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           Search results for: Mouse Anti-Rotovirus MR Strain Antibodies    

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#28401907   2017/04/12 Save this To Up

Protective efficacy of Zika vaccine in AG129 mouse model.

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes asymptomatic infection or presents only mild symptoms in majority of those infected. However, vaccination for ZIKV is a public health priority due to serious congenital and neuropathological abnormalities observed as a sequelae of the virus infection in the recent epidemics. We have developed an inactivated virus vaccine with the African MR 766 strain. Here we show that two doses of the vaccine provided 100% efficacy against mortality and disease following challenge with homotypic MR 766 and the heterotypic FSS 13025 ZIKV strains in the Type I and Type II interferon deficient AG129 mice. Two doses of the vaccine elicited high titer of neutralizing antibodies in Balb/c mice, and the vaccine antisera conferred protection against virus challenge in passively immunized mice. The studies were useful to rationalize vaccine doses for protective efficacy. Furthermore, the vaccine antisera neutralized the homotypic and heterotypic ZIKV strains in vitro with equivalent efficiency. Our study suggests a single ZIKV serotype, and that the development of an effective vaccine may not be limited by the choice of virus strain.

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Sterile filtered mouse s Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon HIV1 integrase antibody, Goat Anti-Mouse SAR1, (in Goat Anti-Mouse Rab17 (mo Goat Anti-Mouse IA2, (int Goat Anti-Human, Mouse HI Goat Anti-Human FTO (Mous Goat Anti-Human, Mouse EB Goat Anti-Mouse, Rat DLL1 Goat Anti-Human, Mouse, R

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#28167669   2017/02/07 Save this To Up

Mucosal Antibodies to the C Terminus of Toxin A Prevent Colonization of Clostridium difficile.

Mucosal immunity is considered important for protection against Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). We show that in hamsters immunized with Bacillus subtilis spores expressing a carboxy-terminal segment (TcdA26-39) of C. difficile toxin A, no colonization occurs in protected animals when challenged with C. difficile strain 630. In contrast, animals immunized with toxoids showed no protection and remained fully colonized. Along with neutralizing toxins, antibodies to TcdA26-39 (but not to toxoids), whether raised to the recombinant protein or to TcdA26-39 expressed on the B. subtilis spore surface, cross-react with a number of seemingly unrelated proteins expressed on the vegetative cell surface or spore coat of C. difficile These include two dehydrogenases, AdhE1 and LdhA, as well as the CdeC protein that is present on the spore. Anti-TcdA26-39 mucosal antibodies obtained following immunization with recombinant B. subtilis spores were able to reduce the adhesion of C. difficile to mucus-producing intestinal cells. This cross-reaction is intriguing yet important since it illustrates the importance of mucosal immunity for complete protection against CDI.

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Mouse Anti-Clostridium di Mouse Anti-Clostridium di Mouse Anti-Clostridium di Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Clostridum difficile toxi Cholera toxin antibody, M Clostridium botulinum D T

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#27811320   2016/11/04 Save this To Up

Cross-Reactive and Cross-Neutralizing Activity of Human Mumps Antibodies Against a Novel Mumps Virus From Bats.

To evaluate the antigenic relationship between bat mumps virus (BMV) and the JL5 vaccine strain of mumps virus (MuVJL5), we rescued a chimeric virus bearing the F and HN glycoproteins of BMV in the background of a recombinant JL5 genome (rMuVJL5). Cross-reactivity and cross-neutralization between this chimeric recombinant MuV bearing the F and HN glycoproteins of BMV (rMuVJL5-F/HNBMV) virus and rMuVJL5 were demonstrated using hyperimmune mouse serum samples and a curated panel of human serum. All mouse and human serum samples that were able to neutralize rMuVJL5 infection had cross-neutralizing activity against rMuVJL5-F/HNBMV. Our data suggest that persons who have neutralizing antibodies against MuV might be protected from infection by BMV.

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Mouse Anti-Mumps Virus An Mouse Anti-Human IFN-alph Mouse Anti-Human IFN-alph Primary antibody CIDE-A Primary antibody CIDE-A Primary antibody CIDE-B Primary antibody IL-1RAc Primary antibody IL-1RAc Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Goat Anti-Human Androgen Anti C-Reactive Protein A Anti C Reactive Protein A

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#27505005   2016/08/10 Save this To Up

Vaccine Potential and Diversity of the Putative Cell Binding Factor (CBF, NMB0345/NEIS1825) Protein of Neisseria meningitidis.

The cbf gene from Neisseria meningitidis strain MC58 encoding the putative Cell Binding Factor (CBF, NMB0345/NEIS1825) protein was cloned into the pRSETA system and a ~36-kDa recombinant (r)CBF protein expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by metal affinity chromatography. High titres of rCBF antibodies were induced in mice following immunization with rCBF-saline, rCBF-Al(OH)3, rCBF-Liposomes or rCBF-Zwittergent (Zw) 3-14 micelles, both with and without incorporated monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) adjuvant. Anti-rCBF sera reacted in western blots of meningococcal lysates with a single protein band of molecular mass ~29.5 kDa, indicative of mature CBF protein, but did not react with a lysate of a Δnmb0345 mutant (CBF-), demonstrating specificity of the murine immune responses. CBF protein was produced by all strains of meningococci studied thus far and the protein was present on the surface of MC58 (CBF+) bacteria, but absent on Δnmb0345 mutant (CBF-) bacteria, as judged by FACS reactivity of anti-rCBF sera. Analysis of the NEIS1825 amino acid sequences from 6644 N. meningitidis isolates with defined Alleles in the pubmlst.org/Neisseria database showed that there were 141 ST types represented and there were 136 different allelic loci encoding 49 non-redundant protein sequences. Only 6/6644 (<0.1%) of N. meningitidis isolates lacked the nmb0345 gene. Amongst serogroup B isolates worldwide, ~68% and ~20% expressed CBF encoded by Allele 1 and 18 respectively, with the proteins sharing >99% amino acid identity. Murine antisera to rCBF in Zw 3-14 micelles + MPLA induced significant serum bactericidal activity (SBA) against homologous Allele 1 and heterologous Allele 18 strains, using both baby rabbit serum complement and human serum complement (h)SBA assays, but did not kill strains expressing heterologous protein encoded by Alelle 2 or 3. Furthermore, variable bactericidal activity was induced by murine antisera against different meningococcal strains in the hSBA assay, which may correlate with variable surface exposure of CBF. Regardless, the attributes of amino acid sequence conservation and protein expression amongst different strains and the ability to induce cross-strain bactericidal antibodies indicates that rCBF could be a potential meningococcal vaccine antigen and merits further testing.

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Rabbit Anti-Rat Androgen rec Leptin (mouse) Salt B Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Acyl CoA binding Protein Anti C Reactive Protein A E. coli SSB (Single Stran E. coli SSB (Single Stran E. coli SSB (Single Stran

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#27339730   2016/07/18 Save this To Up

Sigma-1 receptor expression in the dorsal root ganglion: Reexamination using a highly specific antibody.

Sigma-1 receptor (S1R) is a unique pluripotent modulator of living systems and has been reported to be associated with a number of neurological diseases including pathological pain. Intrathecal administration of S1R antagonists attenuates the pain behavior of rodents in both inflammatory and neuropathic pain models. However, the S1R localization in the spinal cord shows a selective ventral horn motor neuron distribution, suggesting the high likelihood of S1R in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) mediating the pain relief by intrathecally administered drugs. Since primary afferents are the major component in the pain pathway, we examined the mouse and rat DRGs for the presence of the S1R. At both mRNA and protein levels, quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western confirmed that the DRG contains greater S1R expression in comparison to spinal cord, cortex, or lung but less than liver. Using a custom-made highly specific antibody, we demonstrated the presence of a strong S1R immuno-fluorescence in all rat and mouse DRG neurons co-localizing with the Neuron-Specific Enolase (NSE) marker, but not in neural processes or GFAP-positive glial satellite cells. In addition, S1R was absent in afferent terminals in the skin and in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Using immuno-electron microscopy, we showed that S1R is detected in the nuclear envelope and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of DRG cells. In contrast to other cells, S1R is also located directly at the plasma membrane of the DRG neurons. The presence of S1R in the nuclear envelope of all DRG neurons suggests an exciting potential role of S1R as a regulator of neuronal nuclear activities and/or gene expression, which may provide insight toward new molecular targets for modulating nociception at the level of primary afferent neurons.

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Signal transduction antib IGF-1R Signaling Phospho- T-Cell Receptor Signaling Cytokine (Rat) Antibody A Cytokine (Rat) Antibody A MMP (Human) Antibody Arra interleukin 17 receptor C interferon-alpha receptor Apoptosis antibody array Cell cycle antibody array Cytokine antibody array i AKT Phospho-Specific Arra

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#26063320   2015/06/11 Save this To Up

Comparative assessment of transmission-blocking vaccine candidates against Plasmodium falciparum.

Malaria transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) target the development of Plasmodium parasites within the mosquito, with the aim of preventing malaria transmission from one infected individual to another. Different vaccine platforms, mainly protein-in-adjuvant formulations delivering the leading candidate antigens, have been developed independently and have reported varied transmission-blocking activities (TBA). Here, recombinant chimpanzee adenovirus 63, ChAd63, and modified vaccinia virus Ankara, MVA, expressing AgAPN1, Pfs230-C, Pfs25, and Pfs48/45 were generated. Antibody responses primed individually against all antigens by ChAd63 immunization in BALB/c mice were boosted by the administration of MVA expressing the same antigen. These antibodies exhibited a hierarchy of inhibitory activity against the NF54 laboratory strain of P. falciparum in Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes using the standard membrane feeding assay (SMFA), with anti-Pfs230-C and anti-Pfs25 antibodies giving complete blockade. The observed rank order of inhibition was replicated against P. falciparum African field isolates in A. gambiae in direct membrane feeding assays (DMFA). TBA achieved was IgG concentration dependent. This study provides the first head-to-head comparative analysis of leading antigens using two different parasite sources in two different vector species, and can be used to guide selection of TBVs for future clinical development using the viral-vectored delivery platform.

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#24807052   2014/07/01 Save this To Up

Mapping of epitopes recognized by antibodies induced by immunization of mice with PspA and PspC.

Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) and pneumococcal surface protein C (PspC) are important candidates for an alternative vaccine against pneumococcal infections. Since these antigens show variability, the use of variants that do not afford broad protection may lead to the selection of vaccine escape bacteria. Epitopes capable of inducing antibodies with broad cross-reactivities should thus be the preferred antigens. In this work, experiments using peptide arrays show that most linear epitopes recognized by antibodies induced in mice against different PspAs were located at the initial 44 amino acids of the mature protein and that antibodies against these linear epitopes did not confer protection against a lethal challenge. Conversely, linear epitopes recognized by antibodies to PspC included the consensus sequences involved in the interaction with human factor H and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA). Since linear epitopes of PspA were not protective, larger overlapping fragments containing 100 amino acids of PspA of strain Rx1 were constructed (fragments 1 to 7, numbered from the N terminus) to permit the mapping of antibodies with conformational epitopes not represented in the peptide arrays. Antibodies from mice immunized with fragments 1, 2, 4, and 5 were capable of binding onto the surface of pneumococci and mediating protection against a lethal challenge. The fact that immunization of mice with 100-amino-acid fragments located at the more conserved N-terminal region of PspA (fragments 1 and 2) induced protection against a pneumococcal challenge indicates that the induction of antibodies against conformational epitopes present at this region may be important in strategies for inducing broad protection against pneumococci.

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Mouse Anti-VZV (mixed epi Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Goat Anti-Human Androgen Rabbit Anti-Rat Androgen Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Anti C-Reactive Protein A Anti C Reactive Protein A Anti VGLUT-1 Rat, polyclo Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon

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#24343727   2014/02/24 Save this To Up

Expression and immune characterization of a novel enzyme, protein arginine methyltransferase 1, from Schistosoma japonicum.

Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is an arginine-specific protein methyltransferase that methylates a number of proteins involved in transcription and RNA metabolism in all parasitic helminths, including the human blood fluke, Schistosoma japonicum. To characterize the role of PRMT1 in the development of S. japonicum and to investigate its influence on parasite-host interactions, we cloned and expressed the protein from an existing cDNA library. We report that the clone encoded a polypeptide comprising 360 amino acids with a predictive Mr of 42 kDa. Bioinformatic analyses predicted that there were many potential B cell epitopes and T cell epitopes associated with SjcPRMT1, suggesting it is a potential candidate molecule for vaccine development. The purified recombinant protein of S. japonicum (Chinese strain) (rSjcPRMT1) was found to be immunogenic, eliciting a high antibody titer in mice. Moreover, Western blot analysis revealed that the protein could be recognized by the sera of infected mice. Using flow cytometry, we showed that rSjcPRMT1 slightly upregulated the expression of CD40, CD80, CD86, and MHC-II molecules of mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cell (BMDC), indicating that rSjcPRMT1 could induce mouse BMDC to mature and, therefore, activate their immune response. Overall, our findings provide evidence that rSjcPRMT1 could serve as an effective candidate molecule for the development of a vaccine against infection with S. japonicum.

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#23566947   2013/06/03 Save this To Up

Immunization with recombinant Chaperonin60 (Chp60) outer membrane protein induces a bactericidal antibody response against Neisseria meningitidis.

Sera from individuals colonized with Neisseria meningitidis and from patients with meningococcal disease contain antibodies specific for the neisserial heat-shock/chaperonin (Chp)60 protein. In this study, immunization of mice with recombinant (r)Chp60 in saline; adsorbed to aluminium hydroxide; in liposomes and detergent micelles, with and without the adjuvant MonoPhosphoryl Lipid A (MPLA), induced high and similar (p>0.05) levels of antibodies that recognized Chp60 in outer membranes (OM). FACS analysis and immuno-fluorescence experiments demonstrated that Chp60 was surface-expressed on meningococci. By western blotting, murine anti-rChp60 sera recognized a protein of Mr 60kDa in meningococcal cell lysates. However, cross-reactivity with human HSP60 protein was also observed. By comparing translated protein sequences of strains, 40 different alleles were found in meningococci in the Bacterial Isolate Genome Sequence database with an additional 5 new alleles found in our selection of 13 other strains from colonized individuals and patients. Comparison of the non-redundant translated amino acid sequences from all the strains revealed ≥97% identity between meningococcal Chp60 proteins, and in our 13 strains the protein was expressed to high and similar levels. Bactericidal antibodies (median reciprocal titres of 32-64) against the homologous strain MC58 were induced by immunization with rChp60 in liposomes, detergent micelles and on Al(OH)3. Bactericidal activity was influenced by the addition of MPLA and the delivery formulation used. Moreover, the biological activity of anti-Chp60 antisera did not extend significantly to heterologous meningococcal strains. Thus, in order to provide broad coverage, vaccines based on Chp60 would require multiple proteins and specific bactericidal epitope identification.

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#23401518   2013/02/27 Save this To Up

Vaccinia virus-mediated melanin production allows MR and optoacoustic deep tissue imaging and laser-induced thermotherapy of cancer.

We reported earlier the delivery of antiangiogenic single chain antibodies by using oncolytic vaccinia virus strains to enhance their therapeutic efficacy. Here, we provide evidence that gene-evoked production of melanin can be used as a therapeutic and diagnostic mediator, as exemplified by insertion of only one or two genes into the genome of an oncolytic vaccinia virus strain. We found that produced melanin is an excellent reporter for optical imaging without addition of substrate. Melanin production also facilitated deep tissue optoacoustic imaging as well as MRI. In addition, melanin was shown to be a suitable target for laser-induced thermotherapy and enhanced oncolytic viral therapy. In conclusion, melanin as a mediator for thermotherapy and reporter for different imaging modalities may soon become a versatile alternative to replace fluorescent proteins also in other biological systems. After ongoing extensive preclinical studies, melanin overproducing oncolytic virus strains might be used in clinical trials in patients with cancer.

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