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           Search results for: Rabbit anti p70 S6 Kinase (pSer411)   

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#26937165   2016/03/03 Save this To Up

Lychee flower extract inhibits proliferation and viral replication of HSV-1-infected corneal epithelial cells.

Herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1) is capable of causing a wide array of human ocular diseases. Herpes simplex virus keratitis (HSK)-induced cytopathogenicity together with the chronic immune-inflammatory reaction can trigger stromal scarring, thinning, and neovascularization which may lead to permanent vision impairment. Lychee flower extract (LFE) is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the mechanism of the Statens Seruminstitut rabbit corneal (SIRC) epithelial cells infected by HSV-1 and examined the antiviral capabilities of LFE.

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anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo Recombinant Viral antige Recombinant Viral antige Recombinant Viral antige anti HSV (I) gD IgG1 (mon anti HCMV IE pp65 IgG1 (m anti HCMV gB IgG1 (monocl Epidermal Growth Factor ( Epidermal Growth Factor ( Mouse Anti-Human Fibrobla Mouse Anti-Human Fibrobla AccuPrep Genomic DNA Extr

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#26884863   2016/02/17 Save this To Up

17β-estradiol activates mTOR in chondrocytes by AKT-dependent and AKT-independent signaling pathways.

To confirm whether 17β-estradiol (E2) activates mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in chondrocytes and in what way activates mTOR. Human immortalized chondrocytes cell lines TC28a2 and C28/I2 were subjected to incubate with or without E2, LY294002 (the inhibitor of PI3K), rapamycin (the inhibitor of mTOR), or E2 in combination with LY294002 or rapamycin. Thereafter, protein levels of S6K1, p-S6K1, protein kinase B (AKT), and p-AKT were determined by Western blot analysis. Matrix metallopeptidase (MMP) 3 or MMP13 mRNA levels were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Co-immunoprecipitation and Western blot analysis were performed to verify the interaction between ERα and mTOR. Both p-S6K1 and p-AKT protein levels in TC28a2 and C28/I2E2 cells were significantly increased by incubation with E2 (0.5 h and 1 h) (P < 0.05). Rapamycin did not affect the levels of p-AKT, but were significantly reduced by LY294002 or E2 in combination with LY294002. The levels of p-S6K1 were significantly decreased by incubation with LY294002, but the effect could be reversed by E2 in combination with LY294002. Rabbit anti-mTOR antibody was able to immunoprecipitate ERα after incubation with E2. Moreover, E2 inhibited the mRNA levels of MMP3 and MMP13 by mTOR pathway. E2 actives mTOR in chondrocytes through AKT-dependent and independent ways.

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#19108833   2009/06/22 Save this To Up

Resveratrol inhibits the mTOR mitogenic signaling evoked by oxidized LDL in smooth muscle cells.

Smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation is a major feature in atherosclerosis, since it contributes to the formation of the fibrous cap, thus to plaque stability, but also to arterial stenosis and post-angioplasty restenosis. Among the various mitogenic signaling pathways involved in SMC proliferation, the mTOR pathway regulates both the cell cycle and cell growth. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound from grapes and red wine, has potential anti-atherogenic and anti-cancer properties. This work was designed to investigate the activation of the mTOR pathway by the proatherogenic oxidized LDL (oxLDL) in SMC, and the potential inhibitory effect of resveratrol.

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#16604438   2006/06/23 Save this To Up

NECA at reperfusion limits infarction and inhibits formation of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore by activating p70S6 kinase.

The A1/A2 adenosine agonist 5'-(N-ethylcarboxamido) adenosine (NECA) limits infarction when administered at reperfusion. The present study investigated whether p70S6 kinase is involved in this anti-infarct effect. Adult rat ventricular myocytes were isolated and incubated in tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester (TMRE, 100 nM), which causes cells to fluoresce in proportion to their mitochondrial membrane potential. A reduction in TMRE fluorescence serves as an indicator of collapse of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential. Cells were subjected to H2O2 (200 microM), which like ischemia induces loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. Fluorescence was measured every 3 min and to facilitate quantification membrane potential was arbitrarily considered as collapsed when fluorescence reached less than 60% of the starting value. Adding NECA (1 mM) to the cells prolonged the time to fluorescence loss (48.0+/-3.2 min in the NECA group versus 29.5+/-2.2 min in untreated cells, P<0.001) and the mTOR/p70S6 kinase inhibitor rapamycin (5 nM) abolished this protection (31.3+/-3.4 min). Since cyclosporine A offered similar protection, mitochondrial permeability transition pore formation is a likely cause of the H2O2-induced loss of potential. The direct GSK-3beta inhibitor SB216763 (3 microM) also prolonged the time to fluorescence loss (49.2+/-2.1 min, P<0.001 versus control), and its protection could not be blocked by rapamycin (42.2+/-2.3 min, P<0.001 versus control). NECA treatment (100 nM) of intact isolated rabbit hearts at reperfusion after 30 min of regional ischemia decreased infarct size from 33.0+/-3.8% of the risk zone in control hearts to 11.8+/-2.0% (P<0.001), and rapamycin blocked this NECA-induced protection (38.3+/-3.7%). A comparable protective effect was seen for SB216763 (1 microM) with infarct size reduction to 13.5+/-2.3% (P<0.001). NECA treatment (200 nM) of intact rabbit hearts at reperfusion also resulted in phosphorylation of p70S6 kinase more than that seen in untreated hearts. This NECA-induced phosphorylation was blocked by rapamycin. These experiments reveal a critical role for p70S6 kinase in the signaling pathway of NECA's cardioprotection at reperfusion.

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#15452065   2004/09/28 Save this To Up

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K)/Akt but not PI-3K/p70 S6 kinase signaling mediates IGF-1-promoted lens epithelial cell survival.

To investigate the ability of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 to prevent apoptosis in lens epithelial cells and the involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K)/Akt and PI-3K/p70 S6 kinase (p70 S6K) signaling in the cell-survival process.

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p70 S6 Kinase (Phospho Th p70 S6 Kinase p70 S6 Kinase (Phospho Se p70 S6 Kinase(Ab 389) Ant p70 S6 Kinase (Ab 421) An p70 S6 Kinase (Ab 411) An p70 S6 Kinase (Ab 424) An p70 S6 Kinase Antibody p70 S6 Kinase Polyclonal Phospho-p70 S6 Kinase Ant Phospho p70 S6 Kinase Ant Phospho p70 S6 Kinase Pol

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#9632736   1998/08/03 Save this To Up

Regulation of the p70 S6 kinase by phosphorylation in vivo. Analysis using site-specific anti-phosphopeptide antibodies.

The p70 S6 kinase is activated by diverse stimuli through a multisite phosphorylation directed at three separate domains as follows: a cluster of (Ser/Thr) Pro sites in an autoinhibitory segment in the noncatalytic carboxyl-terminal tail; Thr-252 in the activation loop of the catalytic domain; and Ser-394 and Thr-412 in a segment immediately carboxyl-terminal to the catalytic domain. Phosphorylation of Thr-252 in vitro by the enzyme phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate-dependent kinase-1 or mutation of Thr-412 --> Glu has each been shown previously to engender some activation of the p70 S6 kinase, whereas both modifications together produce 20-30-fold more activity than either alone. We employed phospho-specific anti-peptide antibodies to examine the relative phosphorylation at several of these sites in wild type and various p70 mutants, in serum-deprived cells, and in response to activators and inhibitors of p70 S6 kinase activity. Substantial phosphorylation of p70 Thr-252 and Ser-434 was present in serum-deprived cells, whereas Thr-412 and Thr-444/Ser-447 were essentially devoid of phospho-specific immunoreactivity. Activation of p70 by insulin was accompanied by a coordinate increase in phosphorylation at all sites examined, together with a slowing in mobility on SDS-PAGE of a portion of p70 polypeptides. Upon addition of rapamycin or wortmannin to insulin-treated cells, the decrease in activity of p70 was closely correlated with the disappearance of anti-Thr-412(P) immunoreactivity and the most slowly migrating p70 polypeptides, whereas considerable phosphorylation at Ser-434 and Thr-252 persisted after the disappearance of 40 S kinase activity. The central role of Thr-412 phosphorylation in the regulation of kinase activity was further demonstrated by the close correlation of the effects of various deletions and point mutations on p70 activity and Thr-412 phosphorylation. In conclusion, although p70 activity depends on a disinhibition from the carboxyl-terminal tail and the simultaneous phosphorylation at both Thr-252 and Thr-412, p70 activity in vivo is most closely related to the state of phosphorylation at Thr-412.

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