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           Search results for: Mouse Anti-beta-Amyloid(1-16) (human) Polyclonal Antibody, PE Conjugated   

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#28676890   2017/07/05 Save this To Up

Surface-decorated S. cerevisiae for flow cytometric array immunoassay.

Our laboratory had developed a cell-based bio-bead for protein quantification. However, the selection of antibody in the above immunoassay is limited. This study describes a surface-decorated Saccharomyces cerevisiae for flow cytometric array immunoassay. S. cerevisiae was labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and oxidized by sodium periodate, in which the saccharide group on the cytoderm outer layer was converted to an aldehyde group. In succession, adipic dihydrazide was bio-conjugated to the aldehyde group and glutaraldehyde bound to the hydrazide group. Phycoerythrin (PE)-labeled goat anti-mouse polyclonal antibody was used to assess the conjugation of mouse anti-human monoclonal antibody to surface-decorated S. cerevisiae. Cytokeratin 19 fragment (Cyfra21-1) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) antigens were also employed to evaluate the flow cytometric array immunoassay based on surface-decorated S. cerevisiae. Flow cytometry demonstrated that FITC-barcoded S. cerevisiae as two legible populations. PE-labeled polyclonal antibody validated the coating of surface-decorated S. cerevisiae with the monoclonal antibody. The flow cytometric array immunoassays for Cyfra21-1 and NSE documented that the limit of detection (LOD) was at least 0.4 ng/mL. Precision and accuracy assessments appeared that the relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) was <15%, and the relative error (R.E.) ranged from 0.9 to 1.1. The correlation coefficient between this immunoassay and electrochemiluminescence immunoassay was 0.9622 for serum Cyfra21-1 and 0.9918 for serum NSE. In conclusion, the surface-decorated S. cerevisiae may be of use in flow cytometric array immunoassay.

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#22330761   2012/03/13 Save this To Up

Protein L: a novel reagent for the detection of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) expression by flow cytometry.

There has been significant progress in the last two decades on the design of chimeric antigen receptors (CAR) for adoptive immunotherapy targeting tumor-associated antigens. Structurally CARs consist of a single chain antibody fragment directed against a tumor-associated antigen fused to an extracellular spacer and transmembrane domain followed by T cell cytoplasmic signaling moieties. Currently several clinical trials are underway using gene modified peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) with CARs directed against a variety of tumor associated antigens. Despite the improvements in the design of CARs and expansion of the number of target antigens, there is no universal flow cytometric method available to detect the expression of CARs on the surface of transduced lymphocytes.

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#8207263   1994/07/08 Save this To Up

Application of a flow cytometric method using autofluorescence and a tandem fluorescent dye to analyze human alveolar macrophage surface markers.

Human resident alveolar macrophages (AM) exhibit autofluorescence when excited by light from 488 nm lasers used by most flow cytometers. Because this autofluorescence occurs at peak 540 nm, it obscures fluorescence generated by commonly used immunofluorescent reagents (e.g., antibodies conjugated to fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) or R-phycoerythrin (R-PE)) applied for cell surface marker analysis. Therefore, a two color flow cytometric method has been developed that permits the quantitative phenotypic analysis of AM without influence by their natural autofluorescence. In this method, a commercially available preparation of secondary polyclonal antibodies (recognizing primary specific mouse IgG monoclonal antibodies) that are conjugated to a tandem fluorochrome dye (containing R-PE and Cy5) is used. Using this method, the expression of 12 different surface markers on AM obtained from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of 13 subjects was analyzed and compared with their expression on the surface of peripheral blood monocytes. This method will facilitate analysis of surface markers on AM in a variety of disorders.

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TOM1-like protein 2 antib TOK-1 alpha antibody Sour TOM1L1 antibody Source Ra Rabbit Anti-AACT-Alpha1 A Rabbit Anti-beta-Amyloid( Rabbit Anti-Nogo-A Polycl Rabbit Anti-nNOS-1 Polycl Rabbit Anti-Nociceptin re Rabbit Anti-Nociceptin re Rabbit Anti-Nociceptin re Rabbit Anti-Nociceptin re Rabbit Anti-ET-1 Polyclon

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#1401937   1992/10/26 Save this To Up

The detection of intracytoplasmic interleukin-1 alpha, interleukin-1 beta and tumour necrosis factor alpha expression in human monocytes using two colour immunofluorescence flow cytometry.

Two colour flow cytometry was used to analyse in situ cytokine expression by human monocytes. Whole blood was cultured in siliconised glass bottles, with or without E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS), for various times, and the mononuclear cells (MNCs) then exposed to a variety of permeabilisation procedures prior to flow cytometric analysis. Paraformaldehyde (PF)/saponin fixation preserved cellular morphology, and caused a reproducible degree of permeabilisation (estimated by propidium iodide inclusion: mean 94%, range 86-99% (n = 33)). After fixation with 4% PF and permeabilisation with 1% saponin at 0 degrees C in PBS containing 20% human serum, MNCs were incubated with phycoerythrin(PE)-conjugated mouse anti-CD14 (monocyte phenotype) and polyclonal rabbit anti-human interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), IL-1 beta, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), or control rabbit IgG. Binding of rabbit antibodies was detected using goat anti-rabbit IgG fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). FITC fluorescence was increased in CD14 PE positive cells with the three anti-cytokine antibodies following LPS stimulation, compared with controls. There was a reproducible dose related response in monocyte IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha expression following LPS stimulation, with early peaks in TNF-alpha (2 h), compared with IL-1 beta (4 h), and IL-1 alpha (12 h). Specificity of this cytokine detection system was confirmed by inhibition studies using the corresponding recombinant human cytokines, by an absence of staining in CD14 negative or unpermeabilised MNCs, and by the characteristic cytoplasmic localisation of the different cytokines visualised with UV immunochemistry. Hence, the methods described here provide a reproducible, semiquantitative and specific assay for the detection of cell associated monokines. The technique may be applicable to the analysis of a variety of different cytokines in other phenotypically defined cell populations.

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#1712263   1991/08/13 Save this To Up

Concomitant delineation of surface Ig, B-cell differentiation antigens, and HLADR on lymphoid proliferations using three-color immunocytometry.

Accurate and consistent enumeration of B-cell subpopulations in lymphoid tissue was achieved through multiparameter three-color immunofluorescence and flow cytometric analysis (FCM). Phycoerythrin (PE)-anti-CD19 (Leu12) and biotinylated anti-HLADr/streptavidin-Duochrome (PE/Texas Red), used in conjunction with polyclonal fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) conjugated anti-surface immunoglobulin (SIg) antibodies, effectively separated non-specific binding and background fluorescence from true B-cell surface FITC immunofluorescence, while concomitantly analyzing for HLADr and CD19 phenotypic expression/deletion. Autofluorescence was measured to establish a fluorescence threshold. A second control measured non-specific binding of isotypic control mouse Ig and non-immune rabbit IgG. Cell suspensions from 128 samples of various lymphoid proliferations were studied. In 116 of the 128 samples, kappa/lambda ratios determined by flow cytometry correlated well with immunocytology results obtained using cytospins from the same cell suspension and with histopathologically established diagnosis. Clonality and lineage as defined immunotypically by flow cytometry was concordant with genotypic results in 64 of the 67 cases evaluated. SIg, HLADr, and CD19 deletions were demonstrated by flow cytometry in 8, 4, and 1 case(s), respectively. Discordance was usually attributable to selective loss of large neoplastic cells in flow cytometry specimens or absent expression of SIg by some cytoplasmic Ig (CIg+) lymphomas.

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#2826576   1988/01/25 Save this To Up

Distribution of ecto-5'-nucleotidase on subsets of human T and B lymphocytes as detected by indirect immunofluorescence using goat antibodies.

Human T and B lymphocyte subsets were characterized for ecto-5'-nucleotidase (ecto-5'-NT) expression by two-color immunofluorescence by using polyclonal goat antibodies to 5'-NT and murine monoclonal antibodies to T and B cell subsets. Anti-5'-NT antibodies were prepared by immunizing a goat with purified human placental 5'-NT. Lymphocyte surface 5'-NT was detected with F(ab')2 fragments of immune goat IgG followed by biotinylated F(ab')2 rabbit anti-goat IgG and fluorescein isothiocyanate-avidin. Lymphocyte cell surface antigens were detected with phycoerythrin (PE)-conjugated anti-CD3, anti-CD4, anti-CD8, anti-CD16, and anti-CD19. HB-4, an antigen present on a major subset of human peripheral blood B cells, was detected with murine monoclonal anti-HB-4 and PE-anti-mouse-kappa. Analysis showed that ecto-5'-NT was expressed on 32 +/- 7% of CD3+, 19 +/- 6% of CD4+, and 50 +/- 21% of CD8+ T cells, but not on CD16+ lymphocytes. Ecto-5'-NT was also expressed on 81 +/- 8% of adult peripheral blood B cells as defined by PE-anti-CD19; HB-4 was expressed on 84 +/- 7% of CD19+ cells. The two populations of B cells were not identical, however, because HB-4 was co-expressed on only 79 +/- 18% of ecto-5'-NT+ B cells. Two-color immunofluorescent staining of T cells from a patient with congenital agammaglobulinemia and low T cell ecto-5'-NT activity revealed reduced percentages of ecto-5'-NT+ cells in his CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ populations. Thus, reduced ecto-5'-NT activity by enzyme assay was paralleled by reduced numbers of 5'-NT molecules on the cell surface. Two-color immunofluorescent staining of B cells from a patient with hypogammaglobulinemia and low B cell ecto-5'-NT activity also revealed markedly reduced expression of 5'-NT. HB-4 expression was normal, however, suggesting that the patient's B cells were blocked in maturation subsequent to the acquisition of HB-4 but prior to that of ecto-5'-NT. These results demonstrate that anti-5'-NT antibodies will be valuable tools for analyzing ecto-5'-NT expression and lymphocyte maturation in patients with immuno-deficiency diseases.

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