats by ELISA. The expression of c-fos and fas protein was examined in testicle tissues by immunohistochemistry. The results showed that perchlorate did not affect the body weight of rats. Perchlorate also significantly decreased indexes of live birth and weaning in the groups of 1.00 and 10.00 mg/kg, and viability index only in the 10.00 mg/kg group (P < 0.05). Perchlorate also significantly decreased the serum level of T in male rats of 1.00 and 10.00 mg/kg groups, increased the rate of sperm abnormality (10.00 mg/kg), potentially caused DNA damage in testicular cells and altered the status of oxidative stress in male rats. In addition, because of the increase in the expression of fas and c-fos protein in testicle tissues, perchlorate could induce apoptosis in spermatogenesis. Thus, these findings indicate that perchlorate could cause DNA damage in testicular tissues and reduce testicular spermatogenic ability, resulting in reproductive toxicity.

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microRNA-146a downregulates IL-17 and IL-35 and inhibits proliferation of human periodontal ligament stem cells.

Periodontitis is characterized by increased levels of proinflammatory factors, such as interleukin-17 (IL-17) and IL-35. In this study, the expression of microRNA-146a (miRNA-146a), IL-17, and IL-35 in the plasma of patients with periodontitis and healthy controls were detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. miRNA-146a mimic was transfected into periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) isolated from periodontitis-affected teeth and healthy teeth. Cell proliferation and expression of IL-17 and IL-35 were detected by cell counting kit-8 assay and Western blot analysis, respectively. It was observed that miRNA-146a was downregulated but IL-17 and IL-35 were upregulated in the plasma of patients with periodontitis than in healthy controls. miRNA-146a was inversely correlated with IL-17 and IL-35 in patients with periodontitis. miRNA-146a overexpression inhibited proliferation of PDLSCs derived from both periodontitis-affected teeth and healthy teeth. miRNA-146a overexpression led to downregulated IL-17 and IL-35 expression in PDLSCs isolated from periodontitis-affected teeth. We, therefore, conclude that miRNA-146a may improve periodontitis by downregulating IL-17 and IL-35 expression and inhibiting proliferation of human PDLSCs.

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Blood donor safety, prevalence and associated factors for cytomegalovirus infection among blood donors in Minna-Nigeria, 2014.

human cytomegalovirus (CMV) has remained a cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy and immunocompromised patients. CMV is transmissible through blood transfusion. We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study to assess blood donor safety and to determine the prevalence and associated factors for CMV infection among blood donors in Minna, Nigeria.

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Metabolomics and proteomics profiles of some medicinal plants and correlation with BDNF activity.

Identification of the low abundance of phytochemicals in plant extracts is very difficult. Pharmacological activity observed in such plants is not due to a single compound. In most cases, plant extracts show activity based on synergistic or antagonistic effects. Therefore, the idea of a holistic approach is more rational.

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Effect of Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma and Gelatin Sponge for Tendon-to-Bone Healing After Rabbit Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

To investigate platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with gelatin sponge (GS) to improve tendon-bone interface healing and structure formation.

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Graft Neutrophil Sequestration and Concomitant Tissue Plasminogen Activator Release During Reperfusion in Clinical Kidney Transplantation.

Inflammation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis are tightly linked together. Reperfusion after transient ischemia activates both neutrophils, coagulation, and fibrinolysis. Experimental data suggest that tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) regulates renal neutrophil influx in kidney ischemia and reperfusion injury.

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A commercial ELISA for detection of interferon-gamma in white rhinoceros.

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, is endemic in Kruger National Park, South Africa, home to the largest population of white rhinoceros ( Ceratotherium simum) in the world. In 2016, the first cases of naturally occurring bTB were reported in white rhinoceros; however, there is a lack of understanding of infection and disease process in this species. Prevention and control of transmission depends on the availability of accurate tools to detect M. bovis infection. Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) assays are a reliable detection method for TB in other animal species, and studies have indicated that these tests can be used in white rhinoceros. We sought to screen and optimize a commercial IFN-γ enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect endogenous white rhinoceros IFN-γ in mitogen-stimulated whole blood as a basis for developing a test for M. bovis infection. Optimizations included identifying ELISA antibodies and determining the effect of sample matrix, ELISA plate incubation temperature, ELISA linearity, assay reproducibility, and the assay's limit of quantification. The optimized assay employed an equine IFN-γ antibody pair that was used to create a commercial ELISA kit. This ELISA had a linear response to recombinant equine and endogenous rhinoceros IFN-γ (range: 7.8-125 pg/mL). When incubated at 37°C, the ELISA was highly reproducible, with an optimal recovery and a low limit of quantification, indicating that the Mabtech equine IFN-γ ELISA kit is a robust assay for measuring white rhinoceros IFN-γ.

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