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#28820953   2017/08/18 Save this To Up

A Fluorescence-Based High-Throughput Assay for the Identification of Anticancer Reagents Targeting Fructose-1,6-Bisphosphate Aldolase.

A high rate of glycolysis, which supplies energy and materials for anabolism, is observed in a wide range of tumor cells, making it a potential pathway to control cancer growth. ALDOA is a multifunctional enzyme in the glycolytic pathway and also promotes HIF-1α, which is of importance in hypoxic solid tumors. The current method for assaying ALDOA activity involves monitoring the consumption of NADH in vitro using absorbance or intrinsic fluorescence via a coupled enzymatic reaction. Here, we report the development of a homogeneous biochemical assay that can overcome limitations of current methods, in particular for the application of high-throughput drug screening. The assay utilizes the commercially available Elite NADH Assay Kit, which incorporates an enzymatic reaction to measure the level of NADH using a fluorescent probe. Assay optimization and validation are discussed. Its feasibility for high-throughput screening (HTS) was demonstrated by screening 65,000 compounds for the identification of small molecules that inhibit ALDOA. Through a validation screen and dose-response evaluation, four inhibitors with IC50 below 10 µM were identified. In conclusion, we demonstrate that a traditional ALDOA assay can be transformed readily into a fluorescence-based assay utilizing a commercial NADH detection kit that is rapid, sensitive, inexpensive, and HTS friendly.

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MarkerGene™ Multiple Dr ALD | fructose 1,6 bispho MarkerGeneTM Fluorescent Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric F Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric M Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric M

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#27837855   2016/11/13 Save this To Up

Natural deep eutectic solvents in combination with ultrasonic energy as a green approach for solubilisation of proteins: application to gluten determination by immunoassay.

In this work, a fast and miniaturised procedure based on the use of a natural deep eutectic solvent (NADES) in combination with ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) has been proposed for gluten determination by a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Fourteen NADESs were prepared by combining two natural primary metabolites and water. Studies on NADES viscosity and gluten solubilisation in NADESs and ethanol-water solutions (for comparison purposes) were carried out. Different strategies for speeding-up gluten solubilisation in NADESs were evaluated: dilution, temperature and sonication by a cup-horn sonoreactor. Diluted fructose-citric acid NADES and sonication were finally selected for gluten solubilisation. Solubilised proteins were characterized by electrophoresis and molecular fluorescence. The proposed procedure was also assessed in real samples, especially ultrasound time. Kit solvents (including reducing agents) were replaced by NADES, and hence, a reassessing of immunoassay system was necessary. Samples with and without gluten as well as recovery tests were used for this purpose. Recoveries were in the range of 79-106% and the repeatability, expressed as relative standard deviation, was better than 15%.

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Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri Amplite™ Intracellular Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri QuantiChrom™ Formaldehy EnzyChrom™ Kinase Assay Mouse Anti-Insulin-Like G MarkerGene™ Total Prote MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric G Amplite™ Fluorimetric F EMAP-II Inhibitor Z-ASTD-

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#27442218   2016/09/12 Save this To Up

Fructose-Coated Nanodiamonds: Promising Platforms for Treatment of Human Breast Cancer.

Well-defined carboxyl end-functionalized glycopolymer Poly(1-O-methacryloyl-2,3:4,5-di-O-isopropylidene-β-d-fructopyranose) (Poly(1-O-MAipFru)62) has been prepared via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization and grafted onto the surface of amine-functionalized nanodiamonds via a simple conjugation reaction. The properties of the nanodiamond-polymer hybrid materials ND-Poly(1-O-MAFru)62 are investigated using infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, dynamic light scattering, and transmission electron microscopy. The dispersibility of the nanodiamonds in aqueous solutions is significantly improved after the grafting of the glycopolymer. More interestingly, the cytotoxicity of amine-functionalized nanodiamonds is significantly decreased after decoration with the glycopolymer even at a high concentration (125 μg/mL). The nanodiamonds were loaded with doxorubicin to create a bioactive drug delivery carrier. The release of doxorubicin was faster in media of pH 5 than media of pH 7.4. The nanodiamond drug delivery systems with doxorubicin are used to treat breast cancer cells in 2D and 3D models. Although the 2D cell culture results indicate that all nanodiamonds-doxorubicin complexes are significantly less toxic than free doxorubicin, the glycopolymer-coated nanodiamonds-doxorubicin show higher cytotoxicity than free doxorubicin in the 3D spheroids after treatment for 8 days. The enhanced cytotoxicity of Poly(1-O-MAFru)62-ND-Dox in 3D spheroids may result from the sustained drug release and deep penetration of these nanocarriers, which play a role as a "Trojan Horse". The massive cell death after 8-day incubation with Poly(1-O-MAFru)62-ND-Dox demonstrates that glycopolymer-coated nanodiamonds can be promising platforms for breast cancer therapy.

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Breast cancer membrane pr Human breast invasive duc Human Breast Cancer Antig Bone Morphogenetic Protei Growth Differentiation Fa Mouse Anti-Human CA19-9 ( succinate-CoA ligase, GDP formin-like 1 antibody So succinate-CoA ligase, ADP serologically defined col Isopeptidase T (short for Isopeptidase T (long form

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#26295973   2015/08/22 Save this To Up

Identification of Driving ALK Fusion Genes and Genomic Landscape of Medullary Thyroid Cancer.

The genetic landscape of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is not yet fully understood, although some oncogenic mutations have been identified. To explore genetic profiles of MTCs, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissues from MTC patients were assayed on the Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Panel v2. Eighty-four sporadic MTC samples and 36 paired normal thyroid tissues were successfully sequenced. We discovered 101 hotspot mutations in 18 genes in the 84 MTC tissue samples. The most common mutation was in the ret proto-oncogene, which occurred in 47 cases followed by mutations in genes encoding Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (N = 14), serine/threonine kinase 11 (N = 11), v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (N = 6), mutL homolog 1 (N = 4), Kiesten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (N = 3) and MET proto-oncogene (N = 3). We also evaluated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement by immunohistochemistry and break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Two of 98 screened cases were positive for ALK FISH. To identify the genomic breakpoint and 5' fusion partner of ALK, customized targeted cancer panel sequencing was performed using DNA from tumor samples of the two patients. Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate transaminase 1 (GFPT1)-ALK and echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4)-ALK fusions were identified. Additional PCR analysis, followed by Sanger sequencing, confirmed the GFPT1-ALK fusion, indicating that the fusion is a result of intra-chromosomal translocation or deletion. Notably, a metastatic MTC case harboring the EML4-ALK fusion showed a dramatic response to an ALK inhibitor, crizotinib. In conclusion, we found several genetic mutations in MTC and are the first to identify ALK fusions in MTC. Our results suggest that the EML4-ALK fusion in MTC may be a potential driver mutation and a valid target of ALK inhibitors. Furthermore, the GFPT1-ALK fusion may be a potential candidate for molecular target therapy.

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#26181887   2015/08/18 Save this To Up

Enzymatic hydrolysate-induced displacement reaction with multifunctional silica beads doped with horseradish peroxidase-thionine conjugate for ultrasensitive electrochemical immunoassay.

A novel (invertase) enzymatic hydrolysate-triggered displacement reaction strategy with multifunctional silica beads, doped with horseradish peroxidase-thionine (HRP-Thi) conjugate, was developed for competitive-type electrochemical immunoassay of small molecular aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). The competitive-type displacement reaction was carried out on the basis of the affinity difference between enzymatic hydrolysate (glucose) and its analogue (dextran) for concanavalin A (Con A) binding sites. Initially, thionine-HRP conjugates were doped into nanometer-sized silica beads using the reverse micelle method. Then monoclonal anti-AFB1 antibody and Con A were covalently conjugated to the silica beads. The immunosensor was prepared by means of immobilizing the multifunctional silica beads on a dextran-modified sensing interface via the dextran-Con A binding reaction. Gold nanoparticles functionalized with AFB1-bovine serum albumin conjugate (AFB1-BSA) and invertase were utilized as the trace tag. Upon target AFB1 introduction, a competitive-type immunoreaction was implemented between the analyte and the labeled AFB1-BSA on the nanogold particles for the immobilized anti-AFB1 antibody on the electrode. The invertase followed by gold nanoparticles hydrolyzed sucrose into glucose and fructose. The produced glucose displaced the multifunctional silica beads from the electrode based on the classical dextran-Con A-glucose system, thus decreasing the catalytic efficiency of the immobilized HRP on the electrode relative to that of the H2O2-thionine system. Under optimal conditions, the detectable electrochemical signal increased with the increasing target AFB1 in a dynamic working range from 3.0 pg mL(-1) to 20 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 2.7 pg mL(-1). The strong bioconjugation with two nanostructures also resulted in a good repeatability and interassay precision down to 9.3%. Finally, the methodology was further validated for analysis of naturally contaminated or spiked AFB1 peanut samples, giving results matched well with those from a commercialized AFB1 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Importantly, the system provides a signal-on competitive-type immunosensing platform for ultrasensitive detection of small molecules.

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goat IgG against monkey I SensiTek Horseradish Per SensiTek Horseradish Per SensiTek Horseradish Per SensiTek Horseradish Per SensiTek Horseradish Per UltraTek Horseradish Per UltraTek Horseradish Per UltraTek Horseradish Per UltraTek Horseradish Per UltraTek Horseradish Per Horseradish Peroxidase

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#25914040   2015/06/08 Save this To Up

Wuling San protects kidney dysfunction by inhibiting renal TLR4/MyD88 signaling and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in high fructose-induced hyperuricemic mice.

Wuling San, a famous prescription in Chinese medicine, is composed of Polyporus, Poria, Alismatis rhizoma, Cinnamomi cortex and Atractylodis macrocephalae rhizoma, and promotes kidney function and diuresis. The main purpose of this study was to investigate its renal protective effect in high fructose-induced hyperuricemic mice.

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AKT PKB Signaling Phospho AMPK Signaling Phospho-Sp ErbB Her Signaling Phosph ERK Signaling Phospho-Spe GPCR Signaling to MAPK ER IGF-1R Signaling Phospho- NF-kB II Phospho-Specific p53 Signaling Phospho-Spe T-Cell Receptor Signaling TGF-Beta Signaling Phosph High density kidney cance Kidney cancer test tissue

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#25308635   2014/10/13 Save this To Up

Application of diffusion ordered-1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to quantify sucrose in beverages.

This work focuses on a quantitative analysis of sucrose using diffusion ordered-quantitative (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (DOSY-qNMR), where an analyte can be isolated from interference based on its characteristic diffusion coefficient (D) in gradient magnetic fields. The D value of sucrose in deuterium oxide at 30°C was 4.9 × 10(-10)m(2)/s at field gradient pulse from 5.0 × 10(-2) to 3.0 × 10(-1)T/m, separated from other carbohydrates (glucose and fructose). Good linearity (r(2)=0.9999) was obtained between sucrose (0.5-20.0 g/L) and the resonance area of target glucopyranosyl-α-C1 proton normalised to that of cellobiose C1 proton (100.0 g/L, as an internal standard) in 1D sliced DOSY spectrum. The DOSY-qNMR method was successfully applied to quantify sucrose in orange juice (36.1 ± 0.5 g/L), pineapple juice (53.5 ± 1.1g/L) and a sports drink (24.7 ± 0.6g/L), in good agreement with the results obtained by an F-kit method.

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Integrin β1 (CD29) Antib LPAM-1(Integrin α4, CD49 α-Internexin Antibody So INPP5F antibody Source Ra Interferon alpha-8 antibo Interferon alpha-6 antibo interleukin 17 receptor C TOM1-like protein 2 antib TGF beta induced factor 2 INPP1 antibody Source Rab ING5 antibody Source Rabb Integrin alphaX antibody

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#24896242   2014/06/06 Save this To Up

Hydrogen sulfide releasing aspirin, ACS14, attenuates high glucose-induced increased methylglyoxal and oxidative stress in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells.

Hydrogen sulfide is a gasotransmitter with vasodilatory and anti-inflammatory properties. Aspirin is an irreversible cyclooxygenase inhibitor anti-inflammatory drug. ACS14 is a novel synthetic hydrogen sulfide releasing aspirin which inhibits cyclooxygenase and has antioxidant effects. Methylglyoxal is a chemically active metabolite of glucose and fructose, and a major precursor of advanced glycation end products formation. Methylglyoxal is harmful when produced in excess. Plasma methylglyoxal levels are significantly elevated in diabetic patients. Our aim was to investigate the effects of ACS14 on methylglyoxal levels in cultured rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells. We used cultured rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells for the study. Methylglyoxal was measured by HPLC after derivatization, and nitrite+nitrate with an assay kit. Western blotting was used to determine NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression. Dicholorofluorescein assay was used to measure oxidative stress. ACS14 significantly attenuated elevation of intracellular methylglyoxal levels caused by incubating cultured vascular smooth muscle cells with methylglyoxal (30 µM) and high glucose (25 mM). ACS14, but not aspirin, caused a significant attenuation of increase in nitrite+nitrate levels caused by methylglyoxal or high glucose. ACS14, aspirin, and sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS, a hydrogen sulfide donor), all attenuated the increase in oxidative stress caused by methylglyoxal and high glucose in cultured cells. ACS14 prevented the increase in NOX4 expression caused by incubating the cultured VSMCs with MG (30 µM). ACS14, aspirin and NaHS attenuated the increase in iNOS expression caused by high glucose (25 mM). In conclusion, ACS14 has the novel ability to attenuate an increase in methylglyoxal levels which in turn can reduce oxidative stress, decrease the formation of advanced glycation end products and prevent many of the known deleterious effects of elevated methylglyoxal. Thus, ACS14 has the potential to be especially beneficial for diabetic patients pending further in vivo studies.

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#24614734   2014/03/11 Save this To Up

Quantitative analysis of D-(+)-glucose in fruit juices using diffusion ordered-1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

This study works on D-(+)-glucose quantitative analysis using diffusion ordered-quantitative (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (DOSY-qNMR), by which an analyte could be distinguished from interferences based upon a characteristic diffusion coefficient (D) in gradient magnetic fields. The D value of D-(+)-glucose in deuterium oxide at 30°C was 5.6 × 10(-10) m(2)/s at a field gradient pulse of between 5.0 × 10(-2) and 3.0 × 10(-1) T/m, distinguished from fructose, sucrose and starch. Good linearity (r(2) = 0.9998) was obtained between D-(+)-glucose (0.5-20.0 g/L) and the ratio of the resonance area of α-C1 proton (5.21 ppm) in D-(+)-glucose to that of the β-C1 proton (5.25 ppm) in D-glucuronic acid (50.0 g/L) as an internal standard. The DOSY-qNMR method was successfully applied to quantify D-(+)-glucose in orange juice (18.3 ± 1.0 g/L), apple juice (26.3 ± 0.4 g/L) and grape juice (45.6 ± 0.6 g/L); the values agreed well with a conventional F-kit glucose method.

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GLP 1 ELISA Kit, Rat Gluc N-Acetyl-2-O-(5-bromo-1H- 1-Acetyl-2,3-dihydro-2-me 1-Acetyl-2,3-dihydro-2-me (S)-N-[2-[7-Allyl-5-bromo (S)-N-[2-[7-Allyl-5-bromo (S)-N-[2-[6-Allyloxy-5-br 3-(2-Aminoethyl)-N-methyl Insulin Glucose Phospho-S Nuclear Membrane Receptor Inflammation (Human) Quan Inflammation (Human) Quan

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#24611154   2014/04/01 Save this To Up

High performance liquid chromatography with mid-infrared detection based on a broadly tunable quantum cascade laser.

This work introduces a tunable mid-infrared (mid-IR) external cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL) as a new molecular specific detector in liquid chromatography. An EC-QCL with a maximum tunability of 200 cm(-1) (1030-1230 cm(-1)) was coupled to isocratic high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the separation of sugars with a cation exchange column (counter ion: Ca(2+)) and distilled water as the mobile phase. Transmission measurements in a 165 μm thick flow cell allowed for on-line coupling and independent quantification of glucose, fructose and sucrose in the concentration range from 5 mg mL(-1) to 100 mg mL(-1) in several beverages. The results obtained with the EC-QCL detector were found to be in good agreement with those obtained using a differential refractive index detector as a reference. The standard deviation of the method for the linear calibration was better than 5 mg mL(-1) for all sugars and reached a minimum of 1.9 mg mL(-1), while the DRI detector reached a minimum of 1 mg mL(-1). Besides the quantification of sugars for which a calibration was performed, also chromatographic peaks of other components could be identified on the basis of their IR absorption spectra. This includes taurine, ethanol, and sorbitol.

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