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#17612900   2007/07/06 Save this To Up

Carbonic anhydrase III: a new target for autoantibodies in autoimmune diseases.

The objective of this study was to identify new autoantibodies that could be useful for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using immunoblotting on synovial membrane proteins which represent the best source of candidate RA autoantigens. A new target protein with a molecular weight of 26 kDa was found to be recognized by autoantibodies in RA sera and was identified using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and second-dimension electrophoresis as carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII). Three similar protein spots at 26 kDa were recognized by both human sera and monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against CAIII on immunoblotting using the human recombinant CAIII. Interestingly, CAIII expression within the synovial membrane was not observed in non-RA patients and was differentially expressed among RA patients. The sensitivity of these new autoantibodies for RA, using an immunoenzymatic technique, was 17%. Specificity was high when comparing non-autoimmune diseases (100%), while it was found to be weak (67%) when comparing some other autoimmune diseases, and particularly systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that these new autoantibodies against CAIII are not restricted to RA. However the expression of CAIII in the synovial membrane of RA warrants further investigation of the pathophysiological relevance of this finding.

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#8633035   1996/07/01 Save this To Up

The phosphatase activity of carbonic anhydrase III is reversibly regulated by glutathiolation.

Carbonic anhydrase isozyme III (CAIII) is unique among the carbonic anhydrases because it demonstrates phosphatase activity. CAIII forms a disulfide link between glutathione and two of its five cysteine residues, a process termed S-glutathiolation. Glutathiolation of CAIII occurs in vivo and is increased during aging and under acute oxidative stress. We show that glutathiolation serves to reversibly regulate the phosphatase activity of CAIII. Glutathiolation of Cys-186 is required for phosphatase activity, while glutathiolation of Cys-181 blocks activity. Phosphotyrosine is the preferred substrate, although phosphoserine and phosphothreonine can also be cleaved. Thus, glutathiolation is a reversible covalent modification that can regulate CAIII, a phosphatase that may function in the cellular response to oxidative stress.

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#2852973   1989/05/02 Save this To Up

Characterisation of cDNA clones for rat muscle carbonic anhydrase III.

cDNA clones for rat muscle carbonic anhydrase III have been isolated from a lambda gt-11 library and sequenced. Comparison with human CAIII cDNA showed about 90% homology to rat. The rat clones were used to estimate mRNA from liver and muscle on Northern blots and showed that the sexual dimorphism of CAIII in rat liver relates to a difference in mRNA levels.

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