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           Search results for: Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen CFP10 (Rv3874)   

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#26526557   2015/11/30 Save this To Up

The TB-specific CD4(+) T cell immune repertoire in both cynomolgus and rhesus macaques largely overlap with humans.

Non-human primate (NHP) models of tuberculosis (TB) immunity and pathogenesis, especially rhesus and cynomolgus macaques, are particularly attractive because of the high similarity of the human and macaque immune systems. However, little is known about the MHC class II epitopes recognized in macaques, thus hindering the establishment of immune correlates of immunopathology and protective vaccination. We characterized immune responses in rhesus macaques vaccinated against and/or infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), to a panel of antigens currently in human vaccine trials. We defined 54 new immunodominant CD4(+) T cell epitopes, and noted that antigens immunodominant in humans are also immunodominant in rhesus macaques, including Rv3875 (ESAT-6) and Rv3874 (CFP10). Pedigree and inferred restriction analysis demonstrated that this phenomenon was not due to common ancestry or inbreeding, but rather presentation by common alleles, as well as, promiscuous binding. Experiments using a second cohort of rhesus macaques demonstrated that a pool of epitopes defined in the previous experiments can be used to detect T cell responses in over 75% of individual monkeys. Additionally, 100% of cynomolgus macaques, irrespective of their latent or active TB status, responded to rhesus and human defined epitope pools. Thus, these findings reveal an unexpected general repertoire overlap between MHC class II epitopes recognized in both species of macaques and in humans, showing that epitope pools defined in humans can also be used to characterize macaque responses, despite differences in species and antigen exposure. The results have general implications for the evaluation of new vaccines and diagnostics in NHPs, and immediate applicability in the setting of macaque models of TB.

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#22192908   2012/02/06 Save this To Up

The CFP10/ESAT6 complex of Mycobacterium tuberculosis may function as a regulator of macrophage cell death at different stages of tuberculosis infection.

Tuberculosis is a human disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. M. tuberculosis (Mtb) is a facultative intracellular pathogen. The alveolar macrophages provide a critical niche for the intracellular pathogen. It has been shown that virulent strains mycobacteria (Mtb-H37Rv, Mycobacterium bovis) induce less apoptosis in host macrophage than avirulent mycobacteria strains (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, H37Ra). Comparative genomics analysis has revealed that the region of difference (RD1) of M. tuberculosis is absent from all strains of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). On the contrary, it presents in all virulent strains of M. tuberculosis and M. bovis. The culture filtrate protein 10 (CFP10) and early secretory antigenic target protein 6 (ESAT6) are encoded by RD1 genes Rv3874 and Rv3875, respectively. Recent studies indicated that the CFP10 and ESAT6 played an important role in M. tuberculosis virulence. It has been shown that incorporation of the RD1 region into BCG to restore the expression of CFP10 and ESAT6 leads to increasing the virulence and immunogenicity of bacterium. On the contrary, deletion of the genes encoding CFP10 and ESAT6 from the virulent M. bovis strain results in attenuation of virulence. Meanwhile, several studies showed that CFP10 and ESAT6 could inhibit and/or promote the production of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) from macrophages. Furthermore, TNF-α can induce apoptosis and necrosis of infected macrophages in tuberculosis. Considering above results, we hypothesize that the CFP10 and ESAT6 may be involved in the virulence of Mycobacterium through modulating macrophage cell death.

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