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#28925130   2017/09/19 Save this To Up

[Anti-inflammatory active fraction screening and mechanism of unripe Forsythiae Fructus based on ¹H-NMR metabolomics].

To screen the anti-inflammatory active fraction of unripe Forsythiae Fructus, and elucidate the action mechanism, water decoction, ethyl acetate portion, n-butanol portion and residue water extracts of unripe Forsythiae Fructus were administered into rats for continuously 15 days. The acute lung injury inflammatory model was established to observe the section structure of lung tissues. Levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-10 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were determined by ELISA kits, and changes in endogenous metabolites in serum were analyzed based on 1H-NMR metabolomics. The results showed that ethyl acetate portion of unripe Forsythiae Fructus had a better anti-inflammatory activity against acute lung injury, and could suppress the release of inflammatory factors of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, significantly reduce contents of creatine, β-OH-butyrate, succinate, lysine, valine, isoleucine and glutamine, and elevate the content of GPC in serum. Ethyl acetate portion was proved to be the main fraction of anti-inflammatory activity from the perspective of endogenous metabolites in serum, and played an anti-inflammatory role by regulating creatine metabolism, choline metabolism, branched-chain amino acid metabolism and TCA cycles. This study could lay a foundation for studying pharmacodynamic material basis of unripe Forsythiae Fructus.

2169 related Products with: [Anti-inflammatory active fraction screening and mechanism of unripe Forsythiae Fructus based on ¹H-NMR metabolomics].

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#28925124   2017/09/19 Save this To Up

[Effects of lotus leaf on inflammatory factors and liver AdipoR2 expressions in rats with NAFLD induced by high fat diet and high glucose].

Lotus leaf (LL) is one of the traditional Chinese herbs which can be used for both pharmaceutical and food application, and it posses lipid regulating efficacy. To observe the effect of LL on experimental nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its potential mechanism, a NAFLD model was established by feeding SD rat with high-fat and high-glucose diet. LL was administrated to rats in experiment group at the same time. AST,ALT,Cr,BUN,GLU levels in serum were determined by automatic biochemical analyser and TNF-α,IL-6,INS,ADPN,LEP and liver NF-κB,TGF-β1 levels were determined by ELISA according to the specification of the kits. HE staining was applied for histopathological examination and RT-PCR,Western blot was applied for AdipoR2 mRNA and protein expression.Results have shown that LL could significantly decrease ALT,AST,IL-6 level in serum and NF-κB,TGF-β1 level in liver,promote adiponectin content in serum and AdipoR2 protein expression in liver and could alleviate hepatocyte lipid degeneration. These results indicating that LL has protective effect for NAFLD induced by high-fat and high-glucose diet via promoting AdipoR2 expression, improving insulin resistance and inhibiting inflammatory reaction.

1075 related Products with: [Effects of lotus leaf on inflammatory factors and liver AdipoR2 expressions in rats with NAFLD induced by high fat diet and high glucose].

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#28922541   2017/09/18 Save this To Up

Effects of collagen peptides intake on skin ageing and platelet release in chronologically aged mice revealed by cytokine array analysis.

Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 . CPs treatment also increased the type I collagen mRNA and protein levels and improved the aged skin collagen fibres. In plasma, nine cytokines were significantly down-regulated by CPs intake compared to the model group: fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, heparin-binding (HB) epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB/BB, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (KC), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-10; 2 cytokines were significantly up-regulated, including TGF-β1 and serpin F1. Furthermore, CPs intake significantly decreased the level of platelet release indicators in the plasma and washed platelets, including PF4, granule membrane protein (GMP)-140, β-thromboglobulin and serotonin. These results provide a mechanism underlying anti-skin ageing by CPs intake and highlight potential application of CPs as a healthcare supplement to combat cancer and cardiovascular disease by inhibiting platelet release.

1389 related Products with: Effects of collagen peptides intake on skin ageing and platelet release in chronologically aged mice revealed by cytokine array analysis.

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#28919672   2017/09/18 Save this To Up

Preparation and evaluation of Salmonella Enteritidis antigen conjugated with nanogold for screening of poultry flocks.

The present work aimed to develop lateral flow immunochromatographic strip (ICS) test for detection of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) specific antibodies in chicken sera.

1155 related Products with: Preparation and evaluation of Salmonella Enteritidis antigen conjugated with nanogold for screening of poultry flocks.

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#28915240   2017/09/15 Save this To Up

Improved reliability of serological tools for the diagnosis of West Nile fever in horses within Europe.

West Nile Fever is a zoonotic disease caused by a mosquito-borne flavivirus, WNV. By its clinical sensitivity to the disease, the horse is a useful sentinel of infection. Because of the virus' low-level, short-term viraemia in horses, the primary tools used to diagnose WNV are serological tests. Inter-laboratory proficiency tests (ILPTs) were held in 2010 and 2013 to evaluate WNV serological diagnostic tools suited for the European network of National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) for equine diseases. These ILPTs were designed to evaluate the laboratories' and methods' performances in detecting WNV infection in horses through serology. The detection of WNV immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies by ELISA is widely used in Europe, with 17 NRLs in 2010 and 20 NRLs in 2013 using IgG WNV assays. Thanks to the development of new commercial IgM capture kits, WNV IgM capture ELISAs were rapidly implemented in NRLs between 2010 (4 NRLs) and 2013 (13 NRLs). The use of kits allowed the quick standardisation of WNV IgG and IgM detection assays in NRLs with more than 95% (20/21) and 100% (13/13) of satisfactory results respectively in 2013. Conversely, virus neutralisation tests (VNTs) were implemented in 33% (7/21) of NRLs in 2013 and their low sensitivity was evidenced in 29% (2/7) of NRLs during this ILPT. A comparison of serological diagnostic methods highlighted the higher sensitivity of IgG ELISAs compared to WNV VNTs. They also revealed that the low specificity of IgG ELISA kits meant that it could detect animals infected with other flaviviruses. In contrast VNT and IgM ELISA assays were highly specific and did not detect antibodies against related flaviviruses. These results argue in favour of the need for and development of new, specific serological diagnostic assays that could be easily transferred to partner laboratories.

2342 related Products with: Improved reliability of serological tools for the diagnosis of West Nile fever in horses within Europe.

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#28912870   2017/09/15 Save this To Up

Eosinophilic biomarkers for detection of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with or without pulmonary embolism.

Eosinophilia has been implicated in the pathophysiology of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, the role of eosinophil activation in the development of AECOPD remains unclear. In the present study, the reliability of plasma levels of eosinophil activation markers, including eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), major basic protein (MBP), eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPX), were measured and used as diagnostic biomarkers of AECOPD with or without pulmonary embolism (PE). A total of 47 patients with AECOPD, 30 patients with AECOPD/PE and 35 healthy adults were enrolled in the present study. Plasma levels of ECP, EDN, EPX and MBP were measured using commercial ELISA kits. The mean concentrations of plasma ECP, EDN, EPX and MBP in the patients with AECOPD was significantly 2.87-, 3.06-, 1.60- and 1.92-fold higher, respectively, compared with the control group (P<0.05). Similar results were obtained in patients with AECOPD/PE, for whom plasma levels of ECP, EDN, EPX and MBP were significantly 2.06-, 2.21-, 1.42- and 2.42-fold higher, respectively, compared with the controls (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed in the levels of these proteins between patients with AECOPD or AECOPD/PE. Among the four potential markers, ECP was determined to be the optimal marker for distinguishing patients with AECOPD or AECOPD/PE from the controls. No significant correlation was observed between marker concentrations and gender, age or disease severity. The results of the present study may have clinical applications in the diagnosis of AECOPD using these novel biomarkers.

1903 related Products with: Eosinophilic biomarkers for detection of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with or without pulmonary embolism.

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#28902275   2017/09/13 Save this To Up

Evaluation of three commercially-available chikungunya virus immunoglobulin G immunoassays.

The emergence of chikungunya virus in the Americas means the affected population is at risk of developing severe, chronic, rheumatologic disease, even months after acute infection. Accurate diagnostic methods for past infections are essential for differential diagnosis and consequence management. This study evaluated three commercially-available chikungunya Immunoglobulin G immunoassays by comparing them to an in-house Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta, Georgia, United States). Results showed sensitivity and specificity values ranging from 92.8% - 100% and 81.8% - 90.9%, respectively, with a significant number of false-positives ranging from 12.5% - 22%. These findings demonstrate the importance of evaluating commercial kits, especially regarding emerging infectious diseases whose medium and long-term impact on the population is unclear.

2555 related Products with: Evaluation of three commercially-available chikungunya virus immunoglobulin G immunoassays.

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#28901512   2017/09/13 Save this To Up

Gambogic acid suppresses inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis rats via PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

Gamboge is the dried resin secreted by the Garcinia maingayi gambogic tree and is a substance that may be used to treat a variety of diseases, exhibits anti‑tumor and detoxification effects and prevents bleeding. The primary active constituent is gambogic acid. The present study aimed to investigate the anti‑inflammatory effects of gambogic acid in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats and to elucidate the mechanisms by which these effects occur. The swelling degree, the clinical arthritic scoring and pain threshold measurements were used to evaluate the effects of gambogic acid on RA. ELISA kits and western blot analysis were used to investigate inflammatory processes and the expression of RA‑associated proteins, respectively. The present results demonstrated that gambogic acid significantly inhibited the degree of right foot swelling, increased pain thresholds and reduced clinical arthritic scores of RA rats. Treatment with gambogic acid suppressed the activities of interleukin (IL)‑1β and IL‑6, promoted the protein expression of phosphorylated (p)‑Akt serine/threonine kinase (Akt), p‑mammalian target protein of rapamycin (mTOR) and inhibited hypoxia‑inducible factor‑1α and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in RA rats. The results of the present study therefore suggest that the anti‑inflammatory effects of gambogic acid in RA rats occur via regulation of the phosphoinositide 3‑kinase/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

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#28898235   2017/09/12 Save this To Up

Associations of Helicobacter pylori infection and chronic atrophic gastritis with accelerated epigenetic ageing in older adults.

Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) have shown strong associations with the development of gastric cancer. This study aimed to examine whether both risk factors are associated with accelerated epigenetic ageing, as determined by the 'DNA methylation age', in a population-based study of older adults (n=1477).

2552 related Products with: Associations of Helicobacter pylori infection and chronic atrophic gastritis with accelerated epigenetic ageing in older adults.

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#28892882   2017/09/12 Save this To Up

Circulating Protein Carbonyls, Antioxidant Enzymes and Related Trace Minerals among Preterms with Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Information about oxidative stress in preterms with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) is defective, so various researches in this area are required, which may open new roads in understanding the pathogenesis of the disease, hence provide additional helpful therapeutic approaches.

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