Search results for: Rabbit
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Body mass-specific Na+, K+-ATPase activity in the medullary thick ascending limb - implications for species-dependent urine concentrating mechanisms.In general, mammalian whole body mass-specific metabolic rate correlates positively with maximal urine concentration (Umax) irrespective of whether or not the species have adapted to arid or mesic habitat. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the thick ascending limb (TAL) of a rodent with markedly higher whole body mass-specific metabolism than rat exhibits a substantially higher TAL metabolic rate as estimated by Na+, K+-ATPase activity and Na+, K+-ATPase α1 gene and protein expression. The kangaroo rat inner stripe of the outer medulla exhibits significantly higher mean Na+, K+-ATPase activity (~70%) compared to 2 rat strains (Sprague-Dawley and Munich-Wistar), extending prior studies showing rat activity exceeds rabbit. Furthermore, higher expression of Na+, K+-ATPase α1 protein (~4-6-fold) and mRNA (~13-fold) and higher TAL mitochondrial volume density (~20%) occur in the kangaroo rat compared to both rat strains. Rat TAL Na+, K+-ATPase α1 protein expression is relatively unaffected by body hydration status or, shown previously, by dietary Na+, arguing against confounding effects from two unavoidably dissimilar diets: grain-based diet without water (kangaroo rat) or grain-based diet with water (rat). We conclude that higher Na+, K+-ATPase activity contributes to relationships between whole body mass-specific metabolic rate and high Umax. More vigorous TALNa+, K+-ATPase activity in kangaroo rat than rat may contribute to its steeper Na+ and urea axial concentration gradients, adding support to a revised model of the urine concentrating mechanism, which hypothesizes a leading role for vigorous active transport of NaCl, rather than countercurrent multiplication, in generating the outer medullary axial osmotic gradient.
2916 related Products with: Body mass-specific Na+, K+-ATPase activity in the medullary thick ascending limb - implications for species-dependent urine concentrating mechanisms.MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR MOUSE ANTI BORRELIA BURGD PABP1-dependent poly A-sp ATPase beta3(Na+ K+) anti NATIVE HUMAN PROLACTIN, P CAL-101 Mechanisms: PI3K- BYL-719 Mechanisms: PI3K- GSK-2636771 Mechanisms: P IPI-145 (INK-1197) Mechan RABBIT ANTI GSK3 BETA (pS 10x ELISA WASH BUFFER, Pr 10X PHOSPHATE BUFFERED SA
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The first case of Leporacarus gibbus infestation in a rabbit from Poland.This case report presents asymptomatic infestation with Leporacarus gibbus (formerly Listrophorus gibbus) in a pet rabbit. This is the first report of L. gibbus infestation in a pet rabbit from Poland. Previously, infestation in Poland had been detected only in hares.
2124 related Products with: The first case of Leporacarus gibbus infestation in a rabbit from Poland.Multiple organ tumor tiss Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti Integrin â3 (Phospho Tyr Integrin â3 (Phospho Tyr Interferon-a Receptor Typ Rabbit Anti-Inf A Neurami Rabbit Anti-Influenza A H Rabbit Anti-Influenza A N Rabbit Anti-Influenza-A H Rabbit Anti-Influenza-A H Rabbit Anti-Influenza-A H
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Four cases of iridociliary tumors in domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus Cuniculus).Spontaneously occurring ocular neoplasia is rarely reported in rabbits. This case series presents four cases of rabbits diagnosed with iridociliary tumors, which have not been previously reported in this species. Major pathological findings include epithelial tumors affecting the anterior uvea with variable pigmentation and basement membrane formation. Follow-up information was only available for two cases, but neither showed evidence of metastasis, suggesting that the prognosis for these tumors in rabbits, as in other species, may be very good.
1415 related Products with: Four cases of iridociliary tumors in domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus Cuniculus).Multi organ carcinoma tis Multi organ carcinoma tis Top five cancer tissue ar Pancreatic carcinoma and Multiple organs tumor and Tissue array of gastric d Multiple organ cancer tis Stomach adenocarcinoma wi Liver disease spectrum ti Liver carcinoma and norma Liver carcinoma and norma Liver carcinoma and norma
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Comparison of Enalapril, Candesartan and Intralesional Triamcinolone in Reducing Hypertrophic Scar Development: An Experimental Study.The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of oral enalapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I), oral candesartan, an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), and intralesional corticosteroid treatments in reducing scar formation.
1344 related Products with: Comparison of Enalapril, Candesartan and Intralesional Triamcinolone in Reducing Hypertrophic Scar Development: An Experimental Study.Goat Anti-Human LIMP2 SCA Goat Anti-Human SCARF1 SR Mouse Anti-Insulin-Like G Interleukin-34 IL34 (N-t Interleukin-34 IL34 anti ING1B antisense HIV 1 intergase antigen. Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon anti HSV (II) gB IgG1 (mo
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Experimental Study of 5-fluorouracil Encapsulated Ethosomes Combined with CO2 Fractional Laser to Treat Hypertrophic Scar.This study is designed to explore permeability of ethosomes encapsulated with 5-florouracil (5-FU) mediated by CO2 fractional laser on hypertrophic scar tissues. Moreover, therapeutic and duration effect of CO2 fractional laser combined with 5-FU encapsulated ethosomes in rabbit ear hypertrophic scar model will be evaluated.
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Glycan microarray reveal induced IgGs repertoire shift against a dietary carbohydrate in response to rabbit anti-human thymocyte therapy.Humans have circulating antibodies against diverse glycans containing N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) due to function-loss mutation of the CMAH gene. This xenogenic non-human carbohydrate is abundant in red meat, xenografts and biotherapeutics. Low levels of diet-derived Neu5Gc is also present on normal human endothelial cells, and together with anti-Neu5Gc antibodies could potentially mediate "xenosialitis" chronic-inflammation. Rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin (ATG) is a drug containing polyclonal IgG glycoproteins commonly used as an immunosuppressant in human transplantation and autoimmune diseases. In type-1 diabetes patients, infusion of Neu5Gc-glycosylated ATG caused increased global anti-Neu5Gc response. Here, for the first time we explore changes in anti-Neu5Gc IgG repertoire following the immunization elicited by ATG, compared with the basal antibodies repertoire that reflect exposure to dietary-Neu5Gc. We used glycan microarrays with multiple Neu5Gc-glycans and controls to elucidate eventual differences in ATG-elicited repertoire, before/after ATG administration and track their kinetics (0, 1, 18 and 24 months). Response of all basal-pre-existing Neu5Gc-specific antibodies rapidly increased. This response peaked at one month post-ATG, with enhanced affinity, then resolved at 18-24 months. Induced-antibodies showed expanded diversity and de-novo recognition of different Neu5Gc-glycans, including endogenous glycolipids, that was further validated by affinity-purified anti-Neu5Gc antibodies from patients' sera. These findings strongly suggest that ATG-induced anti-Neu5Gc IgGs represent a secondary exposure to this dietary carbohydrate-antigen in humans, with immune memory. Given their modified recognition patterns, ATG-evoked anti-Neu5Gc antibodies could potentially mediate biological effects different from pre-existing antibodies.
2906 related Products with: Glycan microarray reveal induced IgGs repertoire shift against a dietary carbohydrate in response to rabbit anti-human thymocyte therapy.Rabbit Anti-Human Toll In Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Rabbit Anti-Human Inhibin TGF beta induced factor 2 Anti Galectin(Gal 3) Huma Anti beta3 AR Human, Poly Rabbit Anti-intestinal FA Rabbit Anti-APIP Apaf1 In Rabbit Anti-APIP Apaf1 In Rabbit Anti-TNIP2 ABIN2 T Rabbit Anti-TNIP2 ABIN2 T
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Rapamycin prevents the intervertebral disc degeneration via inhibiting differentiation and senescence of annulus fibrosus cells.The effects of bleomycin and rapamycin on cellular senescence and differentiation of rabbit annulus fibrosus stem cells (AFSCs) were investigated using a cell culture model. The results showed that bleomycin induced cellular senescence in AFSCs as evidenced by senescence-associated secretory phenotype. The morphology of AFSCs was changed from cobblestone-like cells to pancake-like cells. The senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity, the protein expression of P16 and P21, and inflammatory-related marker gene levels IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were increased in bleomycin-treated AFSCs in a dose-dependent manner. Rapamycin treatment decreased the gene expression of MMP-3, MMP-13, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and protein levels of P16 and P21 in bleomycin-treated AFSCs. Furthermore, neither bleomycin nor rapamycin changed the ribosomal S6 protein level in AFSCs. However, the phosphorylation of the ribosomal S6 protein was increased in bleomycin-treated AFSCs and decreased in rapamycin-treated AFSCs. AFSCs differentiated into adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes when they were cultured with respective differentiation media. Rapamycin inhibited multi-differentiation potential of AFSCs in a concentration-dependent manner. Our findings demonstrated that mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling affects cellular senescence, catabolic and inflammatory responses, and multi-differentiation potential, suggesting that potential treatment value of rapamycin for disc degenerative diseases, especially lower back pain.
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Pharmacological validation of the folkloric uses of Cyperus rotundus L. in different ailments: An in vivo and in vitro research.In vivo and in vitro research study was conducted on Cyperus rotundus to evaluate the sound mechanistic background in the treatment of gastrointestinal, bronchial and vascular disorders as well as in pain, emesis, pyrexia and bacterial infections. Results showed that crude extract of Cyperus rotundus (Cr.Cr) exhibited the dose-dependent spasmolytic effect in rabbit jejunum by inhibiting the spontaneous and K+ (80 mM)-induced contractions. Pretreatment of tissue with Cr. Cr caused the rightward shift of calcium concentration response curves, similar to verapamil. Cr. Cr also caused the relaxation of K+(80 mM)- and carbachol (1 µM)-induced contractions of trachea preparations, similar to that of verapamil. Moreover, Cr. Cr also relaxed the contraction induced by the K+ (80 mM) and phenylephrine (1 µM) of aorta preparations. Data show that C. rotundus possess the spasmolytic, bronchodilator and vasodilator activities possibly through calcium channels blockade; validating its folkloric use in diarrhea, dyspepsia, bronchitis, asthma and hypertension in addition to antibacterial, antiemetic, antipyretic and analgesic activities.
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Synthesis, optimization and biological evaluation of 99mTc-digoxin as possible cardiac imaging agent.Heart imaging radiopharmaceuticals could improve the diagnostic value of routine heart scanning for detecting cardiac disorders. The aim of the study was to prepare high radiochemical purity 99mTc-Digoxin in a yield of about 98%. The optimal conditions for labelling were as follows: 100μg of Digoxin, 2μg of SnCl
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PET/MR Imaging of Malondialdehyde-Acetaldehyde Epitopes With a Human Antibody Detects Clinically Relevant Atherothrombosis.Oxidation-specific epitopes (OSEs) are proinflammatory, and elevated levels in plasma predict cardiovascular events.
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