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#29053892   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Ultra-Fast Molecular Rotors within Porous Organic Cages.

Using variable temperature 2H static NMR spectra and 13C spin-lattice relaxation times (T1), we show that two different porous organic cages with tubular architectures are ultra-fast molecular rotors. The central para-phenylene rings that frame the 'windows' to the cage voids display very rapid rotational rates of the order of 1.2-8 x106 Hz at 230 K with low activation energy barriers in the 12-18 kJ mol-1 range. These cages act as hosts to iodine guest molecules, which dramatically slows down the rotational rates of the phenylene groups (5- 10 x104 Hz at 230 K), demonstrating potential use in applications that require molecular capture and release.

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#29053279   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Reduced Graphene Oxide/LiI Composite Lithium Ion Battery Cathodes.

Li-iodine chemistry is of interest for electrochemical energy storage because it has been shown to provide both high power and high energy density. However, Li-iodine batteries are typically formed using Li metal and elemental iodine, which presents safety and fabrication challenges (e.g., the high vapor pressure of iodine). These disadvantages could be circumvented by using LiI as a starting cathode. Here, we present fabrication of a reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/LiI composite cathode, enabling for the first time the use of LiI as the Li-ion battery cathode. LiI was coated on rGO by infiltration of an ethanolic solution of LiI into a compressed rGO aerogel followed by drying. The free-standing rGO/LiI electrodes show stable long-term cycling and good rate performance with high specific capacity (200 mAh g(-1) at 0.5 C after 100 cycles) and small hysteresis (0.056 V at 1 C). Shuttling was suppressed significantly. We speculate the improved electrochemical performance is due to strong interactions between the active materials and rGO, and the reduced ion and electron transport distances provided by the three-dimensional structured cathode.

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#29052174   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Phagocytosis Deficiency of Macrophages in NOD.H-2(h4) Mice Accelerates the Severity of Iodine-Induced Autoimmune Thyroiditis.

Apoptosis occurs in many autoimmune diseases. Excess iodine induces thyrocyte apoptosis and increases the incidence and prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT). However, the sequence of events between the appearance of thyrocyte apoptosis and the occurrence of thyroiditis remains uncharacterized. Furthermore, few studies have investigated the role of macrophage phagocytosis in the development of AIT. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between apoptosis and inflammatory infiltration in NOD.H-2(h4) mouse thyroids by comparing the sequence of events in tissue samples. We also investigated the role of macrophages by comparing macrophage phagocytosis function in BALB/c, C57BL/6, and NOD.H-2(h4) mice treated with different levels of iodine. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assays and thyroid inflammatory scores revealed that apoptosis (2 weeks) occurred before inflammatory infiltration (4 weeks). Phosphatidylserine (PS) expression on the extracellular surface of the cell membrane and double-stranded DNA fragments associated with apoptosis appeared at 2 and 8 weeks, respectively. Additionally, although apoptosis was enhanced in the thyroids of mice supplemented with excess iodine (0.05 ± 0.12 vs 1.63 ± 0.82% for BALB/c, 0.09 ± 0.14 vs 1.51 ± 0.34% for C57BL/6, and 0.07 ± 1.11 vs 4.72 ± 0.62% for NOD.H-2(h4) mice), only NOD.H-2(h4) mouse thyroids presented with inflammation. Furthermore, macrophages from NOD.H-2(h4) mice (44.46 ± 1.79%) exhibited decreased phagocytotic activity relative to that in BALB/c (54.21 ± 4.58%) and C57BL/6 (58.96 ± 4.04%) mice. There were no differences in phagocytosis function between NOD.H-2(h4) mice supplemented with excess iodine or left untreated (24.50 ± 2.66 vs 21.71 ± 1.79%, p = 0.06). In conclusion, deficiencies in the apoptosis clearance of macrophages in NOD.H-2(h4) mice may constitute an early pathogenic mechanism in AIT that is not influenced by iodine intake.

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#29052025   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Ultra-low-dose CT coronary angiography using 128-slice dual source CT with low concentration contrast agent: initial experience.

To optimize and evaluate an ultra-low-dose (ULD) technique for CT coronary angiography (CTCA).

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#29052019   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Image quality improvements using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction for evaluating chronic myocardial infarction using iodine density images with spectral CT.

Single-source dual-energy CT (ssDECT) allows the reconstruction of iodine density images (IDIs) from projection based computing. We hypothesized that adding adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) could improve image quality. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect and determine the optimal blend percentages of ASiR for IDI of myocardial late iodine enhancement (LIE) in the evaluation of chronic myocardial infarction using ssDECT. A total of 28 patients underwent cardiac LIE using a ssDECT scanner. IDIs between 0 and 100% of ASiR contributions in 10% increments were reconstructed. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of remote myocardia and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of infarcted myocardia were measured. Transmural extent of infarction was graded using a 5-point scale. The SNR, CNR, and transmural extent were assessed for each ASiR contribution ratio. The transmural extents were compared with MRI as a reference standard. Compared to 0% ASiR, the use of 20-100% ASiR resulted in a reduction of image noise (p < 0.01) without significant differences in the signal. Compared with 0% ASiR images, reconstruction with 100% ASiR image showed the highest improvement in SNR (229%; p < 0.001) and CNR (199%; p < 0.001). ASiR above 80% showed the highest ratio (73.7%) of accurate transmural extent classification. In conclusion, ASiR intensity of 80-100% in IDIs can improve image quality without changes in signal and maximizes the accuracy of transmural extent in infarcted myocardium.

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#29051792   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Papillary thyroid cancer recurrence 43 Years following Total Thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine ablation: a case report.

Recurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) beyond the first two decades of definitive treatment (i.e. total thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine ablation) is a rare occurrence.

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#29051477   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Low kV and Low Concentration Contrast Agent with Iterative Reconstruction of Computed Tomography (CT) Coronary Angiography: A Preliminary Study.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the image quality and radiation dose of CT coronary angiography (CTCA) with low kV, low concentration contrast agent, and iterative reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety cases were randomly divided into 3 groups according to contrast agent concentration: group A 270 mg/ml (100 kV), group B 350 mg/ml (120 kV), and group C 370 mg/ml (120 kV), with 30 cases per group. Tube current was 200-250 mAs. Collimator width was 128×0.6 mm. Rotation speed was 0.27 s. The CT value of the left and right coronary arteries and the ascending aortic root was measured. The SNR and CNR of the images were calculated to evaluate the image quality objectively. The CTDI, DLP, and contrast injection were recorded. RESULTS There were no significant differences in sex, age, weight, height, and BMI among the 3 groups. There was no statistically significant difference between left and right coronary artery and ascending aortic root CT value, background noise, SNR, and CNR. Compared to B and C, the ED in group A decreased by about 27.58% and 28.21%, respectively. The total amount of iodine in group A was decreased by about 21.27% and 24.83%, respectively compared with groups B and C. CONCLUSIONS Low kV and low concentration contrast agent combined with iterative reconstruction for CTCA imaging produced image quality consistent with that of conventional CTCA and significantly reduced the dosage of the radiation and injected iodine.

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#29051093   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Purification and analysis of the composition and antioxidant activity of polysaccharides from Helicteres angustifolia L.

The antioxidant activity of polysaccharides has attracted tremendous research interest in recent years. In this study, we aimed to investigate the antioxidant properties of Helicteres angustifolia L. polysaccharides (HALP) that was acquired by water extraction and alcohol precipitation using ultrasound-assisted method with decolorization and protein removal. The polysaccharides were then successively purified using chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex S-300 columns with two major fractions: HALPs1-1 and HALPs2-1. The physicochemical properties, structural characterization, and antioxidant activities of these fractions were investigated. The results indicated that HALPs1-1 was a glucan with an average molecular weight of 151.70kDa, and HALPs2-1 was composed of glucuronic acid with an average molecular weight of 114.81kDa. Infrared spectroscopies and iodine potassium iodide tests showed that the HALP were acid α-pyranoses. The antioxidant activities of the polysaccharide fractions (HALP, HALPs1-1, and HALPs2-1) were evaluated in vitro. The results suggested that HALPs2-1 had the highest scavenging activities for ABTS, hydroxyl and DPPH radicals than other polysaccharides. Taken together, the results of this study suggested that polysaccharides from Helicteres angustifolia L. could be used as novel potential antioxidants.

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#29050705   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Iodine nutritional status in Asturian schoolchildren.

Iodine deficiency is a public health problem, and iodine nutritional status should therefore be regularly measured.

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#29050668   2017/10/20 Save this To Up

Microbial Transformation of Iodine: From Radioisotopes to Iodine Deficiency.

Iodine is a biophilic element that is important for human health, both as an essential component of several thyroid hormones and, on the other hand, as a potential carcinogen in the form of radioiodine generated by anthropogenic nuclear activity. Iodine exists in multiple oxidation states (-1, 0, +1, +3, +5, and +7), primarily as molecular iodine (I2), iodide (I(-)), iodate [Formula: see text] , or organic iodine (org-I). The mobility of iodine in the environment is dependent on its speciation and a series of redox, complexation, sorption, precipitation, and microbial reactions. Over the last 15years, there have been significant advances in iodine biogeochemistry, largely spurred by renewed interest in the fate of radioiodine in the environment. We review the biogeochemistry of iodine, with particular emphasis on the microbial processes responsible for volatilization, accumulation, oxidation, and reduction of iodine, as well as the exciting technological potential of these fascinating microorganisms and enzymes.

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