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#27215963   2016/05/24 Save this To Up

Construction of a Hep-2 cell line stably transfected with Livin shRNA.

The aim of this study was to construct a eukaryotic expression plasmid with a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting Livin in order to obtain a stably transfected Hep-2 cell line with a reduced expression of Livin.

1511 related Products with: Construction of a Hep-2 cell line stably transfected with Livin shRNA.

Human tumor cell array, 1 Human tumor cell array, 1 MarkerGene™ â Galactos anti SLAM anti CDw150 IgG anti CD37 IgG2b (monoclon Human Stromal Cell-Derive Mouse Stromal Cell-Derive Cell Meter™ Live Cell C Cell Meter™ Live Cell C Cell Meter™ Live Cell C Cell Meter™ Live Cell C Cell Meter™ Live Cell C

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#26374535   2015/09/16 Save this To Up

Combinatorial cancer immunotherapy strategies with proapoptotic small-molecule IAP antagonists.

Members of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family control several critical aspects of innate immunity, cell death, and tumorigenesis. Small molecule antagonists that target specific IAP oncoproteins, primarily cIAP1 and cIAP2, but potentially also XIAP and Livin, modulate distinct immune signal transduction pathways that can lead to an increased sensitivity of tumors cells to cytokine-mediated apoptosis. These antagonists are based on the structure of an endogenous cellular IAP inhibitor called Smac. Smac is normally sequestered within the mitochondria and is released into the cytoplasm upon cell death stimuli, thereby overcoming the anti-apoptotic action of the IAPs. The therapeutic usefulness of recombinant tumoricidal cytokines to treat cancer patients is principally limited due to their unacceptable adverse side effects. Therefore, investigators have sought to develop alternative regimens that do not rely on exogenously delivered death ligands. These approaches include the stimulation of the immune system with oncolytic virus-based agents or Toll-like receptor agonists in combination with Smac mimetics. Similarly, preclinical combination immunotherapy studies reveal that recombinant interferon synergizes with Smac mimetics to kill cancer. This strategy opens up new therapeutic avenues for anti-cancer therapy by modulating specific immune-mediated death pathways employing unique dual-pronged combinatorial approaches.

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#26140980   2015/08/31 Save this To Up

In vitro antitumor immune response induced by dendritic cells transduced with human livin α recombinant adenovirus.

Transduction with recombinant, replication-defective adenoviral (rAd) vectors encoding a transgene is an efficient method for gene transfer into human dendritic cells (DCs). Livin is a good candidate for cancer immunotherapy since it is overexpressed in most common human cancers, poorly expressed in most normal adult tissues. Two splicing variants of livin, designated livin α and livin β, have been identified. In this study, we used human livin α recombinant adenovirus (rAd-hlivin α) to transduced DCs. We found that DCs transduced with rAd-hlivin α (rAd-hlivin α DCs) could effectively induce human livin α specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in vitro against various tumor cell lines.

2686 related Products with: In vitro antitumor immune response induced by dendritic cells transduced with human livin α recombinant adenovirus.

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#23563149   2013/04/19 Save this To Up

Overexpression of the truncated form of Livin reveals a complex interaction with caspase-3.

Disruption in apoptosis are involved in cancer development and progression. Livin-β, has been identified as a critical modulator for cell death in several tumor cell lines. It was demonstrated that a truncated fragment of Livin-β (tLivin) without its N-terminal 52 amino acids is produced in cells through protein cleavage. However, the biological consequence of the cleavage remains largely ignored. In the present study, we report that tLivin exerted a pro-apoptotic effect on cells. The subcellular localization of tLivin was mainly restricted to the cytoplasm. To explore the underlying mechanism, we observed an elevated caspase-3 activity which may account for the apoptosis. Furthermore, we observed that tLivin was further cleaved into a smaller fragment in cells. This second cleavage was possibly related to activated caspase-3. The resulted C-terminal fragment (livC) was an anti-apoptotic factor. Our study may help to deepen our understanding of the role of Livin in the regulation of cell death.

2178 related Products with: Overexpression of the truncated form of Livin reveals a complex interaction with caspase-3.

Primary antibody Caspase MOUSE ANTI APAAP COMPLEX, MOUSE ANTI BOVINE ROTAVIR Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Bone Morphogenetic Protei Growth Differentiation Fa Dengue antibody (Complex) Amplite™ Fluorimetric F Caspase-3 Substrate DEVD-

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#23152000   2012/12/17 Save this To Up

The antitumor effect of human cord blood-derived dendritic cells modified by the livin α gene in lung cancer cell lines.

The growth of malignant tumors is associated with mechanisms of immune escape and inhibition of apoptosis. Livin is a novel member of the inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) protein family that inhibits cell apoptosis. Livin is specifically expressed by the majority of tumor cells, but it is not expressed in normal adult tissues. In this study, we used umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived dendritic cells (DCs) infected with a recombinant adenovirus encoding the livin gene as a vaccine to activate effector cells such as cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) to recognize and kill livin-expressing cancer cells in vitro as an improved strategy for overcoming the ability of these cancer cells to escape apoptosis and antitumor immune responses. We employed interferon-γ (IFN-γ) enzyme-linked immunospot assays to confirm that our immunization strategy induced an antigen-specific reaction to livin and flow cytometric analysis of staining with Annexin V and PI to measure the cytotoxic activity of the effector cells against the livin-expressing lung cancer cell lines A549 and H460. Our results show that the recombinant adenovirus was able to promote the maturation of the UCB-derived DCs. This DC vaccine could activate antigen-specific T cells to produce IFN-γ upon recognition of livin peptide in the context of the appropriate HLA molecule. The antigen-specific T cells mediate significant cytotoxicity against the cancer cells, but are unlikely to cause an autoimmune reaction against the human bronchial epithelia cells (HBE), which do not express livin.

1770 related Products with: The antitumor effect of human cord blood-derived dendritic cells modified by the livin α gene in lung cancer cell lines.

Human Cord Blood CD34+ Ce Macrophage Colony Stimula Macrophage Colony Stimula thymic dendritic cell-der Human Small Intestine Mic Human Large Intestine Mic Human Internal Mammary Ar GFP Expressing Human Inte Mouse Anti-Human Dendriti Rat Anti-Mouse Dendritic Mouse Anti-Human Follicul Mouse Anti-Human Follicul

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#22766624   2012/07/16 Save this To Up

Expression and role of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein livin in chemotherapy sensitivity of ovarian carcinoma.

Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate of all gynecological malignancies. Livin, a novel member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, has been found to be expressed in various malignancies and is suggested to have poor prognostic significance. However, no data are available concerning the significance of livin in ovarian cancer. In the present study, we detected the expression of livin isoforms in human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) tissues using semi-quantitative RT-PCR and western blot assays. The data indicated that livin expression positive ratio was much higher in cancer tissues compared to those in benign ovarian tumors and normal ovarian specimens. To determine the role of livin in the process of ovarian cancer growth, RNA interference mediated by recombinant lentivirus vectors expressing livin shRNA was applied to induce a long-lasting downregulation of livin gene expression in SKOV3 human ovarian cancer cell line. Cell apoptosis and chemosensitivity were evaluated by MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively, following downregulation of livin expression, and the cleavage of molecular markers of the mitochondrial apoptotic signaling pathway was investigated by immunoblotting. Livin knockdown with siRNA enhanced spontaneous and drug-induced apoptosis in SKOV3 cells. The inhibition of livin resulted in profound pro-apoptotic and antiproliferative effects, and was associated with the activation of caspase signaling. In conclusion, these data suggested that livin plays an important role in inhibiting the apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells. Specific silencing of livin expression could promote cell apoptosis, enhance chemotherapy sensitivity and may be a promising target for further research in clinical chemotherapy of epitheliod ovarian cancer.

2760 related Products with: Expression and role of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein livin in chemotherapy sensitivity of ovarian carcinoma.

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#22033581   2012/04/27 Save this To Up

Immunity to the melanoma inhibitor of apoptosis protein (ML-IAP; livin) in patients with malignant melanoma.

Therapeutic targeting of melanoma antigens frequently focuses on the melanocyte differentiation or cancer-testis families. Antigen-loss variants can often result, as these antigens are not critical for tumor cell survival. Exploration of functionally relevant targets has been limited. The melanoma inhibitor of apoptosis protein (ML-IAP; livin) is overexpressed in melanoma, contributing to disease progression and treatment resistance. Improved understanding of the significance of ML-IAP immune responses in patients has possible therapeutic applications. We found ML-IAP frequently expressed in melanoma metastases by immunohistochemistry. To assess spontaneous immunity to ML-IAP, an overlapping peptide library representing full-length protein was utilized to screen cellular responses in stage I-IV patients and healthy controls by ELISPOT. A broad array of CD4(+) and CD8(+) cellular responses against ML-IAP was observed with novel class I and class II epitopes identified. Specific HLA-A*0201 epitopes were analyzed further for frequency of reactivity. The generation of specific CD4(+) and cytotoxic T cells revealed potent functional capability including cytokine responsiveness to melanoma cell lines and tumor cell killing. In addition, recombinant ML-IAP protein used in an ELISA demonstrated high titer antibody responses in a subset of patients. Several melanoma patients who received CTLA-4 blockade with ipilimumab developed augmented humoral immune responses to ML-IAP as a function of treatment which was associated with beneficial clinical outcomes. High frequency immune responses in melanoma patients, associations with favorable treatment outcomes, and its essential role in melanoma pathogenesis support the development of ML-IAP as a disease marker and therapeutic target.

1833 related Products with: Immunity to the melanoma inhibitor of apoptosis protein (ML-IAP; livin) in patients with malignant melanoma.

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#21092516   2010/11/24 Save this To Up

[Construction and identification of gene vector expressing PTEN while simultaneously silencing Livin].

To study the effect of simultaneously increasing PTEN gene expression and inhibiting Livin gene expression on the gastric carcinoma cell line (BGC823) and construct a recombinant vector expressing PTEN while simultaneously silencing Livin.

2960 related Products with: [Construction and identification of gene vector expressing PTEN while simultaneously silencing Livin].

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#20150841   2010/02/12 Save this To Up

Anti-livin antibodies: novel markers of malignant gastrointestinal cancers.

Livin represents apoptosis inhibitors and may be important in cancer.

2613 related Products with: Anti-livin antibodies: novel markers of malignant gastrointestinal cancers.

Mouse Anti-Human CA19-9 ( Goat Anti-Human Livin Ant Rabbit Anti-Human Livin A Rabbit Anti-Human Livin A Anti C-Reactive Protein A Anti VGLUT-1 Rat, polyclo Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Mouse, Monoclon Anti AGO2 Human, Monoclon Anti Ago1, Monoclonal Ant Anti Rat VGLUT-2, Rabbit Anti PIWIL1, Monoclonal A

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#19821098   2009/10/12 Save this To Up

Effects of Livin gene RNA interference on apoptosis of cervical cancer HeLa cells and enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin.

The recombinant plasmids pGenesil-1-BIRC71 and pGenesil-1-BIRC72 were transfected into HeLa cells and cisplatin was added with different concentrations in order to study the inhibitory effects of Livin gene, increase the apoptosis induced by cisplatin, and detect the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and survivin genes. The pGenesil-1-BIRC71 and pGenesil-1-BIRC72 were transfected into HeLa cells, and the expression levels of Livin, Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and survivin genes were detected by using fluorescence quantitative real-time PCR. Then cisplatin at different concentrations (3.0, 6.0 and 9.9 microg/mL) was added into the transfected HeLa cells, and 24, and 48 h later, the apoptosis rate was measured by flow cytometry. After transfection of pGenesil-1-BIRC71 and pGenesil-1-BIRC72 into HeLa cells, the expression level of Livin gene was obviously reduced, and the apoptosis rate was significantly increased in transfection group as compared with control group (P<0.05). Cisplatin could increase the apoptosis rate in a dose- and time-dependent manner. After cisplatin was added, the expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA were reduced, and those of Bax, caspase-3, and survivin mRNA were increased in transfection group as compared with those in control group (P<0.05). It was concluded that shRNA expression vector targeting Livin gene could inhibit the expression of Livin gene in HeLa cells and enhance the apoptosis induced by cisplatin, which was related to the decreased expression of Bcl-2 and activation of Bax and caspase-3. Survivin might play an important role as an antagonist in the process of apoptosis induction.

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