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#28259958   2017/03/05 Save this To Up

Comparison of the proliferation, migration and angiogenic properties of human amniotic epithelial and mesenchymal stem cells and their effects on endothelial cells.

In vivo studies have shown that amnion-produced growth factors participate in many diseases that involve angiogenesis, re-epithelialization and immunomodulation. Although human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) and human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) can be obtained from amniotic membranes, there is little information regarding their biological differences. The aim of the present study was to isolate and characterize cells from human amnions, to investigate the biological potential and behavior of these cells on the function of endothelial cells in vivo and in vitro and to examine variations in the expression profile of growth factors in different human amnion-derived cell types. Amnion fragments were enzymatically digested into two cell fractions, which were analyzed by mesenchymal and epithelial cell markers. Human aortic endothelial cells (hAoECs) were cultured with conditioned medium (CdM) collected from hAECs or hAMSCs. We used scratch and Transwell assays to evaluate migration ability; Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and cell cycle analysis to evaluate proliferation ability; and a Matrigel tube formation assay to evaluate angiogenesis ability. To detect expression of angiogenesis-related genes, qPCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses were conducted. As stem cells, hAECs and hAMSCs all expressed the stem cell markers SSEA-4, OCT-4 and SOX-2. CdM obtained from hAECs promoted cell migration; CdM obtained from hAMSCs promoted cell proliferation; CdM obtained from hAECs and hAMSCs both promoted angiogenesis in hAoECs. Amnion-derived cells secreted significant amounts of angiogenic factors including HGF, IGF-1, VEGF, EGF, HB-EGF and bFGF, although differences in the cellular expression profile of these soluble factors were observed. Our results highlight that human amniotic epithelial and mesenchymal stem cells, which showed differences in their soluble factor secretion and angiogenic functions, could be ideal cell sources for regenerative medicine.

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#28142117   2017/01/31 Save this To Up

The effect of aloe vera on the expression of wound healing factors (TGFβ1 and bFGF) in mouse embryonic fibroblast cell: In vitro study.

Aloe vera (A.v) have been used traditionally for topical treatment of wounds and burns in different countries for centuries, but the mechanism of this effect is not well understood. Various growth factors are implicated in the process of wound healing. Among the different growth factors involved in the process, TGFβ1 and bFGF are the most importantly expressed in fibroblast cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of A.v on the expression of angiogenesis growth factors in mouse embryonic fibroblast cells.

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#27313670   2016/06/17 Save this To Up

Effect of a feeder layer composed of mouse embryonic and human foreskin fibroblasts on the proliferation of human embryonic stem cells.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of feeder layers composed of various ratios of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and human foreskin fibroblasts (hFFs) on the growth of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). In addition, the secretion levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) by the feeder layers was detected. MEFs and hFFs were treated with mitomycin C and seeded onto gelatin-coated plates at a density of 1×10(8) cells/l. The hFFs and MEFs were combined and plated at the following ratios: 0:1, 1:2, 1:1, 2:1 and 1:0. The secretion of bFGF by the various hFF/MEF ratio feeder layers was detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Subsequently, hESCs were cultured on top of the various feeder layers. The differences in the cellular morphology of the hESCs were observed using microscopy, and the expression levels alkaline phosphatase (AKP) and octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT-4) were detected using immunohistochemical analysis as indicators of differentiation status. The results showed that the hFFs secreted substantial quantities of bFGF, while no bFGF was secreted by the MEFs. The clones of hESC growing on the feeder layer containing MEF or hFF alone were flat. By contrast, hESC clones grown on a mixed feeder layer containing hFFs + MEFs at a ratio of 1:1 exhibited an accumulated growth with a clear edge, as compared with the other ratios. In addition, hESCs growing on the feeder layer were positive for the expression of AKP and OCT-4. In summary, feeder layer hFFs secreted bFGF, while MEFs did not, indicating that bFGF is not the only factor that supports the growth and differentiation of hESCs. The optimal growth of hESCs was achieved using a mixed feeder layer composed of hFFs + MEFs at a ratio of 1:1.

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#26968484   2016/04/16 Save this To Up

In vitro and in vivo study of hydralazine, a potential anti-angiogenic agent.

Hydralazine (HYD), an old routine clinical anti-hypertension drug, is rarely used in clinic nowadays. Since the strategy of repositioning old drugs was put forward, HYD has been reported to possess various biological activities, including antitumor efficacy and reducing intra-tumor microvessel. Here, we investigated that whether HYD had the ability of anti-angiogeneis and its underlying mechanism. Cells proliferation, wound-healing, Transwell migration and invasion, tube formation and rat aortic ring assays in vitro and chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model in vivo were designed to investigated HYD's anti-angiogenic effect. Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were assessed by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mice model was used to evaluate HYD's effect on tumor growth and microvessel density. Our results showed that HYD not only inhibited human umbilical vascular endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation, wound-healing, Transwell migration and invasion and tube formation, but also suppressed the microvessel outgrowth of rat aortic ring in vitro and the neovascularzation of CAM in vivo. Furthermore, we demonstrated that HYD attenuated tumor angiogenesis and tumor growth. In the co-culture system of Transwell migration, the secretion of VEGF and bFGF was reduced by HYD respectively. In sum, our data indicate that HYD has the pharmacological effect of ant-angiogenesis by interference with VEGF and bFGF signaling pathways in endothelial cells. These findings suggest that HYD might be a promising angiogenesis inhibitor and a potential effective therapeutic agent for cancer therapy.

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#26750157   2016/04/04 Save this To Up

The synthetic progesterone Norgestrel is neuroprotective in stressed photoreceptor-like cells and retinal explants, mediating its effects via basic fibroblast growth factor, protein kinase A and glycogen synthase kinase 3β signalling.

The synthetic progesterone Norgestrel has been shown to have proven neuroprotective efficacy in two distinct models of retinitis pigmentosa: the rd10/rd10 (B6.CXBI-Pde6b(rd10)/J) mouse model and the Balb/c light-damage model. However, the cellular mechanism underlying this neuroprotection is still largely unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the downstream signalling pathways associated with Norgestrel both in vitro and ex vivo. In this work, we identify the potential of Norgestrel to rescue stressed 661W photoreceptor-like cells and ex vivo retinal explants from cell death over 24 h. Norgestel is thought to work through an upregulation of neuroprotective basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Analysis of 661W cells in vitro by real-time polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting revealed an upregulation of bFGF in response to Norgestrel over 6 h. Specific siRNA knockdown of bFGF abrogated the protective properties of Norgestrel on damaged photoreceptors, thus highlighting the crucial importance of bFGF in Norgestrel-mediated protection. Furthermore, Norgestrel initiated a bFGF-dependent inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) through phosphorylation at serine 9. The effects of Norgestrel on GSK3β were dependent on protein kinase A (PKA) pathway activation. Specific inhibition of both the PKA and GSK3β pathways prevented Norgestrel-mediated neuroprotection of stressed photoreceptor cells in vitro. Involvement of the PKA pathway following Norgestrel treatment was also confirmed ex vivo. Therefore, these results indicate that the protective efficacy of Norgestrel is, at least in part, due to the bFGF-mediated activation of the PKA pathway, with subsequent inactivation of GSK3β.

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#26471858   2016/01/15 Save this To Up

The cardiac repair benefits of inflammation do not persist: evidence from mast cell implantation.

Multiple mechanisms contribute to progressive cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI) and inflammation is an important mediator. Mast cells (MCs) trigger inflammation after MI by releasing bio-active factors that contribute to healing. c-Kit-deficient (Kit(W/W-v) ) mice have dysfunctional MCs and develop severe ventricular dilatation post-MI. We explored the role of MCs in post-MI repair. Mouse wild-type (WT) and Kit(W/W-v) MCs were obtained from bone marrow (BM). MC effects on fibroblasts were examined in vitro by proliferation and gel contraction assays. MCs were implanted into infarcted mouse hearts and their effects were evaluated using molecular, cellular and cardiac functional analyses. In contrast to WT, Kit(W/W-v) MC transplantation into Kit(W/W-v) mice did not improve cardiac function or scar size post-MI. Kit(W/W-v) MCs induced significantly reduced fibroblast proliferation and contraction compared to WT MCs. MC influence on fibroblast proliferation was Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-dependent and MC-induced fibroblast contractility functioned through transforming growth factor (TGF)-β. WT MCs transiently rescue cardiac function early post-MI, but the benefits of BM cell implantation lasted longer. MCs induced increased inflammation compared to the BM-injected mice, with increased neutrophil infiltration and infarct tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentration. This augmented inflammation was followed by increased angiogenesis and myofibroblast formation and reduced scar size at early time-points. Similar to the functional data, these beneficial effects were transient, largely vanishing by day 28. Dysfunctional Kit(W/W-v) MCs were unable to rescue cardiac function post-MI. WT MC implantation transiently enhanced angiogenesis and cardiac function. These data suggest that increased inflammation is beneficial to cardiac repair, but these effects are not persistent.

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#26081513   2015/06/17 Save this To Up

[Endothelial progenitor cells promote osteogenic differentiation of marrow stromal cells in a paracrine manner].

To explore the mechanisms of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs)on promoting osteogenic differentiation of marrow stromal cells (MSCs).

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#26032256   2015/08/11 Save this To Up

ERK5 regulates basic fibroblast growth factor-induced type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor expression and cell proliferation in lung fibroblasts.

bFGF is a potent mitogen of cells associated with fibrosis. Although ERK5 has been reported to play roles in the development of fibrosis, its roles in regulating bFGF-induced fibrotic responses are not understood, especially in lung fibroblasts. The authors investigated the role of ERK5 in bFGF induction of cell proliferation and in induction of PAI-1, a critical regulator of the pathological features of fibrosis, in lung fibroblasts.

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#25889697   2015/04/19 Save this To Up

IL-25 induces airways angiogenesis and expression of multiple angiogenic factors in a murine asthma model.

Th2-promoting cytokine IL-25 might contribute to bronchial mucosal vascular remodelling in asthma through its receptor expressed by vascular endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells.

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#25656129   2015/02/06 Save this To Up

[Screening for predictive biomarkers of bevacizumab treatment in gastric cancer subcutaneous xenografts].

To establish subcutaneous xenograft models of gastric cancer in nude mice and to screen the predictive biomarkers of bevacizumab effectiveness.

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