Only in Titles

           Search results for: Recombinant Rat CaBP9K Proteins    

paperclip

#8663193   1996/08/29 Save this To Up

Tissue-specific and hormonal regulation of calbindin-D9K fusion genes in transgenic mice.

The rat Calbindin-D9K (CaBP9K) gene is mainly expressed in intestine, uterus, and lung and is regulated in a complex tissue-specific manner. To analyze the role of potential regulatory elements, previously defined by DNaseI hypersensivity, we made transgenic mice containing truncated rat CaBP9K fusion gene with simian virus 40 large T antigen and the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase as reporter genes. The transgenes contained CaBP9K promoter fragments with 5' end points at -4400, -1011, and -117 base pairs (bp), whereas the 3' end points was at +365 bp. Northern blot analysis of T antigen expression and chloramphenicol acetyltransferase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay indicated that a positive element, probably the distal intestine-specific DNaseI HS, necessary to target the expression of the transgene in the intestine, is present between -4400 and -1011 bp. The cephalo-caudal gradient of expression of the transgene along the small intestine was similar to those of the endogenous gene, but an ectopic expression of the transgene was observed in the colon. The -1011 transgene was expressed in epithelial alveolar cells of the lung, in renal proximal tubule cells, and in uterine myometrium, as judged from immunocytochemical, histological, and Northern blot analyses. The shortest, -117 construct was only expressed in uterine myometrium, and it was under a strict estrogen dependence like the endogenous gene. Finally, responsiveness to vitamin D in the duodenum was observed with the largest, -4400 construct. Thus, different tissues utilize distinct cis-acting elements to direct and regulate the expression of the rat CaBP9K gene.

2265 related Products with: Tissue-specific and hormonal regulation of calbindin-D9K fusion genes in transgenic mice.

Cell Cycle Control Phosph Multiple organ tumor tiss Prostate cancer, hyperpla DNA (cytosine 5) methyltr GLP 2 ELISA Kit, Rat Prog Incu Tissue(square vessel Incu Tissue(square vessel Incu Tissue(square vessel T-2 Toxin Mycotoxins ELIS Zearalenone Mycotoxins EL CAL-101 Mechanisms: PI3K- BYL-719 Mechanisms: PI3K-

Related Pathways

  •  
  • No related Items
paperclip

#8665895   1996/08/08 Save this To Up

cis-Acting elements and transcription factors involved in the intestinal specific expression of the rat calbindin-D9K gene: binding of the intestine-specific transcription factor Cdx-2 to the TATA box.

The calbindin-D9K (CaBP9k) gene is mainly expressed in differentiated duodenal epithelial cells and is used as a model for studying the molecular mechanisms of intestine-specific transcription. The gene has been cloned, two major DNase-I-hypersensitive sites in the duodenum have been described, and a vitamin-D-response element has been identified. We have now analysed the transcription factors and regulatory sequences involved in the transcription of the CaBP9k gene in the intestine in ex vivo and in vitro experiments. Transfection experiments in intestinal (CaCo-2) and non-intestinal (HeLa) cell lines defined two regions in the 5'-flanking sequences of the rat CaBP9k gene. A minimal proximal region (-117 to +20) promoted transcription in both intestinal expressing and non-expressing cell lines. Tissue specificity was conferred by the sequences situated further upstream, which are responsible for complete repression in the non-intestinal cells. Intestinal transcription was specified by the proximal region, containing a specialized TATA box, and a distal region, which contains a previously described intestinal DNase-I-hypersensitive site. In vitro DNase I footprinting, electrophoretic mobility shift assays and antibody supershift assays were used to examine the factors bound to the proximal promoter region (-800 to +80 bp). Rat duodenal nuclear extracts protected 12 sites. Some of them appear to be binding sites for ubiquitous (nuclear factor 1) or hepatic-enriched sites (hepatocyte nuclear factors 1 and 4, enhancer binding protein alpha and beta factors. DNA binding studies and transfection experiments indicated that an intestine-specific transcription factor, caudal homeobox-2, binds to the TATA box of the rat CaBP9k gene. These data contribute to our understanding of the control of the intestinal transcription of the CaBP9k gene and demonstrate that several trans-acting factors, other than the vitamin D receptor, may be factors for intestine-specific CaBP9k gene expression.

1186 related Products with: cis-Acting elements and transcription factors involved in the intestinal specific expression of the rat calbindin-D9K gene: binding of the intestine-specific transcription factor Cdx-2 to the TATA box.

Multiple organ tumor tiss Chromatin Transcription P IGF-1R Signaling Phospho- FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu FDA Standard Frozen Tissu Multiple organ cancer tis MultiGene Gradient therm Recombinant Thermostable Single Strand DNA Ligase, Single Strand DNA Ligase,

Related Pathways

  •  
  • No related Items