Search results for: Recombinant Human CFL1 Proteins
#26269174 2015/09/23 Save this To Up
Actin-Modulating Protein Cofilin Is Involved in the Formation of Measles Virus Ribonucleoprotein Complex at the Perinuclear Region.In measles virus (MV)-infected cells, the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex, comprised of the viral genome and the nucleocapsid (N) protein, phosphoprotein (P protein), and large protein, assembles at the perinuclear region and synthesizes viral RNAs. The cellular proteins involved in the formation of the RNP complex are largely unknown. In this report, we show that cofilin, an actin-modulating host protein, interacts with the MV N protein and aids in the formation of the RNP complex. Knockdown of cofilin using the short hairpin RNA reduces the formation of the RNP complex after MV infection and that of the RNP complex-like structure after plasmid-mediated expression of MV N and P proteins. A lower level of formation of the RNP complex results in the reduction of viral RNA synthesis. Cofilin phosphorylation on the serine residue at position 3, an enzymatically inactive form, is increased after MV infection and the phosphorylated form of cofilin is preferentially included in the complex. These results indicate that cofilin plays an important role in MV replication by increasing formation of the RNP complex and viral RNA synthesis.
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#25635941 2015/02/28 Save this To Up
S-nitrosylation of cofilin-1 mediates estradiol-17β-stimulated endothelial cytoskeleton remodeling.Rapid nitric oxide (NO) production via endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activation represents a major signaling pathway for the cardiovascular protective effects of estrogens; however, the pathways after NO biosynthesis that estrogens use to function remain largely unknown. Covalent adduction of a NO moiety to cysteines, termed S-nitrosylation (SNO), has emerged as a key route for NO to directly regulate protein function. Cofilin-1 (CFL1) is a small actin-binding protein essential for actin dynamics and cytoskeleton remodeling. Despite being identified as a major SNO protein in endothelial cells, whether SNO regulates CFL-1 function is unknown. We hypothesized that estradiol-17β (E2β) stimulates SNO of CFL1 via eNOS-derived NO and that E2β-induced SNO-CFL1 mediates cytoskeleton remodeling in endothelial cells. Point mutation studies determined Cys80 as the primary SNO site among the 4 cysteines (Cys39/80/139/147) in CFL1. Substitutions of Cys80 with Ala or Ser were used to prepare the SNO-mimetic/deficient (C80A/S) CFL1 mutants. Recombinant wild-type (wt) and mutant CFL1 proteins were prepared; their actin-severing activity was determined by real-time fluorescence imaging analysis. The activity of C80A CFL1 was enhanced to that of the constitutively active S3/A CFL1, whereas the other mutants had no effects. C80A/S mutations lowered Ser3 phosphorylation. Treatment with E2β increased filamentous (F)-actin and filopodium formation in endothelial cells, which were significantly reduced in cells overexpressing wt-CFL. Overexpression of C80A, but not C80S, CFL1 decreased basal F-actin and further suppressed E2β-induced F-actin and filopodium formation compared with wt-CFL1 overexpression. Thus, SNO(Cys80) of cofilin-1 via eNOS-derived NO provides a novel pathway for mediating estrogen-induced endothelial cell cytoskeleton remodeling.
2208 related Products with: S-nitrosylation of cofilin-1 mediates estradiol-17β-stimulated endothelial cytoskeleton remodeling.17β-Acetyl-estradiol 3-( 17-O-Acetyl-3-O-methyl-6- 17-O-Acetyl-3-O-methyl 17 CD34, Endothelial Cell; CD34, Endothelial Cell; CD34, Endothelial Cell; Estradiol 6,17b antibody, Human Vascular Endothelia Human Vascular Endothelia cofilin (Phospho Ser3) An Goat Anti-Human Endotheli Mouse Vascular Endothelia
#25056928 2015/08/07 Save this To Up
S-nitrosylation of Cofilin-1 Serves as a Novel Pathway for VEGF-Stimulated Endothelial Cell Migration.Nitric oxide (NO) derived from endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) mediates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-stimulated endothelial cytoskeleton remodeling and migration; however, the underlying mechanisms are elusive. Covalent adduction of a NO moiety (NO(•)) to cysteines called S-nitrosylation (SNO) is a key NO signaling pathway. The small actin-binding protein cofilin-1 (CFL1) is essential for actin cytoskeleton remodeling. We investigated whether S-nitrosylation regulates CFL1 function and endothelial cytoskeleton remodeling and migration upon VEGF stimulation. VEGF rapidly stimulated S-nitrosylation of CFL1, which was blocked by NO Synthase inhibition and eNOS knockdown by specific eNOS-siRNA. Cys80 and Cys139 were identified as the major SNO-sites in CFL1 by LC-MS/MS. The actin severing activity of recombinant SNO-mimetic CFL1 (C80/139A DMA-CFL1), but not SNO-deficient CFL1 (C80/139S DMS-CFL1), was significantly greater than that of wild-type CFL1 (wt-CFL1). When wt-CFL1 and its mutants were overexpressed in endothelial cells, basal actin bound wt-CFL1 was undetectable but significantly increased by VEGF; basal actin bound DMA-CFL1 was readily high and basal actin bound DMS-CFL1 was detectable but low, and both were unresponsive to VEGF. Treatment with VEGF significantly increased filamentous (F-) actin and filopodium formation and cell migration in endothelial cells. Overexpression of wt-CFL1 inhibited VEGF-induced F-actin formation. Overexpression of DMA but not DMS CFL1 decreased basal but not VEGF-stimulated F-actin formation. Overexpression of DMA but not DMS CFL1 suppressed VEGF-stimulated filopodium formation and migration in endothelial cells. Thus, S-nitrosylation of CFL1 provides a novel signaling pathway post-NO biosynthesis via eNOS-derived NO for endothelial cytoskeleton remodeling and migration upon VEGF stimulation.
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#22450169 2012/05/04 Save this To Up
Cofilin weakly interacts with 14-3-3 and therefore can only indirectly participate in regulation of cell motility by small heat shock protein HspB6 (Hsp20).It has been previously reported that phosphorylated cofilin interacted with 14-3-3ζ protein to generate a sub-micromolar K(d) binary complex. Here we challenge this hypothesis by analyzing the direct association of recombinant cofilin with 14-3-3ζ using different in vitro biochemical methods. Phosphorylated cofilin at high concentration binds to 14-3-3 immobilized on nitrocellulose, however no complex formation was detected by means of native gel electrophoresis or chemical crosslinking. Intact dimeric or mutant monomeric 14-3-3 was unable to form stable complexes with phosphorylated or unphosphorylated cofilin detected by size-exclusion chromatography. In co-sedimentation assay 14-3-3 did not affect interaction of cofilin with F-actin. The data of native gel electrophoresis indicate that 14-3-3 did not affect interaction of cofilin with G-actin. Thus, cofilin only weakly interacts with 14-3-3 and therefore cannot directly compete with phosphorylated small heat shock protein HspB6 for its binding to 14-3-3. It is hypothesized that phosphorylated HspB6 might affect interaction of 14-3-3 with protein phosphatases (and/or protein kinases) involved in dephosphorylation (or phosphorylation) of cofilin and by this means regulate cofilin-dependent reorganization of cytoskeleton.
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#22270398 2012/11/28 Save this To Up
Regulation of cofilin activity by CaMKII and calcineurin.Cofilin promotes actin filament turnover by severing and depolymerizing actin filaments. Cofilin is inactivated by phosphorylation on Ser-3 by LIM-kinase1 (LIMK1) and is activated when protein phosphatase Slingshot-1L (SSH1L) dephosphorylates this residue. The authors have shown that Ca-induced cofilin dephosphorylation is mediated by calcineurin (Cn)-dependent activation of SSH1L. In this study, Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is shown to negatively regulate SSH1L activity and bind to SSH1L in a complex with 14-3-3. Phosphorylation of LIMK1 by CaMKII and its subsequent activation regulates the subcellular localization of SSH1L. Based on these findings, the authors suggest that CaMKII and Cn provide a switch-like mechanism that controls Ca-dependent LIMK1, SSH1L and cofilin activation, and subsequently actin cytoskeletal reorganization.
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#20713416 2010/09/16 Save this To Up
Silencing of cofilin-1 gene attenuates biological behaviours of stromal cells derived from eutopic endometria of women with endometriosis.Eutopic endometria with endometriosis (EMs) differ dramatically from normal endometria, physiologically and biochemically, yet the pathogenesis of EMs remains unclear. Cofilin-1 (CFL1), a critical modulator of the actin cystoskeleton, is associated with tumour progression, cell motility, cell adhesion, cell invasion and angiogenesis. Although eutopic endometria with EMs exhibit many malignant-like behaviours and a higher expression of CFL1 than normal endometria, the effects of CFL1 on the pathogenesis of EMs are unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the role of CFL1 expression in proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, invasion, angiogenesis and ultrastructure of endometrial cells.
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