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Insights into the suitability of utilizing brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) as a model for healing spinal cord injury with epidermal growth factor and fibroblast growth factor-II by predicting protein-protein interactions.

The stimulation of the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) offers the possibility of a renewable source of replacement cells to treat numerous neurological diseases including spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury and stroke. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) have been used to stimulate NSCs to renew, expand, and produce precursors for neural repair within an adult brown rat (Rattus norvegicus). To provide greater insight into the interspecies protein-protein interactions between human FGF-2 and EGF proteins and native R. norvegicus proteins, we have utilized the Massively Parallel Protein-Protein Interaction Prediction Engine (MP-PIPE) in an attempt to computationally shed light on the pathways potentially driving neurosphere proliferation. This study determined similar and differing protein interaction pathways between the two growth factors and the proteins in R. norvegicus compared with the proteins in H. sapiens. The protein-protein interactions predicted that EGF and FGF-2 may behave differently in rats than in humans. The identification and improved understanding of these differences may help to improve the clinical translation of NSC therapies from rats to humans.

1257 related Products with: Insights into the suitability of utilizing brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) as a model for healing spinal cord injury with epidermal growth factor and fibroblast growth factor-II by predicting protein-protein interactions.

Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Rat monoclonal anti mouse Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Fibroblast Growth Factor Fibroblast Growth Factor

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Synergistic effects of hyaluronate - epidermal growth factor conjugate patch on chronic wound healing.

The proteolytic microenvironment in the wound area reduces the stability and the half-life of growth factors in vivo, making difficult the topical delivery of growth factors. Here, epidermal growth factor (EGF) was conjugated to hyaluronate (HA) to improve the long-term stability against enzymatic degradation and the therapeutic effect by enhancing the biological interaction with HA receptors on skin cells. After the synthesis of HA-EGF conjugates, they were incorporated into a patch-type formulation for the facile topical application and sustained release of EGF. According to ELISA, the HA-EGF conjugates showed a long-term stability compared with native EGF. Furthermore, HA-EGF conjugates appeared to interact with skin cells through two types of HA and EGF receptors, resulting in a synergistically improved healing effect. Taken together, we could confirm the feasibility of HA-EGF conjugates for the transdermal treatment of chronic wounds.

2102 related Products with: Synergistic effects of hyaluronate - epidermal growth factor conjugate patch on chronic wound healing.

Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Human Epidermal Growth Fa Mouse Epidermal Growth Fa Human Epidermal Growth Fa Mouse Epidermal Growth Fa Rat monoclonal anti mouse Fibroblast Growth Factor Fibroblast Growth Factor Fibroblast Growth Factor

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Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibition with erlotinib ameliorates anti-Thy 1.1-induced experimental glomerulonephritis.

Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is a common glomerular disorder that may lead to end-stage renal disease. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation and in the pathology of various renal diseases. Erlotinib is a novel, oral, highly selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the EGF receptor. It is clinically used to treat non-small cell lung and pancreatic cancers. Here, we investigated the effect of erlotinib on the progression of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in an experimental model.

2225 related Products with: Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibition with erlotinib ameliorates anti-Thy 1.1-induced experimental glomerulonephritis.

Rat monoclonal anti mouse Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Human Epidermal Growth Fa Mouse Anti-Human Thyroid Mouse Anti-Human Thyroid RABBIT ANTI HUMAN SDF-1 A Mouse Epidermal Growth Fa IGF-1R Signaling Phospho- Mouse Anti-Growth Hormone

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ERK and RSK are necessary for TRH-induced inhibition of r-ERG potassium currents in rat pituitary GH3 cells.

The transduction pathway mediating the inhibitory effect that TRH exerts on r-ERG channels has been thoroughly studied in GH3 rat pituitary cells but some elements have yet to be discovered, including those involved in a phosphorylation event(s). Using a quantitative phosphoproteomic approach we studied the changes in phosphorylation caused by treatment with 1μM TRH for 5min in GH3 cells. The activating residues of Erk2 and Erk1 undergo phosphorylation increases of 5.26 and 4.87 fold, respectively, in agreement with previous reports of ERK activation by TRH in GH3 cells. Thus, we studied the possible involvement of ERK pathway in the signal transduction from TRH receptor to r-ERG channels. The MEK inhibitor U0126 at 0.5μM caused no major blockade of the basal r-ERG current, but impaired the TRH inhibitory effect on r-ERG. Indeed, the TRH effect on r-ERG was also reduced when GH3 cells were transfected with siRNAs against either Erk1 or Erk2. Using antibodies, we found that TRH treatment also causes activating phosphorylation of Rsk. The TRH effect on r-ERG current was also impaired when cells were transfected with any of two different siRNAs mixtures against Rsk1. However, treatment of GH3 cells with 20nM EGF for 5min, which causes ERK and RSK activation, had no effect on the r-ERG currents. Therefore, we conclude that in the native GH3 cell system, ERK and RSK are involved in the pathway linking TRH receptor to r-ERG channel inhibition, but additional components must participate to cause such inhibition.

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Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl Human Epstein-Barr Virus Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu Jurkat Cell Extract (Indu

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Interplay between chemotaxis and contact inhibition of locomotion determines exploratory cell migration.

Directed cell migration in native environments is influenced by multiple migratory cues. These cues may include simultaneously occurring attractive soluble growth factor gradients and repulsive effects arising from cell-cell contact, termed contact inhibition of locomotion (CIL). How single cells reconcile potentially conflicting cues remains poorly understood. Here we show that a dynamic crosstalk between epidermal growth factor (EGF)-mediated chemotaxis and CIL guides metastatic breast cancer cell motility, whereby cells become progressively insensitive to CIL in a chemotactic input-dependent manner. This balance is determined via integration of protrusion-enhancing signalling from EGF gradients and protrusion-suppressing signalling induced by CIL, mediated in part through EphB. Our results further suggest that EphB and EGF signalling inputs control protrusion formation by converging onto regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). We propose that this intricate interplay may enhance the spread of loose cell ensembles in pathophysiological conditions such as cancer, and possibly other physiological settings.

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Cultrex 24 Well Cell Migr Cultrex 96 Well Cell Migr Cellufine Formyl , 50 ml Cellufine Formyl Media Cellufine Formyl , 500 ml Cellufine Amino , 50 ml Cellufine Amino Media Cellufine Amino , 500 ml Cellufine Amino Media Cellufine Amino Media Cellufine Formyl Media Cellufine Formyl Media

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A1 adenosine receptor-stimulated exocytosis in bladder umbrella cells requires phosphorylation of ADAM17 Ser-811 and EGF receptor transactivation.

Despite the importance of ADAM17-dependent cleavage in normal biology and disease, the physiological cues that trigger its activity, the effector pathways that promote its function, and the mechanisms that control its activity, particularly the role of phosphorylation, remain unresolved. Using native bladder epithelium, in some cases transduced with adenoviruses encoding small interfering RNA, we observe that stimulation of apically localized A1 adenosine receptors (A1ARs) triggers a Gi-Gβγ-phospholipase C-protein kinase C (PKC) cascade that promotes ADAM17-dependent HB-EGF cleavage, EGFR transactivation, and apical exocytosis. We further show that the cytoplasmic tail of rat ADAM17 contains a conserved serine residue at position 811, which resides in a canonical PKC phosphorylation site, and is phosphorylated in response to A1AR activation. Preventing this phosphorylation event by expression of a nonphosphorylatable ADAM17(S811A) mutant or expression of a tail-minus construct inhibits A1AR-stimulated, ADAM17-dependent HB-EGF cleavage. Furthermore, expression of ADAM17(S811A) in bladder tissues impairs A1AR-induced apical exocytosis. We conclude that adenosine-stimulated exocytosis requires PKC- and ADAM17-dependent EGFR transactivation and that the function of ADAM17 in this pathway depends on the phosphorylation state of Ser-811 in its cytoplasmic domain.

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IGF-1R Signaling Phospho- Insulin Receptor Phospho- T-Cell Receptor Signaling Androgen Receptor (Phosph Androgen Receptor (Phosph Interferon-a Receptor Typ Mouse Anti-Human Interleu Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Rabbit Anti-Human Androge Androgen Receptor (Ab 650 interleukin 17 receptor C interferon-alpha receptor

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Regeneration of uterine horns in rats using collagen scaffolds loaded with human embryonic stem cell-derived endometrium-like cells.

A variety of diseases may lead to hysterectomies or uterine injuries, which may form a scar and lead to infertility. Due to the limitation of native materials, there are a few effective methods to treat such damages. Tissue engineering combines cell and molecular biology with materials and mechanical engineering to replace or repair damaged organs and tissues. The use of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) as a donor cell source for the replacement therapy will require the development of simple and reliable cell differentiation protocols. This study aimed at efficiently generating endometrium-like cells from the hESCs and at using these cells with collagen scaffold to repair uterine damage. The hESCs were induced by co-culturing with endometrial stromal cells, and simultaneously added cytokines: epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor-b (PDGF-b), and E2. Expression of cell specific markers was analyzed by immunofluorescence and reverse trascription-polymerase chain reaction to monitor the progression toward an endometrium-like cell fate. After differentiation, the majority of cells (>80%) were positive for cytokeratin-7, and the expression of key transcription factors related to endometrial development, such as Wnt4, Wnt7a, Wnt5a, Hoxa11, and factors associated with endometrial epithelial cell function: Hoxa10, Intergrinβ3, LIF, ER, and PR were also detected. Then, we established the uterine full-thickness-injury rat models to test cell function in vivo. hESC-derived cells were dropped onto collagen scaffolds and transplanted into the animal model. Twelve weeks after transplantation, we discovered that the hESC-derived cells could survive and recover the structure and function of uterine horns in a rat model of severe uterine damage. The experimental system presented here provides a reliable protocol to produce endometrium-like cells from hESCs. Our results encourage the use of hESCs in cell-replacement therapy for severe uterine damage in future.

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Macrophage Colony Stimula Macrophage Colony Stimula Human Stem Cell Factor SC Human Stromal Cell-Derive Human Stromal Cell-Derive T-cell proliferation grad TCHI T cell proliferation TCHI T cell proliferation T-cell proliferation grad TCHII T cell proliferatio TCHII T cell proliferatio thymic dendritic cell-der

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Tailored design of electrospun composite nanofibers with staged release of multiple angiogenic growth factors for chronic wound healing.

The objective of this research study is to develop a collagen (Col) and hyaluronic acid (HA) inter-stacking nanofibrous skin equivalent substitute with the programmable release of multiple angiogenic growth factors (vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and endothelial growth factor (EGF)) either directly embedded in the nanofibers or encapsulated in the gelatin nanoparticles (GNs) by electrospinning technology. The delivery of EGF and bFGF in the early stage is expected to accelerate epithelialization and vasculature sprouting, while the release of PDGF and VEGF in the late stage is with the aim of inducing blood vessels maturation. The physiochemical characterizations indicate that the Col-HA-GN nanofibrous membrane possesses mechanical properties similar to human native skin. The design of a particle-in-fiber structure allows growth factors for slow controlled release up to 1month. Cultured on biodegradable Col-HA membrane with four kinds of growth factors (Col-HA w/4GF), endothelial cells not only increase in growth rate but also form a better network with a thread-like tubular structure. The therapeutic effect of Col-HA w/4GF membrane on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats reveals an accelerated wound closure rate, together with elevated collagen deposition and enhanced maturation of vessels, as revealed by Masson's trichrome stain and immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. From the above, the electrospun Col-HA-GN composite nanofibrous skin substitute with a stage-wise release pattern of multiple angiogenic factors could be a promising bioengineered construct for chronic wound healing in skin tissue regeneration.

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Angiogenesis (Human) Quan Angiogenesis (Human) Quan Angiogenesis (Human) Quan Growth Factor (Human) Qua Growth Differentiation Fa Human Angiopoietin Growth Multiple lung carcinoma ( Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Cellufine Formyl , 50 ml Cellufine Formyl Media Cellufine Formyl , 500 ml Cellufine Formyl Media

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P2Y2 nucleotide receptor activation enhances the aggregation and self-organization of dispersed salivary epithelial cells.

Hyposalivation resulting from salivary gland dysfunction leads to poor oral health and greatly reduces the quality of life of patients. Current treatments for hyposalivation are limited. However, regenerative medicine to replace dysfunctional salivary glands represents a revolutionary approach. The ability of dispersed salivary epithelial cells or salivary gland-derived progenitor cells to self-organize into acinar-like spheres or branching structures that mimic the native tissue holds promise for cell-based reconstitution of a functional salivary gland. However, the mechanisms involved in salivary epithelial cell aggregation and tissue reconstitution are not fully understood. This study investigated the role of the P2Y2 nucleotide receptor (P2Y2R), a G protein-coupled receptor that is upregulated following salivary gland damage and disease, in salivary gland reconstitution. In vitro results with the rat parotid acinar Par-C10 cell line indicate that P2Y2R activation with the selective agonist UTP enhances the self-organization of dispersed salivary epithelial cells into acinar-like spheres. Other results indicate that the P2Y2R-mediated response is dependent on epidermal growth factor receptor activation via the metalloproteases ADAM10/ADAM17 or the α5β1 integrin/Cdc42 signaling pathway, which leads to activation of the MAPKs JNK and ERK1/2. Ex vivo data using primary submandibular gland cells from wild-type and P2Y2R(-/-) mice confirmed that UTP-induced migratory responses required for acinar cell self-organization are mediated by the P2Y2R. Overall, this study suggests that the P2Y2R is a promising target for salivary gland reconstitution and identifies the involvement of two novel components of the P2Y2R signaling cascade in salivary epithelial cells, the α5β1 integrin and the Rho GTPase Cdc42.

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Gastroprotective and ulcer healing effects of essential oil from Hyptis spicigera Lam. (Lamiaceae).

Hyptis Jacq. (Lamiaceae) is being used in traditional medicine to treat fever, inflammation and gastric disturbances. Hyptis spicigera Lam. is a native plant distributed across the central region of Brazil. The essential oil extracted from this plant is used in folk medicine as antipyretic.

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