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           Search results for: Native Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin Proteins    

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#24388674   2014/02/03 Save this To Up

Pharmacologic application of native GnRH in the winter anovulatory mare, II: accelerating the timing of pregnancy.

Onset of the winter anovulatory period in mares is associated with a marked diminution in adenohypophyseal synthesis and release of LH. Native GnRH, unlike its synthetic agonists, stimulates the synthesis and secretion of LH in mares without pituitary refractoriness. Herein we tested the hypotheses that (1) the average Julian day of pregnancy can be accelerated by up to 2 months in winter anovulatory mares treated continuously with native GnRH beginning on February 1 and (2) mares will sustain luteal function and pregnancy after treatment withdrawal. Forty-two winter anovulatory mares were stratified by age, body condition score, and size of the largest follicle across two locations in a randomized design and assigned to one of three groups (n = 14 per group): (1) CONTROL: untreated, (2) GnRH-14: GnRH delivered subcutaneously in saline at a rate of 100 μg/h for 8 weeks (February 1-March 29) using four consecutive 14-day pumps (Alzet 2ML2), or (3) GnRH-28: GnRH delivered as in (2), but using two 28-day pumps (Alzet 2ML4). On development of a 35-mm follicle and expression of estrus, mares were bred the following day and treated with hCG. Pregnancies were confirmed using transrectal ultrasonography on Days 14, 24, 33, and 45, with blood samples collected to assess luteal function. Mares treated with GnRH (GnRH-14 and GnRH-28) did not differ reproductively in their responses and data were pooled for statistical comparisons. Mares treated with GnRH exhibited marked increases (P ≤ 0.04) in the frequency of development of a 35-mm follicle, submission rate for live cover and/or artificial insemination, ovulation, and pregnancy compared with control mares on treatment Day 56 (March 29). Interval to the first 35-mm follicle was 51.8 ± 4.9 and 19.3 ± 3.5 days (least square mean ± standard error of the mean) for control and GnRH-treated mares, respectively. Interval to pregnancy was 65.3 ± 6.7 and 28.6 ± 4.8 days (least square mean ± standard error of the mean) for control and GnRH-treated mares, respectively, excluding one GnRH-14 mare that failed to become pregnant over four cycles. By the end of the treatment period (March 29), only 21% of control mares were pregnant compared with 79% of GnRH-treated mares. Furthermore, mean serum concentrations of progesterone were similar to (GnRH-28; P = 0.26) or greater than (GnRH-14; P = 0.01) that of control mares from Day 0 to 46 postbreeding. Data illustrate that continuous administration of native GnRH is a highly efficient option for managing seasonal anovulation in mares and could be effectively used in the breeding industry if a user-friendly delivery option were available.

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#21074338   2010/12/06 Save this To Up

FSH is superior to eCG for promoting ovarian response in Chinese Bamei gilts.

The Bamei gilt is a Chinese native breed located in northwest China, which adapts to the extremely dry and cold environment and is distinguished for its excellent reproductive and maternal characters. To ensure sufficient numbers of embryos for transgenic and nuclear transfer research, hormonal induction of gilt estrus and superovulation may be necessary. The objective of this study was to compare the superovulation effects of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG, Group A) and FSH (Groups B-D) in Chinese Bamei gilts. The results show that though eCG could produce more corpora lutea (CL, 14.3) than the control (CL, 9.2), and the FSH treatments had significantly increased the number of CL compared with the eCG treatment. Within the different FSH protocols, the numbers of CL were significantly greater in Groups B (CL, 77.8) and C (CL, 66.8) than in Group D (CL, 42.7), however, ovarian cysts were observed in Groups B and C, but not in Group D. These data suggest that Group D (280 IU FSH) is a suitable protocol to facilitate the development of ovarian follicles and increase the number of useful embryos per gilt for embryos recovery. The optimal FSH protocol of superovulation in Bamei gilts appears to be: D13/100 IU, D14/80 IU, D15/60 IU, D16/40 IU plus prostaglandin (PG) 0.2mg, D17/hCG 1000 IU.

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#19328463   2010/04/26 Save this To Up

Reconstruction of endometrium in vitro via rabbit uterine endometrial cells expanded by sex steroid.

To culture rabbit endometrial cells by using sex steroids to provide adequate seeding cells for endometrium reconstruction and uterine tissue engineering.

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#18249396   2008/12/30 Save this To Up

Efficacy of native and hyperglycosylated follicle-stimulating hormone analogs for promoting fertility in female mice.

To compare the efficacy of recombinant human FSH (rhFSH) with rhFSH with four additional O-linked carbohydrates (rhFSH-CTP), rhFSH with four additional N-linked carbohydrates (rhFSH-N4), and the current gold standard for rodent ovarian stimulation, pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG), on fertility parameters in mice.

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#18226016   2008/09/01 Save this To Up

No change detected in body weight, scrotal circumference, semen characteristics and sexual behaviour during the development of prepubertal Milchschaf lambs after weekly administration of eCG.

To study the effects of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) on pubertal development, 38 Milchschaf spring born male lambs fathered by the same ram and grazing over native pasture as a single mob during all the experiment were divided into three groups as follows: group 100 (100 IU of eCG weekly i.m., n = 11), group 400 (400 IU of eCG weekly i.m., n = 12) and group 0 (controls, n = 15). Lambs were weighed and scrotal circumference was registered every 2 weeks since birth until 170 days of age (end of experiment). On days 125 and 167 semen was collected using an electroejaculator. Semen volume and concentration, mass and individual sperm motility (scale 0 to 5) and total number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate were recorded. The sexual behaviour of the lambs was evaluated twice, on days 127 and 170 in a pen test with oestrous ewes. There were no significant effects of treatment on body weight or scrotal circumference, semen characteristics or sexual behaviour. At least in the administration regimens tested, eCG treatment has no effect on prepubertal reproductive development of male lambs.

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#17049590   2006/12/15 Save this To Up

Expression and bioactivity of a single chain recombinant equine luteinizing hormone (reLH).

To study structure-activity relationships and the role of equine gonadotropins in the normal and pathophysiology of equine reproduction, the availability of purified hormones is essential. Previous expression studies in transfected CHO cells showed inefficient assembly of the human and bovine alpha and beta subunits, resulting in low levels of recombinant LH. The ability to express a single chain bearing genetically linked alpha and beta subunits bypasses this rate-limiting assembly step. A chimera was constructed by overlap PCR in which the carboxy terminal end of the eLHbeta subunit was genetically fused to the amino end of the alpha subunit. This gene was transfected into CHO cells and the recombinant product was purified through multiple steps, including a Fractogel resin separation. Serial dilutions of pituitary derived native eLH and the single chain reLH were compared in an eLH radioimmunoassay (RIA); the concentration curves between the single chain recombinant eLH and the native eLH standard were parallel. The biological activity of the analog was determined in vitro and in vivo using homologous equine models. Testicular tissue from five colts was processed for Leydig cell cultures. Increasing doses of reLH were incubated with equine Leydig cells for 24h in vitro and testosterone production was determined by RIA. Recombinant eLH stimulated a greater than 15-fold increase in testosterone production in a dose-dependent manner. Quarter Horse breeding stallions were treated with either reLH (n=5) or saline (n=3) and plasma testosterone concentrations were measured by RIA. Recombinant eLH stimulated a four-fold increase in circulating testosterone concentrations compared to the saline control. Therefore, the single chain recombinant will be effective for a variety of structure-function analyses and for breeding management in the horse.

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#14585104   2004/07/26 Save this To Up

Fast renal trapping of porcine luteinizing hormone (pLH) shown by 123I-scintigraphic imaging in rats explains its short circulatory half-life.

Sugar moieties of gonadotropins play no primary role in receptor binding but they strongly affect their circulatory half-life and consequently their in vivo biopotencies. In order to relate more precisely hepatic trapping of these glycoproteic hormones with their circulatory half-life, we undertook a comparative study of the distribution and elimination of porcine LH (pLH) and equine CG (eCG) which exhibit respectively a short and a long half-life. This was done first by following half-lives of pLH in piglets with hepatic portal circulation shunted or not. It was expected that such a shunt would enhance the short half-life of pLH. Subsequently, scintigraphic imaging of both 123I-pLH and 123I-eCG was performed in intact rats to compare their routes and rates of distribution and elimination.

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#11665896   2001/10/22 Save this To Up

Ovarian response, embryo recovery and results of embryo transfer in a Hungarian native pig breed.

The objective of the study was to use embryo transfer (ET) for propagation of the Swallow Belly Mangalica population. Mangalica is a native Hungarian pig breed adapted to extreme climate and housing conditions and distinguished for excellent meat and fat quality. However, due to their weak reproductive characteristics and relatively high fat proportion, Mangalica pigs have been replaced by modern breeds. Now, there is an increased interest again to safeguard the properties of this breed. We conducted two experiments. First, we used a total of 18 puberal Mangalica gilts to determine an optimal superovulatory treatment. Following estrus synchronization with Regumate, we injected gilts with either 750, 1000 or 1250 IU PMSG, followed by 750 IU hCG 80 h later. We scanned ovaries endoscopically 3 days after hCG administration. The application of 1000 and 1250 IU PMSG resulted in a higher rate of ovulation compared to 750 IU (24.2 +/- 3.6 and 21.0 +/- 2.3 vs. 13.7 +/- 2.7 P<0.05). The number of follicular cysts increased after administration of 1250 IU PMSG compared to 750 and 1000 IU (2.0 +/- 1.3 vs. 0.3 +/- 0.7 and 0.2 +/- 0.3, P<0.05). Thus, we chose 1000 IU PMSG for further stimulation of Mangalica gilts. In the second experiment, we induced superovulation in 10 Mangalica donor gilts by 1000 IU PMSG and 750 IU hCG. Gilts were fixed-time inseminated, and then five days later embryo collection was carried out surgically (n=6) or endoscopically (n=4). Out of the 187 ova recovered, 92.5% were at the morula/blastocyst stage. The embryo recovery rate was higher following surgical flushing than following endoscopy (91.5 +/- 4.4% vs. 71.4 +/- 12.7%, P<0.05). Altogether 143 embryos were transferred surgically or endoscopically into 8 Landrace recipients. Surgical and endoscopic transfer of Mangalica embryos into Landrace gilts resulted in pregnancies in 3 and 2 gilts, respectively; thus the overall farrowing rate was 62.5%. The birth of 59 Mangalica piglets from 5 embryo recipients equals an average litter size of 11.8 +/- 1.3, which is two times larger than usual in this breed. Therefore, we concluded that an appropriate inter-breed ET program is a suitable tool to propagate the endangered Mangalica breed.

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#11502219   2001/08/14 Save this To Up

Secretion of biologically active glycoforms of bovine follicle stimulating hormone in plants.

We chose the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), a pituitary heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone, as a model to assess the ability of the plant cell to express a recombinant protein that requires extensive N-glycosylation for subunit folding and assembly, intracellular trafficking, signal transduction and circulatory stability. A tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) based transient expression system was used to express a single-chain (sc) version of bovine FSH in the tobacco related species Nicotiana benthamiana. Preparations of periplasmic proteins from plants infected with recombinant viral RNA contained high levels of sc-bFSH, up to 3% of total soluble proteins. Consistently, in situ indirect immunofluorescence revealed that the plant cell secreted the mammalian secretory protein to the extracellular compartment (EC). By mass spectrometric analysis of immunoaffinity purified sc-bFSH derived from EC fractions, we found two species of the plant paucimannosidic glycan type, truncated forms of complex-type N-glycans. Stimulation of cAMP production in a CHO cell line expressing the porcine FSH receptor acknowledged the native-like structure of sc-bFSH and a sufficient extent of N-glycosylation required for signal transduction. Furthermore, in superovulatory treatments of mice, sc-bFSH displayed significant in vivo bioactivity, although much lower than that of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin. We conclude that plants may have a broad utility as hosts for the recombinant expression of proteins even where glycosylation is essential for function.

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#10766975   2000/06/06 Save this To Up

cDNA cloning of rat prolyl oligopeptidase and its expression in the ovary during the estrous cycle.

A cDNA for rat prolyl oligopeptidase was cloned which contained an open reading frame of 2,130 nucleotides encoding a protein of 710 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence is around 95% homologous to other mammalian prolyl oligopeptidases and about 40% to bacterial prolyl oligopeptidases. The recombinant prolyl oligopeptidase generated in E. coli was purified and its properties were examined. The substrate specificity and the susceptibility to proteinase inhibitors were similar to those of the native enzyme. Northern blot analysis showed wide expression of the prolyl oligopeptidase gene. Using ovaries from hormone-treated rats, it was found that both the mRNA expression and enzyme activity increased in the luteal phase. These findings suggest the involvement of prolyl oligopeptidase in events associated with corpus luteum formation and/or luteal regression.

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