Search results for: Mouse IgM ELISA Kit
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Production of a Mouse Monoclonal Antibody Against Mortalin by Whole Cell Immunization.Pancreatic carcinoma is the fourth leading cause of cancer death and is characterized by early invasion and metastasis. Advances in molecular biology directed new strategies in targeted therapy using monoclonal antibodies. To identify new biomarkers, we generated a panel of monoclonal antibodies against the newly established cell line, Faraz-ICR, from a patient with acinar cell carcinoma. After immunization of BALB/c female mice with Faraz-ICR cell line and fusion of splenocytes with SP2/0 myeloma cell line, high reactive hybridoma producing antibodies to Faraz-ICR were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Western blot and two-dimensional immunoblot were used for further characterization of the targets antibodies. Among high reactive clones, the reactivity of 1C11 clone was assessed with other epithelial tumors. The isotype of the antibody was revealed to be IgM, and the antibody reacted to a protein with a molecular weight of about 70 kDa in Western blot analysis. To further characterization of the target antigen, immunoproteome of the Faraz-ICR cell line was performed. By liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis, we identified that the target of 1C11 clone was HSP70. In conclusion, pancreatic cancer is a fatal malignancy with no reliable biomarker for early screening and diagnosis. In this study, by establishing a pancreatic cell line, a panel of monoclonal antibodies was generated aiming to explore specific or associated cancer targets. We then introduced 1C11 monoclonal antibody that can specifically recognize mortalin as a main tumor marker and may serve as a new tool for diagnostic kit and therapeutic strategies targeting this molecule.
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Design of Indigenous ELISA Using Tachyzoites from the RH Strain of Toxoplasma gondii and Comparison with Commercial Kits in Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran, 2015.Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most common causes of latent infections in humans worldwide. Detecting anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in serum using serological tests is a common method to diagnose toxoplasmosis.
1698 related Products with: Design of Indigenous ELISA Using Tachyzoites from the RH Strain of Toxoplasma gondii and Comparison with Commercial Kits in Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran, 2015.Rat Inactive rhomboid pro Rabbit Anti-T. gondii RH Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Toxoplasma gondii GRA8, r Toxoplasma gondii MIC 3 r Toxoplasma gondii P24 (GR Toxoplasma gondii P29 (GR Toxoplasma gondii P30 (SA TOXOPLASMA GONDII Culture Goat Anti-Human DHX9 RHA, Rat inositol 1,4,5,-trisp Rat TGF-beta-inducible ea
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A Novel IgM-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using recombinant Vag8 fusion protein for the accurate and early diagnosis of Bordetella pertussis infection.An ELISA that measures anti-PT IgG antibody has been used widely for the serodiagnosis of pertussis; however, the IgG-based ELISA is inadequate for patients during the acute phase of the disease because of the slow response of anti-PT IgG antibodies. To solve this problem, we developed a novel IgM-capture ELISA that measures serum anti-Bordetella pertussis Vag8 IgM levels for the accurate and early diagnosis of pertussis. First, we confirmed that Vag8 was highly expressed in all B. pertussis isolates tested (n = 30), but little or none in other Bordetella species, and that DTaP vaccines did not induce anti-Vag8 IgG antibodies in mice (i.e. the antibody level could be unaffected by the vaccination). To determine the immune response to Vag8 in B. pertussis infection, anti-Vag8 IgM levels were compared between 38 patients (acute phase of pertussis) and 29 healthy individuals using the anti-Vag8 IgM-capture ELISA. The results revealed that the anti-Vag8 IgM levels were significantly higher in the patients compared with the healthy individuals (P < 0.001). ROC analysis also showed that the anti-Vag8 IgM-capture ELISA has higher diagnostic accuracy (AUC, 0.92) than a commercial anti-PT IgG ELISA kit. Moreover, it was shown that anti-Vag8 IgM antibodies were induced earlier than anti-PT IgG antibodies on sequential patients' sera. These data indicate that our novel anti-Vag8 IgM-capture ELISA is a potentially useful tool for making the accurate and early diagnosis of B. pertussis infection.
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Epidemiological aspects of Toxoplasma gondii infection in riverside communities in the Southern Brazilian Amazon.Toxoplasma gondii infection is widely prevalent in humans and other animals worldwide. Information on the prevalence of T. gondii infection is scarce in some regions of Brazil, including riverside communities along the Amazon River basin.
2743 related Products with: Epidemiological aspects of Toxoplasma gondii infection in riverside communities in the Southern Brazilian Amazon.Toxoplasma gondii GRA8, r Infection diseases: Heli Infection diseases: Heli Thermal Shaker with cooli FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Liver cancer tissue array Liver tissue cancer tissu
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[[Virus-like particle-based immunoglobulin M capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of IgM antibodies against Chikungunya virus].To establish a MacELISA method for the detection of IgM antibodies against Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), we prepared virus like particle (VLP) antigens of CHIKV using the whole structural protein C-E3-E2-6K-E1 encoding gene with a baculovirus expression system in Sf9 insect cells. The VLPs were purified and used to immunize Kunming mice. Then, polyclonal antibodies were purified from the samples of ascites with a protein G HiTrap SP column and labeled with horseradish peroxidase. A MacELISA method for the detection of IgM antibodies against CHIKV was assembled with goat anti-human IgM antibody, VLP antigens and an enzyme-labeled polyclonal antibody. The results were evaluated with a serum panel containing serum samples from laboratory-confirmed CHIK, HFRS patients, healthy donors, and commercially available CHIKV IgM as a quality control. It was shown that the MacELISA had a specificity of 99% (99/100), the coefficients of variation (CoV) within a plate were <10%, and the CoV of different ELISA plates in terms of the plate variation coefficient was <15%. A comparative analysis was performed to compare the current method against a commercial CHIKV IgM antibody detection kit for IIFA-IgM. The detection limit of MacELISA was significantly lower than that of the IIFA-IgM commercial kit (P< 0.0001). Here, we demonstrate that the VLP-based MacELISA is a promising tool for the early diagnosis and epidemiological investigation of CHIKV infection, with a high level of sensitivity and specificity for the detection of IgM antibodies against CHIKV.
1070 related Products with: [[Virus-like particle-based immunoglobulin M capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of IgM antibodies against Chikungunya virus].MarkerGeneTM Fluorescent Viral antibodies, anti-R Measles Virus Nucleoprote Measles Virus nucleoprote Hepatitis C Virus antibod Feline Leukemia virus ant Feline Leukemia Virus p27 Feline Leukemia Virus gp7 Feline Leukemia Virus gp7 Hepatitis B Virus antibod Hepatitis B Virus antibod Hepatitis C Virus antibod
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[Demonstration of β-1,2 mannan structures expressed on the cell wall of Candida albicans yeast form but not on the hyphal form by using monoclonal antibodies].Candida albicans is a polymorphic fungus that may be observed as both commensal and opportunistic pathogen in humans. As one of the major components of Candida cell wall structure, mannan plays an important role in the fungus-host cell interaction and in virulence. The ability to switch from yeast to hypha form of microorganism is crutial in the development of C.albicans infections. Hyphal form has different antigenic properties compared to yeast form and structural changes occur in the yeast cell wall during transition from yeast to hypha form. Although there are several factors associated with this transition process, sufficient information is not available. The aim of this study was to investigate the change of configuration in mannan structure found in C.albicans cell wall by using monoclonal antibodies. C.albicans (NIHA 207) serotype A strains were used as test strains throughout the study, together with Salmonella choleraesuis 211 and Salmonella infantis as controls with similar cell wall structures to that of C.albicans. Cultures were maintained on YPD-agar medium by incubating at 28°C for yeast forms, and on YPD-broth medium in a shaking incubator at 37°C for 3-4 hours for the growth of hyphal forms. Cells were harvested in the exponential phase, and after being washed, the mannan content from C.albicans were extracted from pellet by heating in 20 mM sodium citrate buffer for 90 minutes at 125°C. Hybridoma technique was used for the production of monoclonal antibodies. After immunizing the Balb/C mice with antigen, the splenocytes were harvested and fusion was performed between spleen cells and F0 myeloma cells. The clones grown in HAT medium were screened for the presence of antibody producing hybrid cells by ELISA method. The antibody isotypes were determined by using a commercial kit (Pierce Biotechnology, ABD). The culture supernatants which contained monoclonal antibodies were collected and purified according to the ammonium sulphate method. Sandwich ELISA and immunofluorescence (IF) methods have been used to detect the experimental reactions. In our study, highly specific class IgM murine monoclonal antibodies (mAb-2B7) against C.albicans yeast cell wall were obtained from clone 2B7. These antibodies cross-reacted with S.choleraesuis 211 and S.infantis bacteria sharing similar cell wall structure of C.albicans. The existence of mannan β-1,2 bonds on the surface of C.albicans yeast form was confirmed with a commercial monoclonal antibody (mAb-ACMK-1; Matriks Biotek(®), Turkey) specific for those bonds. Besides, mAb-ACMK-1 interacted with C.albicans yeast form and gave intense fluorescence (high positive reaction) in IF method, but no fluorescence (negative) was detected with hyphal form. This data, obtained for the first time with this study, indicates that the mannan β-1,2 bonds are either found infrequently or none in the fungal hyphal wall. Although both monoclonal antibodies recognize the mannan antigen, mAb-2B7 reacted with S.choleraesuis 211, while mAb-ACMK-1 did not, due to the difference of epitope specificity. In conclusion, monoclonal antibodies may facilitate the characterization of antigenic structures of Candida, which will lead for the identification of new determinants that may increase the sensitivity and specificity of commercial tests used for mannan detection in serum.
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High seroprevalence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae IgM in acute Q fever by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Q fever is serologically cross-reactive with other intracellular microorganisms. However, studies of the serological status of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae during Q fever are rare. We conducted a retrospective serological study of M. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), a method widely used in clinical practice, in 102 cases of acute Q fever, 39 cases of scrub typhus, and 14 cases of murine typhus. The seropositive (57.8%, 7.7%, and 0%, p<0.001) and seroconversion rates (50.6%, 8.8%, and 0%, p<0.001) of M. pneumoniae IgM, but not M. pneumoniae IgG and C. pneumoniae IgG/IgM, in acute Q fever were significantly higher than in scrub typhus and murine typhus. Another ELISA kit also revealed a high seropositivity (49.5%) and seroconversion rate (33.3%) of M. pneumoniae IgM in acute Q fever. The temporal and age distributions of patients with positive M. pneumoniae IgM were not typical of M. pneumoniae pneumonia. Comparing acute Q fever patients who were positive for M. pneumoniae IgM (59 cases) with those who were negative (43 cases), the demographic characteristics and underlying diseases were not different. In addition, the clinical manifestations associated with atypical pneumonia, including headache (71.2% vs. 81.4%, p=0.255), sore throat (8.5% vs. 16.3%, p=0.351), cough (35.6% vs. 23.3%, p=0.199), and chest x-ray suggesting pneumonia (19.3% vs. 9.5%, p=0.258), were unchanged between the two groups. Clinicians should be aware of the high seroprevalence of M. pneumoniae IgM in acute Q fever, particularly with ELISA kits, which can lead to misdiagnosis, overestimations of the prevalence of M. pneumoniae pneumonia, and underestimations of the true prevalence of Q fever pneumonia.
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[Preparation of monoclonal antibodies against flagellin core protein of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and its activity analysis].To prepare monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against flagellin core protein of Vibrio (V.) parahaemolyticus and establish the double-sandwich ELISA for testing V.parahaemolyticus from food products.
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Diagnosis of antigenic markers of acute toxoplasmosis by IgG avidity immunoblotting.To perform IgG avidity immunoblotting assay for detection of acute toxoplasmosis, 100 serum samples were collected from Tehran, Iran. The presence of Toxoplasma-specific IgG and IgM antibodies were checked by commercial Trinity kit. Samples were categorized in acute and chronic phases of Toxoplasma gondii infection according to IgG avidity ELISA. IgG avidity immunoblotting was performed, and antigenic bands with molecular weights of 22, 25, 28, 30, 32, 42, 44, 49, 55, 60, 66, 69, 88, 106, 130 and 157 kDa were recognized as low avidity markers. The most prevalent antigen for low avidity was p22. It is concluded that IgG avidity immunoblotting could distinguish acute and chronic phases of T. gondii infection.
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IgE production in CD40/CD40L cross-talk of B and mast cells and mediator release via TGase 2 in mouse allergic asthma.TGase 2 is over-expressed in a variety of inflammatory diseases including allergic asthma. This study aimed to investigate the role of TGase 2 on IgE production and signaling pathways in mast cell activation related to OVA-induced allergic asthma. Bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) isolated from WT or TGase 2(-/-) mice were activated with Ag/Ab (refer to act-WT-BMMCs and act-KO-BMMCs, respectively). B cells isolated from splenocytes were activated with anti-mouse IgM (act-B cells), and B cells were co-cultured with BMMCs. WT and TGase 2(-/-) mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA adsorbed in alum hydroxide. Intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) levels were determined by fluorescence intensity; IgE, mediators and TGase 2 activity by ELISA; the CD138 expression by FACS analyzer; cell surface markers and signal molecules by Western blot; NF-κB by EMSA; co-localization of mast cells and B cells by immunohistochemistry; Fcε RI-mediated mast cell activation by PCA test; expression of cytokines, MMPs, TIMPs, TLR2 and FcεRI by RT-PCR. In vitro, act-KO-BMMCs reduced the [Ca(2+)]i levels, NF-κB activity, expression of CD40/CD40L, plasma cells, total IgE levels and TGase 2 activity in act-B cells co-cultured with act-BMMCs, expression of inflammatory cytokines and MMPs2/9, release of mediators (TNF-α, LTs and cytokines), and activities of signal molecules (PKCs, MAP kinases, I-κB and PLA2), which were all increased in act-WT-BMMCs. TGase 2 siRNA transfected/activated-BMMCs reduced all responses as same as those in act-KO-BMMCs. In allergic asthma model, TGase 2(-/-) mice protected against PCA reaction, OVA-specific IgE production and AHR, and they reduced co-localization of mast cells and B cells or IgE in lung tissues, expression and co-localization of surface molecules in mast cells (c-kit and CD40L) and B cells (CD23 and CD40), inflammatory cells including mast cells, goblet cells, amounts of collagen and mediator release in BAL fluid and/or lung tissues, which were all increased in WT mice. TLR expression in TGase 2(-/-) mice did not differ from those in WT mice. Our data suggest that TGase 2 expression and Ca(2+) influx required by bidirectional events in mast cell activation facilitate IgE production in B cells via up-regulating mast cell CD40L expression, and induce the expression of numerous signaling molecules associated with airway inflammation and remodeling in allergic asthma.
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