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#17823890   2007/10/02 Save this To Up

Conservation of IL-6 trans-signaling mechanisms controlling L-selectin adhesion by fever-range thermal stress.

Fever is associated with improved survival during infection in endothermic and ectothermic species although the protective mechanisms are largely undefined. Previous studies indicate that fever-range thermal stress increases the binding activity of the L-selectin homing receptor in human or mouse leukocytes, thereby promoting trafficking to lymphoid tissues across high endothelial venules (HEV). Here, we examined the evolutionary conservation of thermal regulation of L-selectin-like adhesion. Leukocytes from animals representing four taxa of vertebrates (mammals, avians, amphibians, teleosts) were shown to mediate L-selectin-like adhesion under shear to MECA-79-reactive ligands on mouse HEV in cross-species in vitro adherence assays. L-selectin-like binding activity was markedly increased by fever-range thermal stress in leukocytes of all species examined. Comparable increases in L-selectin-like adhesion were induced by thermal stress, IL-6, or the IL-6/soluble IL-6 receptor fusion protein, hyper-IL-6. Analysis of the molecular basis of thermal regulation of L-selectin-like adhesion identified a common IL-6 trans-signaling mechanism in endotherms and ectotherms that resulted in activation of JAK/STAT signaling and was inhibited by IL-6 neutralizing antibodies or recombinant soluble gp130. Conservation of IL-6-dependent mechanisms controlling L-selectin adhesion over hundreds of millions of years of vertebrate evolution strongly suggests that this is a beneficial focal point regulating immune surveillance during febrile inflammatory responses.

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#7604538   1995/08/10 Save this To Up

Functional and phenotypic analysis of in vitro stimulated canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

The inter-species cross-reactivity of cytokine bioassays for interleukin-2 (IL2) and interleukin-6 (IL6) was investigated in the canine species. The kinetics of normal canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated with pokeweed mitogen (PWM), were analyzed in terms of cytokine release and responsiveness to cytokine stimulation, in conjunction with determination of cell proliferation, de novo antibody synthesis and cell surface phenotype. PBMC were stimulated with PWM at the beginning of the culture and human recombinant IL2 (rIL2) was added 3-4 days post stimulation (d.p.s.). Mitogenically stimulated cells proliferated and synthesized antibody in a linear fashion up to 6 d.p.s. Resting PBMC had a mean CD4+/CD8+ ratio of 1.7:1; whereas cells stimulated with PWM were predominantly of CD8 phenotype at 7 d.p.s.. Three days after addition of IL2, stimulated cells were predominantly of the Thy+, sIg-, CD4+, CD8- phenotype, with an increase in the CD4+/CD8+ ratio. The magnitude of de novo antibody synthesis was lower in rIL2-supplemented cultures than in cultures stimulated only with PWM, and suggested a negative relationship between de novo antibody synthesis and proliferative responses of the same cultures. Supernatants from mitogen-stimulated cultures induced proliferation of mouse IL2- and IL6-dependent cell lines. Antibodies reactive with human IL2 or IL6 inhibited these responses. IL2-like activity in PWM-stimulated culture peaked by 2 d.p.s. and decreased thereafter. IL6-like activity peaked later (4-6 d.p.s.).

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