Search results for: Mouse Anti-beta-Amyloid(1-40) Polyclonal Antibody, PE-Cy5.5 conjugated Isotype: IgG
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Enhanced and long term immunogenicity of a Her-2/neu multi-epitope vaccine conjugated to the carrier CRM197 in conjunction with the adjuvant Montanide.We previously identified three short single peptides (P4, P6 and P7) representing different B-cell epitopes on the extracellular domain of Her-2/neu for a vaccine that was tested in a phase-I clinical trial. Here we describe the improvement of the multi peptide vaccine by fusing the single peptides to a hybrid peptide P467.
1353 related Products with: Enhanced and long term immunogenicity of a Her-2/neu multi-epitope vaccine conjugated to the carrier CRM197 in conjunction with the adjuvant Montanide.FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Thermal Shaker with cooli Goat Anti- Neudesin NENF, FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Multiple organ tumor tiss Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Goat Anti- Neurexin 3 NRX Goat Anti-Human HMGB3 HMG
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Indirect Back-Titration ELISA: A New Format for Estimation of Human Tissue Kallikreins.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is either based on sandwich, competitive, or inhibition type of format. However, these formats need 2 or 3 monoclonal antibodies (moAB) to estimate 1 antigen. To get a cost-effective, high throughput, ELISA for estimation of human tissue kallikreins we have now developed an indirect, back-titration style, Time Resolved ImmunoFluorometric (TRIF) ELISA that uses only 1 antigen-specific moAB and a general polyclonal antibody. Polystyrene microtiter plate wells coated with a capture antibody, a mouse moAB prepared against a specific human tissue kallikrein are allowed to interact either with the corresponding pure antigen, as the calibrator, or with the corresponding antigen present in a biological fluid or tissue extract. The detection antibody, anti-mouse IgG conjugated with alkaline phosphatase, is added to find the antigen-free immobilized capture moAB. Conjugated enzyme is allowed to hydrolyze diflunisal phosphate to produce a highly fluorescent complex. The fluorescence measured in TRIF mode corresponds to the antigen-free immobilized capture moAB and is used to quantify antigen-bound capture moAB. The detection antibody binds with the antigen-free capture moAB and strength of the signal correlates inversely with the amount of antigen bound to the capture moAB. With a minimum detection level of 20 ng/L the assay has no cross-reactivity with several test molecules. The method is sensitive, specific, applicable to a variety of biological samples, and cost-effective as it uses only 1 moAB and a polyclonal antibody. Using this assay, a single epitope can be estimated without purification.
1444 related Products with: Indirect Back-Titration ELISA: A New Format for Estimation of Human Tissue Kallikreins.NATIVE HUMAN PROLACTIN, P 10x ELISA WASH BUFFER, Pr ELISA kit CLGI,Collagenas Leptin ELISA Kit, Human A MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD15, Pr NATIVE HUMAN PROLACTIN, P MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD19 RPE MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD15, Pr ELISA Kit for A Disinteg MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Bone Morphogenetic Protei Growth Differentiation Fa
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Emergent properties of nanosensor arrays: applications for monitoring IgG affinity distributions, weakly affined hypermannosylation, and colony selection for biomanufacturing.It is widely recognized that an array of addressable sensors can be multiplexed for the label-free detection of a library of analytes. However, such arrays have useful properties that emerge from the ensemble, even when monofunctionalized. As examples, we show that an array of nanosensors can estimate the mean and variance of the observed dissociation constant (KD), using three different examples of binding IgG with Protein A as the recognition site, including polyclonal human IgG (KD μ = 19 μM, σ(2) = 1000 mM(2)), murine IgG (KD μ = 4.3 nM, σ(2) = 3 μM(2)), and human IgG from CHO cells (KD μ = 2.5 nM, σ(2) = 0.01 μM(2)). Second, we show that an array of nanosensors can uniquely monitor weakly affined analyte interactions via the increased number of observed interactions. One application involves monitoring the metabolically induced hypermannosylation of human IgG from CHO using PSA-lectin conjugated sensor arrays where temporal glycosylation patterns are measured and compared. Finally, the array of sensors can also spatially map the local production of an analyte from cellular biosynthesis. As an example, we rank productivity of IgG-producing HEK colonies cultured directly on the array of nanosensors itself.
2533 related Products with: Emergent properties of nanosensor arrays: applications for monitoring IgG affinity distributions, weakly affined hypermannosylation, and colony selection for biomanufacturing.MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR RABBIT ANTI GSK3 BETA (pS MOUSE ANTI CANINE DISTEMP MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD19 RPE MOUSE ANTI APAAP COMPLEX, NATIVE HUMAN PROLACTIN, P 10x ELISA WASH BUFFER, Pr 10X PHOSPHATE BUFFERED SA PERMANENT AQUEOUS MOUNTIN MarkerGene™ LysoLive™ MOUSE ANTI HUMAN CD15, Pr NATIVE HUMAN PROLACTIN, P
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Production of mouse anti-quail IgY and subsequent labeling with horseradish peroxidase using cyanuric chloride.Polyclonal antibodies labeled with a tracer have been commonly used as secondary antibodies in immunochemical assays to quantify the concentration of antibody-antigen complexes. The majority of these antibodies conjugated with a tracer are commercially available, with the exception of few untouched targets. This study focused on the production and application of mouse anti-quail IgY as an intermediate antibody to link between quail egg yolk IgY and goat anti-mouse IgG-HRP as primary and secondary antibodies, respectively. Subsequently, the produced mouse anti-quail IgY was labeled with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and its efficiency on enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was compared with that of commercial rabbit anti-chicken IgY-HRP. As an intermediate antibody, mouse anti-quail IgY was successfully produced with good affinity and sensitivity (1:10,000) to the primary and secondary antibodies. Subsequently, mouse anti-quail IgY was effectively conjugated with HRP enzyme, resulting in a secondary antibody with good sensitivity (1:10,000) to quail anti-V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus IgY. The detection limit was 10(5) CFU/ml for both V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus. The efficiency of the produced conjugate to detect quail IgY on ELISA was comparable to that of the commercial rabbit anti-chicken IgY-HRP, and hence the produced and labeled mouse anti-quail IgY-HRP can be used as a secondary antibody to detect any antibody produced in quail.
1805 related Products with: Production of mouse anti-quail IgY and subsequent labeling with horseradish peroxidase using cyanuric chloride.Mouse Anti-Human Thyroid anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida anti-Glutathione Peroxida Mouse Anti-Thyroid peroxi Mouse Anti-Chicken Chicke Peroxidase conj. anti mou Monoclonal ANTI-D-tag M2-
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Monitoring gold nanoparticle conjugation and analysis of biomolecular binding with nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) and dynamic light scattering (DLS).Protein-conjugated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been extensively explored for the development of many novel protein assays. In this article, we demonstrate that nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) can be used as a rapid and simple analytical tool to monitor bioconjugation and to study protein-protein interactions. The adsorption of protein A onto gold nanoparticles was analyzed using NTA. The conjugation resulted in a measurable increase in hydrodynamic radius that correlated with protein A concentration, allowing conditions for complete conjugation to be elucidated. NTA was then used to investigate the binding of mouse IgG to protein A-conjugated AuNPs and the K(a) was measured as 2.00 × 10(7) M(-1). Furthermore, an assay for the detection of mouse IgG was developed using NTA to detect the binding to antibody-AuNP conjugates. This assay provided a detection limit of 3.2 ng mL(-1); however, the formation of aggregates resulting from the use of a polyclonal antibody and multiple binding sites on the antigen prevented the determination of binding affinity for this antibody-antigen system. To measure the binding affinity for this antibody-antigen system the IgG antigen was conjugated to the AuNPs and NTA was used to monitor the binding of the antibody. In this configuration aggregation of conjugates was not detected and a binding affinity constant of 2.80 × 10(8) M(-1) was measured. NTA results obtained in this work were validated by comparison to DLS. This work represents the first evaluation of NTA as an analytical tool for characterizing AuNP bioconjugates, investigating protein-protein binding, and detecting low levels of antigen in a bioassay.
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Evaluation of anti-influenza efficiency of polyclonal IgG antibodies specific to the ectodomain of M2 protein of influenza A virus by passive immunization of mice.We attempted to quantify the protective potential of polyclonal IgG antibodies specific to the ectodomain of M2 protein (eM2) of influenza A virus (IAV) against lethal influenza infection of mice. For this purpose, eM2 conjugated with keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) or KLH alone were administered with Freund's adjuvant intraperitoneally (i.p.) to BALB/c mice. IgG antibodies specific to the KLH-eM2 conjugate (anti-KLH-eM2 IgGs) and KLH (anti-KLH IgGs), respectively, were purified from ascitic fluids. Analysis of the preparation of anti-KLH-eM2 IgGs by ELISA revealed that it contained about 25% of anti-eM2 IgGs and 75% of anti-KLH IgGs. Taking into account this finding mice were passively immunized by intravenous route with 320, 160, 80, and 40 µg of anti-eM2 IgGs per mouse, respectively, while 320 µg of anti-KLH IgGs were used in control. Following subsequent infection with 3 LD50 IAV the survival of mice was determined. An absolute protection (100% survival) was obtained with 320 µg of anti-eM2 IgGs, and a relatively strong significant protection (~80% survival, p = 0.024) with 160 µg. The amount 160 µg of IgGs represents approx. 100 µg IgGs per 1 ml of blood.
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Preparation and immunological characterization of β-lactoglobulin-amylose conjugate.β-Lactoglobulin (BLG), a major allergen of cow's milk, was conjugated with the N-hydroxysuccinimide ester of the amylose-glycylglycine adduct (AG-ONSu) to reduce its immunogenicity, and the biochemical and immunological properties of the resulting conjugate (AG-BLG) were studied. The conjugate was prepared by modifying BLG with AG-ONSu, and was purified in a Sephadex G-100 column. The analytical data for AG-BLG indicated that 10.5 moles of AG-ONSu, with a mean molecular weight of 2,800, was covalently attached to the amino groups of the BLG molecule. Conjugation with AG-ONSu greatly decreased the reactivity of BLG with anti-BLG polyclonal antibodies owing to its shielding action for epitopes on the protein's surface. These findings suggest that AG-ONSu can be used advantageously to suppress the hypersensitivity mediated by IgG antibodies in milk allergy.
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Antibodies conjugated with new highly luminescent Eu3+ and Tb3+ chelates as markers for time resolved immunoassays. Application to simultaneous determination of clenbuterol and free cortisol in horse urine.Highly luminescent Eu(3+) and Tb(3+) complexes of 10-[4-(3-isothiocyanatopropoxy)benzoylmethyl]-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7 triacetic acid Eu(3+) is a subset of 1 and Tb(3+) is a subset of 1 were conjugated with a goat anti-rabbit IgG and a rabbit anti-mouse IgG, respectively, and applied as markers in a time resolved immunoassay for simultaneous quantitative determination of anabolic compounds clenbuterol (CL) and hydrocortisone (HC). The assay was performed in horse urine, using a monoclonal antibody specific to CL and a rabbit polyclonal antibody specific to the free HC. These lanthanide chelates are very stable and highly luminescent in aqueous solution and allowed to reach 10 microg L(-1) and 40 microg L(-1) sensitivities for CL and for HC, respectively. Application to the horse urine, that is a very complex matrix, has a considerable interest in the control of illegal use of these compounds.
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Reductively aminated D-xylose-albumin conjugate as the immunogen for generation of IgG and IgE antibodies specific to D-xylitol, a haptenic allergen.Sugar alcohols are widely used as food additives and drug excipients. Xylitol, a five-carbon sugar alcohol, and a low-calorie alternative sweetener to sucrose (approx 40% fewer calories), has enjoyed an enviable record of safety, and allergic reactions to xylitol are very rare. A case of oral erosive eczema to xylitol has been reported recently [Hanakawa, Y., Hanakawa, Y., Tohyama, M., Yamasaki, K., Hashimoto, K. (2005) Xylitol as a causative agent of oral erosive eczema. Brit. J. Dermatol. 152, 821-822]. Xylitol does not contain any reactive groups; hence, it is nonimmunogenic. In order to explain the immunogenicity of xylitol, polyclonal antibodies to xylitol have been raised using the reductive aminated product of D-xylose conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the immunogen. Rabbits immunized with xylitol-BSA conjugate (52 haptens/molecule) gave a good antibody response. Purification of antixylitol antibodies was carried out using hapten-affinity chromatography on xylitol-keyhole limpet hemocyanin-Sepharose CL-6B; the yield was approximately 40 microg/mL of rabbit immune serum. Purified xylitol-specific antibodies appeared to be homogeneous by native PAGE with a pI of approximately 7.2 by isoelectric focusing. Although the purified antibodies are specific for the xylitoyl moiety of xylitol-protein conjugates, they reacted equally well with the Schiff base conjugate of xylosyl-protein conjugates (68% cross-reactivity) indicating that carbons 2 to 5 of xylitol act as an epitope. Xylitol antibodies showed excellent specificity towards xylitol and <4.4% cross-reactivity with D-xylose and various sugar alcohols except ribitol and galactitol, which showed approximately 11% and 8% cross-reactivity, respectively. D-Xylitol-BSA conjugate was used to raise IgE antibodies in BALB/c mice by repeated intradermal administration. Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis using the immune sera confirmed the haptenic nature of xylitol.
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Co-clustering activating and inhibitory receptors: impact at varying expression levels of the latter.Clustering the mast cell function-associated antigen (MAFA) has earlier been shown to inhibit mast cells' secretory response to the type 1 Fcepsilon receptor (FcepsilonRI) stimulus. MAFA is a type II membrane glycoprotein first identified on rat mast cells and contains an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) in its cytosolic domain. This inhibition is induced already upon clustering MAFA alone. Still, the inhibitory capacity of MAFA-FcepsilonRI co-clustering has recently been characterized and co-clustered MAFA molecules were found to exhibit a markedly higher inhibition capacity than MAFA-clusters alone. We have now compared the inhibitory capacity of FcepsilonRI co-clustered MAFA on the secretory response of rat mucosal-type mast cells (RBL-2H3 line) expressing different levels of this inhibitory protein. Reacting these cells carrying an IgE class, 2,4 dinitrophenyl (DNP)-specific monoclonal antibody with DNP-conjugated F(ab')2 fragments of non-specific polyclonal mouse IgG causes clustering of the FcepsilonRI-IgE. Reaction of these cells with DNP-conjugated F(ab')2 fragments of the MAFA-specific, monoclonal antibody G63 co-aggregates MAFA together with the FcepsilonRI-IgE thereby producing FcepsilonRI-IgE-MAFA co-clusters. Results of measurements of the secretory responses of RBL-2H3 cells expressing higher or lower MAFA levels than those of unmodified cells provided further support to the notion that co-clustered MAFA molecules exhibit a markedly higher inhibition capacity than MAFA-clusters alone. The molecular basis for this enhanced inhibition is most probably the increased concentration of the inhibitory cell components in the immediate proximity of the co-clustered FcepsilonRI-MAFA.
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