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#8977262   1997/02/06 Save this To Up

Surface and mRNA expression of the CD52 antigen by human eosinophils but not by neutrophils.

Eosinophilic and neutrophilic granulocytes represent major effector cells in the inflammatory response. Whereas neutrophils are predominantly involved in bacterial infections, eosinophils are of essential importance in the allergic inflammation. Surface markers have been used to distinguish neutrophils (CD16+) from eosinophils (CD16-) and might indicate different functional properties of these cells. In this study, expression and functional activity of CD52 on human eosinophils and neutrophils was investigated in nonatopic healthy donors and from patients with hypereosinophilia. Flow cytometric analysis using different anti-CD52 monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) (mouse IgG3, humanized IgG1, and rat IgM) showed significant and homogeneous expression of CD52 on human eosinophils, but not on neutrophils. In addition, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Northern blot analysis showed that CD52 mRNA was constitutively expressed in eosinophils but not in neutrophils. Furthermore, expression of CD52 could be diminished in a dose-dependent manner by preincubation of eosinophils with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C, suggesting that CD52 on eosinophils is anchored to the membrane through a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) molecule. Whereas the phorbolester phorbol myristate acetate was able to downregulate the expression of CD52 on eosinophils in a dose-dependent manner, different eosinophil activating cytokines and chemotaxins had no effect. Cross-linking of CD52 by mouse anti-CD52 MoAb (IgG3) and humanized anti-CD52 MoAb (IgG1) with goat antimouse antibody and mouse antihuman antibody, respectively, dose-dependently resulted in an inhibition of reactive oxygen species production of eosinophils after stimulation with C5a, platelet-activating factor, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. In summary, this study shows that the GPI-anchored antigen CD52 is not only a useful marker to distinguish eosinophils from neutrophils. The data point out a novel role of the CD52 antigen on human eosinophils that might be of clinical relevance, because cross-linking of this molecule will stop the destructive power of human eosinophils in the inflammatory tissue.

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