Only in Titles

           Search results for: Mouse Anti-Human TSH Receptor   

paperclip

#9231803   1997/08/15 Save this To Up

Characterization of amylin and calcitonin receptor binding in the mouse alpha-thyroid-stimulating hormone thyrotroph cell line.

Recently, a high affinity amylin binding site was identified in the mouse alpha-TSH thyrotroph cell line. In this study, we have characterized binding sites for 125I-salmon calcitonin (125I-sCT), 125I-rat alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide (125I-CGRP), and 125I-rat amylin in alpha-TSH cells. Using 125I-CGRP or 125I-rat amylin, equilibrium was rapidly reached, and binding was fully reversible. Competition binding revealed the relative potency of peptides was sCT>amylin, CGRP>rCT, which is similar to the specificity profile of amylin receptors characterized in rat brain. Furthermore, specific binding of 125I-rat amylin and 125I-CGRP to membrane preparations was reduced by 52% and 39%, respectively, in the presence of 20 microM GTP-gamma-s, indicating a requirement of G protein coupling for high affinity binding. In contrast, 125I-sCT binding reached equilibrium more slowly, was essentially irreversible, and was unaltered by GTP-gamma-s. Competition binding studies using 125I-sCT as radioligand demonstrated only weak interaction by CGRP or amylin, consistent with other described CT receptors. Assessment of ligand-induced cAMP accumulation and intracellular calcium signaling revealed a relative specificity profile of sCT>rCT with little or no second messenger signaling stimulated by amylin or CGRP, consistent with a C1-CT receptor phenotype. RT-PCR amplification of messenger RNA indicated that the predominant isoform was the C1a CT receptor. In cross-linking studies, 125I-rat amylin and 125I-CGRP specifically labeled a major band of relative molecular mass (Mr) approximately 80K, being approximately 10 kDa higher than the major 125I-sCT binding protein. Full deglycosylation of N-linked carbohydrates with endoglycosidase F reduced the Mr of each of the labeled proteins to approximately 50K. Cross-linked amylin or CT receptors were immunoprecipitated with C-terminally directed antimouse or antirat CT receptor antibodies but were not immunoprecipitated with nonimmune sera or antihuman CT receptor antibodies. The current data demonstrate expression of two biochemically distinct receptor phenotypes in mouse alpha-TSH cells, a CT receptor phenotype and an amylin receptor phenotype that have highly similar protein backbones.

2213 related Products with: Characterization of amylin and calcitonin receptor binding in the mouse alpha-thyroid-stimulating hormone thyrotroph cell line.

Mouse Anti-Human Thyroid Mouse Anti-Human Thyroid Mouse Anti-Human Interleu Mouse Anti-Human Thyroid Rat anti mouse CD119 (INF Mouse anti human INF alph Mouse AntiT cell receptor Macrophage Colony Stimula Macrophage Colony Stimula RABBIT ANTI HUMAN SDF-1 A Mouse Macrophage Inflamma Mouse Stromal Cell-Derive

Related Pathways

paperclip

#8941638   1997/01/23 Save this To Up

Thymic hyperplasia in patients with Graves' disease. Identification of thyrotropin receptors in human thymus.

Thymic size and density were studied in 23 untreated patients with Graves' disease and 38 control subjects using computed tomography. Both thymic size and density were higher in untreated patients with Graves' disease than in control subjects in the age-matched group. After treatment with antithyroid drugs, both thymic size and density were significantly reduced, with a concomitant decrease in thyrotropin receptor antibodies. PCR of human thymic cDNA using primers for human thyrotropin receptor amplified a fragment in a size expected for the receptor, and its nucleotide sequence was identical to human thyrotropin receptor cDNA in the thyroid. Northern blot analysis of human thymic poly(A)+ RNA demonstrated the presence of the full length form of thyrotropin receptor mRNA. Western blot analysis of human thymic membrane using anti-thyrotropin receptor peptide antibodies demonstrated a band of 100 kD that was also observed in the thyroid membrane. Immunohistochemistry of thymic tissue using mouse antihuman thyrotropin receptor monoclonal antibodies demonstrated the immunostaining of epithelial cells. These results indicate that thymic hyperplasia is apparently associated with Graves' disease and suggest that thymic thyrotropin receptor may act as an autoantigen that may be involved in the pathophysiology of development of Graves' disease.

2718 related Products with: Thymic hyperplasia in patients with Graves' disease. Identification of thyrotropin receptors in human thymus.

Beta Amyloid (42) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (1 40) ELISA Beta Amyloid (40) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (1 40) ELISA Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon CELLKINES Natural Human I Human Interleukin-4 IL-4 Human Interleukin-6 IL-6 Human Interleukin-7 IL-7 Human Interleukin-2 IL-2 Human Macrophage Inflamma

Related Pathways

  •  
  • No related Items
paperclip

#2856871   1985/01/24 Save this To Up

Characterization of monoclonal antibodies raised against solubilized thyrotropin receptors in a cytochemical bioassay for thyroid stimulators.

Selected clones of monoclonal antibodies from mice immunized with solubilized preparations of bovine TSH receptors have been characterized in a cytochemical bioassay (CBA) for thyroid stimulators. This assay is based upon quantification of changes in naphthylamidase activity of sections of guinea pig thyroids with use of a chromogenic substrate. Monoclonal 22A6 is a thyroid-stimulating antibody directed at a site within the TSH receptor. Thus, although it is a weak inhibitor of 125I-TSH binding to thyroid membranes, 22A6 is inhibited from binding to membranes by TSH, exhibits a more than additive agonist effect on adenylate cyclase activity when tested at low TSH concentrations in thyroid cells, and is a competitive antagonist of TSH enhancement of adenylate cyclase activity at high TSH concentrations. In the CBA, 22A6 is a stimulator whose maximal activity is obtained with 77 pg/ml (3-min exposure). Dose-response curves of a long acting thyroid stimulator (LATS)-B standard and 22A6 have slopes which are not significantly different; as anticipated, the response to LATS-B is inhibited by antihuman immunoglobulin G (IgG) and that due to 22A6 by antimouse IgG. In contrast to 22A6, monoclonal 11E8 is a relatively potent inhibitor of 125I-TSH binding as well as TSH stimulation of adenylate cyclase activity, while failing to act as a stimulator itself. 11E8 is itself inactive as a stimulator in the CBA over a wide dose range; it does, however, inhibit TSH stimulation in the CBA. This inhibition is abolished by antimouse IgG. The transient peak of response observed in time courses to TSH occurs later in the presence of 11E8. Unlike its effect on TSH 11E8 shows relatively low potency (greater than 10,000-fold lower) when inhibiting stimulation by the thyroid stimulating antibodies, 22A6 or LATS-B. Since this difference cannot be explained by quantitative differences in the ability of 22A6 or 11E8 to bind to thyroid membranes, the CBA data suggest that the stimulating antibodies, 22A6 and LATS-B, may interact with different determinants on TSH receptors then either TSH or the blocking antibody, 11E8. This also implies that in Graves' disease blocking antibodies may be incompletely expressed in the presence of stimulating antibodies, although they may be potent inhibitors of TSH binding, as measured in receptor assays.

1909 related Products with: Characterization of monoclonal antibodies raised against solubilized thyrotropin receptors in a cytochemical bioassay for thyroid stimulators.

HIV1 integrase antibody, Nuclear Membrane Receptor Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse

Related Pathways

  •  
  • No related Items