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#32096162   // To Up

LncRNA NEAT1 accelerates the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy by sponging miR-23c.

LncRNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) has been reported to play an oncogenic role in the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The aim of our study was to investigate the potential mechanism by which NEAT1 facilitates the progression of DN.
N Li, T Jia, Y-R Li

2378 related Products with: LncRNA NEAT1 accelerates the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy by sponging miR-23c.

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#30549040   2018/12/13 To Up

LncRNA NEAT1 promotes extracellular matrix accumulation and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition by targeting miR-27b-3p and ZEB1 in diabetic nephropathy.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a kind of microvascular complications of diabetes. Long noncoding RNAs (lnRNAs) can participate in the development of various diseases, including DN. However, the function of lncRNA NEAT1 is unclear. In our present study, we reported that NEAT1 was significantly increased in streptozotocin-induced DN rat models and high-glucose-induced mice mesangial cells. We observed that knockdown of NEAT1 greatly inhibited renal injury of DN rats. Meanwhile, downregulation of NEAT1-modulated extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins (ASK1, fibronectin, and TGF-β1) expression and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) proteins (E-cadherin and N-cadherin) in vitro. Previously, miR-27b-3p has been reported to be involved in diabetes. Here, miR-27b-3p was decreased in DN rats and high-glucose-induced mice mesangial cells. The direct correlation between NEAT1 and miR-27b-3p was validated using the dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation experiments. In addition, zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1), which has been identified in the process of EMT clearly contributes to EMT progression. ZEB1 was predicted as a target of miR-27b-3p and overexpression of miR-27b-3p dramatically repressed ZEB1 expression. Therefore, our data implied the potential role of NEAT1 in the fibrogenesis and EMT in DN via targeting miR-27b-3p and ZEB1.
Xiaowei Wang, Yong Xu, Ying-Chun Zhu, Ya-Kun Wang, Ji Li, Xiao-Ying Li, Tingting Ji, Shou-Jun Bai

2048 related Products with: LncRNA NEAT1 promotes extracellular matrix accumulation and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition by targeting miR-27b-3p and ZEB1 in diabetic nephropathy.

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#27229883   2016/05/26 To Up

β-Ecdysterone Protects SH-SY5Y Cells Against 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Apoptosis via Mitochondria-Dependent Mechanism: Involvement of p38(MAPK)-p53 Signaling Pathway.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder pathologically characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. No curative therapy is available for PD. We recently found that phytoestrogen β-ecdysterone (β-Ecd) is able to reduce MPP(+)-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. This study investigated the potential of β-Ecd to protect against SH-SY5Y cell apoptosis induced by the PD-related neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and the underlying mechanism for this cytoprotection. In the present study, pretreatment with β-Ecd significantly reduced 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis of SH-SY5Y cells by a mitochondria-dependent pathway, as indicated by downregulation of Bax and PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis) expression, suppressing ΔΨm loss, inhibiting cytochrome c release, and attenuating caspase-9 activation. Furthermore, we showed that the inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38(MAPK))-dependent p53 promoter activity contributed to the protection of SH-SY5Y cells from apoptosis, which was validated by the use of SB203580 or p38β dominant negative (DN) mutants. Additionally, knock-down apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) by specific shRNA and blockade reactive oxygen species (ROS) by pharmacological inhibitor competently prevented β-Ecd-mediated inhibition of p38(MAPK) and ASK1 phosphorylation, respectively. These data provide the first evidence that β-Ecd protects SH-SY5Y cells against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis, possibly through mitochondria protection and p53 modulation via ROS-dependent ASK1-p38(MAPK) pathways. The neuroprotective effects of β-Ecd make it a promising candidate as a therapeutic agent for PD.
Zhi Pan, Yingcai Niu, Yini Liang, Xiaojie Zhang, Miaoxian Dong

2627 related Products with: β-Ecdysterone Protects SH-SY5Y Cells Against 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Apoptosis via Mitochondria-Dependent Mechanism: Involvement of p38(MAPK)-p53 Signaling Pathway.

2 Pieces/Box1.5x10(6) cells1.5 x 10^6 cells2 Pieces/Box2 Pieces/Box1 vial2 Pieces/Box5 x 10A5 cells/vial100 ug/vial2 Pieces/BoxOne Vial: 5 X 10^6 Cells2 Pieces/Box

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#26419589   2015/09/29 To Up

Dominant negative FADD dissipates the proapoptotic signalosome of the unfolded protein response in diabetic embryopathy.

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and caspase 8-dependent apoptosis are two interlinked causal events in maternal diabetes-induced neural tube defects (NTDs). The inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) signalosome mediates the proapoptotic effect of ER stress. Diabetes increases tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1R-associated death domain (TRADD) expression. Here, we revealed two new unfolded protein response (UPR) regulators, TRADD and Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD). TRADD interacted with both the IRE1α-TRAF2-ASK1 complex and FADD. In vivo overexpression of a FADD dominant negative (FADD-DN) mutant lacking the death effector domain disrupted diabetes-induced IRE1α signalosome and suppressed ER stress and caspase 8-dependent apoptosis, leading to NTD prevention. FADD-DN abrogated ER stress markers and blocked the JNK1/2-ASK1 pathway. Diabetes-induced mitochondrial translocation of proapoptotic Bcl-2 members mitochondrial dysfunction and caspase cleavage were also alleviated by FADD-DN. In vitro TRADD overexpression triggered UPR and ER stress before manifestation of caspase 3 and caspase 8 cleavage and apoptosis. FADD-DN overexpression repressed high glucose- or TRADD overexpression-induced IRE1α phosphorylation, its downstream proapoptotic kinase activation and endonuclease activities, and apoptosis. FADD-DN also attenuated tunicamycin-induced UPR and ER stress. These findings suggest that TRADD participates in the IRE1α signalosome and induces UPR and ER stress and that the association between TRADD and FADD is essential for diabetes- or high glucose-induced UPR and ER stress.
Fang Wang, Hongbo Weng, Michael J Quon, Jingwen Yu, Jian-Ying Wang, Anne-Odile Hueber, Peixin Yang

2635 related Products with: Dominant negative FADD dissipates the proapoptotic signalosome of the unfolded protein response in diabetic embryopathy.

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#23906792   2013/07/29 To Up

Connective tissue growth factor induces collagen I expression in human lung fibroblasts through the Rac1/MLK3/JNK/AP-1 pathway.

Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays an important role in lung fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the role of Rac1, mixed-lineage kinase 3 (MLK3), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and activator protein-1 (AP-1) in CTGF-induced collagen I expression in human lung fibroblasts. CTGF caused concentration- and time-dependent increases in collagen I expression. CTGF-induced collagen I expression was inhibited by the dominant negative mutant (DN) of Rac1 (RacN17), MLK3DN, MLK3 inhibitor (K252a), JNK1DN, JNK2DN, a JNK inhibitor (SP600125), and an AP-1 inhibitor (curcumin). Treatment of cells with CTGF caused activation of Rac1, MLK3, JNK, and AP-1. The CTGF-induced increase in MLK3 phosphorylation was inhibited by RacN17. Treatment with RacN17 and the MLK3DN inhibited CTGF-induced JNK phosphorylation. CTGF caused increases in c-Jun phosphorylation and the recruitment of c-Jun and c-Fos to the collagen I promoter. Furthermore, stimulation of cells with the CTGF resulted in increases in AP-1-luciferase activity; this effect was inhibited by Rac1N17, MLK3DN, JNK1DN, and JNK2DN. Moreover, CTGF-induced α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression was inhibited by the procollagen I small interfering RNA (siRNA). These results suggest for the first time that CTGF acting through Rac1 activates the MLK3/JNK signaling pathway, which in turn initiates AP-1 activation and recruitment of c-Jun and c-Fos to the collagen I promoter and ultimately induces collagen I expression in human lung fibroblasts.
Chien-Huang Lin, Ming-Chih Yu, Wan-Hsuan Tung, Tzu-Ting Chen, Chung-Chi Yu, Chih-Ming Weng, Yan-Jyu Tsai, Kua-Jen Bai, Chuang-Ye Hong, Ming-Hsien Chien, Bing-Chang Chen

2528 related Products with: Connective tissue growth factor induces collagen I expression in human lung fibroblasts through the Rac1/MLK3/JNK/AP-1 pathway.

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#19610065   // To Up

Annexin-A7 protects normal prostate cells and induces distinct patterns of RB-associated cytotoxicity in androgen-sensitive and -resistant prostate cancer cells.

The tumor suppressor role of annexin-A7 (ANXA7) was previously demonstrated by cancer susceptibility in Anxa7(+/-)-mice and by ANXA7 loss in human cancers, especially in hormone-resistant prostate tumors. To gain mechanistic insights into ANXA7 tumor suppression, we undertook an in vitro study in which we compared wild-type (WT)-ANXA7 and dominant-negative (DN)-ANXA7 effects to a conventional tumor suppressor p53 in prostate cancer cells with different androgen sensitivity. Unlike p53 (which caused cell growth arrest and apoptosis to a noticeable extent in benign PrEC), WT-ANXA7 demonstrated profound cytotoxicityin androgen-sensitive LNCaP as well as in the androgen-resistant DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cells, but not in PrEC. In androgen-sensitive LNCaP, WT-ANXA7 decreased low-molecular-weight (LMW) AR protein forms and maintained higher retinoblastoma 1 (RB1)/phospho-RB1 ratio. In contrast, DN-ANXA7 (which lacks phosphatidylserine liposome aggregation properties) increased LMW-AR forms and hyperphosphorylated RB1 that was consistent with the lack of DN-ANXA7 cytotoxicity. According to the microarray-based Ingenuity Pathways Analysis, a major WT-ANXA7 effect in androgen-sensitive LNCaP constituted of upregulation of the RB1-binding transcription factor E2F1 along with its downstream proapoptotic targets such as ASK1 and ASPP2. These results suggested a reversal of the RBdependent repression of the proapoptotic E2F-mediated transcription. However, DN-ANXA7 increased RB1/2 (but not E2F1) expression and induced the proliferation-promoting ERK5, thereby maintaining the RB-dependent repression of E2F-mediated apoptosis in LNcaP. On the other hand, in androgen-resistant cells, WT-ANXA7 tumor suppressor effects involved PTEN and NFkB pathways. Thus, ANXA7 revived the RB-associated cell survival control and overcame androgen resistance and dysfunctional status of major tumor suppressors commonly mutated in prostate cancer. Published 2009 UICC.
Yelizaveta Torosyan, Olga Simakova, Shanmugam Naga, Katerina Mezhevaya, Ximena Leighton, Juan Diaz, Wei Huang, Harvey Pollard, Meera Srivastava

1060 related Products with: Annexin-A7 protects normal prostate cells and induces distinct patterns of RB-associated cytotoxicity in androgen-sensitive and -resistant prostate cancer cells.



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#18342293   2008/02/12 To Up

14-3-3 protein regulates Ask1 signaling and protects against diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Mammalian 14-3-3 proteins are dimeric phosphoserine-binding proteins that participate in signal transduction and regulate several aspects of cellular biochemistry. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is associated with increased oxidative stress and inflammation. In order to study the pathogenic changes underlying diabetic cardiomyopathy, we examined the role of 14-3-3 protein and apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (Ask1) signaling by using transgenic mice with cardiac-specific expression of a dominant-negative 14-3-3eta protein mutant (DN 14-3-3eta) after induction of experimental diabetes. The elevation in blood glucose was comparable between wild type (WT) and DN 14-3-3eta mice. However, a marked downregulation of thioredoxin reductase was apparent in DN 14-3-3eta mice compared to WT mice after induction of diabetes. Significant Ask1 activation in DN 14-3-3eta after diabetes induction was evidenced by pronounced de-phosphorylation at Ser-967 and intense immunofluorescence observed in left ventricular (LV) sections. Echocardiographic analysis revealed that cardiac functions were notably impaired in diabetic DN 14-3-3eta mice compared to diabetic WT mice. Marked increases in myocardial apoptosis, cardiac hypertrophy, and fibrosis were observed with a corresponding up-regulation of atrial natriuretic peptide and galectin-3, as well as a downregulation of sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase2 expression. Furthermore, diabetic DN 14-3-3eta mice displayed significant reductions of platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 staining as well as endothelial nitric acid synthase and vascular endothelial growth factor expression. In conclusion, our data suggests that enhancement of 14-3-3 protein could provide a novel therapeutic strategy against hyperglycemia-induced left ventricular dysfunction and can limit the progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy by regulating Ask1 signaling.
Rajarajan A Thandavarayan, Kenichi Watanabe, Meilei Ma, Punniyakoti T Veeraveedu, Narasimman Gurusamy, Suresh S Palaniyandi, Shaosong Zhang, Anthony J Muslin, Makoto Kodama, Yoshifusa Aizawa

1371 related Products with: 14-3-3 protein regulates Ask1 signaling and protects against diabetic cardiomyopathy.

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#17522316   // To Up

Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 in amyloid beta peptide-induced cerebral endothelial cell apoptosis.

A pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is accumulation of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) in senile plaques. Abeta has also been implicated in vascular degeneration in cerebral amyloid angiopathy because of its cytotoxic effects on non-neuronal cells, including cerebral endothelial cells (CECs). We explore the role of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) in Abeta-induced death in primary cultures of murine CECs. Abeta induced ASK1 dephosphorylation, which could be prevented by selective inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) but not PP2B. ASK1 dephosphorylation resulted in its dissociation from 14-3-3. ASK1, released from 14-3-3 inhibition, activated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), leading to p53 phosphorylation. p53, a proapoptotic transcription factor, in turn transactivated the expression of Bax, a proapoptotic protein. Transfection with various dominant-negative mutants (DNs), including ASK1 DN and p38MAPK DN, suppressed Abeta-induced p38MAPK activation, p53 phosphorylation, and Bax upregulation and partially prevented CEC death. Bax knockdown using a bax small interfering RNA strategy also reduced Bax expression and subsequent CEC death. These results suggest that Abeta activates the ASK1-p38MAPK-p53-Bax cascade to cause CEC death in a PP2A-dependent manner.
Ming-Jen Hsu, Chung Y Hsu, Bing-Chang Chen, Mei-Chieh Chen, George Ou, Chien-Huang Lin

1985 related Products with: Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 in amyloid beta peptide-induced cerebral endothelial cell apoptosis.

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