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#28390316   2017/04/08 To Up

Dual-targeting peptide probe for sequence- and structure-sensitive sensing of serum albumin.

Peptide-protein interactions mediate numerous biologic processes and provide great opportunity for developing peptide probes and analytical approaches for detecting and interfering with recognition events. Molecular interactions usually take place on the heterogeneous surface of proteins, and the spatial distribution and arrangement of probes are therefore crucial for achieving high specificity and sensitivity in the bioassays. In this study, small linear peptides, homogenous peptide dimers and hetero bivalent peptides were designed for site-specific recognition of human serum albumin (HSA). Three hydrophilic regions located at different subdomains of HSA were chosen as targets for the molecular design. The binding affinity, selectivity and kinetics of the candidates were screened with surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) and fluoroimmuno assays. Benefiting from the synergistic effect from the surface-targeted peptide binders and the flexible spacer, a heterogenetic dimer peptide (heter-7) with fast binding and slow dissociation behavior was identified as the optimized probe. Heter-7 specifically recognizes the target protein HSA, and effectively blocks the binding of antibody to HSA. Its inhibitory activity was estimated as 83nM. It is noteworthy that heter-7 can distinguish serum albumins from different species despite high similarities in sequence and structure of these proteins. This hetero bivalent peptide shows promise for use in serum proteomics, disease detection and drug transport, and provides an effective approach for promoting the affinity and selectivity of ligands to achieve desirable chemical and biological outcomes.

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1 [4 (Dimethylamino)pheny anti-Human Serum Albumin Fluorescein di beta D gal 8 Octadecyloxypyrene 1,3, HIV 2 gp36 envelope antig Bovine Serum Albumin Human Serum Albumin Bovine serum albumin BSA | bovine serum albumi Native Human Serum Albumi BSA | bovine serum albumi Rabbit antiBovine Albumin

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#6164674   1981/07/09 To Up

Comparative studies of Feulgen hydrolysis for DNA. I. Influence of different fixatives and polyethylene glycols.

We compared the Feulgen hydrolysis curves (37 degrees C, 5 M HCl) of human blood lymphocytes fixed by the following four methods: 96% ethanol, 60 min at 20 degrees C; ethanol-acetone, 1:1, 120 min at 4 degrees C; ethanol-glacial acetic acid mixture (3:1), containing 2% of formaldehyde (EAF), 90 min at 20 degrees C; and ethanol-glacial acetic acid (3:1), 60 min followed by 5% chrome alum solution for 360 min at 20 degrees C. The best results were obtained with EAF-fixation, with respect to the highest amount of DNA-Schiff complex at the peak point of the curve, the longest "plateau" region and the smallest scattering of DNA-Schiff amount values along the "plateau". With other types of fixation the addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6,000 to the hydrolysis solution resulted in modification of the shape of the hydrolysis curve so that it became nearly similar to the EAF-curve. The effect of PEG6000 on the EAF-curve was minimal. Slides fixed by ethanol were used for a comparison of polyethylene glycols with m.w. 1,500, 6,000 and 20,000. The longest "plateau" was obtained with PEG6000. The only effect of PEG1500 was a dramatic increase of DNA-Schiff amount at the peak point. PEG20000 had no significant effect on the shape of the hydrolysis curve. The results are discussed in terms of Kjellstrand's "chain with a stable structure" model of Feulgen hydrolysis.

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Blue Feulgen DNA Ploidy EpiQuik One Step DNA Hydr  EpiQuik One Step DNA Hy 12mm Two Position Cap Low 12mm Flange Cap Low Densi 12mm Hollow Plug Cap Asso Human PAI 1 Elastase Spec N,N,N Trimethyl 4 (6 phen Mouse Anti-Human CD34 Tar Mouse Anti-Insulin-Like G

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#28401944   2017/04/12 To Up

Lignin-graft-Polyoxazoline Conjugated Triazole a Novel Anti-Infective Ointment to Control Persistent Inflammation.

Lignin, one of the most abundant renewable feedstock, is used to develop a biocompatible hydrogel as anti-infective ointment. A hydrophilic polyoxazoline chain is grafted through ring opening polymerization, possess homogeneous spherical nanoparticles of 10-15 nm. The copolymer was covalently modified with triazole moiety to fortify the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities. The hydrogel was capable of down regulating the expression level of IL-1β in LPS induced macrophage cells, and to cause significant reduction of iNOS production. It supported cellular anti-inflammatory activity which was confirmed with luciferase assay, western blot, and NF-κB analysis. This novel lignin-based hydrogel tested in-vivo has shown the abilities to prevent infection of burn wound, aid healing, and an anti-inflammatory dressing material. The hydrogel reported here provides a new material platform to introduce a cost-effective and efficient ointment option after undertaking further work to look at its use in the area of clinical practice.

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#28402112   2017/04/12 To Up

Self-Assembled Upconversion Nanoparticle Clusters for NIR-controlled Drug Release and Synergistic Therapy after Conjugation with Gold Nanoparticles.

Fabricated three-dimensional (3D) upconversion nanoclusters (abbreviated as EBSUCNPs) are obtained via an emulsion-based bottom-up self-assembly of NaGdF4:Yb/Er@NaGdF4 nanoparticles (abbreviated as UCNPs), which comprise a NaGdF4:Yb/Er core and a NaGdF4 shell. The EBSUCNPs were then coated with a thin mesoporous amino-functionalized SiO2 shell (resulting in EBSUCNPs@SiO2 precursor) and further conjugated with gold nanoparticles to give the novel EBSUCNPs@SiO2@Au material. Finally, EBSUCNPs@SiO2@Au was applied as a biocompatible and efficient drug carrier for doxorubicin (DOX), thus giving rise to a multifunctional EBSUCNPs@SiO2-DOX@Au nanocomposite. This final material, EBSUCNPs@SiO2-DOX@Au, and the precursor nanoparticles, EBSUCNPs@SiO2@Au, were both fully characterized and their luminescence was investigated in detail. In addition, the drug release properties and photothermal effects of EBSUCNPs@SiO2-DOX@Au were also discussed. Interestingly, when under NIR irradiation, an increasing DOX release was achieved owing to the thermal effect of the Au NPs after absorbing the green light from the upconversion nanoclusters based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) effect. Thus, a near-infrared (NIR)-controlled "on-off" pattern of drug release behavior can be achieved. Moreover, compared with a single therapy method, the assembled nanocomposites exhibit a good synergistic therapy against cancer cells that combines chemotherapy with photothermal therapy. In addition, the in vitro fluorescence microscopy images of EBSUCNPs@SiO2-DOX@Au show a higher enhancement in the red region due to the loading of DOX molecules with respect to EBSUCNPs@SiO2@Au. Therefore, this novel multifunctional 3D cluster architecture can be used in the biomedical field after modification and may pave a new way in other application areas of UCNPs clusters.

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#28401987   2017/04/12 To Up

Discrimination of Saccharides by a Simple Array.

We report the development of a two component probe system as fluorescence turn-on assay of simple saccharides. The quenching of an anionic conjugated water-soluble polymer by a cationic quencher has been reported previously. Three different boronic acid functionalized benzyl viologens and three conjugated polymers of the poly(aryleneethynylene) type form nine non-fluorescent complexes. This small library discriminates nine different simple saccharides in aqueous solutions by fluorescence turn-on in a displacememt assay. The saccharides can be discriminated and identified with this simple system.

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#28401765   2017/04/12 To Up

Near-Infrared Fluorescent Proteins, Biosensors, and Optogenetic Tools Engineered from Phytochromes.

Phytochrome photoreceptors absorb far-red and near-infrared (NIR) light and regulate light responses in plants, fungi, and bacteria. Their multidomain structure and autocatalytic incorporation of linear tetrapyrrole chromophores make phytochromes attractive molecular templates for the development of light-sensing probes. A subclass of bacterial phytochromes (BphPs) utilizes heme-derived biliverdin tetrapyrrole, which is ubiquitous in mammalian tissues, as a chromophore. Because biliverdin possesses the largest electron-conjugated chromophore system among linear tetrapyrroles, BphPs exhibit the most NIR-shifted spectra that reside within the NIR tissue transparency window. Here we analyze phytochrome structure and photochemistry to describe the molecular mechanisms by which they function. We then present strategies to engineer BphP-based NIR fluorescent proteins and review their properties and applications in modern imaging technologies. We next summarize designs of reporters and biosensors and describe their use in the detection of protein-protein interactions, proteolytic activities, and posttranslational modifications. Finally, we provide an overview of optogenetic tools developed from phytochromes and describe their use in light-controlled cell signaling, gene expression, and protein localization. Our review provides guidelines for the selection of NIR probes and tools for noninvasive imaging, sensing, and light-manipulation applications, specifically focusing on probes developed for use in mammalian cells and in vivo.

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Fluorescent 100 bp DNA La Tide Fluor™ 8, succinim Amplite™ Fluorimetric P Amplite™ Fluorimetric H Amplite™ Fluorimetric A 9 (2,2 dicyanovinyl)julol Naphthofluorescein, Near 5 (2 Aminoethylamino) 1 n Tide Fluor™ 8 maleimide Tide Fluor™ 8 amine [TF Rhodol, Fluorescent Dye, LSD 1 Fluorescent Assay k

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#28402271   2017/04/12 To Up

Cyclic-RGDyC functionalized liposomes for dual-targeting of tumor vasculature and cancer cells in glioblastoma: An in vitro boron neutron capture therapy study.

The efficacy of boron neutron capture therapy depends on the selective delivery of 10B to the target. Integrins αvβ3 are transmembrane receptors over-expressed in both glioblastoma cells and its neovasculature. In this study, a novel approach to dual-target glioblastoma vasculature and tumor cells was investigated. Liposomes (124 nm) were conjugated with a avβ3 ligand, cyclic arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-tyrosine-cysteine peptide (c(RGDyC)-LP) (1% molar ratio) through thiol-maleimide coupling. Expression of αvβ3 in glioblastoma cells (U87) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), representing tumor angiogenesis, was determined using Western Blotting with other cells as references. The results showed that both U87 and HUVEC had stronger expression of avβ3 than other cell types, and the degree of cellular uptake of c(RGDyC)-LP correlated with the avβ3-expression levels of the cells. In contrast, control liposomes without c(RGDyC) showed little cellular uptake, regardless of cell type. In an in vitro boron neutron capture therapy study, the c(RGDyC)-LP containing sodium borocaptate generated more rapid and significant lethal effects to both U87 and HUVEC than the control liposomes and drug solution. Interestingly, neutron irradiated U87 and HUVEC showed different types of subsequent cell death. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated the potential of a new dual-targeting strategy using c(RGDyC)-LP to improve boron neutron capture therapy for glioblastoma.

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Brain primary tumor high Brain tumor (meningioma, Transfection Reagents and Brain tumor tissue array Cyclic AMP Direct Chemilu Acetic acid boron trifluo Boron trifluoride ethyl e Abeta (1 40 42) | 4D8 | o Abeta (1-40 42) | 4D8 | o Dog Receptor-binding canc Multiple tumor and normal anti CD45 RA B cells, T c

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#28088387   2017/01/15 To Up

SIRT2 mediated antitumor effects of shikonin on metastatic colorectal cancer.

SIRT2 is involved in the development of a variety of cancers. Shikonin is a natural compound that is known to have antitumor effects. This study aims to assess the effects of shikonin on the development and metastatic progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) through regulation of SIRT2 expression and whether this effect is related to the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs). The results demonstrated that SIRT2 is downregulated in CRC biopsy samples (n=31) compared with the adjacent non-cancerous tissues (ANCT, n=26). Furthermore, CRC metastases were positive for SIRT2 despite a lack of expression in the primary tumor. In addition, data from an in vitro assay revealed that overexpression of SIRT2 inhibited the proliferation and metastatic progression of SW480 cells while blocking of SIRT2 expression induced the proliferation and metastatic progression of HT29 cells. Shikonin inhibited the viability, migration and invasion of SW480 cells and it also inhibited the tumor growth in the nude mice model; while AGK2 (a specific inhibitor of SIRT2) reversed these effects. Epidermal growth factor (EGF, an activator of ERK) and ERK-overexpression inhibited the effects of shikonin on SIRT2 expression, proliferation and metastasis in SW480 cells. However, this proliferative effect of EGF was reversed by SIRT2 overexpression. In conclusion, these results suggest that SIRT2 is a new therapeutic target for the treatment of CRC. The antitumor effects of shikonin on CRC seem to be mediated by SIRT2 upregulation via phospho-ERK inhibition.

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Cancer samples: Colorect Colorectal cancer tissue Colorectal (colon and rec Colorectal (colon and rec Metastatic cancer tissue Metastatic cancer tissue Metastatic esophageal can Stomach cancer metastatic Breast cancer and matched SIRT2 Mid advanced stage kidney SIRT2 Inhibitor, AGK2

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#10828724   2000/08/01 To Up

IgG immune complex binding to and activation of liver cells. An in vitro study with IgG immune complexes, Kupffer cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells and hepatocytes.

The aim was to study IgG immune complex (IC) binding to isolated hepatocytes, Kupffer cells (KCs) and sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs). Further, we wished to analyze the capacity of IgG ICs to induce release of reactive oxygen metabolites by the IC-binding liver cells.

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#27617027   2016/09/12 To Up

Chi-Ju-Di-Huang-Wan protects rats against retinal ischemia by downregulating matrix metalloproteinase-9 and inhibiting p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase.

Retinal ischemia is a retinal disorder related to retinal vascular occlusion, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. The study aimed to evaluate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of Chi-Ju-Di-Huang-Wan (CJDHW) against retinal ischemia in rats.

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Rat matrix metalloprotein ELISA Human , Matrix Meta Human Matrix metalloprote Mouse Anti-Human Matrix M Mouse Anti-Human Matrix M Mouse Anti-Human Matrix M Recombinant Human p21 Act Rabbit Anti-p21 Activated Rabbit Anti-Human p21 Act Rabbit Anti-Human p21 Act Rabbit Anti-Human p21 Act Anti-ADAM-9 (A Disintigri