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#31288725   // To Up

The Association of Transcription Factor 7 like 2 Gene Polymorphism with Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

The exact relationship between the different TCF7L2 gene polymorphisms and the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains unclear.
Marianne Fathy Morgan, Randa Fayez Salam, Normeen Hany Rady, Alshaimaa Rezk L R Alnaggar, Soha Hamed Ammar, Nashwa Said Ghanem

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#30290587   // To Up

Associations of TCF7L2 gene polymorphisms with the risk of diabetic nephropathy: A case-control study.

The aim of the study was to explore the correlation between rs7903146 and rs290487 polymorphisms in transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in Chinese Han population.Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to determine genotypes of TCF7L2 polymorphisms in 90 patients with DN and 96 diabetes patients without DN. The linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype analysis were performed with haploview software. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was assessed in the control group based on the genotype distributions of TCF7L2 polymorphisms. The genotype, allele, and haplotype distribution differences between the case and control groups were analyzed by chi-squared test, and odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to indicate the relative risk of DN.People carrying TT genotype of rs7903146 were more easily to be attacked by DN than CC genotype carriers (P = .02, OR = 4.26, 95% CI = 1.12-16.24). Meanwhile, T allele also showed 1.85 times risk to suffer from DN compared with C allele (OR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.02-3.10). However, there was no significant difference in genotypes and alleles frequencies of rs290487 between 2 groups. The strong LD existed between the 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms and haplotype T-T (rs7903146-rs290487) increased the susceptibility to DN (OR = 2.63, 95% CI = 1.31-5.25).TCF7L2 rs7903146 polymorphism may be associated with the susceptibility to DN in Chinese Han population, but rs290487 is not. Additionally, haplotype is also a risk factor for DN.
Yan Zhuang, Fukun Niu, Defeng Liu, Juanjuan Sun, Xiaowei Zhang, Jian Zhang, Shuxia Guo

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#28674186   2017/08/28 To Up

Transforming Growth Factor β/NR4A1-Inducible Breast Cancer Cell Migration and Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition Is p38α (Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 14) Dependent.

Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced migration of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells is dependent on nuclear export of the orphan receptor NR4A1, which plays a role in proteasome-dependent degradation of SMAD7. In this study, we show that TGF-β induces p38α (mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 [MAPK14]), which in turn phosphorylates NR4A1, resulting in nuclear export of the receptor. TGF-β/p38α and NR4A1 also play essential roles in the induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and induction of β-catenin in TNBC cells, and these TGF-β-induced responses and nuclear export of NR4A1 are blocked by NR4A1 antagonists, the p38 inhibitor SB202190, and kinase-dead [p38(KD)] and dominant-negative [p38(DN)] forms of p38α. Inhibition of NR4A1 nuclear export results in nuclear export of TGF-β-induced β-catenin, which then undergoes proteasome-dependent degradation. TGF-β-induced β-catenin also regulates NR4A1 expression through formation of the β-catenin-TCF-3/TCF-4/LEF-1 complex on the NR4A1 promoter. Thus, TGF-β-induced nuclear export of NR4A1 in TNBC cells plays an essential role in cell migration, SMAD7 degradation, EMT, and induction of β-catenin, and all of these pathways are inhibited by bis-indole-derived NR4A1 antagonists that inhibit nuclear export of the receptor and thereby block TGF-β-induced migration and EMT.
Erik Hedrick, Stephen Safe

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#26986145   // To Up

Association of the Transcription Factor 7 Like 2 (TCF7L2) Polymorphism With Diabetic Nephropathy Risk: A Meta-Analysis.

It is assumed that genetic factors may participate in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The association between TCF7L2 gene polymorphism and DN risk is still unclear. To evaluate the relationship, we performed this meta-analysis. Eligible relevant studies were searched and selected from PubMed, Embase, and ISI Web of Science. Summary effect estimates were derived using a random effects model, with attention to study quality and publication bias. Ethnical approval was not necessary, because this meta-analysis was based on published articles, and did not involve patient consent. A total of 7 studies were identified. Analysis of all studies indicated significant association between TCF7L2 gene polymorphism and DN risk (odds ratio [OR] = 1.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.10-1.56, Pheterogeneity < 0.00001, P = 0.002). Subgroup analysis showed similar results in Asian (OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.10-1.62, Pheterogeneity = 0.03, P = 0.004), in Caucasian (OR = 2.27, 95% CI = 1.78-2.90, Pheterogeneity = 0.17, P < 0.00001), in rs7903146 mutation (OR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.25-2.07, Pheterogeneity < 0.00001, P = 0.0002), However, no association was observed in Negroid (OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 0.90-1.35, Pheterogeneity < 00001, P = 0.36). Our results suggest that TCF7L2 gene polymorphism may contribute to the risk of DN. However, more studies should be launched in the future.
Zhenqian Fan, Qiliang Cai, Yu Chen, Xuying Meng, Fenglin Cao, Shaoxiong Zheng, Jianchao Guo

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#26864984   2016/02/16 To Up

Wnt Signaling Inhibition Deprives Small Intestinal Stem Cells of Clonogenic Capacity.

The Wnt pathway plays a crucial role in self-renewal and differentiation of cells in the adult gut. In the present study, we revealed the functional consequences of inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling in the intestinal epithelium. The study was based on generation of a novel transgenic mouse strain enabling inducible expression of an N-terminally truncated variant of nuclear Wnt effector T cell factor 4 (TCF4). The TCF4 variant acting as a dominant negative (dn) version of wild-type (wt) TCF4 protein decreased transcription of β-catenin-TCF4-responsive genes. Interestingly, suppression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling affected asymmetric division of intestinal stem cells (ISCs) rather than proliferation. ISCs expressing the transgene underwent several rounds of division but lost their clonogenic potential and migrated out of the crypt. Expression profiling of crypt cells revealed that besides ISC-specific markers, the dnTCF4 production downregulated expression levels of epithelial genes produced in other crypt cells including markers of Paneth cells. Additionally, in Apc conditional knockout mice, dnTCF activation efficiently suppressed growth of Apc-deficient tumors. In summary, the generated mouse strain represents a convenient tool to study cell-autonomous inhibition of β-catenin-Tcf-mediated transcription.
Lucie Janeckova, Bohumil Fafilek, Michaela Krausova, Monika Horazna, Martina Vojtechova, Meritxell Alberich-Jorda, Eva Sloncova, Katerina Galuskova, Radislav Sedlacek, Miroslava Anderova, Vladimir Korinek

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#25576056   2015/01/09 To Up

Liver-specific expression of dominant-negative transcription factor 7-like 2 causes progressive impairment in glucose homeostasis.

Investigations on the metabolic role of the Wnt signaling pathway and hepatic transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) have generated opposing views. While some studies demonstrated a repressive effect of TCF7L2 on hepatic gluconeogenesis, a recent study using liver-specific Tcf7l2(-/-) mice suggested the opposite. As a consequence of redundant and bidirectional actions of transcription factor (TCF) molecules and other complexities of the Wnt pathway, knockout of a single Wnt pathway component may not effectively reveal a complete metabolic picture of this pathway. To address this, we generated the liver-specific dominant-negative (DN) TCF7L2 (TCF7L2DN) transgenic mouse model LTCFDN. These mice exhibited progressive impairment in response to pyruvate challenge. Importantly, LTCFDN hepatocytes displayed elevated gluconeogenic gene expression, gluconeogenesis, and loss of Wnt-3a-mediated repression of gluconeogenesis. In C57BL/6 hepatocytes, adenovirus-mediated expression of TCF7L2DN, but not wild-type TCF7L2, increased gluconeogenesis and gluconeogenic gene expression. Our further mechanistic exploration suggests that TCF7L2DN-mediated inhibition of Wnt signaling causes preferential interaction of β-catenin (β-cat) with FoxO1 and increased binding of β-cat/FoxO1 to the Pck1 FoxO binding site, resulting in the stimulation of Pck1 expression and increased gluconeogenesis. Together, our results using TCF7L2DN as a unique tool revealed that the Wnt signaling pathway and its effector β-cat/TCF serve a beneficial role in suppressing hepatic gluconeogenesis.
Wilfred Ip, Weijuan Shao, Zhuolun Song, Zonglan Chen, Michael B Wheeler, Tianru Jin

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#25185853   // To Up

TCF7L2 rs7903146 polymorphism and diabetic nephropathy association is not independent of type 2 diabetes--a study in a south Indian population and meta-analysis.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a chronic microangiopathic complication of both type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The TCF7L2 gene has been reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes risk. We aimed to investigate the impact of TCF7L2 gene on the susceptibility of T2DM and DN in a south Indian population. Plus to evaluate the association of rs7903146 in the TCF7L2 gene with T2DM in the Indian population. The subjects recruited for this included 55 diabetic cases with diabetic nephropathy, 68 diabetic cases without nephropathy, and 82 non-diabetic healthy controls. Genomic DNA was isolated from blood and genotyping of TCF7L2 rs7903146 was performed by PCR-RFLP analysis. A literature survey was carried out into the effect of rs7903146 on genetic susceptibility to T2DM in Indian populations and we then performed a meta-analysis in order to evaluate its association with T2DM. Analysis of TCF7L2 rs7903146 in normal controls and diabetics with or without nephropathy demonstrated that the 'T' allele is associated with both diabetes (p = 0.049) and DN (p = 0.024), but this association is not independent of T2DM. Meta-analysis showed that the mutant allele and genotypes are associated with T2DM in Indian populations. In summary, a significant association exists between the 'T' allele and DN, but this association is not independent of T2DM. Pooled meta-analysis of studies on rs7903146 and T2DM confirmed that rs7903146 is significantly associated with susceptibility to T2DM in Indian populations.
Hajarah Hussain, Vinu Ramachandran, Samathmika Ravi, Teena Sajan, Kiruthiha Ehambaram, Venkatesh Babu Gurramkonda, Gnanasambandan Ramanathan, Lakkakula Venkata Bhaskar

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#24716727   2014/04/09 To Up

Butyrate induced changes in Wnt-signaling specific gene expression in colorectal cancer cells.

We have determined that butyrate, which is derived from the fermentation of dietary fiber in the colonic lumen, hyperactivates Wnt activity in colorectal (CRC) cells, and that this upregulation of Wnt signaling is causatively related to the induction of apoptosis. To better understand the genetic program regulated by butyrate-mediated Wnt hyperactivation, we performed total human genome microarray analyses on HCT-116 CRC cells in the presence or absence of a physiologically relevant concentration of butyrate. To evaluate changes in Wnt-specific gene expression, Wnt activity was suppressed with inducible dominant negative Tcf4 (DN-Tcf4). Six biological replicates of a full human genome microarray were performed, and the data deposited into the Gene Expression Omnibus database, according to Minimum Information About A Microarray Experiment standards.
Darina L Lazarova, Christopher Chiaro, Michael Bordonaro

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#24317852   2013/12/08 To Up

TCF7L2 in mouse pancreatic beta cells plays a crucial role in glucose homeostasis by regulating beta cell mass.

Common genetic variations of the transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (encoded by TCF7L2), one of the T cell factor/lymphoid enhancer-binding factor transcription factors for the converging wingless-type MMTV integration site family (Wnt)/β-catenin signalling pathway, are known to be associated with type 2 diabetes. Individuals with at-risk alleles of TCF7L2 exhibit impaired insulin secretion. Although previous studies using animal models have revealed the existence of a relationship between the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway and glucose homeostasis, it remains unclear whether TCF7L2 in the pancreatic beta cells might be causally involved in insulin secretion in vivo. In this study, we investigated the role of TCF7L2 expressed in the pancreatic beta cells in glucose homeostasis.
Iseki Takamoto, Naoto Kubota, Keizo Nakaya, Katsuyoshi Kumagai, Shinji Hashimoto, Tetsuya Kubota, Mariko Inoue, Eiji Kajiwara, Hisayuki Katsuyama, Atsushi Obata, Yoshitaka Sakurai, Masahiko Iwamoto, Tadahiro Kitamura, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki

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#23966864   2013/08/15 To Up

β-Catenin-independent activation of TCF1/LEF1 in human hematopoietic tumor cells through interaction with ATF2 transcription factors.

The role of Wnt signaling in embryonic development and stem cell maintenance is well established and aberrations leading to the constitutive up-regulation of this pathway are frequent in several types of human cancers. Upon ligand-mediated activation, Wnt receptors promote the stabilization of β-catenin, which translocates to the nucleus and binds to the T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor (TCF/LEF) family of transcription factors to regulate the expression of Wnt target genes. When not bound to β-catenin, the TCF/LEF proteins are believed to act as transcriptional repressors. Using a specific lentiviral reporter, we identified hematopoietic tumor cells displaying constitutive TCF/LEF transcriptional activation in the absence of β-catenin stabilization. Suppression of TCF/LEF activity in these cells mediated by an inducible dominant-negative TCF4 (DN-TCF4) inhibited both cell growth and the expression of Wnt target genes. Further, expression of TCF1 and LEF1, but not TCF4, stimulated TCF/LEF reporter activity in certain human cell lines independently of β-catenin. By a complementary approach in vivo, TCF1 mutants, which lacked the ability to bind to β-catenin, induced Xenopus embryo axis duplication, a hallmark of Wnt activation, and the expression of the Wnt target gene Xnr3. Through generation of different TCF1-TCF4 fusion proteins, we identified three distinct TCF1 domains that participate in the β-catenin-independent activity of this transcription factor. TCF1 and LEF1 physically interacted and functionally synergized with members of the activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2) family of transcription factors. Moreover, knockdown of ATF2 expression in lymphoma cells phenocopied the inhibitory effects of DN-TCF4 on the expression of target genes associated with the Wnt pathway and on cell growth. Together, our findings indicate that, through interaction with ATF2 factors, TCF1/LEF1 promote the growth of hematopoietic malignancies in the absence of β-catenin stabilization, thus establishing a new mechanism for TCF1/LEF1 transcriptional activity distinct from that associated with canonical Wnt signaling.
Luca Grumolato, Guizhong Liu, Tomomi Haremaki, Sathish Kumar Mungamuri, Phyllus Mong, Gal Akiri, Pablo Lopez-Bergami, Adriana Arita, Youssef Anouar, Marek Mlodzik, Ze'ev A Ronai, Joshua Brody, Daniel C Weinstein, Stuart A Aaronson

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