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[First Isolation of Coxiella burnetii in Turkey from a Patient with Endocarditis; Antigen Production and Phase Change Study].

Coxiella burnetii is the causative agent of Q fever, a zoonotic infection. The bacteria is a gram-negative, pleomorphic, coccobacilli and capable to survive and proliferate within the host cell's phagolysosome. There are two morphological cell types of C.burnetii including small and large cell variants. C.burnetii is divided into phase I and phase II serologically variants according to LPS structure in the cell wall. Phase I is the natural phase found in infected animals or humans and is highly infectious. Phase II is not very infectious and could be obtained only in laboratories after serial passages in cell cultures or embryonated egg cultures. Q fever can be asymptomatic (in 50% of the cases), acute or chronic. Major presentations of acute Q fever are flu-like illness, pneumonia, and hepatitis, whereas the chronic form presents mainly as infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to obtain C.burnetii phase II variant from C.burnetii phase I variant by a phase change study. In this study, C.burnetii was isolated by cell culture method from the heart valve tissue of a Q fever endocarditis case. C.burnetii phase I antigen for the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was prepared from the isolated strain. For the isolation and identification of C.burnetii, heart valve tissue of the patient was homogenized and DNA was extracted by tissue extraction kit. C.burnetii DNA in the valve tissue was determined by real-time PCR (Rt-PCR). This C.burnetii DNA positive specimen was inoculated into Vero cells by shell vial centrifugation method. The scraped Vero cells were fixed on the slides after one week of incubation and IFAT was performed using C.burnetii phase I IgG positive sera, bacteria that were grown in and surrounding the Vero cells stained apple green were determined microscopically. Infected cells were disrupted by freeze and thaw method to obtain bacterial suspension. The DNA obtained from the bacterial suspension was again found to be positive for C.burnetii by Rt-PCR. Isolation sample was found to be positive in PCR at an earlier cycle compared to heart tissue sample, thus the bacterial growth was also confirmed with PCR. 16S ribosomal RNA gene of our isolate was amplified by PCR using 27F and 1492 primers and then sequenced. The DNA sequences were compared with reference DNA sequences of GeneBank; and the nucleotide sequence of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene of our isolate was found to be 99% similar to C.burnetii strain ATCC VR-615 an accession number NR104916. Serial cell culture passages of the isolated strain were performed to obtain C.burnetii phase II variant from C.burnetii phase I variant. After each passage, presence of phase change was investigated by IFAT using C.burnetii phase I and phase II IgG positive sera. At the end of 17 cell culture passages, phase change could not be observed. C.burnetii phase I IFAT antigen was prepared from the obtained bacterial suspension. In this study, we presented the isolation and identification of C.burnetii by cell culture, molecular and serological methods from the heart valve of a patient with endocarditis for the first time in our country.

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HIV 1 intergase antigen. Mouse Anti P.aeruginosa s Rabbit AntiFNIP1 Target A Mouse AntiInfluenza B Nuc Malaria pf pv antigen tes Mouse Anti P. aeruginosa Mouse Anti Shigella boydi Coxiella burnetii IgG Pha rHIV gp36, soluble Antige Toxoplasma gondii GRA8, r Mouse AntiHIV1 integrase Recombinant Hemagglutinin

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Relationship between microRNA-206 plasma levels with the severity of coronary artery conflicts in patients with coronary artery disease.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible association of miR-206 serum as an indicator of diagnosis in patients with coronary artery disease.

1319 related Products with: Relationship between microRNA-206 plasma levels with the severity of coronary artery conflicts in patients with coronary artery disease.

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[The role of histone deacetylases in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia].

To explore the role of histone deacetylases(HDAC) in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis(IPF) and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia(COP). Fifteen IPF patients [14 males and 1female, age 40-73 years, mean age (59±8) years] and 15 COP patients [5 males and 10 females, age 41-71 years, mean age (59±8) years] from Peking Union Medical College Hospital were recruited from March 2018 to October 2018. Fifteen healthy donors[4 males and 11females, age 43-70 years, mean age (58±6) years] were enrolled as controls. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated by density gradient centrifugation. The nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins were extracted by Nuclear Extraction Kit. HDAC activity was measured by fluorimetric method. The relations between HDAC activity and clinical parameters were analyzed with SPSS. The HDAC activity of cytoplasmic protein and nuclear protein from patients with IPF were (724±216) nmol/L and (2 309±708) nmol/L, which were higher than that of health controls (409±105) nmol/L and (1 572±611) nmol/L (0.01 for both). So as to the HDAC activity of cytoplasmic protein and nuclear protein from patients with COP which were (718±245) nmol/L and (3 310±1 005) nmol/L (0.01 for both).The HDAC activity of nuclear protein from COP patients was higher than that from IPF patients (-2.840, 0.005). The HDAC activity of nuclear protein was negatively correlated with FEV(1) and D(L)CO in IPF patients (-0.574, 0.025; -0.583, 0.029), and negatively correlated with FVC and TLC in COP patients(-0.846, 0.016; -0.900, 0.015). HDAC may be involved in the pathogenesis of COP and IPF.

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Evaluating the Efficiency of REPLI-g® Single Cell Kit for Trace DNA Amplification.

Objective To evaluate the efficiency of REPLI-g® Single Cell Kit for sample DNA amplification, and explore its application value in forensic trace DNA amplification. Methods Three DNA extraction kits were selected to extract DNA from peripheral blood of 10 unrelated individuals. The DNA yield and purity of the three DNA extraction kits were compared. According to the results of comparison, one DNA sample was selected to concentrate and dilute, then used as the initial sample of whole genome amplification (WGA). REPLI-g® Single Cell Kit was used to amplify the initial sample at the whole genome level. The amplification yield and amplification times were calculated, and the distribution of DNA fragments was detected by agarose gel electrophoresis. Goldenye® DNA ID System 20A Kit was used to perform the STR typing of the initial sample and DNA samples amplified at the whole genome level to evaluate the performance of REPLI-g® Single Cell Kit in trace DNA amplication in terms of purity and yield as well as the success rate of STR typing. Results After comparison, one DNA sample was selected from QIAsymphony® DNA Investigator® Kit extracts to concentrate and dilute as the initial sample of WGA. After amplifying the whole genome of a series of initial samples by REPLI-g® Single Cell Kit, the lowest average of amplification yield reached 8.77×103 ng, while the average of the corresponding amplification times reached 1.40×106. DNA fragments were large and concentrated. The STR typing success rate of WGA samples became lower with the decrease of initial samples used, but when the amount of samples was lower than 0.5 ng, the STR typing success rate of samples after DNA WGA was higher than that of samples without DNA WGA. Conclusion REPLI-g® Single Cell Kit can increase the yield of template DNA. Especially for trace DNA, the STR typing success rate can be improved to a certain extent.

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A practical study on direct PCR amplification using the GlobalFiler™ PCR Amplification Kit on human bloodstains collected with microFLOQ™ Direct swabs.

Rapid DNA profiling of casework samples is a powerful tool that can support law enforcement agencies in the quick apprehension of perpetrators before they re-offend or escape the jurisdiction. This present study evaluated the feasibility of direct PCR amplification, using the microFLOQ™ Direct swab, for generating DNA profiles (from bloodstains) within 3 h. The swab tip is coated with nylon fibers pre-treated with cell lysing agent, which allows for the direct PCR amplification of collected samples without DNA extraction and quantification, thereby shortening the time required to obtain a DNA profile. Samples collected were directly amplified using GlobalFiler™ PCR Amplification Kit with and without the presence of a PCR additive. Addition of the PCR additive enhanced the peak heights of DNA profiles by approximately 2 fold. Hence, an additive could improve results obtained in the absence of a DNA purification step, especially since casework samples may contain PCR inhibitors. Subsequently, these swabs, amplified using the GlobalFiler™ PCR Amplification Kit with PCR additive, were evaluated on common substrates encountered in routine casework samples submitted with bloodstains, such as denim jeans, knife blade, tissue paper, leather belt, shirt, and blood swabs. The minimum peak heights observed were generally above the analytical and stochastic thresholds established by the laboratory. Finally, the microFLOQ™ Direct swab workflow was compared to the laboratory's standard workflow of DNA profiling comprising of conventional processing steps such as extraction using the DNA-IQ™ chemistry on Maxwell 16, followed by quantification, amplification and capillary electrophoresis. The average peak heights of the DNA profiles generated by direct PCR amplification were similar or exceeded those generated using the standard workflow. This study clearly demonstrates that direct PCR amplification using microFLOQ™ Direct swab can be used in a rapid workflow to obtain DNA profiles from casework samples.

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Demarcating the membrane damage for the extraction of functional mitochondria.

Defective mitochondria have been linked to several critical human diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders, cancers and cardiovascular disease. However, the detailed characterization of mitochondria has remained relatively unexplored, largely due to the lack of effective extraction methods that may sufficiently retain the functionality of mitochondria, particularly when limited amount of sample is considered. In this study, we explore the possibility of modulating hydrodynamic stress through a cross-junction geometry at microscale to selectively disrupt the cellular membrane while mitochondrial membrane is secured. The operational conditions are empirically optimized to effectively shred the cell membranes while keeping mitochondria intact for the model mammalian cell lines, namely human embryonic kidney cells, mouse muscle cells and neuroblastoma cells. Unsurprisingly, the disruption of cell membranes with higher elastic moduli (neuroblastoma) requires elevated stress. This study also presents a comparative analysis of total protein yield and concentrations of extracted functional mitochondria with two commercially available mitochondria extraction approaches, the Dounce Homogenizer and the Qproteome Mitochondria Isolation Kit, in a range of cell concentrations. Our findings show that the proposed "microscale cell shredder" yields at least 40% more functional mitochondria than the two other approaches and is able to preserve the morphological integrity of extracted mitochondria, particularly at low cell concentrations (5-20 × 10 cells/mL). Characterized by its capability of rapidly processing a limited quantity of samples (200 μL), demarcating the membrane damage through the proposed microscale cell shredder represents a novel strategy to extract subcellular organelles from clinical samples.

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Comprehensive Evaluation of the Factors Affecting Plasma Circulating Cell-Free DNA Levels and Their Application in Diagnosing Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer.

Circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) is a valuable biomarker, but the ccfDNA levels are influenced by variations that occur during sample processing. The feasibility of using ccfDNA as a diagnostic biomarker requires further examination.

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Non-small cell lung cance Lung non small cell cance Small cell lung carcinoma Middle advanced stage lun Rabbit Anti-Cell death in Lung large cell carcinoma Non small cell lung carci Non small cell lung carci Multiple lung carcinoma ( Oral squamous cell cancer High density non small ce Lung squamous cell carcin

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Acoustic trapping of sperm cells from mock sexual assault samples.

We report the successful separation of sperm cells from a relevant composition of mock sexual assault samples using a novel acoustic differential extraction (ADE) technology. A multi-layer microfluidic device fabricated in a non-photolithographic process from glass and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was capable of interfacing with custom-built instrumentation to exploit a standing acoustic wave for the trapping of individual sperm cells in a sample containing an abundance of epithelial cells. Samples were generated from buccal and vaginal swabs to mimic post-coital vaginal swabs, and processed through the ADE system followed by DNA extraction of the captured cells with amplification of DNA using a custom short tandem repeat (STR) chemistry. The prototype acoustic trapping technology was fully capable of isolating intact sperm cells from mock samples with disparate masses of male and female DNA. Other biological components were evaluated for adverse effects on sperm cell trapping, including blood, yeast, and bacteria (E. coli), and these had negligible effects on observed sperm cell trapping. Finally, we demonstrate the successful capture of sperm cells from mock samples containing a 40-fold excess in female epithelial cells over sperm cells. The effectiveness of sperm cell purification was ascertained with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of STR loci from the male fraction post separation with an 18-plex amplification kit, which resulted in male-only profiles.

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Association of MMP9-1562C/T and MMP13-77A/G Polymorphisms with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in Southern Chinese Population.

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are capable of degrading and modifying most components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the basal membrane (BM), and play crucial roles in cancer invasion and metastasis. MMP gene expressions were regulated primarily at the transcriptional level, which was associated with tumor spread and patient prognosis. Polymorphisms in MMPs have been reported to be associated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of this study aim to evaluate the serum levels and polymorphisms of MMP-9 and MMP-13 in non-small cell lung cancer patients compared to normal subjects and their correlation to non-small cell lung cancer histopathology findings in Southern Chinese people.

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Cytotoxic activity of extracts and fractions from root and against pancreatic cancer cell lines.

The aim of this study was to assess cytotoxic activity of extracts and fractions from the Paramignya trimera root (PTR) and Phyllanthus amarus (PA) against two pancreatic cancer cell lines (primary: BxPc3 and secondary: CFPAC1).

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