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#28935938   2017/09/22 Save this To Up

An engineered bispecific DNA-encoded IgG antibody protects against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a pneumonia challenge model.

The impact of broad-spectrum antibiotics on antimicrobial resistance and disruption of the beneficial microbiome compels the urgent investigation of bacteria-specific approaches such as antibody-based strategies. Among these, DNA-delivered monoclonal antibodies (DMAbs), produced by muscle cells in vivo, potentially allow the prevention or treatment of bacterial infections circumventing some of the hurdles of protein IgG delivery. Here, we optimize DNA-delivered monoclonal antibodies consisting of two potent human IgG clones, including a non-natural bispecific IgG1 candidate, targeting Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The DNA-delivered monoclonal antibodies exhibit indistinguishable potency compared to bioprocessed IgG and protect against lethal pneumonia in mice. The DNA-delivered monoclonal antibodies decrease bacterial colonization of organs and exhibit enhanced adjunctive activity in combination with antibiotics. These studies support DNA-delivered monoclonal antibodies delivery as a potential strategy to augment the host immune response to prevent serious bacterial infections, and represent a significant advancement toward broader practical delivery of monoclonal antibody immunotherapeutics for additional infectious pathogens.DNA-delivered monoclonal antibodies (DMAbs) can be produced by muscle cells in vivo, potentially allowing prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Here, the authors show that two DMAbs targeting Pseudomonas aeruginosa proteins confer protection against lethal pneumonia in mice.

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Mouse Anti P. aeruginosa Mouse Anti P.aeruginosa s Mouse Anti P.aeruginosa s Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti CRC3 CD3 (bispecific) Cl HIV1 integrase antibody, Chlamydia pneumoniae anti Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po Rabbit Anti-NOS-2 iNOS Po

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#28898058   2017/09/12 Save this To Up

Mechanoregulation of SM22α/Transgelin.

SM22α, also named transgelin, is an actin filament-associated protein in smooth muscle and fibroblast. Three decades after discovery, the biological function of SM22α remains under investigation. Here we report a novel finding that the expression and degradation of SM22α/transgelin is regulated by mechanical tension. Following a mass spectrometry identification of SM22α degradation in isolated and tension-unloaded mouse aorta, we developed specific monoclonal antibodies to study the regulation of SM22α in human fetal lung myofibroblast line MRC-5 and primary cultures of neonatal mouse skin fibroblast. The level of SM22α is positively related to the mechanical tension in the cytoskeleton produced by myosin II motor in response to the stiffness of culture matrix. Quantitative RT-PCR demonstrated that the expression of SM22α is regulated at the transcriptional level. This mechanical regulation resembles that of calponin 2, another actin filament-associated protein. Immunofluorescent staining co-localized SM22α with F-actin, myosin and calponin 2 in mouse skin fibroblasts. The close phylogenetic relationship between SM22α and the calponin gene family supports that SM22α is a calponin-like regulatory protein. SM22α is decreased in skin fibroblasts isolated from calponin 2 knockout mice, suggesting interrelated regulation and function of the two proteins. On the other hand, SM22α expression was maximized at a higher matrix stiffness than that for calponin 2 in the same cell type, indicating differentiated regulation and tension responsiveness. The novel mechanoregulation of SM22α/transgelin lays a groundwork for understanding its cellular functions.

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Goat Anti-Human, Mouse, R Ofloxacin CAS Number [824

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#28893913   2017/09/12 Save this To Up

IL17A-deficient mice are highly susceptible to Toxoplasma gondii infection due to excessively induced T. gondii HSP70 and IFN-γ production.

IL-17A is known to be involved in the host defense against pathogens and pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Previously, we showed that excessive IFN-γ plays an important role in the pathogenesis of lethal effect of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) by inducing anaphylactic responses. In this report, we examine the effects of an IL-17A deficiency on murine host defense against oral T. gondii infection. IL-17A-deficient C57BL/6 (B6) mice exhibited higher mortality than wild type (WT) mice to T. gondii at the acute phase of infection. CD4(+) T cells in mesenteric lymph nodes (mLNs) and ileum of T. gondii-infected IL-17A-deficient mice produced higher levels of IFN-γ than did those in WT mice. In addition, T. gondii HSP70 (T.g.HSP70) expression was also significantly increased in the ileum, mLNs, liver and spleen of infected IL-17A-deficient mice as compared with WT mice. These elevated expressions of T.g.HSP70 and IFN-γ in infected IL-17A-deficient mice were presumably linked to the IL-17A defect since they decreased to WT levels after treatment with recombinant IL-17A. Furthermore, IL-17A-deficient mice were highly susceptible to anaphylactic effect of T.g.HSP70, and acute phase survival of IL-17A-deficient mice was improved by the treatment with anti-T.g.HSP70 monoclonal antibody. These results suggest that IL-17A plays an important role in host survival against T. gondii infection by protecting host from anaphylactic reaction via downregulating T.g.HSP70 and IFN-γ production.

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Toxoplasma gondii MIC 3 r Toxoplasma gondii P24 (GR Toxoplasma gondii P29 (GR Toxoplasma gondii P30 (SA TOXOPLASMA GONDII Culture Recombinant Toxoplasma go Recombinant Toxoplasma go Recombinant Toxoplasma go Recombinant Toxoplasma go Recombinant Toxoplasma go Recombinant Toxoplasma go NATtrol TOXOPLASMA GONDII

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#28883620   2017/09/08 Save this To Up

Antibody production by in vivo RNA transfection.

Monoclonal antibodies have a variety of applications in research and medicine. Here, we report development of a new method for production of monoclonal antibodies. Our method relies on in vivo RNA transfection rather than peptide vaccination. We took advantage of RNA transcripts complexed with DOTMA and DOPE lipids to transfect mice. Intravenous administration of our RNA vaccine to mice resulted in expression of the antigenic peptides by splenic dendritic cells and detection of the antigens in the serum. The RNA vaccine stimulated production of specific antibodies against the RNA-encoded peptides. We produced monoclonal antibodies against viral, bacterial, and human antigens. In addition, we showed that our RNA vaccine stimulated humoral immunity and rescued mice infected with influenza A virus. Our method could be used as an efficient tool to generate monoclonal antibodies and to stimulate humoral immunity for research and medical purposes.

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Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon ABCE1 RNAse L inhibitor A Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti HIV1 integrase antibody, ReadiLink™ mFluor™ Vi Integrin â3 (Phospho Tyr ReadiLink™ mFluor™ Vi Integrin â3 (Phospho Tyr

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#28873000   2017/09/05 Save this To Up

Immunohistochemical Analysis Using Antipodocalyxin Monoclonal Antibody PcMab-47 Demonstrates Podocalyxin Expression in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas.

Podocalyxin is a CD34-related type I transmembrane protein that is highly glycosylated with N-glycan, O-glycan, and keratan sulfate. Podocalyxin was originally found in the podocytes of rat kidney and is reportedly expressed in many types of tumors, including brain tumors, colorectal cancers, and breast cancers. Overexpression of podocalyxin is an independent predictor of progression, metastasis, and poor outcome. We recently immunized mice with recombinant human podocalyxin, which was produced using LN229 glioblastoma cells, and produced a novel antipodocalyxin monoclonal antibody (mAb), PcMab-47, which reacts with endogenous podocalyxin-expressing cancer cell lines and normal cell lines independent of glycosylation in Western blot, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemical analyses. In this study, we performed immunohistochemical analysis against oral cancers using PcMab-47. PcMab-47-stained oral squamous cell carcinoma cells in a cytoplasmic pattern and detected 26/38 (68.4%) of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells on tissue microarrays. These results indicate that PcMab-47 is useful in detecting podocalyxin of oral cancers for immunohistochemical analysis.

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Oral cavity squamous cell Oral squamous cell cancer Anti C Reactive Protein A Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl HIV1 integrase antibody, Anti 3 DG imidazolone Mon

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#28852189   2017/08/30 Save this To Up

Production of Monoclonal Antibodies to Pathologic β-sheet Oligomeric Conformers in Neurodegenerative Diseases.

We describe a novel approach to produce conformational monoclonal antibodies selected to specifically react with the β-sheet secondary structure of pathological oligomeric conformers, characteristic of many neurodegenerative diseases. Contrary to past and current efforts, we utilize a mammalian non-self-antigen as an immunogen. The small, non-self peptide selected was covalently polymerized with glutaraldehyde until it reached a high β-sheet secondary structure content, and species between 10-100kDa that are immunogenic, stable and soluble (p13Bri). Inoculation of p13Bri in mice elicited antibodies to the peptide and the β-sheet secondary structure conformation. Hybridomas were produced and clones selected for their reactivity with at least two different oligomeric conformers from Alzheimer's, Parkinson and/or Prion diseases. The resulting conformational monoclonals are able to detect pathological oligomeric forms in different human neurodegenerative diseases by ELISA, immunohistochemistry and immunoblots. This technological approach may be useful to develop tools for detection, monitoring and treatment of multiple misfolding disorders.

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HIV1 integrase antibody, Shiga Toxin 1 antibody, M Shiga Toxin 2 antibody, M Cholera toxin antibody, M Clostridium botulinum D T Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi

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#28849099   2017/08/29 Save this To Up

Functional expression, characterization, and application of human S100B.

The EF-hand calcium-binding protein S100B presents a wide range of biological activities and functions. This binding protein is involved in various human diseases, including cancer, brain trauma and ischemia, neuro-degenerative disease (Alzheimer's disease), and psychiatric disorders. In this study, we prepared human S100B protein and its monoclonal antibodies. Human S100B protein was expressed in Escherichia coli, successfully purified by diethylaminoethyl cellulose anion-exchange chromatography, and then identified by western blot analysis. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced by the standard hybridoma method and validated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blot analysis. The prepared human S100B protein and its mAbs demonstrated potential biological activities. The KD of one mAb is approximately 4.72x10-8 mol/l, and its cross reactivity is low with human S100A4, mouse S100A4, and human S100A1. Recombinant Soluble S100B can promote the migration and invasion of HeLa cells. The expression of S100B protein in tumor tissues can be detected effectively by using the prepared monoclonal antibodies. Increasing concentration of the anti-human S100B mAbs showed a reduced expression of the S100B protein. Subsequently, the expression of p53 increased significantly (P<0.05) in A375 cells. A significant increase in apoptosis in A375 cells was observed with increasing S100B mAb concentration. Results showed that our prepared S100B mAbs were suitable for detecting S100B expression in human tissues, furnishing promising tools for further functional investigation and clinical applications.

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NFκB-p65(Phospho-Thr435) HNF4α (Phospho-Ser304) A Ephrin-B2 (Phospho-Tyr316 Ephrin-B2 (Phospho-Tyr330 Tyrosine Hydroxylase (Pho FAK (Phospho-Tyr397) Anti SP1 (Phospho-Thr739) Anti α-catenin (Phospho-Ser64 VEGFR2 (phospho-Tyr1059) Stat2 (phospho-Tyr690) An Cyclin E1 (phospho-Thr395 Synapsin (phospho-Ser549)

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#28846506   2017/08/28 Save this To Up

Rare, high-affinity mouse anti-PD-1 antibodies that function in checkpoint blockade, discovered using microfluidics and molecular genomics.

Conventionally, mouse hybridomas or well-plate screening are used to identify therapeutic monoclonal antibody candidates. In this study, we present an alternative to hybridoma-based discovery that combines microfluidics, yeast single-chain variable fragment (scFv) display, and deep sequencing to rapidly interrogate and screen mouse antibody repertoires. We used our approach on six wild-type mice to identify 269 molecules that bind to programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), which were present at an average of 1 in 2,000 in the pre-sort scFv libraries. Two rounds of fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) produced populations of PD-1-binding scFv with a mean enrichment of 800-fold, whereas most scFv present in the pre-sort mouse repertoires were de-enriched. Therefore, our work suggests that most of the antibodies present in the repertoires of immunized mice are not strong binders to PD-1. We observed clusters of related antibody sequences in each mouse following FACS, suggesting evolution of clonal lineages. In the pre-sort repertoires, these putative clonal lineages varied in both the complementary-determining region (CDR)3K and CDR3H, while the FACS-selected PD-1-binding subsets varied primarily in the CDR3H. PD-1 binders were generally not highly diverged from germline, showing 98% identity on average with germline V-genes. Some CDR3 sequences were discovered in more than one animal, even across different mouse strains, suggesting convergent evolution. We synthesized 17 of the anti-PD-1 binders as full-length monoclonal antibodies. All 17 full-length antibodies bound recombinant PD-1 with KD < 500 nM (average = 62 nM). Fifteen of the 17 full-length antibodies specifically bound surface-expressed PD-1 in a FACS assay, and nine of the antibodies functioned as checkpoint inhibitors in a cellular assay. We conclude that our method is a viable alternative to hybridomas, with key advantages in comprehensiveness and turnaround time.

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Goat Anti-Mouse SAR1, (in Goat Anti-Mouse Rab17 (mo Goat Anti-Mouse IA2, (int Goat Anti-Human, Mouse HI Goat Anti-Human FTO (Mous Goat Anti-Human, Mouse EB Goat Anti-Mouse, Rat DLL1 Goat Anti-Human, Mouse, R Goat Anti-Human, Mouse, R Goat Anti-Human, Mouse AR Goat Anti-Human Apolipopr Goat Anti- apolipoprotein

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#28842325   2017/08/26 Save this To Up

C-terminal processing of collagen XVII induces neoepitopes for linear IgA dermatosis autoantibodies.

Transmembrane collagen XVII (COL17) is a hemidesmosomal component of basal keratinocytes that can be targeted by autoantibodies in autoimmune blistering disorders, including linear IgA dermatosis (LAD). The COL17 can be physiologically cleaved within the juxtamembranous extracellular NC16A domain, and LAD autoantibodies preferentially react with the processed ectodomains, indicating that the processing induces neoepitopes. However, the details of how neoepitopes develop have not been elucidated. In this study, we show that C-terminal processing of COL17 also plays a role in inducing neoepitopes for LAD autoantibodies. First, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) hC17-ect15 targeting the 15(th) collagenous domain of COL17 was produced, which showed characteristics similar to LAD autoantibodies. Interestingly, the mAbs preferentially reacted with C-terminally deleted (up to 682 amino acids) recombinant COL17, suggesting that C-terminal processing reveals neoepitopes on the 15(th) collagenous domain. The LAD autoantibodies also react with C-terminal deleted COL17. Therefore, neoepitopes for LAD autoantibodies also develop after C-terminal processing. Finally, the passive transfer of the mAbs hC17-ect15 into human COL17-expressing transgenic mice failed to induce blistering disease, suggesting that neoepitope-targeting antibodies are not always pathogenic. In summary, this study shows that C-terminal processing induces dynamic structural changes and neoepitopes for LAD autoantibodies on COL17.

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ELHACI Human Monkey IgA a Human monkey anti-chick t ELHABI Human Monkey IgA a Human monkey anti-bovine ELHAPI Human Monkey IgA a Human monkey anti-porcine ELHAHI Human Monkey IgA a Human monkey anti-human t ELHACII Human Monkey IgA Human monkey anti-chick t ELHABII Human Monkey IgA Human monkey anti-bovine

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#28830009   2017/08/22 Save this To Up

Humanization of JAA-F11, a Highly Specific Anti-Thomsen-Friedenreich Pancarcinoma Antibody and InVitro Efficacy Analysis.

JAA-F11 is a highly specific mouse monoclonal to the Thomsen-Friedenreich Antigen (TF-Ag) which is an alpha-O-linked disaccharide antigen on the surface of ~80% of human carcinomas, including breast, lung, colon, bladder, ovarian, and prostate cancers, and is cryptic on normal cells. JAA-F11 has potential, when humanized, for cancer immunotherapy for multiple cancer types. Humanization of JAA-F11, was performed utilizing complementarity determining regions grafting on a homology framework. The objective herein is to test the specificity, affinity and biology efficacy of the humanized JAA-F11 (hJAA-F11). Using a 609 target glycan array, 2 hJAA-F11 constructs were shown to have excellent chemical specificity, binding only to TF-Ag alpha-linked structures and not to TF-Ag beta-linked structures. The relative affinity of these hJAA-F11 constructs for TF-Ag was improved over the mouse antibody, while T20 scoring predicted low clinical immunogenicity. The hJAA-F11 constructs produced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in breast and lung tumor lines shown to express TF-Ag by flow cytometry. Internalization of hJAA-F11 into cancer cells was also shown using a surface binding ELISA and confirmed by immunofluorescence microscopy. Both the naked hJAA-F11 and a maytansine-conjugated antibody (hJAA-F11-DM1) suppressed in vivo tumor progression in a human breast cancer xenograft model in SCID mice. Together, our results support the conclusion that the humanized antibody to the TF-Ag has potential as an adjunct therapy, either directly or as part of an antibody drug conjugate, to treat breast cancer, including triple negative breast cancer which currently has no targeted therapy, as well as lung cancer.

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