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#23076707   2013/03/04 Save this To Up

Composition of soluble misfolded superoxide dismutase-1 in murine models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

A common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is mutations in superoxide dismutase-1, which provoke the disease by an unknown mechanism. We have previously found that soluble hydrophobic misfolded mutant human superoxide dismutase-1 species are enriched in the vulnerable spinal cords of transgenic model mice. The levels were broadly inversely correlated with life spans, suggesting involvement in the pathogenesis. Here, we used methods based on antihuman superoxide dismutase-1 peptide antibodies specific for misfolded species to explore the composition and amounts of soluble misfolded human superoxide dismutase-1 in tissue extracts. Mice expressing 5 different human superoxide dismutase-1 variants with widely variable structural characteristics were examined. The levels were generally higher in spinal cords than in other tissues. The major portion of misfolded superoxide dismutase-1 was shown to be monomers lacking the C57-C146 disulfide bond with large hydrodynamic volume, indicating a severely disordered structure. The remainder of the misfolded protein appeared to be non-covalently associated in 130- and 250-kDa complexes. The malleable monomers should be prone to aggregate and associate with other cellular components, and should be easily translocated between compartments. They may be the primary cause of toxicity in superoxide dismutase-1-induced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

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Superoxide Dismutase,huma Human superoxide dismutas Rabbit superoxide dismuta Mouse Anti-Bovine Superox EnzyChrom™ Superoxide D anti-Superoxide Dismutase anti-Superoxide Dismutase anti-Superoxide Dismutase anti-Superoxide Dismutase anti-Superoxide Dismutase anti-Superoxide Dismutase anti-Superoxide Dismutase

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#10361132   1999/07/01 Save this To Up

The human (PsiL+mu-) proB complex: cell surface expression and biochemical structure of a putative transducing receptor.

The surrogate light chain (PsiL) associates with mu and Igalpha-Igbeta chains to form the preB-cell receptor that plays a critical role in early B-cell differentiation. Discrepancies exist in human concerning the existence of PsiL+mu- proB cells and the biochemical structure of such a proB-cell complex remains elusive. Among new antihuman VpreB monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), 5 of the gamma kappa isotype bound to recombinant and native VpreB protein with high affinity. They recognized 4 discrete epitopes, upon which 2 were in the extra-loop fragment. Such MoAbs detected the PsiL at the cell surface of either preB or on both proB and preB cells. The previously reported SLC1/SLC2 MoAbs recognize a conformational epitope specific for the mu/PsiL association in accordance with their preB-cell reactivity. Using the proB/preB 4G7 MoAb, PsiL cell surface expression was detected on normal bone marrow, not only on CD34(-)CD19(+) preB but also on CD34(+)CD19(+) proB cells. Futhermore, this MoAb identified PsiL+mu- fresh proB leukemic cells of the TEL/AML1 type. Biochemical studies showed that, at the proB stage, the PsiL is associated noncovalently with two proteins of 105 and 130 kD. Triggering of this complex induces intracellular Ca2+ flux, suggesting that the PsiL may be involved in a new receptor at this early step of the B-cell differentiation.

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Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge killer cell lectin-like r anti Transferrin receptor Human T Cell Receptor Sig Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Goat Anti-Human Androgen CAR,CAR,Constitutive acti Rabbit Anti-Human B-cell Recombinant Human Androge Anti C Reactive Protein A Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon

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#6800419   1982/05/27 Save this To Up

Monoclonal antibodies to porcine factor VIII coagulant and their use in the isolation of active coagulant protein.

Partially purified preparations of porcine factor VIII:C were used to immunize mice and spleen cells from the immunized animals were fused to NS-1 mouse myeloma cells. The ability of hybrid culture fluids to bind factor VIII:C was detected with a radiolabelled, affinity-purified, human antihuman VIII:C inhibitor. Three cloned hybrid lines have been obtained that preferentially bind to VIII:C when compared to von Willebrand factor binding. Two of these monoclonal antibodies partially inhibit VIII:C coagulant activity. The third antibody does not inhibit VIII:C, but it can be used as an affinity reagent to absorb dissociated VIII:C out of solution. Active coagulant can be recovered by elution in 50% ethylene glycol. The VIII:C obtained has a specific activity of 6 units/micrograms based on absorbance measurements. When analyzed on SDS gels, the unactivated VIII:C contains 3 bands of apparent molecular weight 166,000, 130,000 and 76,000. Thrombin treatment results in a 40 fold increase in activity and cleavage to products of 76,000, 67,000 an 50,000 and small amounts of lower molecular weight peptides. EDTA inactivation of the factor VIII:C results in the separation of the 166,000 and 130,000 chains from the 76,000 chain, suggesting a Ca++ dependent noncovalent interaction among the chains.

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Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rabbit Anti-Human Toll In HIV1 integrase antibody, Shiga Toxin 1 antibody, M Shiga Toxin 2 antibody, M Bacillus anthracis (Anthr

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