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#26549617   2015/12/22 Save this To Up

Adenovirus‑mediated overexpression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator enhances invasiveness and motility of serous ovarian cancer cells.

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) belongs to the adenosine triphosphate‑binding cassette transporter family, members of which are involved in several types of cancer. Previous studies by our group reported that CFTR was highly expressed in serous ovarian cancer (SOC) tissues, and that knockdown of CFTR suppressed the proliferation of ovarian cancer in vitro and in vivo. Thus, the aim of the present study was to construct a recombinant adenoviral vector for the expression of the human CFTR gene in order to study the role of CFTR overexpression in the malignant invasion and migration of SOC cells in vitro. The present study then focused on the mechanisms of the role of CFTR in the migratory and invasive malignant properties of SOC cells. The CFTR gene was inserted into an adenoviral vector by using the AdEasy system in order to obtain the Ad‑CFTR overexpression vector, which was used to transfect the A2780 SOC cell line. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, western blot analysis and immunofluorescence were performed to detect the expression and localization of CFTR. Cell invasion and motility of the transfected cells compared with those of control cells were observed using Transwell and wound healing assays. A ~4,700 bp fragment of the CFTR gene was confirmed to be correctly cloned in the adenoviral vector and amplification of Ad‑CFTR was observed in HEK293 cells during package. After 48 h of transfection with Ad‑CFTR, ~90% of A2780 cells were red fluorescence protein‑positive. Immunofluorescence showed that following transfection, CFTR expression was increased and CFTR was located in the cell membrane and cytoplasm. CFTR overexpression was shown to enhance the invasion and motility of A2780 cells in vitro. Furthermore, the effects of CFTR overexpression on the activation c‑Src signaling were observed by western blot analysis. CFTR overexpressing cells showed the lowest activity of phospho‑Src (Tyr530), suggesting that CFTR may affect the activation of c‑Src signaling. The results of the present study demonstrated that adenovirus‑mediated CFTR overexpression enhanced cell invasion and motility of SOC cells in vitro. Furthermore, CFTR may be critical for the activation of c‑Src signaling.

2159 related Products with: Adenovirus‑mediated overexpression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator enhances invasiveness and motility of serous ovarian cancer cells.

CA125, Ovarian Cancer An CA125, Ovarian Cancer An CA125, Ovarian Cancer An Rat ovarian cancer marker Ovarian cancer tissue arr Human Ovarian Microvascul Dog Receptor-binding canc Cancer Samples: Ovarian Cancer samples: Ovarian Human Ovarian Cancer Anti Ofloxacin CAS Number [824 Ovarian disease spectrum

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#25377781   2015/01/22 Save this To Up

Calcium/Ask1/MKK7/JNK2/c-Src signalling cascade mediates disruption of intestinal epithelial tight junctions by dextran sulfate sodium.

Disruption of intestinal epithelial tight junctions is an important event in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) induces colitis in mice with symptoms similar to ulcerative colitis. However, the mechanism of DSS-induced colitis is unknown. We investigated the mechanism of DSS-induced disruption of intestinal epithelial tight junctions and barrier dysfunction in Caco-2 cell monolayers in vitro and mouse colon in vivo. DSS treatment resulted in disruption of tight junctions, adherens junctions and actin cytoskeleton leading to barrier dysfunction in Caco-2 cell monolayers. DSS induced a rapid activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and the inhibition or knockdown of JNK2 attenuated DSS-induced tight junction disruption and barrier dysfunction. In mice, DSS administration for 4 days caused redistribution of tight junction and adherens junction proteins from the epithelial junctions, which was blocked by JNK inhibitor. In Caco-2 cell monolayers, DSS increased intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, and depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) by 1,2-bis-(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetra-acetic acid tetrakis(acetoxymethyl ester) (BAPTA/AM) or thapsigargin attenuated DSS-induced JNK activation, tight junction disruption and barrier dysfunction. Knockdown of apoptosis signal-regulated kinase 1 (Ask1) or MKK7 blocked DSS-induced tight junction disruption and barrier dysfunction. DSS activated c-Src by a Ca2+ and JNK-dependent mechanism. Inhibition of Src kinase activity or knockdown of c-Src blocked DSS-induced tight junction disruption and barrier dysfunction. DSS increased tyrosine phosphorylation of occludin, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), E-cadherin and β-catenin. SP600125 abrogated DSS-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of junctional proteins. Recombinant JNK2 induced threonine phosphorylation and auto-phosphorylation of c-Src. The present study demonstrates that Ca(2+)/Ask1/MKK7/JNK2/cSrc signalling cascade mediates DSS-induced tight junction disruption and barrier dysfunction.

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Abiraterone Sulfate Sodiu N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine 6- N-(Acetyl-d3)-D-glucosami N-Acetyllactosamine 6-Sul N-Acetyllactosamine 6-Sul (3β)-Allopregnanolone Su 4-O-Benzyl-3-hydroxy Tyro 4-O-Benzyl-3-hydroxy Tyro SDS (Sodium dodecyl sulfa Sodium sulfate anhydrous Sodium sulfate anhydrous SDS (Sodium dodecyl sulfa

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#14570928   2003/12/25 Save this To Up

Shear stress regulates endothelial nitric-oxide synthase promoter activity through nuclear factor kappaB binding.

We have previously demonstrated that shear stress increases transcription of the endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) by a pathway involving activation of the tyrosine kinase c-Src and extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). In the present study sought to determine the events downstream of this pathway. Shear stress activated a human eNOS promoter chloramphenicol acetyl-CoA transferase chimeric construct in a time-dependent fashion, and this could be prevented by inhibition of the c-Src and MEK1/2. Studies using electromobility shift assays, promoter deletions, and promoter mutations revealed that shear activation of the eNOS promoter was due to binding of nuclear factor kappaB subunits p50 and p65 to a GAGACC sequence -990 to -984 base pairs upstream of the eNOS transcription start site. Shear induced nuclear translocation of p50 and p65, and activation of the eNOS promoter by shear could be prevented by co-transfection with a dominant negative I kappa Balpha. Exposure of endothelial cells to shear resulted in Ikappa kinase phosphorylation, and this was blocked by the MEK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 and the cSrc inhibitor PP1, suggesting these signaling molecules are upstream of NFkappaB activation. These experiments indicate that shear stress increases eNOS transcription by NFkappaB activation and p50/p65 binding to a GAGACC sequence present of the human eNOS promoter. While NFkappaB activation is generally viewed as a proinflammatory stimulus, the current data indicate that its transient activation by shear may increase expression of eNOS, which via production of nitric oxide could convey anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic properties.

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#11882681   2002/03/07 Save this To Up

Tyrosine kinases enhance the function of glycine receptors in rat hippocampal neurons and human alpha(1)beta glycine receptors.

Glycine receptors (GlyRs) are transmitter-gated channels that mediate fast inhibitory neurotransmission in the spinal cord and brain. The GlyR beta subunit contains a putative tyrosine phosphorylation site whose functional role has not been determined. To examine if protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) regulate the function of GlyRs, we analysed whole-cell currents activated by applications of glycine to CA1 hippocampal neurons and spinal neurons. The role of a putative site for tyrosine phosphorylation at position 413 of the beta subunit was examined using site-directed mutagenesis and expression of recombinant (alpha(1)beta(Y413F)) receptors in human embryonic kidney (HEK 293) cells. Lavendustin A, an inhibitor of PTKs, depressed glycine-evoked currents (I(Gly)) in CA1 neurons and spinal neurons by 31 % and 40 %, respectively. In contrast, the intracellular application of the exogenous tyrosine kinase, cSrc, enhanced I(Gly) in CA1 neurons by 56 %. cSrc also accelerated GlyR desensitization and increased the potency of glycine 2-fold (control EC(50) = 143 microM; cSrc EC(50) = 74 microM). Exogenous cSrc, applied intracellularly, upregulated heteromeric alpha(1)beta receptors but not homomeric alpha(1) receptors. Substitution mutation of the tyrosine to phenylalanine at position beta-413 prevented this enhancement. Furthermore, a selective inhibitor of the Src family kinases, PP2, down-regulated wild-type alpha(1)beta but not alpha(1)beta(Y413F) receptors. Together, these findings indicate that GlyR function is upregulated by PTKs and this modulation is dependent on the tyrosine-413 residue of the beta subunit.

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alpha 2 Glycine Receptor Beta Amyloid (42) ELISA K Beta Amyloid (40) ELISA K Anti beta3 AR Human, Poly Rabbit Anti-14-3-3(Alpha Mouse Anti-Human Integrin Rabbit Anti-Rat Glycine R Goat Anti-Human, Mouse, R Mouse anti human INF alph Rat monoclonal anti mouse Human Macrophage Inflamma Human Macrophage Inflamma

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#11104793   2000/12/27 Save this To Up

Neutral endopeptidase inhibits prostate cancer cell migration by blocking focal adhesion kinase signaling.

Neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP, CD10) is a cell-surface enzyme expressed by prostatic epithelial cells that cleaves and inactivates neuropeptides implicated in the growth of androgen-independent prostate cancer (PC). NEP substrates such as bombesin and endothelin-1 induce cell migration. We investigated the mechanisms of NEP regulation of cell migration in PC cells, including regulation of phosphorylation on tyrosine of focal adhesion kinase (FAK). Western analyses and cell migration assays revealed an inverse correlation between NEP expression and the levels of FAK phosphorylation and cell migration in PC cell lines. Constitutively expressed NEP, recombinant NEP, and induced NEP expression using a tetracycline-repressive expression system inhibited bombesin- and endothelin-1-stimulated FAK phosphorylation and cell migration. This results from NEP-induced inhibition of neuropeptide-stimulated association of FAK with cSrc protein. Expression of a mutated catalytically inactive NEP protein also resulted in partial inhibition of FAK phosphorylation and cell migration. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments show that NEP associates with tyrosine-phosphorylated Lyn kinase, which then binds the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) resulting in an NEP-Lyn-PI3-K protein complex. This complex competitively blocks FAK-PI3-K interaction, suggesting that NEP protein inhibits cell migration via a protein-protein interaction independent of its catalytic function. These experiments demonstrate that NEP can inhibit FAK phosphorylation on tyrosine and PC cell migration through multiple pathways and suggest that cell migration which contributes to invasion and metastases in PC cells can be regulated by NEP.

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#10893418   2000/10/27 Save this To Up

Enhanced activity of a large conductance, calcium-sensitive K+ channel in the presence of Src tyrosine kinase.

Large conductance, calcium-sensitive K(+) channels (BK(Ca) channels) contribute to the control of membrane potential in a variety of tissues, including smooth muscle, where they act as the target effector for intracellular "calcium sparks" and the endothelium-derived vasodilator nitric oxide. Various signal transduction pathways, including protein phosphorylation can regulate the activity of BK(Ca) channels, along with many other membrane ion channels. In our study, we have examined the regulation of BK(Ca) channels by the cellular Src gene product (cSrc), a soluble tyrosine kinase that has been implicated in the regulation of both voltage- and ligand-gated ion channels. Using a heterologous expression system, we observed that co-expression of murine BK(Ca) channel and the human cSrc tyrosine kinase in HEK 293 cells led to a calcium-sensitive enhancement of BK(Ca) channel activity in excised membrane patches. In contrast, co-expression with a catalytically inactive cSrc mutant produced no change in BK(Ca) channel activity, demonstrating the requirement for a functional cSrc molecule. Furthermore, we observed that BK(Ca) channels underwent direct tyrosine phosphorylation in cells co-transfected with BK(Ca) channels and active cSrc but not in cells co-transfected with the kinase inactive form of the enzyme. A single Tyr to Phe substitution in the C-terminal half of the channel largely prevented this observed phosphorylation. Given that cSrc may become activated by receptor tyrosine kinases or G-protein-coupled receptors, these findings suggest that cSrc-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of BK(Ca) channels in situ may represent a novel regulatory mechanism for altering membrane potential and calcium entry.

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Tyrosine Kinase Adaptors EnzyChrom™ Kinase Assay MarkerGeneTM in vivo lacZ Aurora Kinase B Inhibitor Aurora Kinase B Inhibitor Aurora Kinase B Inhibitor Aurora Kinase B Inhibitor ATM Kinase Inhibitor ATM Kinase Inhibitor, KU- ATM Kinase Inhibitor, KU- voltage-dependent calcium Cell Meter™ Fluorimetri

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#10448126   1999/09/17 Save this To Up

Low levels of arsenic trioxide stimulate proliferative signals in primary vascular cells without activating stress effector pathways.

Chronic human exposure to low levels of inorganic arsenic increases the incidence of vascular diseases and specific cancers. Exposure of endothelial cells to environmentally relevant concentrations of arsenic trioxide (arsenite) induces oxidant formation, activates the transcription factor NF-kappaB, and increases DNA synthesis (Barchowsky et al., Free Radic. Biol. Med. 21, 783-790, 1996). We show, in the current study, that arsenite induces concentration-dependent cell proliferation or death in primary porcine aortic endothelial cells. Low concentrations caused cell proliferation and were associated with increased superoxide and H(2)O(2) accumulation, cSrc activity, H(2)O(2)-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation, and NF-kappaB-dependent transcription. These concentrations were insufficient to activate MAP kinases. However, the MAP kinases, extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38, were activated in response to levels of arsenite that caused cell death. These data suggest that arsenite-induced oxidant accumulation and subsequent activation of tyrosine phosphorylation represent a MAPK-independent pathway for phenotypic change and proliferation in vascular cells.

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