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#14625567   2003/11/19 Save this To Up

Local immunotherapy of spontaneous feline fibrosarcomas using recombinant poxviruses expressing interleukin 2 (IL2).

We tested the canarypox virus vector ALVAC and the genetically attenuated vaccinia virus vector NYVAC as vehicles for achieving local immunomodulation in domestic animals bearing spontaneous tumours. Following intratumoral administration of ALVAC-, or NYVAC-luciferase in dogs with melanoma, it was demonstrated that viral recombinants remained localized along the needle track, with no virus detectable in the periphery of the tumour. Given these distribution characteristics and their well-documented safety profile, ALVAC- or NYVAC-based recombinants expressing feline or human IL2, respectively, were administered to domestic cats, in order to prevent the recurrence of spontaneous fibrosarcomas. In the absence of immunotherapy, tumour recurrence was observed in 61% of animals within a 12-month follow-up period after treatment with surgery and iridium-based radiotherapy. In contrast, only 39 and 28% of cats receiving either NYVAC-human IL2 or ALVAC-feline IL2, respectively, exhibited tumour recurrences. Based on such results, and in the context of ongoing clinical studies conducted in humans, we discuss the utilization of ALVAC- or NYVAC-based recombinants as viable therapeutic modalities for local immunotherapy or therapeutic vaccination against cancer, both in humans and companion animals.

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#7604538   1995/08/10 Save this To Up

Functional and phenotypic analysis of in vitro stimulated canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

The inter-species cross-reactivity of cytokine bioassays for interleukin-2 (IL2) and interleukin-6 (IL6) was investigated in the canine species. The kinetics of normal canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated with pokeweed mitogen (PWM), were analyzed in terms of cytokine release and responsiveness to cytokine stimulation, in conjunction with determination of cell proliferation, de novo antibody synthesis and cell surface phenotype. PBMC were stimulated with PWM at the beginning of the culture and human recombinant IL2 (rIL2) was added 3-4 days post stimulation (d.p.s.). Mitogenically stimulated cells proliferated and synthesized antibody in a linear fashion up to 6 d.p.s. Resting PBMC had a mean CD4+/CD8+ ratio of 1.7:1; whereas cells stimulated with PWM were predominantly of CD8 phenotype at 7 d.p.s.. Three days after addition of IL2, stimulated cells were predominantly of the Thy+, sIg-, CD4+, CD8- phenotype, with an increase in the CD4+/CD8+ ratio. The magnitude of de novo antibody synthesis was lower in rIL2-supplemented cultures than in cultures stimulated only with PWM, and suggested a negative relationship between de novo antibody synthesis and proliferative responses of the same cultures. Supernatants from mitogen-stimulated cultures induced proliferation of mouse IL2- and IL6-dependent cell lines. Antibodies reactive with human IL2 or IL6 inhibited these responses. IL2-like activity in PWM-stimulated culture peaked by 2 d.p.s. and decreased thereafter. IL6-like activity peaked later (4-6 d.p.s.).

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