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#2158850   1990/06/04 Save this To Up

Brain neuropeptide Y in the control of adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion in the dog.

An immunoneutralization technique with specific antibodies was used to explore the role of endogenous neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) release after hypoglycemic stress in the dog. Dogs received injections of rabbit antihuman NPY gamma-globulin (anti-NPY) or normal gamma-globulin (NGG) into the third cerebral ventricle, which was followed by i.v. injection of insulin. Hypoglycemia of a 40% fall in systemic glucose levels occurred in anti-NPY-treated dogs as well as NGG-treated animals. An intraventricular administration of anti-NPY significantly inhibited the ACTH and cortisol release to hypoglycemia, but had no effect on the pancreatic polypeptide (PP) response. These findings suggest involvement by endogenous NPY in the ACTH secretion induced by hypoglycemia.

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#2826112   1988/02/03 Save this To Up

Effects of immune neutralization of corticotropin-releasing hormone, adrenocorticotropin, and beta-endorphin in the surgically stressed rat.

Specific in vivo neutralization was used in an attempt to explore the roles of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), ACTH, and beta-endorphin during surgical stress in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were randomly assigned to groups (n = 20-30/group) that received iv injections of rabbit antirat/human CRH (anti-r/hCRH), antihuman ACTH (anti-hACTH), antihuman beta-endorphin (anti-h beta-endorphin), or normal rabbit serum. Three hours later all animals were subjected to a uniform stress consisting of ether anesthesia, surgical laparotomy, and phlebotomy of 7 ml via the inferior vena cava. Survival rates were recorded, and RIAs were performed for ACTH, beta-endorphin, and corticosterone. Rats treated with anti-h beta-endorphin had a survival rate of 64%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (33%; P less than 0.025, by analysis of variance). Anti-r/hCRH or anti-hACTH treatment was not associated with a change in survival rate. Plasma immunoreactive beta-endorphin levels were markedly decreased in the group treated with anti-h beta-endorphin (P less than 0.0001). Anti-r/hCRH had no effect on plasma immunoreactive ACTH or beta-endorphin. Plasma immunoreactive ACTH and corticosterone levels were decreased in the group treated with anti-hACTH (P less than 0.0001 and P less than 0.01, respectively). We conclude that 1) beta-endorphin immune neutralization is associated with a survival advantage during severe surgical stress, suggesting that circulating beta-endorphin might have deleterious effects during stress; 2) In severe stress, acute immune neutralization of CRH is not sufficient to inhibit ACTH, beta-endorphin, and corticosterone secretion, suggesting significant involvement of other secretagogues of the pituitary-adrenal axis; and 3) moderate decreases in corticosterone cannot affect survival, presumably because glucocorticoids play only a permissive role in maintaining cardiovascular stability during surgical stress.

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